• Title/Summary/Keyword: elementary science education

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An Analysis on the Recent Research Trend in Korean Elementary Science Education (한국초등과학교육의 최근 연구 동향 분석)

  • Lee, A-Ram;Hong, Young-Sik
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.260-268
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    • 2013
  • With the development of science and technology, an effort to investigate the current research trend of elementary science education will lead to future directions for elementary science education. This study set out to analyze papers published in Elementary Science Education by quantity, subject and methodology for the last ten years. The results were as follows: First, the number of papers has continuously increased for the last 30 years. Second, as for categorization by the functions of elementary science education, the number of papers was mainly published in the field of teacher education, which was followed by learning processes and teaching methods in the order. Third, in the field of the research subjects of elementary science education, many researches were conducted on scientific inquiries and concepts traditionally emphasized in elementary science education, and on gifted education recently implemented as part of national policy. Fourth, as for categorization by the methodologies of elementary science education, a survey study was the most popular, being followed by experimental study and literature study in the order. In recent years, researches based on the case study methodology have visibly grown in numbers, which seems to part of efforts to find implications with new methodologies among researchers facing limitations with the old ones in the middle of uniqueness called education.

A Review of Eye-tracking Method in Elementary Science Education Research (초등과학 교육연구에서 시선추적 연구방법의 고찰)

  • Shin, Won-Sub
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.288-304
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is a review of previous studies and principles of eye-tracking techniques that are actively applied in recent elementary science education. Also it proposes to utilize the direction of eye tracking techniques in elementary science education research. Recent eye-tracking technology was developed, using the infrared pupil and the corneal reflection can be safely and accurately track the eye movements of the participants. Eye tracking has the advantage of higher temporal resolution, accessibility, convenience, objectivity, stability and safety. Analysis of the previous studies, there was a difference in the study design and analysis. The workshops and seminars are needed for accurate understanding of eye-tracking method in elementary science education research. In conclusion, the eye-tracking can be utilized such as effectiveness analysis of teaching materials and media, behaviors analysis of teachers and students in a real class, cognitive strategies and attention analysis of the student, discriminating tool of various education evaluation, etc.

Conclusion Structure of Thesis in the Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education (초등과학교육 학술지 논문의 결론 구조 분석)

  • Kim, Min-Jae;Kim, Dong-Ryeul
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.106-117
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    • 2022
  • This study analyzes the characteristics of the "Conclusions" section of a thesis in elementary science education and presents a conclusion model that can be used in elementary science education. In the "Elementary Science Education" journal published by the Elementary Science Education Association, the conclusion section was analyzed on the four-year academic papers published. First, the title of the concluding chapter and the number of conclusions frequently used in elementary science education were identified. Results showed that most commonly used title for the conclusion section was "Conclusion and Suggestion," and the length of the section was 85.4 lines or 2.1 pages.. Then, as a result of analyzing the conclusions of elementary science journals in sentence units, we found stages as a kind of semantic unit frequently used in elementary science education papers. Further, we obtained that these stages are often used in connection with specific stages. Finally, a conclusion template for papers commonly used in elementary science education was presented. The results of this study can be used as basic data when drafting elementary science education papers. Furthermore, specific thesis regarding education plans and educational materials might be prepared for elementary science education graduate students based on the present results.

Development of Geological Field Courses and Its Application Method for Elementary School Students (초등학교 야외 지질학습현장 개발 및 활용방안)

  • 배창호;김정길;김해경
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.241-252
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    • 2002
  • Field learning have not well performed in elementary school for various reasons, in spite of the benefits of field study. Absence of suitable geological field courses for elementary science education is one of several reasons The purpose of this study is to develop learning materials for the field geology in Hampyeong region and apply them to the geological related units for elementary science education. The 5 observation sites for the field geology learning in study area include various rocks and geological structure such as granite, gneiss, conglomerate, sandstone, mudstone, plant fossil, fold, fault and weathering phenomenon changing rocks to soil. This study area is suitable place for the field geology learning of elementary science education in Kwangju and Chonnam province because of convenience access, fresh outcrops and distribution of various geological learning materials as rocks and structure.

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The Development of Instrument for Evaluating Web Site about Elementary Science Education (초등학교 과학 교육을 위한 웹사이트의 평가 도구 개발)

  • Song, Myung-Seub;Choi, Gwang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.201-209
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for evaluating quality of the web site about elementary science education. Eight experienced specialists (three elementary science education specialists and five elementary school teachers engaging) in elementary science education verified content validity twice. The evaluation criteria for elementary school science were considering aspects of the characteristic and the quality of web site. The evaluation criteria can be categorized as being in five areas, fifty-seven items. The five areas were a purpose, a credibility, an efficiency, a data-type, an interactivity. Four web sites were analyzed for the subject of this study. Evaluators were nine elementary school teachers, who were educated in the use of instrument. The developed evaluation instrument in this study is considered valid and reliable. The content validity is 91.1%, and the reliability has a Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ of .82. The developed evaluation instrument in this study will verify the quality of web site, provide teachers and students with efficient information about elementary science education. In addition it suggests guidelines about design and devise web site to instructional developer or subject-matter expert.

