Evaluation for the Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Antithrombosis Activity of Natural Spices for Fresh-cut yam.

생마 신선편이 제조를 위한 천연 향신료의 항균, 항산화 및 항혈전 활성 평가

  • Ryu, Hee-Young (Department of Food & Nutrition, Andong National University) ;
  • Bae, Kyung-Hwa (Department of Food & Nutrition, Andong National University) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Joo (Department of Food & Nutrition, Andong National University) ;
  • Park, Sang-Jo (Experiment Station of Bioresources, Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration) ;
  • Lee, Bong-Ho (Experiment Station of Bioresources, Gyeongbuk Agricultural Technology Administration) ;
  • Sohn, Ho-Yong (Department of Food & Nutrition, Andong National University)
  • 류희영 (안동대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 배경화 (안동대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 금은주 (안동대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박상조 (경북농업기술원 생물자원연구소) ;
  • 이봉호 (경북농업기술원 생물자원연구소) ;
  • 손호용 (안동대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2007.05.25


To make functional fresh-cut yam using natural spices, the water or the methanol extract was prepared from different kinds of natural spices including ginger, wasabi, black pepper, mustard, cinnamon, chinese pepper, garlic, thyme, rosemary, chamomile, and peppermint. The extraction yields were varied as spice sources and extraction solvents used. Among the water extracts, peppermint extract showed strong antithrombosis activity with 26-folds extended thrombin time, and the $IC_{50}s$ of the extracts from cinnamon and rosemary were $61.3{\mu}g/ml\;and\;84.3{\mu}g/ml$ in DPPH scavenging assay, respectively. Whereas, the antimicrobial activity of all water extracts was ignorable. Among the methanol extracts, the extracts from thyme, ginger, and cinnamon showed antimicrobial activity against yam putrefactive bacteria. Strong antioxidative activity was found in the extracts from cinnamon and thyme. Based on these results, the functional fresh-cut yam was prepared using the water extract from peppermint or cinnamon. The antioxidative and antithrombin activities in the fresh-cut yam were maintained at $4^{\circ}C$ for 24 hr. Our results suggest that the natural spices could be applied to production of functional fresh-cut yam.

천연 향신료를 이용한 기능성 생마 신선편이 제조를 위해, 국내외에서 사용되는 향신료들을 대상으로 물 추출물 및 메탄을 추출물을 제조하였다. 향신료의 추출효율은 향신료에 따라, 추출용매에 따라 큰 차이를 나타내었으며, 추출물들의 성분 분석 결과 향신료의 우수한 영양학적 특성을 확인하였다. 먼저 물 추출물들의 항균, 항산화 및 항혈전 활성을 검토한 결과, 물 추출물들은 항균활성을 나타내지 않았으며, 페퍼민트 추출물에서 트롬빈 타임이 26배 이상 연장되어 강력한 항혈전 활성을 확인하였으며, DPPH 소거능 평가결과 계피 및 로즈마리 추출물에서 각각 $61.3{\mu}g/ml$$84.3{\mu}g/ml$$IC_{50}$를 확인하였다. 한편 메탄을 추출물들에서는 타임, 생강, 및 계피 추출물이 생마 저온부패균에 대해 항균력을 나타내었으며, 로즈마리 추출물은 생마 저온부패균에 대한 항균력은 없었으나, 강력한 항충치균 활성을 나타내었다. 또한 계피 및 산초 추출물에서 우수한 항혈전 활성을, 타임 및 계피 추출물에서 강력한 DPPH 소거능을 확인하였다. 따라서 항산화 및 항혈전 활성이 동시에 우수한 페퍼민트 및 계피 물 추출물들을 이용하여 기능성 생마 신선편이를 제조하였으며, 제조된 신선편이는 $4^{\circ}C$에서 24시간 보관 후에도 페퍼민트 및 계피 유래의 항산화 및 항혈전 활성을 유지하였다. 이러한 결과는 천연 향신료를 이용하여, 저장성이 우수하면서, 기능성, 관능성이 강화된 신선편이 제조가 가능함을 제시하고 있다.



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