• Title/Summary/Keyword: protein kinase C

Search Result 454, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

Protein Kinase C (PKC) in Cellular Signalling System: Translocation of Six Protein Kinase C Isozymes in Human Prostate Adenocarcinoma PC-3 Cell Line (세포신호계에 있어서 Protein Kinase C: 사람의 전입선 adenocarcinoma PC-3 세포내의 여섯개의 Protein kinase C 동립효소의 translocation)

  • Park, Won-Chul;Ahn, Chang-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
    • /
    • v.36 no.4
    • /
    • pp.439-451
    • /
    • 1993
  • Protein kinase C isozymes in a human prostate adenocarcinoma PC-3 cell line were characterized. Immunoreactive bands and immunocytochemical stains were obsenred in PC-3 cells with antibodies raised against protein kinase C ${\alpha}$, ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$, $\delta$, $\varepsilon$, and ζ types, respectively. Protein kinase C ${\alpha}$ corresponded to a immunoreactive band at a molecular weight of 80,000-dalton, whereas molecular weights of other immunoreactive isozvmes of protein kinase C were detected at 68,000-dalton. Protein kinHse C $\delta$ and ζ antibodies detected additional bands at 55,000-dalton and 80,000-dalton, respectively Immunocvtochemical study confirmed the results of the immunoblotting experiments qualitatively: all six protein kinase C isozymes were detected in the cytoplasm of PC-3 cells. Translocation of protein kinase C in PC-3 cells were also examined with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), bryostatin 2, diolein, and 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl glycerol (OAG). Differential reactions of protein kinase C isozvmes to these activators were obsenred. When PC-3 cells were treated with 10mM bryostatin 2, protein kinase C isozyme u was translocated into the nucleus, whereas s type was translocated into the plasma membrane and the nucleus. Protein kinase C ${\alpha}$ and ζ types were translocated into the nucleus following the treatment with 101M diolein, whereas protein kinase C ${\alpha}$, ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$, and $\varepsilon$ types were translocated into the nucleus by the treatment with 10mM OAG. Protein kinase C ${\alpha}$ and $\varepsilon$ types were translocated into the nucleus in the presence of 100nM PMA. Protein kinase C $\delta$ type was translocated to the nuclear membrane by these activators, however, only PMA-induced translocation was inhibited by protein kinase C inhibitor, 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyll-2-methvlpiperazine dihvdrochloride (H7) . H7 inhibited translocation of protein kinase C ${\alpha}$ type induced by PMA, ${\beta}$ type by OAG and s type by PMA and OAG, whereas it did not affect translocations induced by bryostatin and diolein, respectively. These results suggest that there exist six isoformes of protein kinase C (${\alpha}$, ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$, $\delta$, $\varepsilon$ and ζ types) in PC-3 cells and that each of these isozvmes distinctivelv reacts to bryostatin, diolein, OAG and PMA, in part due to an altered molecular size and conceivably discrete binding site(s).

  • PDF

Isolation and Biological Activity of Verbascoside, A Potent Inhibitor of Protein Kinase C from the Calyx of Campsis grandiflora (능소화의 꽃받침으로부터 Protein Kinase C 저해물질인 Verbascoside의 분리 및 그 생물활성)

  • 이현선;박문수;오원근;안순철;김보연;김환묵;오구택;민태익;안종석
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.37 no.6
    • /
    • pp.598-604
    • /
    • 1993
  • The calyx extract of Campsis grandiflora displayed inhibitory activity against protein kinase C from the bovine brain. Separation guided by protein kinase C enzyme assay and bleb forming assay led to isolation of a potent protein kinase C inhibitor that was identified as a known phenylpropanoid glycoside, verbascoside. It suppressed completely bleb-formation of K562 cell surface induced by phorbol 12,13-dibutylate at the concentration of 60 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml and IC$_{50}$ of the protein kinase C occured at 20 $\mu{M}$. This compound was tested for cytotoxic activity against ten human tumor cell lines in vitro. it exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against skin tumor cell line M14 (IC$_{50}$ 2.2 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) and very weak cytotoxicity against other cell lines (IC$_{50}$>10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml)

