• Title/Summary/Keyword: milled rice

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Effect of Moisture Content of Paddy on Properties of Rice Flour (벼의 수분함량이 쌀가루 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang-Sook;Kim, Young-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.690-696
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    • 1995
  • Properties of dry milled rice flours made of paddy with different moisture content (12.6, 18.4 and 24.4%) were compared with those of wet milled rice flour. Among dry milled rice flour, the higher moisture content of paddy the finer particle size and the more distinct shape of starch were observed. As the moisture content of paddy increased, L (lightness) value and water absorption index of rice flour were increased, while setback in amylogram and water soluble index were decreased. Lower gel consistency and gel strength were found in dry milled rice flours than in wet milled rice flour, while no significant difference was found among dry milled rice flours. Enthalpy for melting crystalline of retrograded gels was higher in dry milled rice flours made of paddy with 24.4% moisture content than in other dry milled rice flours. Wet milled rice flour had lower retrogradation enthalphy than dry milled rice flours.

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Effect of Elevated Steeping Temperature on Properties of Wet-milled Rice Flour (가온 수침처리가 습식제분 쌀가루의 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang-Sook;Kang, Kyung-A;Choi, So-Yeon;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.414-419
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    • 2005
  • Newly harvested milled rice and stored milled rice for 2 years were steeped at the elevated temperatures of 40, 50, and 60℃ for 2hr, and physicochemical properties of the wet-milled rice flour were investigated. The lightness of rice flour was slightly higher in the newly harvested milled-rice, while yellowness was higher in the stored milled rice. For both newly harvested and stored milled rice, WAI, WSI, and gel consistency increased as steeping temperature increased. The amylograph pasting properties indicated that increasing steeping temperature increased peak viscosity. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results of the rice flour showed that increasing steeping temperature increased onset and peak temperatures, with reduced gelatinization enthalphy, suggesting partial annealing occured. Particle size of rice flour from newly harvested milled rice was larger than that from stored milled rice.

The Quality of Milled Rice with Reference to Whiteness and Packing Conditions during Storage (백도 및 포장조건별 쌀의 저장 중 품질 특성)

  • Yoon, Doo-Hyun;Kim, Oui-Woung;Kim, Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.18-23
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    • 2007
  • This study investigated the effectsof whiteness and packing conditions on the quality characteristics of milled rice during storage at $25^{\circ}C$. Three kinds of packing materials (kraft paper sealed polyethylene and perforated polyethylene) were used to pack milled rice of different whiteness grades (36, 38, 40 and 42). The moisture content and weight of milled rice packed in kraft paper dropped very rapidly compared to values from milled rice packed in polyethylene because of high gas exchange through the paper. On the other hand, the increase in fat acidity of milled rice packed in kraft paper was less than that of milled rice packed in polyethylene because the moisture content of paper-packed rice fell rapidly. The overall quality of cooked rice rose with whiteness, and dropped with extended storage. The overall eating quality of milled rice paced in perforated polyethylene was bestwhen rice was prepared for the table after 8 weeks of storage.

Interrelation between Physicochemical Properties of Milled Rice and Retrogradation of Rice Bread during COld Storage (쌀의 이화학적 특성과 저장 쌀빵의 노화성과의 관계)

  • 강미영;최영희;최해춘
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.886-891
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    • 1997
  • The interrelation between physicochemical properties of milled rice and retrogradation of rice bread during cold storage was examined to compare the varietal difference in maintenance of rice bread quality. Twelve rice materials showed big varietal difference on physicochemical properties of rice starch such as amylose content(0.0~29.2%), gel consistency(20~98mm), and alkali digestion value(2.0~7.0). Rice bread made from milled rice of Jungwonbyeo, AC 27 and IRAT 177 exhibited soft texture and late retrogradation of rice bread during cold storage(4$^{\circ}C$). The amylose content of milled rice was closely associated with gel consistency negatively and with springiness of rice bread positively. The retrogradation of rice bread texture during cold storage was correlated with gel consistency of rice flour positively and with alkali digestion value of milled rice negatively.

