• Title/Summary/Keyword: millennium development goals

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A Study on the Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals of UN for Enhancing the Quality of Human Life (인류의 삶의 질을 향상시키기 위한 UN의 밀레니엄 발전 목표(MDGs)와 지속가능 발전 목표(SDGs)에 관한 고찰)

  • Park, Sung Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.529-542
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: Eight goals in Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and temporary 12 goals in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as the UN projects are investigated in detail. Methods: Investigation of statistics for life qualities, diseases, and life costs. Results: By examining the shortcomings of MDGs, temporary goals of SDGs are suggested. In addition, four countermeasures are recommended for further consideration. Conclusion: It is necessary to cooperate MDGs with more interest and prepare the new age for SDGs by compensating the shortcomings of MDGs. Finally, this paper suggests creative directions for SDGs which will be supposed to start in 2016.

Access to Education for the Children of Sex Workers in Bangladesh: Opportunities and Challenges

  • Shohel, M. Mahruf C.
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.13-31
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    • 2013
  • The children of sex workers in Bangladesh are denied even the most basic human rights. This article is based on recent research focused on the children of sex workers in the context of their everyday lives. The study focused on access to education and how education could be a vehicle for them to break the vicious cycle of exploitation. This was a mixed method interpretative study which employed qualitative and quantitative approaches, but in this paper only qualitative data which was generated through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions is used. Data was collected from sex workers, their children, teachers and NGO workers who participated in the study. Information has been collected for analysing the expectation of the children of sex workers and hope for the future, and the opportunities available to them during their schooling. Thematic analysis technique was used to understand the challenges and barriers faced by the children of sex workers in fulfilling their educational aspirations. The lives of the children of sex workers are marginalised by the mainstream society. Though it is very difficult to break the vicious cycle of exploitation, this research finds that education may be a stepping stone for them to create a better future. However, it is argued that the children of sex workers need income generating vocational and technical education to enable them to earn and support their family. Policy recommendations have been made in order to achieve Education For All targets and Millennium Development Goals, and to provide a second chance for these vulnerable young people to have a better life.

Poverty Alleviation Efforts through MDG's and Economic Resources in Indonesia

  • LAURENS, Samson;PUTRA, Aditya Halim Perdana Kusuma
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.9
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    • pp.755-767
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    • 2020
  • The objective of this study is to examine and provide guidelines for regional governments, communities, and the private sector in planning and implementing poverty-reduction activities that are more effective, efficient, and targeted. Besides, this research's specific aims are: 1) increasing the rate of regional economic growth through optimization of potential sources of local income, 2) increasing per-capita income, and 3) reducing poverty, unemployment, and social-economic inequality of the community. The study was conducted in North Morowali District, Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, in 2018-2019. The research approach used quantitative and qualitative descriptive analysis. Data sources include sources from the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and Regional Statistics. The results of this study are based on the Millennium Development Goals (MDG's) indicators that there are four priority scales in poverty reduction, namely, Health and Infrastructure (Priority I), Education (Priority II), Food stability (Priority III), and Population and Employment (Priority IV). Therefore, as a solution to poverty alleviation strategies, the cost approach through regional economic optimization and local income sources and community empowerment factors are essential. Apart from that, the involvement between elements (government, organizations, society, universities, and institutions) is expected to continue as an effort to realize poverty reduction can be optimally overcome.

Evaluation of ICT Policy for the Agriculture and Rural Development in Developed Countries: A Comprehensive Lesson for Developing Countries

  • Hossain, Md. Dulal
    • Agribusiness and Information Management
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.61-80
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    • 2009
  • Information and Communication Technology is now widely accepted by developing countries as a development tool in their efforts to alleviate poverty, enhance human development, and achieve Millennium Development Goals. Recognizing this untapped potential and development strategies incorporating ICT are being increasingly promoted and launched across the developing countries requiring a comprehensive ICT policy that plays a crucial rule, in particular, in the area of agriculture and rural development. While the potential advantages of ICT for development are enormous in developed countries, national policies of developing countries are yet to adequately reflect truly comprehensive and integrated strategies for harnessing and exploiting this potential. This paper tries to provide implication of ICT policy to the agriculture and rural development in developing countries, in particular through lessons learned from European Union (EU) IT policy. Through the examination of vital projects in the agriculture and rural development sectors and case study analysis of applied policies and strategies implemented in the European Union, this paper provides tangible examples and lessons for policy-makers and practitioners involved in the field. Hence, this study provides policy-makers the necessary tools, information and knowledge to facilitate the formulation and adoption of ICT policies and strategies in the agriculture and rural development sector.

