• Title, Summary, Keyword: the period of the first curriculum

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A study on the situation of publishing middle and high school mathematics textbooks in the period of the first curriculum (제1차 교육과정기의 중·고등학교 수학 교과서 발행 실태 연구)

  • Park, Kyo Sik
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.55-71
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the situation of publishing middle and high school mathematics textbooks used at the period of the first curriculum were investigated. In the period of the first curriculum, middle and high school textbooks were used from 1956, and middle school textbooks were used until 1965, and high school textbooks were used until 1967. First of all, the announcements of the ministry of education related to the textbook authorization were examined in the government official gazettes of 1956~1967. However, there were considerable typographical errors in these announcements of the ministry of education. So textbooks used at that period were examined, and typographical errors were corrected by cross-checking the bibliographic information.

A Study on The Training Curriculum for The Emergency Medical Technician (응급구조사(應急救助士) 교육과정(敎育課程)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Sohn, Shin-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.2
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    • pp.32-55
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    • 1996
  • It was enacted 'Emergency Medical Act' in January, 1994 beginning the emergency medical service system from 1982, and while it was established the emergency medical department in junior college providing the detailed agenda about emergency medical technician and the regulation relative to the application of a law on the emergency medical act in 1995, the fire school and the National Medical Center are enforced the curriculum. It is very important subject faced for the construction of emergency medical system to produce a number of emergency medical technicians to be sufficient to the role of emergency aid. In this study it is analysed the training curriculum for the emergency medical technician and presented the improvement plans. 1. Though it needs the qualification level of first and second class in the selection process, the more important thing needs the detailed qualification level by term of one's service and the skills of business accomplishment. 2. In the examination management, (1) written examination is composed of the questions to understand how much faithfully they carry out the practical business as the emergency medical technicians, (2) it is added practical examination as the item to appraise the situation disposal ability. 3. It is necessary to prescribe the activity in the medical institution and ambulance arrangement through the development of 'Business Treatment Guide'. 4. For the regional balanced disposition of emergency medical personnel it is selected balanceably the educational institution by eight medical service areas, and considering the characteristics of region it is necessary to manage, in the practical business training course, another special course such as the mountains medical aid and sea medical aid. 5. In the period of education the first class needs the practical business training period of a certain period after passing examination, and the second class needs the extension of the period. 6. As the problems to improve in the curriculum [1] in the first class course (1) intensification of practical educaiton (2) reinforcement of curriculum (3) the development of standardized curriculum etc., [2] in the second class course (1) varieties of curriculum (2) intensification of basic first aid treatment education.

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A Brief History of Home Economics Education after Modern Period (GAEWHA-KI) - (1900~1945) (개화기이후 가정과교육의 사적 고찰 - 1900~1945년을 중심으로 -)

  • 양문식
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.92-106
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    • 1973
  • Brief history of home economics education after modern period (GAEWHA-KI) (1900~1945). Education of home economics in our country is known to have been developed mainly through school education by need of women education. The first period is construed "from 1890's until before the conclusion of ULSABOHO treaty, which can be referred to as an inception of the education for home economics by including subjects of sewing and manual arts in the curriculum of EWHA-hakang. The second period is "from the conclusion of ULSABOHO treaty in 1905 until the act of higher education for women was decreed, transition of the education for home economics and major curriculum thereof and the text books of home economics are handled. The third period is "from the promulgation of CHOSUN education act in 1911 until the fall of Japan education of home economics in this period is described in terms of national education under the Japanese colonial rule. The education was first renewed by women missionaries with the onset of "blooming period (GAEWHA-KI)" and school education of home economics far educating women was initiated at EWHA-hakdang in 1896, in 1908, with the pronulgation of the act of higher education for women, major curriculum and subjects were set up and text books of home economics were also compiled. In accordance with CHOSUN education act in 1911, housekeeping and sewing subjects at secondary school were taught 10 hours a week with the emphasis on general education and practical subject oriented training. Home economics under the Japanese rule was so educated as to imbue, students with the sense of nationality by teaching Korean custom and family habits.

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A Study on Historical Development of the Biological Science Curriculum for High Schools in Korea (고등학교 생물과 교육 과정의 변천에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Wan-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 1978
  • First: The common points from "syllabus" period to that of "Course of study" are as follows: 1) with no introduction explained. the "Syllabus" or "Course of study" was made to be completed in accordance with the allotment of time (unit). 2) To teach how to rear animals and grow plants, and to make specimens with collected samples formed a great significant field of learning, which meant giving more emphasis on learning classification, life-centered education and basic field of learning than discipline-centered education. 3) The reason why the field of applied biology was emphasized on was that both periods had ideals in Common to educate persons more necessary and useful to the society than to major the pure academic field. 4) Both periods mainly dealt with problems of diseases, and physical health discussed all over the world in 1950's which accounts for necessity of the society to free from ignorance. Second; "The first curriculum period" and "the second one" are observed as follows: 1) The former took the unit (credit) system for the first time. It tried to lay down the conceptual hierarchy with "Biology I" and "II" divided, while "Biolgy I" is better systematized than "Biology II". 2) Discipline-centered education and structure fo knowledge are put more emphasis on especially in "the 2nd curriculum period". 3) And also in this period are included serious problems such as urgency of pollution, importance of nature conservation, population due to the development of industry. 'Third; With the recent curriculum laid down, experiments and teaching contents of subjects are put in harmony with each other and accordingly the process of Inquiry is laid emphasis on. Fourth; It is necessary to set up conceptual sequence and scope effectively in the curriculum.