  • PDF

Effect of High Fat Diet and Calorie-restricted Diet on Protein Kinase C Activity in Mouse Epidermal Cell (고지방식이와 열량제한식이가 백서상피세포의 Protein Kinase C 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choe, Myeon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.149-156
    • /
    • 1991
  • To determine the effect of dietary fat and calorie level on protein kinase C(PKC) activity in mouse epidermal cells, female BALB/C mice (4weeks of age) were placed on high (24.6% ), moderate(5%) fat or calorie-restricted diets for at least 4 weeks. Diets were formulated on a nutrient/kcal basis such that the mice consumed the same amounts of protein. vitamins, minerals and fiber per kcal. PKC was assayed by the procedure of Wise et at. An apparent increase of PKC activity was observed from the aminal fed high fat diet when compared with the aminal fed moderate fat diet. PKC activity was decreased 40% by calorie restriction. In summary levels of dietary fat may contribute to mechanism of tumor promotion by increasing PKC activity in the mouse skin model.

  • PDF

Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of schizosaccharomyces pombe Homologue of the receptor for activated protein kinase C gene

  • Park, Seung-Keil;Yoo, Hyang-Sook
    • Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.128-131
    • /
    • 1995
  • Using differential hybridization, we selected the prk gene fortuitously from Schizosaccharomyces pombe homologous to RACK1 of rat which encodes the receptor for activated protein kinase C. The cDNA sequence of prk was determined and its deduced amino acid sequence was 76% homologous to RACK1 and had the feature of trimeric G protein bata subunit. The specific amino acid sequences required for the protein kinase C binding were also present in Prk as in the case of RACK1 protein. From these similarities, we suggest that the Prk is protein kinase C binding protein of S. prombe. The involvement of Prk in signal transduction mediated by protein kinase C remained to be studied.

  • PDF

Effects of the Petroleum-ether Extract of Ginseng on the Cell Cycle and Protein Kinase C Activity in Cancer Cells (인삼 Petroleum-ether 추출물이 종양세포의 증식 주기 진행 및 Protein Kinase C의 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 박민경;황우익
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.219-225
    • /
    • 1996
  • This study was performed to investigate the inhibition mechanism of cancer cell proof iferation caused by the petroleum-ether extract of ginseng against human rectum (HRT-18), colon (HT-29), llepatoma (Hep G2) and prostate (LNCaP) cancer cells and monkey kidney cells (Vero 76). Cells were treated with the petroleum-ether extract of ginseng (50 to 200 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) in G1 or S phase of the cell cycle, and proliferation and protein kinase C activity were measured. The petroleum-eth or extract of ginseng inhibited proliferation of HRT-18, HT-29, Hep G2 and LNCaP when treated in Gl phase, but not in S phase. This result shows that the ginseng extract arrests the cell cycle in G1 phase, resulting in the inhibition of cell proliferation. At the same concentrations, treatment of the ginseng extract in G1 phase decreased protein kinase C activity, while the treatment in S phase had no effect. This reault suggests that protein kinase C might be involved in the inhibition of the cell cycle and proliferation of cancer cells caused by the petroleum-ether extract of ginseng.

  • PDF

Effects of $Ca^2+$ and Protein Kinase C on the Chick Myoblast Differentiation (Ca$^2+$ 및 Protein Kinase C가 배양한 계배근원세포의 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • 정기화;김세재;박정원;박영철;이정주
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
    • /
    • v.32 no.1
    • /
    • pp.40-47
    • /
    • 1989
  • Alteration of intracellular calcium ion Concentration by adding of either calcium ionophore A23187 or EGTA in culture medium at 24 hr after cell plating resulted in remarkable changes in the progression of differentiation of chick embryo myoblast. When separated myoblast proteins using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, synthesis patterns of several proteins changed upon the addition of either A23187 or EGTA. Treatment of A23187 and calciumactivated neutral protease at 24 hr after initial plating caused an increase in the rate of fusion compared to control culture. However, EGTA inhibited the myoblast fusion to a marked degree. A23187 treated at 24hr also increased the activity of protein kinase C during the fusionprogressed period. It seems that intracellular calcium ion plays an important role in the myoblast differentiation in vitro together with the protein kinase C and calcium-activated neutral protease.