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Determination of Whiteness Condition for Efficient Milling in Rice Processing Complex (RPC에서 효율적인 도정을 위한 백도조건 결정)

  • Kim O. W.;Kim H.;Kim D. C.;Kim S. S.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.30 no.4 s.111
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    • pp.242-248
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    • 2005
  • There was no useful milling standard to produce high quality milled rice efficiently and adequately in Rice Processing Complex. Therefore, the whiteness of milled rice produced Rice Processing Complexes were different according to Rice Processing Complexes and milling periods at the same Rice Processing Complex. This research was carried out to contribute the production and distribution of high quality milled rice through determination of whiteness condition of milled rice as a milling stndard based on degree of bran removal using New $May-Gr\ddot{u}wald$ reagent dyeing method and taste of cooked rice. The optimum whiteness value of milled rice for efficient milling in Rice Processing Complex was found to be from 40 to 41, while the degree of milling was from $8.9\%\;to\;9.2\%.$ At this whiteness condition, the first derivative of whiteness value according to degree of milling was higher than the average value from brown rice to well milled rice, and the broken kernel ratio was from $3.0\%\;to\;3.4\%.$ This whiteness condition ($40\~41$) could be considered as a milling condition in Rice Processing Complex.

Development of a Constituent Prediction Model of Domestic Rice Using Near Infrared Reflectance Analyzer(I) -Constituent Prediction Model of Brown and Milled Rice- (근적외선분석계를 이용한 국내산 쌀의 성분예측모델 개발(I) -현미와 백미의 성분예측모델-)

  • 한충수;동하원강
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.198-207
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    • 1996
  • To measure the moisture content, protein and viscosity of brown and milled rice with Near Infrared Reflectance(NIR) analyzer, the comparison and analysis of the data from the chemical analysis and NIR analyzer were conducted. The purpose of this study is to find out the fundamental data required for the prediction of rice qualify and taste rank, and to develop a measuring method of constituents and physical characteristics of domestic rice with NIR analyzer. The important results can be summarized as follows. 1. The $r^2$ and SEC of moisture calibration from brown rice powder were 0.87 and 0.09 respectively, those of milled rice powder were 0.95 and 0.08 respectively. 2. The $r^2$ and SEC of protein calibration from brown rice powder were 0.83 and 0.20 respectively, those of milled rice powder were 0.86 and 0.20 respectively. 3. The $r^2$ and SEC of viscosity calibration from brown rice powder were 0.36 and 15.50 respectively, those of milled rice powder were 0.55 and 12.98 respectively. Further study is required to develop better prediction model for viscosity. It is necessary the continuous study including wavelength selection, because $r^2$ is small for practical use. 4. The regression equation for one rice variety was nearly coincident with other. Therefore, it is required that the prediction model should be developed for the all rice samples.

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Performance Evaluation of a Continuous Type Brown Rice Conditioner with a Milled Rice Recovery Comparison (도정수율 비교를 통한 연속식 현미조질기의 성능 평가)

  • 송대빈;김성태;한구연
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2003
  • The water conditioning experiments of brown rice were performed to analyze the variation of the milled rice recovery using a continuous type conditioner at Jin-ju, Yeo-ju, and Yong-in RPC(Rice Processing Complex). About 8,000 kgf, 6,000 kgf and 10,000 kgf of the brown rice of 13-14 %(wb) initial moisture contents were used as experimental materials at Jin-ju, Yeo-ju, and Yong-in respectively. The broken rice and rice bran were collected and weighted to calculate the milled rice recovery. The amounts of broken rice with water conditioned occurred lower than that of broken rice without water conditioned. And the milled rice recovery of water conditioned ones were increased as 1.22%, 0.87%, and 1.00% compared with those of the non water conditioned ones at Jin-ju, Yeo-ju. and Yong-in respectively. Especially, the result of the experiments of Jin-ju RPC showed that about 33% and 35% of total increased milled rice recovery were the portion of the moisture content increment and the broken rice reduction respectively.

A Weanling Rats by Feeling Mugwort Powder Supplemented to Rice Diets with Different ProStudy on the Nutritional Effect in tein Level (백미에 쑥 첨가급식이 이유식후 백서의 영향에 미치는 영향)

