• Title/Summary/Keyword: soil characteristics

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Assessment of Soil Characteristics on External Corrosion of Water Pipes (토양특성이 상수도관의 외부부식에 미치는 영향 평가)

  • Bae, Chul-Ho;Kim, Ju-Hwan;Park, Sang-Young;Kim, Jeong-Hyun;Hong, Seong-Ho;Lee, Kyoung-Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.737-745
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    • 2006
  • The goal of this study is to present an external pit corrosion rate($p_{ecr}$) model with considering both the age of pipe and the soil characteristics. The correlation of nonlinear exponential model among conventional empirical models was a little higher than other empirical models in the prediction of $p_{ecr}$ according to the age of pipe. However, there has been a limit to predict Peer with the model by using only a pipe age since installation as a variable. The soil analysis results from sixty nine samples showed that all of the samples were non corrosive in the assessment of ANSI/AWWA scoring system. The correlation of soil corrosion factors and $p_{ecr}$ was also low. The application result of linear and nonlinear regression models that soil characteristics only showed a low correlation with $p_{ecr}$ Proposed nonlinear regression model in this study, with considering both the age of pipe and the soil characteristics, showed a little higher correlation ($R^2=0.46$) than conventional model.

A Study on Disturbance Effect of Clay by Block Sampling (대형자연시료 채취를 통한 시료 교란도 분석에 관한 연구)

  • 신윤섭;김연정;김학중;김영웅
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • 2003.03a
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    • pp.325-332
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    • 2003
  • In general, soil characteristics are estimated through the sample gathered by field boring without considering sample disturbance. However, soil characteristics must be changed by the degree of sample disturbance. Therefore it be need to estimate the soil characteristic considering sample disturbance which can be occurred by the change of stress condition, sampling technique and handling method. On this study, we analyzed the sample disturbance by using the methods of volume change, residual effective stress, elastic modulus and the curve of consolidation tests. In order to estimate the relationship between sample disturbance and soil characteristics, we used the piston sample and the block sample. As the results, it should be considered in design that the disturbance of the block sample, which affects the strength and compression properties of clay, is smaller than the disturbance of piston sample.

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Geographical Distribution and Soil Characteristics of Elaeagnus Plants in Korea (한국산 보리수나무속 식물의 분포 및 생육지 토양 특성)

  • You, Young-Han;Kim, Kyung-Bum;An, Chung-Sun;Kim, Joon-Ho;Song, Seung-Dal
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.159-170
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    • 1994
  • The geographical distribution and soil characteristics of Korean Elaeagnus plants were investigated by literatures, field survey and soil analysis. Deciduous E. umbellata was distributed throughout the Korean peninsula including western and southern islands. Distribution area of evergreen Elaeagnus plants was classified into three groups; E. macrophylla and E. glabra belonged to group l occurring in the southern, western and eastern islands; E. submacrophylla to group 2 occurring in the southern and western islands; E. maritima and E. ankaii to group 3 in the southern islands only. Deciduous E. umbellata appeared euryeciously from poor soil to rich one, whereas evergreen Elaegnus plants appeared stenoeciously in haline soil near coast.

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Evaluation of Almaty City Soil's Toxicity by the Representatives of the Microflora and Microfauna

  • Mynbayeva, Bakhyt N.;Esimov, Bolat K.
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.208-211
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    • 2011
  • The lowest amount of heavy metals was found outside the city (25 km away), the highest amount was found near the thermoelectric power plant, and the average amount was discovered in the central part of the city. The presence of heavy metals in soil samples resulted in reduction of several important soil characteristics (pH, humus content, soil "breathing"). Use of simple and quick methods to examine soil with high heavy metals pollution resulted in the discovery of a pedobiota group, consisting of nematodes, fungi (genus Fusarium) and Protozoa which indicated the toxicity of the Almaty city soils.

토질조건에 따른 납 오염토양의 Electrokinetic 정화 효율

  • 김병일;조용실;한상재;김수삼
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • 2002.04a
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    • pp.34-37
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    • 2002
  • In this study, electrochemical characteristics variation and removal efficiency with initial pH and mineral compositions during electrokinetic remediation of lead contaminated soils were investigated. Test results showed that heavy metal transportation affected by soil characteristics and electrochemical characteristics varied during electrokinetic remediation. Therefore, in the application of enhanced electrokinetic remediation technique to increase removal efficiency, discrete selection of enhanced technique with characteristics of targeted soil were needed.

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The Impacts of Vegetation and Soil Characteristics on Recreation Behavior in Urban Park - The Cases of Kumkang Park and Children′s Park in Pusan - (이용객의 이용행위가 도시내공원의 토양 및 식생에 미치는 영향 -부산 어린이대공원과 금강공원을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Kyong-Jae;Kim, Sun-Hee;Cho, Woo
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 1993
  • This study was executed to investgate the impacts of vegetation and soil characteristics on the user's impact in Children's Park and Kumkang Park, Pusan. In survey sites, twenty plots of 100$m^2$ size were set up. The degree of soil hardness was showed above 90kg/$\textrm{cm}^2$ in using area, which was prevented to the plants growth. The user's control was effective to the soil surface softening, while that effects of the other soil characteristics were not cleared. In the analysis of Plant community structure, especially, shrub vegetation was severely damaged. And the user's impact was due to the lowering of species and maximum species diversity. The recreation area protection of the two years was positively operated to the natural vegetation restoration and species diversity enhancement.