  • PDF

Effect of Menhaden Oil Feeding on Protein Kinase C Activity and Membrane Phospholipid Profiles in Mouse Epidermal Cells (지방질원으로서 어유가 백서 상피세포의 인지질 조성 및 Protein Kinase C 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choe, Myeon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.27 no.5
    • /
    • pp.419-428
    • /
    • 1994
  • To investigate the effect of dietary menhaden oil on protein kinase C (PKC) activity and membrane phospholipid composition in epidermal cells, female BALB/C mice were fed either menhaden oil or corn oil with two different levels(5% or 20%) for 6 weeks. Membrane phosphatidycholine(PC) was decreased in menhaden oil-fed group. Eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) were only presented in the acyl chain of membrane phospholipid of menhaden oil-fed mice, so that membrane fluidity of the group could be different from the other group. Both cytosolic and membrane-associated PKC activity in epidermal cells were decreased in menhaden oil-fed mice when compare with corn oil-fed mice. Furthermore, rate of PKC transfer from cytosol to membrane in menhaden oil-fed group was not as fast as in corn oil-fed group. Based on these observations, dietary menhaden oil might act differently from other dietary fat in carcinogenesis.

  • PDF

Inhibitory Activity against Protein Kinase C of Some Medicinal Plants (수종 생약의 Protein kinase C 저해활성)

  • Lee, Hyun-Sun;Ahn, Soon-Cheol;Kim, Bo-Hyun;Park, Moon-Su;Oh, Won-Keun;Yoon, Byung-Dae;Ahn, Jong-Seog;Mheen, Tae-Ick
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.142-145
    • /
    • 1992
  • MeOH extract of twenty medicinal herbs were screened for their effects against protein kinase C (PKC) using bleb-forming assay and PKC enzyme assay. Smilax china and Sanguisorba officinalis showed potent anti-PKC activity. Campsis grandiflora and Galla Halepensis showed moderate inhibitory effect on PKC.

  • PDF

Partial Purification of Protein Kinase C in Glycine max (대두 유식물에서 Protein Kinase C의 부분 정제)

  • 최윤희
    • Journal of Plant Biology
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.171-176
    • /
    • 1993
  • Protein kinase C, a protein related in PI cascade, was partially purified from the cytosol protein of etiolated plants of Glycine max by DEAE-52 cellulose chromatography and phenylsepharose chromatography. When the DEAE column was eluted with 0-0.8 M linear gradient KCl, tow fractions were found that increased the phosphorylation of histon H1 about five and nine-fold in the presence of 5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL phosphatidylserine and 0.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL diolein, respectively. These fractions were used as DEAE pool. The reaction eluted with relatively high concentration of KCl was loaded on phyenylsepharose column with 5 mM CaCl2 and eluted with 1 mM EGTA. A fraction contained the protein kinase C, which increased the phosphorylation of the histon H1 was fractionated. To determine the molecular weight of PKC, the fraction eluted from phenylsepharose column was analyzed by 5~15% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis after concentrated with the Amicon membrane (YM10). That revealed two bands corresponding to 60 and 65 kGy by silver staining of the gel, respectively.

  • PDF

Signal Transduction Mechanisms Mediating Surfactant Phospholipid Secretion in Isolated Type II Cell (Type II Cell 분리체로부터 Surfactant 인지질의 분비를 매개하는 신호변환 기전)

  • Park, Sung-Soo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.43 no.2
    • /
    • pp.123-127
    • /
    • 1996
  • Secretion of surfactant phospholipid can be stimulated by a variety of agonists acting via at least three different signal transduction mechanisms. These include the adenylate cyclase system with activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase; activation of protein kinase C either directly or subsequent to activation of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C and generation of diacylglycerols and inositol trisphosphate; and a third mechanism that involves incresed $Ca^{2+}$ levels and a calmodulin-dependent step. ATP stimulates secretion via all three mechanisms. The protein kinase C pathway is also coupled to phopholipase D which, acting on relatively abundant cellular phospholipids, generates diacylglycerols that further activate protein kinase C. Sustained protein kinase C activation can maintain phosphatidylcholine secretion for a prolonged period of time. It is likely that interactions between the different signaling pathways have an important role in the overall physiological regulation of surfactant secretion.

  • PDF