The Effect of Sitting Postures on Spinal Pelvic Curvature and Trunk Muscle Activation in Low Back Pain

요통 환자에서 앉은 자세가 척추 만곡과 체간 근 활성화에 미치는 영향

  • Choi, Moon-Seok (Dept. of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Sahmyook University) ;
  • Chung, Yi-Jung (Dept. of Physical Therapy, College of Health Welfare, Sahmyook University) ;
  • Jeon, Hye-Won (Dept. of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Sahmyook University)
  • 최문석 (삼육대학교 대학원 물리치료학과) ;
  • 정이정 (삼육대학교 보건복지대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 전혜원 (삼육대학교 대학원 물리치료학과)
  • Published : 2009.05.21

Abstract

This study is performed to investigate the difference of the spinal stability system with and without low back pain. There were 9 participants with low back pain and 9 asymptomatic subjects to be recruited, they were measured thoracic and lumbar curvature, trunk muscle activation in upright sitting postures and slump sitting, back muscle endurance, and lumbar proprioception. Spinal curvature and surface electromyography of 4 trunk muscles were measured in an upright sitting postures and slump sitting in 18 subjects. The result of the study was that there were significant differences between the groups in spinal curvature (p<.05), significantly higher external oblique activity and less internal oblique in the low back pain group than the healthy subjects (p<.05), and significantly less proprioception in the low back pain group (p<.05). But there was not a significant difference between the trunk muscle endurance groups. According to the result, the low back pain group had greater thoracic extension and higher global muscle activity in the upright sitting posture and less proprioception. This study was useful to suggest postural training for normal muscle activation, selective muscle strengthening to prevent chronic deterioration, and helpful in making a treatment plan to indicate a synthetic care method that includes increasing proprioception.