• Title/Summary/Keyword: sentence pattern

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An Analysis on the pattern of questioning sentence - A case study for the newly appointed teachers - (수학 수업 발문유형 분석 및 대안 탐색 - 신임 교사 사례 연구 -)

  • Kang, Wan;Chang, Yun-Young;Jeong, Seon-Hye
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study is to search the recognition of teacher on the pattern and characteristics of the questioning sentence of the newly appointed teachers for the mathematics class through the case study for the 2ndyear teachers. The study participants' class was recorded in video and individual interview was made for 4 times. The pattern of the questioning sentence in the observed class was analyzed using the classification frame with addition of creativity related items to the classification frame suggested by Mogan & Saxton(2006). The questioning sentence and recognition on the mathematics class for the newly appointed teachers were analyzed based on the individual meeting and class materials. In result, the questioning sentence for confirmation was most frequent (69%) and questioning sentence of understanding (25%) and the questioning sentence for introspection (6%) in its priority. It was known that the questioning sentence for extending the creativity didn't make it at all. It was revealed that the participant teachers in this study used the questioning sentence pattern for fact confirmation of the student most frequently and the use of the questioning sentence for accelerating the creative thinking of the student was lacked. In addition, the teachers recognized that they manage the class oriented to questioning sentence for obtaining the concept. It was known that the education for the questioning sentence which accelerates the creativity and other thinking as well as the fact confirmation pattern is necessary through the training for the new teachers in the future.

Studying the frequencies of sentence pattern for a entence patterns dictionary (문형 사전을 위한 문형 빈도 조사)

  • Kim Yu-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.123-140
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the frequency and usage of sentence patterns appearing in electronic dictionaries used in Korean language education in order to design an automatic sentence patterns checking. First, the concept of sentence patterns is defined and it is classified into sentence structure patterns and sentencial expression patterns. Sentence structure patterns and sentencial expression patterns are analyzed how they are expressed in the Korean Learner's Corpus. learner's Corpus is built into the Standard Corpus, which all Korean Learners must learn, and the Errors Corpus made by learners. From these research, we will find out how frequently the Sentential Patterns are being used in the Standard Corpus which has been made of Korean Texts and how the Sentential Pattern are being used in the Errors Corpus which were constructed from Korean learner's writings. Finally, having described the Sentential Patterns on the Sentential Electric Dictionary, we determine the optimum speed in the search for the Sentential Pattern.

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Construction of Variable Pattern Net for Korean Sentence Understanding and Its Application (한국어 문장이해를 위한 가변패턴네트의 구성과 응용)

  • Han, Gwang-Rok
    • The Transactions of the Korea Information Processing Society
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 1995
  • The conceptual world of sentence is composed f substantives(nouns) and verbal. The verbal is a semantic center of sentence, the substantives are placed under control of verbal, and they are combined in a various way. In this paper, the structural relation of verbal and substantives are analyzed and the phrase unit sentence which is derived from the result of morphological analysis is interpreted by a variable pattern net. This variable pattern net analyzes the phrases syntactically and semantically and extracts conceptual units of clausal form. This paper expands the traditionally restricted Horn clause theory to the general sentence, separates a simple sentence from a complex sentence automatically, constructs knowledge base by clausal form of logical conceptual units, and applies it to a question-answering system.

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An Analysis of the Differences between English and Translated Picture Books in Korean in Predictable Pattern Books (예측 가능한 패턴의 영어그림책과 한국어 번역그림책 간의 차이 분석)

  • Lee, Myoung Shin;Kim, Ji Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.157-169
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    • 2014
  • This study sought to explore the types of predictable pattern books are suitable for reading aloud, the differences between English and translated Korean picture books in terms of their characteristics of speakability and the meaning of sentences. This study investigated a total of 112 picture books. The predictable pattern types were analyzed specifically, compared with onomatopoeia, mimetic words, repetition, rhyme, the shift of sentence and style types. The results indicated that predictable pattern books could be classified into eight types and the number of sentences in translated books increased owing to the difference of sentence structure. In terms of speakability, words in repetition, onomatopoeia and mimetic words represented higher frequency except rhyme because of the difference of characteristics of the two languages. Furthermore, translations used strategies of the shift in sentence and style types for speakability. These findings demonstrate that predictable pattern books can serve as good materials to read aloud for young children not only in terms of English picture books but also translated books regardless of concerns regarding their speakability.

Prosodic pattern of the children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder according to sentence type (문장유형에 따른 고기능 자폐스펙트럼장애 아동의 운율 특성)

  • Shin, Hee Baek;Choi, Jieun;Lee, YoonKyoung
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the prosodic pattern of the children with high functioning autism spectrum disorder(HFASD) according to sentence type. The participants were 18 children aged from 7 - 9 years; 9 children with HFASD and 9 typical development children(TD) of the same chronological age with HFASD children. Sentence reading tasks were conducted in this study. Seven interrogative sentences and 7 declarative sentences were presented to the participants and were asked to read the sentences three times. Mean values of F0, F0 range, intensity, speech rate and pitch contour were measured for each sentence. The results showed that for F0 range, significant main effect and interaction effect were observed in the subject group and sentence type. There were significant differences in intensity, mean F0, speech rate, pitch contour across sentence types. The results of this study indicated that HFASD showed no difference in intonation across sentence types. Speakers' intention may have a negative effect on pragmatic aspects. These results suggest that the assessment and intervention of prosody be important for HFASD.

