The Effects of Three Stimulus Modes on receptive Language Performance and expressive Language Performance in Aphasics.

세 가지 자극 양식이 실어증자의 언어이해력과 언어표현력에 미치는 영향

  • 이무경 (영남대학병원 이비인후과 음성언어치료실) ;
  • 유재연 (대구대학교 재활과학대학내 성인언어치료실) ;
  • 이옥분 (대구대학교 재활과학대학내 성인언어치료실) ;
  • 정옥란 (대구대학교 재활과학대학내 언어치료학과)
  • Published : 2000.09.01


The purpose of this study was to compare receptive language performance and expressive language performance in 13 patients with aphasia by using three stimulus presentation modes: Stimulus mode I (picture), Stimulus mode II (written word), Stimulus m (question using verbal explanation). The stimulus consisted of 10 words. They included 5 functional words and 5 non-functional words. The 13 subjects with aphasia were divided into 2 aphasic types: 5 Broca's aphasics and 8 anomie aphasics. The results were as follows: Firstly, the three stimulus modes didn't affect receptive language performance of aphasia subjects. Secondly; the three stimulus modes were effective on expressive language performance of aphasia subjects. Particularly, stimulus mode II (written words) was effective in naming the aphasia subjects. Thirdly, the functional words with high frequency were better than non-functional words with low frequency on expressive language performance, but not on receptive language performance of aphasia subjects. Finally, the interaction between three stimulus modes and the functional (nonfunctional) words affected expressive language performance only, but not receptive language performance. Particularly, presenting stimulus in written words which are functional words produced the best expressive language performance.