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Effect of Reclaimed Sewage Irrigation on Paddy Rice Culture and Soil Characteristics (오수처리수의 관개가 벼 생육 및 토양 특성에 미치는 효과)

  • 윤춘경
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.66-75
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    • 2000
  • Effect of reclaimed sewage on the paddy rice culture was examined by field experiment for two consecutive years. The domestic sewage was treated by the constructed wetland and the effluent of the treatment wetland was used for irrigation water. The reclaimed sewage was diluted before irrigation in the first year and it was used without dilution in the second year experiment. Growth components and yields were compared against the control plot where conventional method was applied. And also soil characteristics of the plots before and after reclaimed sewage irrigation were analyzed Generally addition of the reclaimed sewage irrigation didn't affect paddy rice culture adversely and even enhancement was observed. Fertilization was thought to be important factor for rice culture rather than irrigation water quality. Conventional fertilization and reclaimed sewage irrigation which contained high nutrient concentration resulted in better growth and more yield. Unlike widespread concern lodging did not happen even in the case of irrigation with average 90mg/L of T-N and conventional fertilization. Soil characteristics changed after irrigation and significant EC increasing was observed for the reclaimed sewage irrigation plots. From soil analyses salt accumulation could be a more potential problem than nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus in the use of reclaimed sewage irrigation. Overall reclaimed sewage irrigation was thought to be one of practical alternatives for the ultimate disposal of sewage in rural area.

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Feasibility Study of Agronomic Application of Treated Sewage for Paddy Rice Culture

  • Woo, Sun-Ho;Yoon, Chun-Gyeong
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.433-441
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    • 2000
  • A feasibility study was performed to examine the agronomic application of treated sewage on paddy rice culture by field experiment for two consecutive years. The domestic sewage was treated by the constructed wetland system which was in subsurface flow type and consisted of sand and macrophyte. The effluent of the wetland system was used for irrigation water. The effluent was diluted to maintain the total nitrogen concentration below $26mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$ in the first year and used without dilution in the second year experiment. Growth components and yields were compared against the CONTROL plot where conventional method was applied. And also, soil characteristics of the plots before and after reclaimed sewage irrigation were analyzed. Generally, addition of the treated sewage to the irrigation water showed no adverse effects on paddy rice culture, and even enhancement was noticed in both growth and yield. Irrigation of treated sewage after concentration adjusted with conventional fertilization showed the better result, and the yield exceeded that of CONTROL case where clean water was irrigated. Soil characteristics changed after irrigation, and significant EC increasing was observed for the reclaimed sewage irrigation plots. From this study, it appears that reuse of treated sewage, as supplemental irrigation water could be a feasible and practical alternative. For full-scale application, further study is recommended on the specific guideline of major water quality components in treated sewage for irrigation and public health.

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Analysis of Bridges behavior Considering Pile rigidity and Soil characteristics (말뚝강성과 지반특성을 고려한 교량의 거동해석)

  • An, Zu-Og;Yoon, Young-Man
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.1 no.3 s.3
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2001
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the behavior of superstructure considering several factors such as change of pile rigidity, soil characteristics, and the constraint condition of support. The results of this study are as follows: 1. Pile-rigidity computed by the rotating deformed plane method is continuously varied up to approximately 5D(D=diameter of pile) below the ground level. This result is consistent with the previous study$^{(12)}$, in which the pile deformation occurs at approximately $3{\sim}6$ times of pile diameter from the ground level. 2. For bridge structure-pile system, analytical results of internal forces and deformations show different values for modified pile rigidity and unchanged pile rigidity. 3. Detaild analysis considering modified pile rigidity is required for the long-span bridge design with structure pile system.

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Analyzed Change of Soil Characteristics by Rainfall and Vegetation (강우 및 식생에 의한 토질특성 변화 분석)

  • Lee, Moon-Se;Kim, Kyeong-Su;Song, Young-Suk;Ryu, Je-Cheon
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2009
  • In this study, some changes of soil characteristics in a field were analyzed to investigate the effect of heavy rainfall during rainy season. The heavy rainfalls were often induced geohazards like landslides. To do this, the reaching rainfall in the ground surface was investigated according to a condition of vegetation, and the change of soil characteristics induced by infiltrating rainfall was analyzed. The study site is a natural terrain located in Daedeok Science Complex. This site has same geology and soil condition whereas it has different vegetable condition. The rainfall records during the rainy season of 2006 and 2007 were selected. The rainfall records are based on the measuring date from Daejeon Regional Meteorological Administration adjacent to the study site. Also, the rainfall records according to the condition of vegetation were measured using rainfall measuring device made by ourselves. The soil tests were carried out about soil specimen sampled before and after rainfall, and then the change of soil characteristics related to rainfall and vegetation were analyzed. As the result, the density of vegetation was influenced by reaching rainfall quantity in the ground surface, and its influence intensity was decreased with rainfall intensity and rainfall duration. Also, it shows that degree of saturations, water contents, liquidities and shear resistances are directly influenced by heavy rainfalls.