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The UNESCO Action Plan and 2030 Agenda of Sustainable Development Goals for Climate Change

  • Thriveni, Thenepalli;Ramakrishna, Chilakala;Habte, Lulit;Ahn, Ji Whan
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2018
  • UNESCO is an international specialized agency based on the United Nations (UN) located in the Paris. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization abbreviated as UNESCO. The mission and goal of UNESCO are to maintain the peace and security throughout the globe by encouraging international collaborations through educational, scientific, and cultural heritage in order to increase respect for principals of justice, international rules of law, and international human rights. Recently, the UNESCO published a new set of 17 goals for the nation's sustainable society. The Organization ensures to actively participate in UN activities to improve harmony and planning within the United Nations system. The 2030 agenda is primarily about shifting the world on to a sustainable and most in-depth. Currently, UNESCO launched broad goals and objectives for the international community including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Among these sustainable goals, climate change, water security is more significant. In this paper, we briefly reviewed the seventeen goals by UNESCO.

Impact of Childhood Poverty on Education for Disadvantaged Children in Bangladesh

  • Shohel, M. Mahruf C.
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.77-94
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    • 2014
  • Little attempt has been made to empirically investigate the effects of childhood poverty on children's educational attainments and their everyday life in Bangladesh. Quality education is a prominent aspiration in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), but there are few studies of school improvement in relation to the educational achievement of disadvantaged children living in rural Bangladesh. This article offers a theoretical understanding of childhood poverty and educational exclusion, building on the empirical research carried out in two rural areas to explore the following questions: Why do so many socio-economically disadvantaged children tend to dropout from formal secondary school? and Why do some succeed? After exploring the challenges of childhood poverty and educational exclusion, it shows how the challenges could be mitigated through attention to the ecology of human development in the contexts of individual children. Complex ways in which efforts can be made to tackle the challenges of childhood poverty are influenced by ecological factors within the context of the study. Recommendations for policy and practice are offered based on the findings to improve formal secondary schooling for socio-economically disadvantaged children in Bangladesh.

Determinants of Corporate Social Responsibility Provision

  • JOHAN, Suwinto
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.891-899
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    • 2021
  • The United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDG) has become a goal to create a sustainable life. The MDGs' target was to be achieved in 2015, but it missed that date. The MDGs' target has turned into a Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030 The SDGs require financial support from companies. Funds are one of the resources to implement the SDGs. Government and private companies need to cooperate in achieving the SDGs target. The company has a responsibility to implement corporate social responsibility. The company's corporate social responsibility is part of the implementation of sustainable development in the SDGs. One of the essential industries that have responsibility for SDGs is the financial industry. This study aims to examine the determinant of corporate social responsibility funds in financial institutions in ASEAN countries. This study uses panel data to test the determinant variables on CSF provision. This study uses 45 sustainable development reports from 2015-2019. The total number of banks in the sample came from three countries, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. This study concludes that firm size, profitability, efficiency, and the age of the CEO are variables that influence the size of corporate social responsibility funds.

Progress of Multipurpose and Proactive Rainwater Management in Korea

  • Han, Mooyoung
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.65-69
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    • 2013
  • Despite the most severe weather and geological conditions, Korean people in earlier times were successful in maintaining sustainable water supplies because they understood the importance of rainwater management, and developed technologies and a philosophy which were needed to live under such circumstances. Recently, the Korean people have suffered frequent incidence of flood damage and drought, and have gradually started to remind themselves of the lessons of the past, which can be described as proactive, multipurpose rainwater management. Most of the problems associated with water and energy can be solved by the integration of rainwater management practices. The concept of multipurpose rainwater management and two examples of its practice are discussed. One is a design for a multipurpose rainwater tank which has been used in a building project, and is based on Korean philosophy. Secondly, a regulation was promulgated recently in Seoul that requires the building of rainwater tanks in new buildings over a certain size. The primary purpose is for the prevention of flooding, but water conservation is a secondary intention. Two examples of proactive rainwater management are discussed, one being public involvement in rainwater management, and the second being the rainwater piggy bank microcredit project. In order to maintain sustainability, to meet the requirements of the Millennium Development Goals, and to be prepared for the effects of climate change, it is expected that multipurpose and proactive rainwater management will be a very effective approach for both developing countries and developed countries. A worldwide network of scientific researchers, as well as a great number of professions, has suggested the promotion of rainwater management.

