• 제목/요약/키워드: protein kinase C

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방선균 분리주 No 2007-18이 생산하는 Protein Kinase C 저해물질, MT-2007 (MT-2007, Protein Kinase C Inhibitor from Aetinomycetes Isolate No. 2007-18)

  • 안종석;박문수;박찬선;윤병대;민태익;안순철;오원근;이현선;윤병대
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • 제21권1호
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    • pp.54-58
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    • 1993
  • 미생물 대사산물로부터 phorbol ester에 의해 유도되는 K562 세포 표면의 소포형성 및 Protein kinase C(PKC)에 대한 저해제를 탐색하여 방선균 분리주 No.2007-18로 부터 용매추출 및 크로마토그래피의 기법을 이용하여 MT-2007을 분리하였다. MT-2007는 503.9MuM의 농도에서 phorbol 12,13-dibutylate에 의해 유도된 K562 세포표면의 bleb형성을 완전히 저해하였고, PKC 효소의 IC50 값은 31.4 MuM 이었다.

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갑상선자극 분비 호르몬에 의해 유도되는 c-fos 유전자 발현에서 Ca2+의 역할에 관한 연구 (Role of Calcium Influx in mediating the TRH-induced c-fos Gene Expression)

  • Seung Kirl Ahn;Don
    • 한국동물학회지
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    • 제36권4호
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    • pp.487-495
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    • 1993
  • TRH (Thvrotropin-Releasing Hormone) known to regulate the transcription of the TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormones gene in pituitary cells, but little is understood about the mechanism(sl involved. re present study was attempted to elucidate the role of Ca2+ movement through the voltage-gated channels in the regulation of TSH gene transcription. The c-fos is one of immediate early genes and used as model system for the investigation of signaling pathwavs involved in various stimuli. The changes of c-fos mRNA levels were determined after treatment of various agents using Northern and slot hybridization analysis. The c-fos mRNA was rapidly and transiently induced by TRH (about 3-fold) in GH3 cells and this induction was repressed by calcium chelating agent (EGTA), calcium channel blocker (verapamil) anti protein kinase C inhibitor (aminoacridine). The abilities of forskolin (adenvlate cvclase activators, PMA (protein kinase C activator), and A23187 (calcium ionophore) to affect c-ios gene transcription, either alone or in combination with TRH were tested in the same cells. All of them significantly increased the level of c-fos mRUA. However, no additive relationship was observed in all combined treatments except forskolin. These results suggest that TRH action on the c-fos gene activation is mediated by calcium influx as well as through protein kinase C.

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SK-HEP-1 사람 간세포에서 Protein kinase C 신호전달체계를 통한 $인삼사포닌-{Rg_1}$의 DNA 합성 촉진 효과 (Protein kinase C-mediated Stimulatory Effect of $Ginsenoside-{Rg_1}$ on the Proliferation of SK-HEP-1)

  • 공희진;이광열;정은아;이유희;김신일;이승기
    • 약학회지
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    • 제39권6호
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    • pp.661-665
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    • 1995
  • Ginsenoside-Rg$_{1}$(G-Rg$_{1}$) has been shown to stimulate DNA synthetic activity in SK-HEP-1 cells. This study was therefore designed to determine in SK-HEP-1 cells whether the stimulatory effect of G-Rg$_{1}$ may be mediated by protein kinase C (PKC) which is known to play a key role in the signal transduction pathway leading to the cell proliferation. Using the tn situ PKC assay method, the PKC enzyme activity was determined in SK-HEP-1 cell cultures in response to G-Rg$_{1}$ at 3*10$^{-5}$ M or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate(PMA) at 10$^{-6}$ M which in the enzyme activity by 1.5- and 7-fold, respectively. Furthermore, G-Rg$_{1}$, was also able to synergistically increase the enzyme activity by 11-fold m the cell cultures in the presence of PMA. These stimulatory effects of G-Rg$_{1}$ or PMA on the DNA synthetic activity and the PKC activity were ablished by a specific PKC inhibitor, GF109203X. These results suggest that the stimulatory effect of G-Rg$_{1}$ on the DNA synthetic activity may be partly due to stimulation of PKC-mediated signal transduction pathway leading to the proliferation of SK-HEP-1 cells.

