• Title/Summary/Keyword: passive construction

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Unaccusativity and L2 Passive Construction

  • Kim, Jung-Tae
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.69-89
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated whether and how semantic nature of intransitive verbs can be related to the L2 overpassivization errors. A total of 126 Korean high school students participated in a grammaticality judgment test on English sentences in which seven semantically different types of intransitive verbs were passivized. The results showed that there was an effect of semantic type on the students' judgment on overpassivization errors. Overall, it was shown that the students experienced the lowest degree of difficulty with the Controlled Process-Motional type verbs while experiencing the high degree of difficulty with the Change of State, Existence of State, Continuation of Pre-existing State, and Uncontrolled Process types. Two interlanguage patterns were also identified: the students at higher proficiency level and those at lower-proficiency level showed distinctive patterns on the task. It was argued that the simple dichotomy of unaccusative-unergative distinction does not suffice for the explanation of the complex phenomenon of L2 overpassivization.

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The Pattern of the Passive Construction in Korean and its Semantics (한국어 피동문의 구조와 기능의 의미)

  • Mok, Jung-Soo;Cho, Soo-Kyung;Han, Seon-Hye;Kim, Yoon-Shin;Lee, Chung-Min
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
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    • pp.121-126
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    • 2003
  • 한국어 피동구문에서 출현하는 '가형 성분'에 대해 어떤 통사적 기능을 부여할 것인가에 대한 논의는 조사 자체에 대한 인식과 밀접한 관련을 맺을 뿐만 아니라 한국어 구문 분석에 있어서도 매우 중요한 위를 차지한다. 본 고에서는 논리명제적 차원에 머무는 분석보다는 언어의 발화행위 차원을 고려하여 문장의 형식을 고려할 필요성을 제기하고, 문장을 조사와 어미를 중심으로 하여 인칭과 서법 요소들을 통해서 볼 때, 문장 성분에 대한 인식이 달라질 수 있음을 '피동동사'를 중심으로 제시했다.

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A Structure of Passive Constructions in Korean and their meaning 'Potential' (한국어 피동문의 구조와 가능(potential)의 의미 해석 -대조적 관점에서-)

  • Mok, Jung-Soo;Kim, Yeong-Jung
    • Lingua Humanitatis
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    • v.8
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    • pp.369-387
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    • 2006
  • Which syntactic function should we assign to the 'ga-type' constituent which occurs in the morphological passive constructions in Korean, [N0-neun N1-i Vpass-ending]? This problem is very important in two respects. First, a small change of status of the particle 'i/ga' can exert an overall influence on the Korean grammar. Second, the particle '-i/ga' cannot guarantee that 'ga-type' constituents are subject of the sentence, so that the concept of syntactic category should be distinguished from that of syntactic function. This paper claims that the analysis of sentence has long been focused on the structure of proposition, namely the argument structure and that the direction of analysis should be turned to the 'person structure' which can be revealed on the pragmatic level. On the basis of this, this paper suggests that the specific type of the morphological passive constructions in Korean, [N0-neun N1-i Vpass-ending] should be analysed in line with the psych-verb constructions and that the modal meaning 'potential' of the passive constructions is correlated with sentence pattern and 'person structure'.

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