- Volume 18 Issue 3
A Study on the Costume of Arts in the Russian Constructivism - Focused on Tatlin, Rodchenko, Stepanova & Popova -
러시아 구성주의(Constructivism) 예술의상 연구 - Tatlin, Rodchenko, Stepanova와 Popova를 중심으로 -
- Park, Yoon-Jeong (Dept. of Clothing and Textiles, Sookmyung Women's University)
- 박윤정 (숙명여자대학교 의류학과)
- Received : 2010.04.26
- Accepted : 2010.06.04
- Published : 2010.06.30
Russian Constructivism, which took the lead in the Russian trend of art until the late 1920's, was influenced by European Cubism and Futurism. Breaking away from the previous realistic tendency, Russian Constructivism, to meet the ideology of the revolution, insisted the "Art into Street" and the "Art in Industry" with its abstract and geometric design. Russian Constructivism effected paintings of mid 1920's, as well as Industrial design and costume design. This operated remarkable changes in Russian form of costume and textile area. An unusual situation like revolution had provided the social justification to develop a new costume design not for the special class of people, but for the general public. In this atmosphere, the plan of clothing mass production began to progress. Although the Russian Constructivism costume of arts shows the similarity in the trend of fashion and the physical forms of those days, its fundamental idea in manufacturing costumes was 'to create costumes to be possible to mass-produce and to be wearable to anyone regardless of the social class'. Therefore, Constructivism costume of arts pursued dynamism and geometric form through non-objective design that has broken away from the handcrafted and traditional standards of the past. These distinct characteristics served as a momentum to seek costume design based on productivity and functionality.
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