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The Involvement of Protein Kinase C and Tyrosine Kinase in Vanadate-induced Contraction

  • Sim, Sang-Soo;Kim, Chang-Jong
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • 제21권3호
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    • pp.315-319
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    • 1998
  • Gastric smooth muscle of cats was used to investigate the involvement of protein kinase in vanadate-induced contraction. Vanadate caused a contraction of cat gastric smooth muscle in a dose-dependent manner. Vanadate-induced contraction was totally inhibited by 2 mM EGTA and 1.5 mM $LACI_3$ and significantly inhibited by $10\mu$M verapamil and $1\mu$M nifedipine, suggesting that vanadate-induced contraction is dependent on the extracellular $Ca^{2+}$ concentration, and the influx of extracellular $Ca^{2+}$ was mediated through voltage-dependent $Ca^{2+}$ channel. Both protein kinase C inhibitor and tyrosine kinase inhibitor significantly inhibited the vanadate-induced contraction and the combined inhibitory effect of two protein kinase inhibitors was greater than that of each one. But calmodulin antagonists did not have any influence on the vanadate-induced contraction. On the other hand, both forskolin ($1\mu$M) and sodium nitroprusside ($1\mu$M) significantly inhibited vanadate-induced contraction. Therefore, these results suggest that both protein kinase C and tyrosino kinase are involved in the vanadate-induced contraction which required the influx of extracellular $Ca^{2+}$ in cat gastric smooth muscle, and that the contractile mechanism of vanadate may be different from that of agonist binding to its specific receptor.

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개구리 난자에서 Protein Kinase C의 활성화에 의한 Maturation Promoting Factor의 생성유도 (Induction of Maturation Promoting Factor in Runo Oocvtes by Protein Kinase C Activation in uitro.)

  • 유영란;임욱빈
    • 한국동물학회지
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    • 제35권3호
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    • pp.277-286
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    • 1992
  • 개구리의 난자로 부터 maturation promoting factor(MPF)를 추출, 부분 분리하여 이들의 활성을 조사하고 이 물질의 생성과 protein kinase C(반KC)와의 관계를 조사하SB다. 성숙된 난자를 분쇄한 후 초원심분리과정을 거쳐 MPF의 crude extract(CE)를 얻은 다음 ultrafiltration (UF)과 고속액체크로마토그라피를 거쳐서 3종류의 분획 (peak 1, 11, and 111)을 얻었다. 이들 분획을 in nitro assay와 autoradiDgraphy를 사용하여 확인한 결과 분획 11에서 MPF 활성이 있는 것을 알았다. 분리 단계에 따라 MPF의 정제도를 Hl histone kinase assay로 조사한 결깍 UF를 거친 것은 CE보다 약 3배로, 분획 11에서는 약 117배로 증가한 것을 확인하였다. 또한 MPF분획의 인산화를 autoradiography로 조사한 결과 45 KD 단백질을 포함한 수종의 난자 단백질이 강하게 인산화되었음을 알 수 있었다. PKC의 활성화가 난자내 MPF의 생성을 유도하는가를 보기 위하여 PKC의 활성제인 12-0-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13 acetate(TPA)를 처리한 난자의 세포질 추출물을 미세주입 법으로 조사한 결과 TPA 처리 후 6시간부터 난자내 MPF의 활성이 나타나는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 결과들은 PKC의 활성화가 MPF의 생성을 유도하고, MPF의 활성화와 함께 일부 단백질들의 인산화를 통하여 궁극적으로 난자 성숙을 촉진했음을 시사한다.

