• 제목/요약/키워드: confocal microscopy

검색결과 223건 처리시간 0.28초

The Effects of a Er:YAG Laser on Machined, Sand-Blasted and Acid-Etched, and Resorbable Blast Media Titanium Surfaces Using Confocal Microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy

  • Park, Jun-Beom;Kim, Do-Young;Ko, Youngkyung
    • Journal of Korean Dental Science
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    • 제9권1호
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Laser treatment has become a popular method in implant dentistry, and lasers have been used for the decontamination of implant surfaces when treating peri-implantitis. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of an Erbium-doped:Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet (Er:YAG) laser with different settings on machined (MA), sand-blasted and acid-etched (SA), and resorbable blast media (RBM) titanium surfaces using scanning electron microscopy and confocal microscopy. Materials and Methods: Four MA, four SA, and four RBM discs were either irradiated at 40 mJ/20 Hz, 90 mJ/20 Hz, or 40 mJ/25 Hz for 2 minutes. The specimens were evaluated with scanning electron microscopy and confocal microscopy. Result: The untreated MA surface demonstrated uniform roughness with circumferential machining marks, and depressions were observed after laser treatment. The untreated SA surface demonstrated a rough surface with sharp spikes and deep pits, and the laser produced noticeable changes on the SA titanium surfaces with melting and fusion. The untreated RBM surface demonstrated a rough surface with irregular indentation, and treatment with the laser produced changes on the RBM titanium surfaces. The Er:YAG laser produced significant changes on the roughness parameters, including arithmetic mean height of the surface (Sa) and maximum height of the surface (Sz), of the MA and SA surfaces. However, the Er:YAG laser did not produce notable changes on the roughness parameters, such as Sa and Sz, of the RBM surfaces. Conclusion: This study evaluated the effects of an Er:YAG laser on MA, SA, and RBM titanium discs using confocal microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Treatment with the laser produced significant changes in the roughness of MA and SA surfaces, but the roughness parameters of the RBM discs were not significantly changed. Further research is needed to evaluate the efficiency of the Er:YAG laser in removing the contaminants, adhering bacteria, and the effects of treatment on cellular attachment, proliferation, and differentiation.

Visualization of Epidermis and Dermal Cells in ex vivo Human Skin Using the Confocal and Two-photon Microscopy

  • Choi, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Wi-Han;Lee, Yong-Joong;Lee, Ho;Lee, Weon-Ju;Yang, Jung-Dug;Shim, Jong-Won;Kim, Jin-Woong
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • 제15권1호
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2011
  • The confocal laser scanning microscopy and two-photon microscopy was implemented based on a single laser source and an objective lens. We imaged and compared the morphology of identical sites of ex vivo human skin using both microscopes. The back-scattering emission from the sample provided the contrast for the confocal microscopy. The intrinsic autofluorescence and the second harmonic generation were used as the luminescence source for the two-photon microscopy. The wavelength of the Ti:Sapphire laser was tuned at 710 nm, which corresponds to the excitation peak of NADH and FAD in skin tissue. The various cell layers in the epidermis and the papillary dermis were clearly distinguished by both imaging modalities. The two-photon microscopy more clearly visualized the intercellular region and the nucleus of the cell compared to the confocal microscopy. The fibrous structures in the dermis were more clearly resolved by the confocal microscopy. Numerous cells in papillary dermal layer, as deep as $100\;{\mu}m$, were observed in both CLSM and two-photon microscopy. While most previous studies focused on fibrous structure imaging (collagen and elastin fiber) in the dermis, we demonstrated that the combined imaging with the CLSM and two-photon microscopy can be applied for the non-invasive study of the population, distribution and metabolism of papillary dermal cells in skin.

A Simple Confocal Microscopy-based Method for Assessing Sperm Movement

  • Kim, Sung Woo;Kim, Min Su;Kim, Chan-Lan;Hwang, In-Sul;Jeon, Ik Soo
    • 한국발생생물학회지:발생과생식
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    • 제21권3호
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 2017
  • In the field of reproductive medicine, assessment of sperm motility is a key factor for achieving successful artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, or intracellular sperm injection. In this study, the motility of boar sperms was estimated using real-time imaging via confocal microscopy. To confirm this confocal imaging method, flagellar beats and whiplash-like movement angles were compared between fresh and low-temperature-preserved ($17^{\circ}C$ for 24 h) porcine sperms. Low-temperature preservation reduced the number of flagellar beats from $11.0{\pm}2.3beats/s$ (fresh sperm) to $5.7{\pm}1.8beats/s$ and increased the flagellar bending angle from $19.8^{\circ}{\pm}13.8^{\circ}$ (fresh) to $30.6^{\circ}{\pm}15.6^{\circ}$. These data suggest that sperm activity can be assessed using confocal microscopy. The observed motility patterns could be used to develop a sperm evaluation index and automated confocal microscopic sperm motility analysis techniques.

파장 코딩된 실시간 슬릿 공초점 현미경의 설계 (Design of spectrally encoded real-time slit confocal microscopy)

  • 김정민;강동균;권대갑
    • 한국정밀공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국정밀공학회 2005년도 추계학술대회 논문집
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    • pp.576-580
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    • 2005
  • New real-time confocal microscopy using spectral encoding technique and slit confocal aperture is proposed and designed. Spectral encoding technique, which encodes one-dimensional spatial information of a specimen in wavelength, and slit aperture make it possible to obtain two-dimensional lateral image of the specimen simultaneously at standard video rates without expensive scanning units such as polygon mirrors and galvano mirrors. The working principle and the configuration of the system are explained. The variation in axial responses for the simplified model of the system with normalized slit width is numerically analyzed based on the wave optics theory. Slit width that directly affects the depth discrimination of the system is determined by a compromise between axial resolution and signal intensity from the simulation result. On the assumption of the lateral sampling resolution of 50 nm, design variables and governing equations of the system are derived. The system is designed to have the mapping error less than the half pixel size, to be diffraction-limited and to have the maximum illumination efficiency. The designed system has the FOV of $12.8um{\times}9.6um$, the theoretical axial FWHM of 1.1 um and the lateral magnification of-367.8.