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Retrospection of Elementary Science Education (초등 과학교육의 회고)

  • 조선형
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.266-272
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    • 2004
  • This retrospection of elementary science education is very carefully and only my opinions during about 40 years in my life. They are a few articles as follow, 1. My body put into science education about 30 years ago, and started college life at that time. 2. The author participated the SCIS programs from the Unites States. 3. He participated in the development of elementary science textbooks (units on earth science parts and photographs), observation note-books, and teachers guides from third period (1973) to sixth (2000), and also middle school textbooks in 1976. 4. He participated in the setup of science education center in Chenogju National University 1976, and science gift education center 1998. 5. He was the member of earth science Part in observation group to visit south Asia (Japan, Philippines, Malaysia and Thailand on 1-28 August, 1977. 6. He was the president of KOREAN ELEMENTARY SCIENCE EDUCATION SOCIETY in 1997-1998.

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A Study on the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Elementary Science Education (초등과학교육에서 인공지능의 적용방안 연구)

  • Shin, Won-Sub;Shin, Dong-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.117-132
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate elementary school teachers' awareness of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and find out how to apply it in elementary science education. The survey was conducted online and involved 95 teachers working in the metropolitan area. The results of this study are as follows. First, teachers need to learn about the general characteristics of AI and how to apply it to education. Second, science classes had the highest preference for AI among elementary school subjects. Third, the preference for AI application by elementary science field was 68.4% for earth and space, 54.7% for exercise and energy, 32.6% for matter, 27.4% for life. Fourth, AI-based Science Education (AISE) teaching- learning strategies were developed based on AI characteristics and the changing perspective of elementary science education, AISE's teaching-learning strategies are five: 'automation', 'individualization', 'diversification', 'cooperation' and 'creativity' and teachers can use them in teaching design, class practice and evaluation stages. Finally, the creative problem-solving Doing Thinking Making Sharing (DTMS) model was devised to implement the creativity strategy in AISE. This model consists of four-steps teaching courses: Doing, Thinking, Making and Sharing based on the empirical learning theory. In the future, follow-up research is needed to verify the effectiveness of this model by applying it to elementary science education.

An Examination of the Topics and Changes in the Research Papers Published in the Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation for the Topic Modeling Analysis (잠재 디리클레 할당(LDA) 기반의 토픽모델링 분석을 통한 '초등과학교육' 학술지 연구논문의 주제 및 변화)

  • Chang, Jina;Na, Jiyeon
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.356-372
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    • 2022
  • This study examined the topics that have appeared in the "Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education" over the past 50 years to identify the changes that have occurred in the Korean Society of Elementary Science Education. Latent Dirichlet allocation topic modeling was applied to 1,065 English abstracts from the first issue (1983) to 2021, from which 14 main topics were extracted. The meaning of each topic was then analyzed from its keywords and documents. Subsequently, to elucidate the topic trends, the topics' increase or decrease every three years was statistically examined through linear regression analysis. Based on the results, implications for developing and supporting elementary science education research in the future were discussed.

A Review on Brain Study Methods in Elementary Science Education - A Focus on the fMRl Method - (초등 과학 교육에서 두뇌 연구 방법의 고찰 - fMRI 활용법을 중심으로 -)

  • Shin, Dong-Hoon;Kwon, Yong-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.49-62
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    • 2007
  • The higher cognitive functions of the human brain including teaming are hypothesized to be selectively distributed across large-scale neural networks interconnected to the cortical and subcortical areas. Recently, advances in functional imaging have made it possible to visualize the brain areas activated by certain cognitive activities in vivo. Neural substrates for teaming and motivation have also begun to be revealed. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provides a non-invasive indirect mapping of cerebral activity, based on the blood- oxygen level dependent (BOLD) contrast which is based on the localized hemodynamic changes following neural activities in certain areas of the brain. The fMRI method is now becoming an essential tool used to define the neuro-functional mechanisms of higher brain functions such as memory, language, attention, learning, plasticity and emotion. Further research in the field of education will accelerate the verification of the effects on loaming or help in the selection of model teaching strategies. Thus, the purpose of this study was to review brain study methods using fMRI in science education. In conclusion, a number of possible strategies using fMRI for the study of elementary science education were suggested.

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