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남생이(Geoclemys reevesii) 대뇌에 있어서 raf Protein Kinase의 면역세포화학적 분포 (Immunocytochemical Localization Qf raf Protein Kinase in Cerebrum of Geoclemys reevesii (Gray))

  • 최원철;문현근
    • 한국동물학회지
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    • 제33권2호
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    • pp.141-151
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    • 1990
  • Raf protein kinases and protein kinase C는 세포질내 serine/threonine-specific protein에 속한다. 그리고 기능적인 구조와 세포내의 분포 양상은 서로 비슷하다. Raf family oncogene를 발현시키는 a-raf와 c-raf protein kinase에 대한 antibodies로써 남생이 대뇌의 raf protein kinase의 분포를 조사하였다. 일반적으로 raf protein kinase는 제한된 지역에서 즉,general pallium,hippocampal formation, pdmordiuin hippocampi,nucleus of lateral olfactory tract, basal amygdaloid nucleus와bed of stria terminalis에 나타났으며, c-raf protein kinase의 면역학적 labeling은 a-raf보다 그 범위가 넓었다. 그렇지만 labeling되는 intensity는 오히려 a-raf보다 낮았다. 그런데 a-raf에서 가장 명확한 좋은 예는 basal amygdaloid nucleus내의 구형모양의 세포인데, 이 세포는 세포질이 매우 강하게 labeling되어 지므로 ring모양과 같이 나타났다. 특히 c-raf는 protein kinase C 가 많이 나타나는 pyramidal 세포나 Purkinje세포에 많이 존재하는 것을 볼 때 protein kinase에 의하여 활성화되는 myc와 서로 상협작용을 유도한다고 제안하는 바이다.

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비정상적인 세포증식이 유도된 혈관 내피세포에서 Protein Kinase C에 대한 활성 분석 (Activity of Protein Kinase C in Abnormally Proliferated Vascular Endothelial Cells)

  • 배용찬;박숙영;남수봉;문재술;최수종
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • 제34권1호
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    • pp.13-17
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: To understand the pathogenesis of the disease that presents abnormally proliferated vascular endothelial cells, a model of DMH(1,2-dimethylhydrazine)-induced abnormal proliferation of HUVECs(Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells) was made. We indirectly determined that Protein Kinase C(PKC) restricts the cellular proliferation and inhibits the manifestation of growth factor by using several inhibiting substances of the transmitter through our previous studies. Thereupon, we attempted to observe direct enzymatic activities of PKC and its correlation with the abnormal proliferation of vascular endothelial cells. Methods: $10^5$ HUVECs cells were applied to 6 individual well plates in three different groups; A control group cultured without treatment, a group concentrated with $0.75{\times}10^{-8}M$ DMH only, and a group treated with DMH & $5{\times}10^{-9}M$ Calphostin C, inhibitor of PKC. In analyzing the formation of intracellular PKC enzyme, protein separation was performed, and separated protein was quantitatively measured. PKC enzyme reaction was analyzed through Protein Kinase C Assay System (Promega, USA), and the results were analyzed according to Beer's law. Results: Enzymatic activity of PKC presented the highest in all reaction time of a group concentrated only with DMH, and the lowest in the control group. The group treated with DMH and the inhibitor revealed statistically lower enzymatic activity than group only with DMH in all reaction time, although higher than the control group. Conclusion: From the enzymatic aspect, most active and immediate reaction of the PKC was observed in the group concentrated with DMH only. The group treated with DMH & PKC inhibitor showed meaningful decrease. Accordingly, PKC holds a significant role in DMH-induced abnormal proliferation of vascular endothelial cells.

Platelet Activating Factor에 의한 대식세포의 활성화에 있어서 칼슘과 Protein Kinase C의 역할 (Role of Calcium and Protein Kinase C in Platelet Activating Factor-induced Activation of Peritoneal Macrophages)

