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On Science Textbooks and Related Teaching Learning Materials (과학교과서와 그에 관련된 교수 학습자료의 활용 실태 조사)

  • Kwon, Chi-Soon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 1985
  • The purpose of the study was to establish a new view of textbook which may contribute to the abolishment of the instruction mainly based on the only textbook and to the promotion of creativities of students. We first reviewed science textbooks and related teaching-learning materials of foreign countries with emphasis on the relationship among textbook and teaching-learning materials and practical use of them. In western countries the roles of traditional textbook has been changed. That is, various kinds of materials such as reading book, work-book, worksheet, experimental guidebook, filmstrips are used to raise effect of instruction besides of traditional type of textbook. Secondary, we identified the problems related to the science textbook-view of textbook, textbook contents, practical use of textbook-through opinion survey administered to principals akd teachers of elementary schools. The results of the survey are as follows; Concerning the view of textbook, most teachers did not recognize textbook as an absolute materials. They thought that textbook contents could be taught reorganized according to their judgements. On the contrary, teachers responded to the question of whether or not they follow contents of textbook as they are presented in it were approximately 30%. Further, more than 75% of them have seldom used instructional materials except textbooks. In order to revise the problems of our present textbook as stated above, a new view of textbook should be established. We, above all, established 4 basic premises for searching a new view of textbook. 1) Textbook should not be considered as the only material but as being at the center of various teaching -learning materials. 2) The importance of textbook should be illustrated Among Curriculum, textbook and related teaching-learning materials, instruction and evaluation. 3. Textbook contents should not be regarded as definitely fixed or absolute ones. 4. Human being can understand environment more fully by commanding his swnsory organ multilaterally. Under these premises we disscussed about curriculum and textbook, textbook, and instruction, akd evaluation method.

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On Development of New Mathematics Textbook and the Standard Textbook Authorization of the 7th Educational Curriculum (수학과 2종 교과서 개발 및 검정 기준에 관한 소고)

  • 황혜정
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2000
  • Now, mathematics textbook is being developed in accordance with the 7th educational curriculum. It is expected that qualified textbook reflecting 'differentiated education' concept be developed and published. But there are still many limitations of textbook authorization system to develop 'such' textbook. Many authors of textbook have difficulty in developing creative and qualified textbooks in their own way. In this paper, we deal with what the authors should keep in mind and could reflect related on textbook authorization system in developing textbook. For this purpose, focusing on new 'content principle' of mathematics textbook authorization, the paper presented its educational background.

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A Study on eTextbook Development for Mobile Learning in a University (대학에서의 모바일 러닝을 위한 전자교재 개발 사례 연구)

  • Jung, Hyojung;Chon, Eunhwa;Suh, Eung-Kyo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.237-256
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to develop the eTextbook and to explore the usability of the eTextbook for accelerating mobile learning in university. This study was primarily based on needs analysis of students, and eTextbook was created based on digital publishing through Adobe DPS. The major design principles of the eTextbook based on previous studies were as follow. First, eTextbook should deliver learning contents in a simple and systematic way. Second, eTextbook should induce student's flows by providing segmented learning contents and various learning resources. Third, eTextbook should expand information accessibility by providing a wide variety of multimedia functions. The development principles of eTextbook have been developed based on cognitive psychology. Location and function of the link or icon used for eTextbook have been developed on the basis of the principles of cognitive psychology. The main development principles were Coherence, Signaling, Redundancy, Segmentation, Multimedia principle, and so on. In order to examine usability of the developed eTextbook, experts' and learners' reactions were evaluated. The primary responses of learners are that the eTextbook increased the learning accessibility and provided various multimedia factors, and thus increased the learning flows in the class.

Design and Implementation of e-Textbook Based on XML (XML 기반 전자교과서의 설계 및 구현)

  • Lee Seok-Jae;Yoo Jae-Soo;Byun Ho-Seung;Song Jae-Shin;Yoo Kwan-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.74-87
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we define the functions of e-textbook(electronic textbook) for complementing weak points of traditional textbooks. Also, we propose a markup language format for representing e-textbook with XML which is a standard of interoperability on the internet. And we design and implement an e-textbook which shows the various functions of the e-textbook. Finally, we show some examples which make use of the developed e-textbook using the browser.

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Contents Analysis of Health Unit in the Middle School Physical Education Textbook (중학교 체육교과서에 제시된 보건단원 내용 고찰)

  • Kim, Young-Sik;Lee, Yeon-Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate various characteristics of the health unit presented in current physical educational curriculum and study a variety of middle school physical education textbooks in the aspect of health education. The conclusions of this research are as follow Acquiring and executing of health knowledge is important in the school health education. Thus, the contents of textbook suitable to the developmental stage of teenager and applicable to future life should be concretely presented in the physical education textbook. The standard of selecting the range of physical education contents should be regulated, and the contents appropriate to standard should be presented in the physical education textbook. We make student utilize the textbook by showing the sample the example of portfolio and self-checklist in the textbook. In the aspect of formation of textbook, scientific and systematic which is appropriate to improving the power of thinking and inquiry should be used in the textbook. In the aspect of format of textbook, application of CD-ROM or video type should be attempted, making the textbook. Moreover, the health education in the physical education textbook should be connected to not only the school health education but the health education in the unit of home and society for the purpose of successful health education.