  • 황호형
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.16-22
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    • 1986
  • This study was designed to investigate the nutritional effect of mugowrt powder supple mentation to rice diets with different protein levels. Thirty female albino rats weighing 39-43g were adopted for the feeding trial for 4 weeks. The different 5 kind of experimental diets were performed . Control diet was commercially available forage for rats, experimental diet (I-C) highly milled rice, (Ⅰ) highly milled rice 95% and mugwort powder 5%, (Ⅱ-C)highly milled rice 95% and milk casein 5%, and (Ⅱ) highly milled rice 90%, milk casein 5 % and mugwort powder 5%. Growth rate was remarkably high in the dietary group fed on highly milled rice supplemented with 5% mugwort powder (protein 8%) (P<0.05), but it showed the tendency to be rather low in the group fed on highly milled rice supplemented with 5% casein and 5% mugwort powder (protein 12%). Food efficiency as well as protein efficiency appeared similar to the growth rate. Hematodcrit level demonstrated the same tendency as growth rate, but hemoglobin content was observed to increase by diets supplemented with increasing amount of mugwort regardless of protein level. Each nutrient intake was increased by adding mugwort powder to diets after a week's feeding, but it was increased by 8% protein diet, and decreased by 12% protein diet in 3 weeks as well as 4 weeks after feeding . The absorption rate of carbohydrate and protein decreased by feeding mugwort supplemented diets regardless of protein level and feeding period, and that of lipid increased with 12% protein diet.

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Comparison of Some Characteristics Relevant to Rice Bread Processing between Brown and Milled Rice (백미와 현미 쌀빵의 특성 비교)

  • 강미영;최영희;최해춘
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 1997
  • The experiments of rice bread processing were carried out to compare the varietal difference in processing adaptability to rice bread between brown and milled rice flour, and to analyze the interrelations among chemical properties of rice grain and some characteristics relevant to rice bread processing and quality There was varietal difference in adaptability to rice bread processing in both brown and milled rice, but there was not significant adaptability difference between brown and milled rice flours to rice bread processing. However, there was remarkable adaptability difference between brown and milled rice flours to rice bread processing in some rice varieties. Three high-amylose rices AC 27, IR 44, Suweonjo showed high quality of milled rice bread among tested rice materials. Brown rice revealed better adaptability to rice bread processing compared with milled rice in all varieties except the above three varieties. Especially, the glutinous rice Hangangchalbyeo failed to normal formation of rice bread from milled rice flour, but it showed the successful formation of rice bread from brown rice flour. The interrelations among chemical components of rice grain and some characteristics relevant to rice bread processing and quality exhibited quite different tendency between brown and milled rices. In the case of rice bread processing by brown rice flour, the larger volume expansion of dough during fermentation made the more springy rice bread and the more moist rice bread showed the more soft and cohesive physical property. In the case of rice bread processing by milled rice flour, the lower protein of rice flour was closely associated with the more moistness of rice bread and the higher lipid led to the more uniformal air pore distribution, the smaller pore size and the lower springiness of rice bread. Also, the larger volume expansion of dough during fermentation made the better loaf formation and the larger pore size of rice bread. The better loaf formation of rice bread revealed the softer hardness and the lower chewiness, and the lower springiness was closely correlated with the more uniformal size distribution of air pore and the smaller pore size in rice bread.

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Response of Grain Yield and Milled-Rice Protein Content to Nitrogen Rates Applied at Different Growth Stages of Rice

  • Nguyen, Hung The;Kim, Min-Ho;Nguyen, Lan Thi;Lee, Byun-Woo
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.14-25
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    • 2006
  • Response of grain yield and milled-rice protein content to nitrogen (N) rates at various growth stages is critical for quantifying real-time and real-amount of applied N requirement for target grain yield and protein content. An experiment including 10 N rate treatments at transplanting, tillering and panicle initiation stages with four rice cultivars in 2003, 6 N treatments with two rice cultivars in 2004 and 2005 was conducted. Increase of N rates at PIS significantly increased both grain yield and milled-rice protein content but increase of N rates at tillering stage significantly increased grain yield but not milledrice protein content. Therefore, high grain yield and low milled-rice protein content would be difficult to obtain only by adjusting N rates at PIS. Internal N use efficiency (INUE) was 60.5 kg grain/kg N accumulation on an average over N treatments, cultivars, and experimental years, showing considerable reduction especially at high shoot N accumulation in the experimental year of low sunshine duration. Milled-rice protein content tended to increase almost linearly with increasing shoot N accumulation, but it revealed big variation even at the same shoot N accumulation at harvest. Milled-rice protein content decreased with increasing INUE. N accumulation in the milled rice increased at an almost constant proportion of 45.5 percent of the shoot N accumulated at harvest, showing slight decresing proportion with the increasing shoot N accumulation.