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A Study on the Developmental Patterns of the Three, Four, and Five-Year-Old Children (3, 4, 5세 유아의 연령과 성에 따른 생활영역별 발달경향 탐색)

  • Choi, Mi-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2010
  • This study sought to investigate and assess the development patterns of children, aged from 3 to 5, by means of a longitudinal approach. The children's developmental patterns are classified according to five curriculum areas; physical health, social skills, expression, language, and exploration-. The developmental patterns are analyzed in detail according to the observation period, children's ages, and their genders. The subjects consisted of 108 children in A city. A research assistant was asked to observe and keep records of the children's behaviors at three distinct times -early, middle, and late in the school year. The 'observational scale for children' was used as the measurement tool. The data which was thus collected was then subject to statistical analysis. The major findings of the study are as follows. First, there were significant differences in all five curriculum areas according to the children's age and observation period. That is, five-year-old children showed higher scores than three- and four-year-old children. Second, there were significant differences in the social development within five curriculum areas according to the children's gender and the observation period. That is, girls exhibited higher scores than boys.

제 7차 교육과정 개정을 위한 가정계 고등학교 교육과정 체제 및 구조 개선 연구

  • 김경애;윤인경;장명희
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.65-79
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    • 1996
  • This study proposes a model curriculum for Vocational Home Economics High School in the 7th Curriculum Revision. The model in the study is first drawn from the assumptions that reflect ever changing demands of industrial society for Home Economics education. Another perspective employed in the study is historical analysis that focuses on the evolution of the Vocational Home Economics Curricula from the 1st through the 6th revision. This study also employes comparative research tools for the national level comparison such as USA, Japan, Taiwan, and Korea. The proposed model curriculum in this study is concluded from those step-by-step studies as follows:1) Problem definition and design in current curriculum for Vocational Home Economics high school; 2) Needs and roles analysis of Vocational Home Economics high school for the future; and 3)Historical analysis of our curriculum revisions in the past and coparative analysis with other countries. Authors conducted this research project for 3 month period from June 15, 1996 to September 15, 1996. During this period, authors collected the data and information through those method as an extensive literature review, survey and interview, and curriculum specialist conference. The key and critical features of the proposed curriculum in the study are as follows:1) In the numbers of department, a proposed model curriculum offers 8 as opposed to 6 in the 6th revision, reflecting two additional departments of “Elderly Welfare”and “Cosmotology”. 2) In the statement of educational objectives, a model curriculum emphasizes a more concrete statement to each specific skills according to the changing societal needs. 3) In the numbers of total subject matters, there would be 40 in the new as opposed to 23 in the current curriculum. Among these changes, 17 would occurr in the newly introduced subject matters, while 11 would simply change the subject matter name. Among 40 subject matter, “Introduction to Computer” and “Home Economics in Vocational Education”would be required subject matter. 4) In the total numbers of required unit for graduation in three years, a model offers 86∼132 unit. A maximum unit for each subject matter would be 12.

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Developing a conceptual frame work for a nursing curriculum (간호학 교과과정 개념틀 개발연구)

  • 조원정;김소야자;오가실;유지수;황애란;김혜숙;고일선
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.473-483
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    • 1994
  • In order to prepare for the coming twenty first Century and to meet changing societal dedmands and health needs, it is necessary to develop a new conceptual framework for curriculum the colleges of nursing. The specific objectives of this project were to ; 1) address the problem areas of the existing curriculum which were identified in the first phase of this study ; 2) develop a conceptual framework which will meet faculty, student and societal needs : and 3) identify the content of the curriculum In order to accomplish the objectives, the curriculum committee held 30 weekly meetings during the period of October, 1992 and December, 1993, There also were two workshops with college of nursing faculty members. The Philosophy and objectives of education were revised on the basis of the essential concepts of nursing : human being, nursing, environment, and health. From these basic concepts, six essential components were identified for the conceptual framework. These were nuring process, communication, professional roles, client, and nursing. These six components are interrelated in the curriculum. The complex interrelationship among the six components were presented on horizontal and vertical axes. Concepts related to steady improvement were put on a vertical axis. For example, concepts of client, health, and nursing are included in all levels of nursing curriculum and students are expected to retain and accumulate more complex contents as they progress in curriculum. Concepts on the horizontal axis are nursing process, communication, and professional roles. These concepts are unique to nursing and are common to any level of curriculum. Students are expected to study these concepts through all levels of the curriculum. It is expected that the objectives of the college of nursing will be accomplished when the courses and content of the curriculum are based on this conceptual fremework.