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A Study on Developing Specialized Textbook Libraries for the Benefit of Research and Education (교육·연구의 활성화를 위한 교과서전문도서관 발전방향 모색에 관한 연구)

  • Noh, Younghee;Choi, Won-Tae;Yun, Dayoung
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.25-51
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    • 2015
  • The specialized textbook library provides resources for textbook publishers and textbook development professionals as well as others in related fields who are committed to the educational development of our country. The textbook library also supports research and education among the faculty and students. But, when examining the reality of the textbook specialized library, analysis concludes that it faces various problems such as state-supported operating budget shortfalls, weakness of public infrastructure, difficulty in collection of textbook-related data, and lack of inter-linked library systems. Thus, this study determined the development direction of the textbook specialized library through the process of literature analysis, case studies, and reflection of expert opinions. In this study, a long-term policy direction of the building and operating of textbook specialized libraries has been proposed as follows: organizing and operating a textbook specialized library, collecting and creating a list of textbook-related information resources, creating information strategy, and constructing specialized content for the textbook specialized library.

Practical Arts(Technology.Home Economics) Textbook Evaluation Criterion based on Perspectives of the National Curriculum (교과 교육과정에 제시된 관점에 근거한 실과(기술.가정) 교과서 평가기준 방향 탐색)

  • Kwon, Yoojin
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.61-77
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    • 2013
  • Developing textbook evaluation criterion is as important as textbook development in education. Home economics subject has been involved in textbook evaluation since 1995, at which the first home economics textbook was under the national authorization system in South Korea. There has been little research on home economics textbook evaluation criterion even though there were more studies using textbook analysis. The purposes of this study were to explore the reason why subject perspectives were reflected on the textbook evaluation criterion, the relationships between the perspectives presented by national curriculum and technology home economics textbook evaluation criterion, and the future direction for developing textbook evaluation criterion. So this study was related to analyze practical arts(technology home economics) textbook evaluation criterion and the meaning of subject perspectives in textbook evaluation criterion, to drive perspectives consistently presented by the 2007 revised and 2011 revised national curriculum, to analyze the relationships between the perspectives in national curriculum and textbook evaluation criterion, and to provide the future direction for textbook evaluation criterion development. Textbook evaluation criterion is very important because it provides subject perspectives for developing textbook, delivers the core concepts and unique values of our subject, and provides the direction for teacher education. According to the analysis of both national curriculum, the perspectives such as management competency, life competency, practical experience, integrative competency for understanding individual and family, career and life planning, and life problem-solving were presented in this study. Implication for future research would be needed to develop the factors of textbook evaluation criterion based on the perspective presented by national curriculum.

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Analysis of Narratives of Elementary School History Textbook of Korea and US (한·미 초등학교 역사교과서의 내러티브 분석)

  • PARK, So-Young
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.489-501
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze the narratives of elementary school history textbooks of Korea and US. The research problems are as follows. Firstly, what are the form and content of narratives of Korea's elementary school history textbook of Korea and US. Secondly, what are the characteristics of narratives of American elementary school history textbook of Korea and US. The content analysis method was utilized for analyzing narratives of textbooks. Research results are summarized as follows. Firstly, the features of Korea's elementary school history textbook are described. Secondly, the features of American elementary school history textbook are described. Thirdly, the common features and differences between both countries' textbook narratives are analyzed. Lastly, the implications for diversifying the narratives of Korea's elementary school history textbook are recommended.

Analysis on Textbook Contents & Proposition on Direction of Textbook Writing for 'Teaching Practice' ('교직실무' 교재내용 분석 및 교재 집필 방향)

  • Kwon, Choong-Hoon;Cho, Heung-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.512-521
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    • 2012
  • Recently, the criterion of teachers' qualification has been changed in Korea. 'Teaching Practice' was included new subject in the teaching training system since 2009. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the textbook contents and to propose the direction of textbook writing for 'teaching practice'. So the study contents of this paper are as follows ; First, it is to identify the changes of the teacher training system and the principles of collection on textbook materials. Second, it is to review the trends of the authors' character and the textbook contents on 'Teaching practice'. Finally, it is to proposal the direction of textbook writing for 'teaching practice'. For this study, the researchers collected 15 textbook published in Korea from 2009 to 2011. According to the results, the researchers to present the authors' number, authors' position, the system of chapter topics on the textbook. Based on these finding, the proposition of the textbook writing were present as follows: First, to change the criterion of national documents. Second, to collect the needs on the school fields widely. Third, to grasp the unique identity of subject that is isolated from the previous subjects, Fourth, it is to promote the joint writing form which is include professors and experts in the school field.

The Effect of Using Digital Science Textbook on the Scientific Problem Solving of Elementary School Students (초등과학 디지털 교과서 활용이 학생들의 과학적 문제 해결력에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Sun-Young;Seo, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.132-141
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of using digital science textbook on the scientific problem solving of elementary school students. For this research, an instrument to measure student's problem-solving skills was developed. The pretest and posttest scores of one hundred and six 5th grade students' problem-solving skills were analyzed and also the responses of three students who were selected by their levels in the problem-solving science digital textbook class were qualitatively analyzed. The results of this study were as follows; the scores of problem solving skills of science digital textbook groups were higher than that of traditional paper textbook group(p<.05). In the qualitative analysis of the students' reponses in a digital textbook class according to their achievement level, low-achievers' problem-solving skills were much more improved than high- and mid-achievers' skills. In conclusion, science digital textbook has a potential to improve students' scientific problem solving skills, and this possibility will be much higher when science digital textbook is used with teachers' intended instructional goals and strategies like problem-solving lessons.

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