  • 이정수;김영준;신용규;이광수
    • 대한약리학회지
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    • 제29권1호
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    • pp.107-120
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    • 1993
  • 입자 또는 용해성 자극 물질들은 칼슘 이동의 변화와 protein kinase C의 활성화를 초래하여 식 세포의 반응을 자극하는 것으로 추정하고 있다. 이에 비해서 protein kinase C가 활성화되면 호중구에서 agonist에 의한 세포 칼슘 농도의 증가가 억제된다고 보고하고 있다. PAF는 peritoneal macrophage에서 세포내 칼슘 농도를 용량에 따라 증가시켰으며 칼슘의 유출이 동반되었다. PAF에 의한 세포내 칼슘 농도의 증가는 TMB-8, verapamil과 TTX의 영향을 받지 않았다. TEA는 PAF에 의한 세포내 칼슘 이동을 자극하였으며 세포내 칼슘 농도의 감소를 지연시켰다. 5mM EGTA는 거의 완전히 PAF에 의한 세포내 칼슘 이동을 억제하였다. PAF의 첨가 후에 세포막 투과성은 반응 5분까지 현저하게 증가하였으며 이후 느리게 증가하였다. PAF에 의한 LDH 유리는 EGTA와 TMB-8에 의하여 약간 감소하였다. PAF에 의하여 자극된 superoxide 생성은 EGTA, TMB-8과 verapamil에 의하여 억제되었으나 TTX와 TEA의 영향은 받지 않았다. PAF에 의한 세포내 칼슘 농도의 증가, 세포막 투과성의 증가와 superoxide 생성은 IQSP, chlorpromazine과 propranolol에 의하여 억제되었다. PAF에 의한 LDH 유리는 chlorpromazine에 의하여 유의하게 그리고 propranolol에 의하여 다소 적게 억제되었다. PMA 전처리 후에 macrophage에서 세포내 칼슘 농도의 상승과 LDH 유리에 대한 PAF의 자극 효과는 유의하게 감소되었다. 이상의 결과로 부터 PAF는 세포내 칼슘 농도를 증가시키고 protein kinase C를 활성화시킴에 의하여 마우스 peritoneal macrophage에 자극 작용을 나타낼 것으로 시사된다. Protein kinase C를 미리 활성화시키면 macrophage 반응에 대한 PAF의 자극 작용은 억제될 것으로 추정된다.

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산란계의 뇌하수체 세포배양에서 Prolactin의 생성에 관계하는 Protein Kinase C의 역할 (The Role of Protein Kinase C for Prolactin Secretion in Chicken Primary Pituitary Cell Culture)

  • 선상수
    • 한국가금학회지
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    • 제23권3호
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 1996
  • A series of experiments were conducted to investigate the role of protein kinase C (PKC) as a second messenger in vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) mediated prolactin secretion. Primary pituitary cells (106 cells/treatment) were separated from laying hens and incubated in M-199 with 5% chicken serum and 5% fetal calf serum. The VIP(0.1 $\pi$M) treatment enhanced prolactin Secretion into media upto 9-fold during 48-h incubation. The phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a PKG agonist, increased prolactin secretion upto 2-fold at 0.1 nM PMA (P<0.01), and the prolactin secretion was not significantly higher than this concentration. Staurosporine (ST; 1.0$\pi$M) a PKC antagonist, decreased by 70% of 0.1 $\pi$M VIP-stimulated prolactin secretion and by 48% of 10 ${\mu}$M PMA-stimulated prolactin secretion (P<0.01). However, pituitary cell prolactin content did not differ in any treatment (P>0.05). In conclusion, these results indicate that the PKC second messenger system is involved in VIP-stimulated prolactin release in chicken primary pituitary cell culture.

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Ginsenosides Promote Proliferation of Cultured Ovarian Germ Cells Involving Protein Kinase C-mediated System in Embryonic Chickens

  • Liu, Hongyun;Zhang, Caiqiao
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • 제19권7호
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    • pp.958-963
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    • 2006
  • The effect of ginsenosides (GS) on germ cell proliferation was evaluated with a chicken ovarian germ-somatic cell coculture model and the mechanism involving protein kinase C (PKC) pathway was investigated. Ovarian cells were cultured in serum-free McCoy's 5A medium and challenged with GS alone or in combinations with PKC activator (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, PMA) or inhibitor ($H_7$) for 48 h. The number of germ cells was counted and the proliferating cells were identified by immunocytochemistry of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Results showed that GS significantly increased germ cell proliferation and this stimulating effect was further increased by PMA, but inhibited by H7, in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, GS-elevated PCNA expression and the PCNA -labeling index of germ cells displayed similar changes with the increased numbers of germ cells. These results indicated that GS stimulated proliferation of ovarian germ cells with involvement of the PKC-mediated system.