- Volume 2 Issue 2
DEVELOPMENT OF A REAL-TIME FLOOD FORECASTING SYSTEM BY HYDRAULIC FLOOD ROUTING
- Lee, Joo-Heon (Department of Civil Engineering, Joongbu University) ;
- Lee, Do-Hun (Department of Civil Engineering, Kyunghee University) ;
- Jeong, Sang-Man (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Kongju Nat’l University) ;
- Lee, Eun-Tae (Department of Civil Engineering, Kyunghee University)
- Published : 2001.04.01
The objective of this study is to develop a prediction mode for a flood forecasting system in the downstream of the Nakdong river basin. Ranging from the gauging station at Jindong to the Nakdong estuary barrage, the hydraulic flood routing model(DWOPER) based on the Saint Venant equation was calibrated by comparing the calculated river stage with the observed river stages using four different flood events recorded. The upstream boundary condition was specified by the measured river stage data at Jindong station and the downstream boundary condition was given according to the tide level data observed at he Nakdong estuary barrage. The lateral inflow from tributaries were estimated by the rainfall-runoff model. In the calibration process, the optimum roughness coefficients for proper functions of channel reach and discharge were determined by minimizing the sum of the differences between the observed and the computed stage. In addition, the forecasting lead time on the basis of each gauging station was determined by a numerical simulation technique. Also, we suggested a model structure for a real-time flood forecasting system and tested it on the basis of past flood events. The testing results of the developed system showed close agreement between the forecasted and observed stages. Therefore, it is expected that the flood forecasting system we developed can improve the accuracy of flood forecasting on the Nakdong river.