SPEECH SYNTHESIS USING LARGE SPEECH DATA-BASE

  • Lee, Kyu-Keon;Mochida, Takemi;Sakurai, Naohiro;Shirai, Katasuhiko
    • Proceedings of the Acoustical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.949-956
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    • 1994
  • In this paper, we introduce a new speech synthesis method for Japanese and Korean arbitrary sentences using the natural speech data-base. Also, application of this method to a CAI system is discussed. In our synthesis method, a basic sentence and basic accent-phrases are selected from the data-base against a target sentence. Factors for those selections are phrase dependency structure (separation degree), number of morae, type of accent and phonemic labels. The target pitch pattern and phonemic parameter series are generated using those selected basic units. As the pitch pattern is generated using patterns which are directly extracted form real speech, it is expected to be more natural than any other pattern which is estimated by any model. Until now, we have examined this method on Japanese sentence speech and affirmed that the synthetic sound preserves human-like features fairly well. Now we extend this method to Korean sentence speech synthesis. Further more, we are trying to apply this synthesis unit to a CAI system.

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Analysis on Sentence Error Types of Mathematical Problem Posing of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers (초등학교 예비교사들의 수학적 '문제 만들기'에 나타나는 문장의 오류 유형 분석)

  • Huh, Nan;Shin, Hocheol
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.797-820
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    • 2013
  • This study intended on analyzing the error patterns of mathematic problem posing sentences by the 100 elementary pre-teachers and discussing about the solutions. The results showed that the problem posing sentences have five error patterns: phonological error patterns, word error patterns, sentence error patterns, meaning error patterns, and notation error patterns. Divided into fourteen specific error patterns, they are as in the following. 1) Phonological error patterns are consisted of the 'ㄹ' addition error pattern and the abbreviated word error pattern. 2) Words error patterns are divided with the inappropriate usage of word error pattern and the inadequate abbreviation error pattern, which are formulized four subgroups such as the case maker, ending of the word, inappropriate usage of word, and inadequate abbreviation of article or word error pattern in detail. 3) Sentence error patterns are assumed four kinds of forms: the reference, ellipsis of sentence component, word order, and incomplete sentence error pattern. 4) Meaning error patterns are composed the logical contradiction and the ambiguous meaning. 5) Notation error patterns are formed four patterns as the spacing, punctuation, orthography of Hangul, and spelling rules of foreign words in Korean. Furthermore, the solutions for these error patterns were discussed: First, it has to be perceived the differences between spoken and written language. Second, it has to be rejected the spoken expressions in written contexts. Third, it should be focused on the learning of the basic sentence patterns during the class. Forth, it is suggested that the word meaning should have the logical development perception based on what it means. Finally, it is proposed that the system of spelling of Korean has to be learned. In addition to these suggestions, a new understanding is necessary regarding writing education for college students.

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Perception of sentences varying with prosody pattern, sound intensity, and signal-to-noise ratio (운율 패턴, 강도, 신호대소음비에 따른 문장 지각 변화)

  • Chang, Son-A;Jang, Eunjoo;Jang, Jaejin
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2017
  • This study investigates how perception of easy sentences varies with prosody pattern, sound intensity, and signal-to-noise ratio(SNR) in young adults with normal hearing who were in their 20's. The results showed that the presence of proper prosody pattern in the sentences increased correct perception rate of the target sentences, and that the lower the intensity and SNR, the lower the sentence perception scores. The results also showed that SNR had a greater effect on the sentence perception scores than sound intensity. There was a significant decrease of perception scores starting at the level of 15 dB and +3 SNR for the sentences with prosody pattern, while starting at the level of 18 dB and +6 SNR for the sentences without prosody pattern, ending up with a very poor perception score as sound intensity and SNR gets lower. There was a significant difference in the perception score of the sentences with prosody pattern between 20 year-old group and 21 year or older group in several listening conditions of sound intensity and SNR.

A Extraction of Definitional Answer Sentence for a Definitional Question-Answering System (정의형 질의응답시스템을 위한 정의형 정답 문장 추출)

  • Ko, Byeong Il;Kang, Yu Hwan;Shin, Seung Eun;S, Young Hoon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.470-475
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we propose a method to extract a definitional answer sentence for a Definitional Question-Answering System. definitional answer sentence patterns are manually constructed with restriction rules to patterns, and a ranking information of the pattern using its frequency from the corpus. answer sentence pattern consists of the syntactic structure of a definitional answer sentence, and clue words. this system show 83% accuracy for untrained corpus.

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Study of Boundary Tone according to Speech Rate in Korean (발화 속도에 따른 국어의 경계 성조 연구)

  • Park Mi Young
    • Proceedings of the KSPS conference
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    • pp.73-76
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this paper is to research Korean boundary tone of sentence type and perceptive speaker's attitude according to speech rate - three type. In view of the preceding study, Korean intonation's meaning is determined by boundary tone. Also, in my experimental results, Korean boundary tone of sentence type has preferential tone. However, Korean boundary tone of sentence type is not influential according to speech rate. The speech rate's change of three pattern is influential in auditor's perceptual response. The relationship between the pitch contour of boundary tone and speech rate is not significant.

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