Evaluation of Stability in the Purified Wood Vinegar and Its Hair Growth Effect

목초액의 안정성 및 모발 성장 촉진 효과

  • Cho, Young-Ho (Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Konynag University) ;
  • Lee, Ju-Yeon (Department of medical Beauty, Konyang University) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Hwa (Division of Research and Development, Korea Institute of Toxicology) ;
  • Cho, Jae-Su (Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Konynag University) ;
  • Lee, Gye-Won (Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Konynag University)
  • 조영호 (건양대학교 제약공학과) ;
  • 이주연 (건양대학교 의료 뷰티학과) ;
  • 이종화 (한국화학연구원 안전성평가연구소) ;
  • 조재수 (건양대학교 제약공학과) ;
  • 이계원 (건양대학교 제약공학과)
  • Published : 2009.10.30


Generally, it takes a long time to purify wood vinegar, and it contains toxic compounds such as tar, methanol, phenol and benzopyrene. To reduce the toxicity of wood vinegar itself, we have developed a new purification method of wood vinegar using an oxidation-cohesion reaction and distillation with an active carbon. We have investigated the physico-chemical change (pH, specific gravity, refractive index and dissolved tar), the change of amount of toxic compounds (carbonyl group, phenol, benzopyrene and residual solvents) and organic acids (formic acid (FA), acetic acid (AA), propionic acid (PA)) of the purified wood vinegar under the long term and accelerated storage conditions. Also, we have evaluated the effect of the purified wood vinegar on hair growth using an alopecia model of C57BL/6 mice. As a result, we could find out that the purified wood vinegar was stable and remained without decay under the storage conditions and benzopyrene, a carcinogenic agent, was not detected in the purified wood vinegar. After topical treatment of the purified wood vinegar solution or minoxidil (MXD) for 2 weeks to dorsal skin, the hair regrowth of the mice accelerated faster than that of the control, with no clinical signs. In conclusion, we could suggest a guideline for quality control of process to reduce the toxic compounds in wood vinegar and it might be a useful hair growth promoter in the treatment of baldness or alopecia.

천연물 신약으로 응용 가능성이 있는 목초액을 산화응집반응과 활성탄 등을 첨가하여 증류하는 방법으로 제조하였으며, 장기보존과 가속 저장 조건에서 목초액의 이화학적 변화(pH, 비중, 굴절률 및 용해 타르), 유해물질(카르보닐기, 벤조피렌 및 잔류용매) 그리고 유기산(개미산, 초산 및 프로피온산)의 변화를 검토하여 안정성을 평가하였다. 또한, 발모 모델로서 C57BL/6 마우스를 이용하여 모발 성장 효과를 살펴보았다. 보관 기간 중에 어떤 화학 결합이 일어나거나 또는 분해반응이 반복적으로 일어나지 않았다. 또한, 유해성분이나 주성분이 일정하게 유지되었고 특히 발암물질인 벤조피렌은 검출되지 않았다. 정제된 목초액 또는 미녹시딜을 2주 동안 등에 도포한 후, 어떤 임상 증상 없이 음성 대조군인 생리식염수보다 모발 성장을 촉진하였다. 따라서 화장품이나 천연물 신약으로 응용가능성이 높은 목초액을 함유한 제품 개발 시 일정한 양으로 유지되는 주성분을 함유하면서 페놀과 같은 유해물질을 줄일 수 있는 방법이 가능할 뿐만 아니라 모발 성장 촉진 효과가 있어 탈모환자에도 유용하게 사용될 것으로 기대되어진다.



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