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Comparative Analysis on Three-Year Period Curriculum of Emergency Medical Technology of College (3년제 대학 응급구조과의 교육과정 비교 분석 - 2006학년도 시행 교육과정을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hyo-Sik;Lee, Young-A
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.29-50
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was carried out in order to provide the basic data for the curriculum standardization of emergency medical technology by analyzing the three-year period curriculum of 9 colleges. Method: This is the descriptive analysis of the curricular of 9 colleges. The analyzed variables were the distribution, credit, mean, frequency of the liberal arts, majors, clinical and on-the-job(OJT) training courses, and teaching profession subject. Results: 1. The number of whole subjects was 61.0, the number of liberal arts was 10.3, and the number of majors was 50.7. The completion credit was 128.3, credits of liberal arts were 15.5(12.2%), and credits of majors were 112.8(87.8%). 2. The range of credits of liberal arts was 8 to 21, and most of the liberal arts were done in the first year of college. 3. The distribution of the credits of the national examination for the license was as follows; the itemized emergency care subjects were 27.9 credits, the general emergency care was 18.5 credits, basic sciences were 17.7 credits, emergency patient care was 9.5 credits, and emergency medicine law was 3.2 credits. 4. The number of other major subjects were 10.0 and showed even distribution in each semester. 5. The clinical and on-the-job(OJT) training were 4.5 subjects, the credits of completion were 14.9 and these subjects were not in the first year of college. Conclusion: This results will be helpful data for the advanced development and standardization of the new curriculum by keeping pace with the environmental change, competency improvement and the need of the learners of emergency medical technology.

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A Study of prohibited history textbooks In Japan intervention period (통감부 시기 금지된 역사교과서 연구)

  • Chae, Hweikyun
    • Philosophy of Education
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    • no.66
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    • pp.105-132
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzes and compares the contents of the prohibited history textbooks to the officiated curriculum textbooks during the Japanese Intervention period. By doing so the study will discuss the curriculum regulation through the new educational sociology aspects. The results are as follows. First, the Residency-General placed Japanese advisors in educational faculties to prepare a foundation for colonial education. It was intended to influence the educational system and its contents by displaying their superiority represented by their group of elites. Second, In 1908, the authorities issued the textbook regulation, which controlled the contents of the education before the book was published. The standard for the regulation was to exclude contents that are disadvantageous to Japan, and is favorable to colonial rules. Third, The prohibited textbooks contained contents that violate the standards. This shows that during the Residency -General period the textbook examination system was a tool to control school curriculum. Fourth, after comparing the contents of both prohibited textbooks and regulated textbooks, the prohibited history textbooks included the national independence, the victory over the Japanese, patriotism, and unfavorable relations with Japan. On the other hand, the regulated textbooks omitted patriotism and ethnicity-independent content, and instead filled its content with a friendly relationship Korea had with Japan at the time. This phenomenon proves that knowledge and the way of thinking are favorable towards superior groups of society and have an influence in determining the content of school education. This is the new education sociology theology.

Effects on Health Educational Curriculum Revised in 2008 for Middle School Students, South Korea (`2008 개정 보건과' 교육과정 운영 효과 - 중학생을 대상으로-)

  • Lee, Gyu-Young;Sim, In-Ok;Mun, Youn-Jung;Song, Young-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.151-161
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study purposed to examine the effect on health educational curriculum by grasping knowledge, attitude, and the extent of practicing it after giving a health education curriculum for 17 hours. Methods: This study was a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest conducted with the first-graders enrolled in a middle school students in Gyeonggi Province. A total of 191 completed questionnaires from the test group and the control group each were used for the final analysis. The survey period was from March 5 to March 13, 2009 before the education was given from July 20 to July 25, 2009 after the education. A total of 38 questions were used to measure knowledge and a total of 39 questions were used to measure attitude and practice. This study used $x^2$ test, ANOVA, and t-test, Paired t-test. Results: After the health education curriculum was given, the test group s knowledge of health education was found higher than that of the control group. There was a difference between two groups, but considering the perfect score of 38, the knowledge scores of both groups were not high. With regard to each group s attitude and practice of health education, the study compared the scores obtained before and after the education and found that the test group had higher scores than the control group, showing a significant difference. Conclusion: In order for a health education curriculum to successfully have favorable influence on the health of teenagers, the curriculum should be offered for a more extended period of time than 17 hours and as a compulsory course, not a selective one, so that all the students can develop their health management capabilities.