Limitations and Improvements for Water-related ODA Projects of South Korea (물 분야 공적개발원조(ODA) 지원사업의 한계와 개선방향)

  • Park, Sung-Je;Ryu, Si-Saeng
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2012.05a
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    • pp.229-229
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    • 2012
  • 물관리는 밀레니엄개발목표(Millennium Development Goals)의 달성과정에서 가장 강조되는 주제 중의 하나이다. 물관리의 최종목표는 물관리 그 자체가 아니라 자연적으로는 유한한 수자원의 지속가능성을 유지하고 사회적으로는 계층간의 형평성을 실현하는 것이다. 그러나 개발도상국들은 한정된 국가재정으로 기반시설의 투자가 부족하고 기후변화에 따른 자연재해의 빈발로 인하여 인간다운 삶의 질을 보장받기 어려운 상황에 직면하여 있다. 이러한 인식 아래, 미국, EU, 일본 등의 선진국은 물론 이웃 중국도 개발도상국을 대상으로 물 관련 사업의 공적개발원조(ODA) 프로그램을 활발하게 추진하고 있다. 최근 우리나라의 대 개도국 협력사업은 한국국제협력단(KOICA)이 수행하는 ODA 사업을 중심으로 큰 폭으로 늘어나고 있다. 우리나라의 물 분야 지원사업도 식수개발, 댐건설, 관개시설 개발, 수질오염처리, 재해방지 예 경보 시스템 및 홍수조절사업 등으로 다방면에 걸쳐 활발하게 진행되어 왔다. 그러나 우리나라의 물 분야 ODA 사업은 정책 및 제도에 대한 컨설팅이나 교육훈련 등 소프트웨어 기반의 원조개발협력은 상대적으로 미진하고 물리적 인프라 위주의 지원사업이 대부분을 차지하고 있다. 최근에는 전문가 파견 및 연수생 초청 등의 인적협력의 사례가 증가하고 있으나 아직까지는 사업내용의 대부분이 건물, 시설물 및 기자재 등의 구조적인 지원 형태로 이루어지고 있다. 이러한 형태는 일찍이 대개도국 물 분야 사업을 추진한 미국이나 일본 등의 선진국들이 원조협력사업의 일관성과 지속성을 평가하기 위하여 제도적이고 정책적인 지원을 확대하는 것과는 거리가 있다. 1992년 KOICA가 네팔 모디강 수력발전소 실시설계 지원으로 시작된 우리나라의 물 분야 사업도 이제 20년에 이르고 있다. 물 분야 지원사업도 새로운 방향전환이 필요한 시점이다. 본 연구에서는 우리나라의 물 분야 ODA 지원사업의 현황과 문제점을 파악하고 향후 나아가야 할 정책방향을 제시한다. 이를 위하여 먼저 아시아의 스리랑카와 아프리카의 에티오피아의 2개 국가를 사례지역으로 선정하고 물관리의 현황과 문제점을 파악한다. 그리고 사례지역에 대한 우리나라의 물 분야 ODA 지원사업의 현황과 당면과제를 분석한다. 마지막으로 선진국과 우리나라의 물분야 지원사업의 추진방향을 비교분석하여 우리나라 물 분야 ODA 지원사업이 지향할 방향성을 제시한다.

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International Cooperation Development with Recipient Countries by Catalytic Aid (촉진적 원조를 통한 수원국과의 개발협력에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ho-Gun
    • Korea Trade Review
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.117-138
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    • 2016
  • ODA is an effort and action of international community to keep human rights by eradicating poverty. UN declared MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) during 2001 and 2015. As a follow-up action, UN sets up SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) during 2016 and 2030. SDGs expands the concept of ODA. SDGs includes cooperation development over the scope of ODA by mobilizing various financial resources from public sectors and private sectors. It will overcome the limitation of traditional ODA and be 'AID and beyond'. Catalytic aid is appropriate for the concept of SDGs. Cooperation development by catalytic aid focuses on building economic infrastructure and production facilities rather than humanitarian aid, which will establish a sustainable development basis for recipient countries. This study suggests to make a PPP business by linking KSP(Knowledge Sharing Program), to objectify criteria of priority recipient selection and aid allocation, to adapt grant and concessional loan complexly according to the business, to support realization of CSV(Creating Shared Value) by establishing SPC(Special Purpose Company) and to construct a PCSD(Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development) system to fulfill the fore-mentioned strategies.

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