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A TISSUE RESPONSE TO THE TITANIUM ALLOY (Ti-13Zr-6Nb) IN VIVO

  • Kim Chang-Su;Lee Seok-Hyung;Shin Sang-Wan;Suh Kyu-Won;Ryu Jae-Jun
    • 대한치과보철학회지
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    • 제42권6호
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    • pp.619-627
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    • 2004
  • Statement of problem. Mechanisms of tissue-implant interaction and the effect of the implant surface on the behavior of cells has not yet been clarified. Purpose. This study was performed to investigate the tissue reaction to the titanium alloy submerged into rat peritoneum in vivo. Materials and methods. Titanium alloys (titanium-13Zirconium-6Niobium) were inserted inside the peritoneal cavity of Sprague Dawley rats. After 3 months, the tissue formed around the inserted titanium alloys were examined with a light-microscope. Tissue reaction around the material was analyzed by confocal microscopy to evaluate their biocompatibility in a living body. Results. In in vivo study, foreign body type multinucleated giant cells were found in the fibrous tissue formed as a reaction to the foreign material (4 in 20 cases), but the inflammatory reaction was very weak. After experiment, the contaminants of biomaterials was removed from living tissue. In confocal microscopy, we observed that the staining of vinculin and actin showed mixed appearance. In a few cases, we found that the staining of vinculin and beta-catenin showed the prominent appearance. Conclusion. We found that titanium-13Zirconium-6Niobium alloy was an excellent biomaterial.

공초점 현미경용 장초점 마이크로렌즈 제작 (Fabrication of Micro-Lens Array with Long Focal Length for Confocal Microscopy)

  • 김기홍;임형준;정미라;이재종;최기봉;이형석;도이미
    • 한국생산제조학회지
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    • 제20권4호
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    • pp.472-477
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    • 2011
  • This paper shows the method of fabrication of a micro lens array comprised of a Nipkow disk used in a large-area, high-speed confocal microscopy. A Nipkow disk has two components, a micro lens array disk and a pinhole array disk. The microlens array focuses illumination light onto the pinhole array disk and redirects reflected light from a surface to a sensor. The micro lens which are positioned in order on a disk have a hemispheric shape with a few tens of micron in diameter, and can be fabricated by a variety of methods like mechanical machining, semiconductor process, replication process like imprinting process. This paper shows how to fabricate the micro lens array which has a long focal length by reflow and imprinting process.

Segmentation of Neuronal Axons in Brainbow Images

  • Kim, Tae-Yun;Kang, Mi-Sun;Kim, Myoung-Hee;Choi, Heung-Kook
    • 한국멀티미디어학회논문지
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    • 제15권12호
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    • pp.1417-1429
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    • 2012
  • In neuroscientific research, image segmentation is one of the most important processes. The morphology of axons plays an important role for researchers seeking to understand axonal functions and connectivity. In this study, we evaluated the level set segmentation method for neuronal axons in a Brainbow confocal microscopy image. We first obtained a reconstructed image on an x-z plane. Then, for preprocessing, we also applied two methods: anisotropic diffusion filtering and bilateral filtering. Finally, we performed image segmentation using the level set method with three different approaches. The accuracy of segmentation for each case was evaluated in diverse ways. In our experiment, the combination of bilateral filtering with the level set method provided the best result. Consequently, we confirmed reasonable results with our approach; we believe that our method has great potential if successfully combined with other research findings.

형광 공초점 주사 현미경의 측정 강도 향상을 위한 반사 광학계의 제안 및 설계 (Proposal and design of reflecting optical system to improve detection intensity in fluorescence confocal scanning microscopy)

  • 강동균;서정우;권대갑
    • 한국정밀공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국정밀공학회 2002년도 춘계학술대회 논문집
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    • pp.187-190
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    • 2002
  • Confocal microscopy is very popular technology in bio-medical inspection due to its ability to reject background signals and to measure very thin slide of thick specimens, which is called optical sectioning. But intensity of detected signal in fluorescence type confocal microscopy is so small that only 0.2% of emitted fluorescence light can be detected in the best case. In this paper, we proposed the reflecting optical system to improve the detection intensity and designed the optical system by optimal design method. At the end of the paper, we analyzed the characteristics of the proposed reflecting optical system.

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Single-molecule Detection of Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Using Confocal Microscopy

  • Kim, Sung-Hyun;Choi, Don-Seong;Kim, Do-Seok
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • 제12권2호
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    • pp.107-111
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    • 2008
  • We demonstrated single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from single donor-acceptor dye pair attached to a DNA with a setup based on a confocal microscope. Singlestrand DNAs were immobilized on a glass surface with suitable inter-dye distance. Energy transfer efficiency between the donor and the acceptor dyes attached to the DNA was measured with different lengths of DNA. Photobleaching of single dye molecule was observed and used as a sign of single-molecule detection. We could achieve high enough signal-to-noise ratio to detect the fluorescence from a single-molecule, which allows real-time observation of the distance change between single dye pairs in nanometer scale.