• Title/Summary/Keyword: change of concept

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A Change of Concept of User-Centered Approach and Derivation of Information Retrieval System Design Factors (이용자기반 접근의 개념 변화와 정보검색시스템 설계요소의 도출)

  • 노진구
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.89-113
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to establish the new concept of "user-centered" suitable for currentdigital environment and to derive system design factors necessary for user-centered informationretrieval system design of the university libraries.The result of this study can be summarized as follows .First, the concept of 'users-centered' in digital environment where the supporting role ofintermediaries is growing bigger than before in the interaction with remote information retrievalsystem can be defined as the new concept of 'expansion of knowledge'.Second, 6 kinds of system design factors derived for user-centered information retrievalsystem design of the university librariesf the university libraries.

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The Effects of Instructors' Characteristics on the Concept Change of Korean High-School Students. (개념제시자의 특성이 고등학생의 물리 개념 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Jung-Soo;Kwon, Jae-Sool
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.340-350
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    • 1996
  • Knowledge is composed through the interaction between the concept structure already held by students and their experience, and learning can be said to be the active process of solving the cognitive conflict caused by this interaction. Therefore, this study consists in showing the effective learning method and finding out the elements which the teacher has to own, through examining several forms of pre-conception or mis-conception of the inertia, the force-equilibrium, the action and reaction, the heat, and the electric current, and then finding out their solution and studying student's change in science concepts. For this study, the types of concept on the five above-mentioned materials which students have were examined through the concept-classifying question paper, and the classes to which the class mode for the change of concepts applied, were practised in each different classroom by each different instructor - a professor, a scientist, a teacher, and two students, respectively. And the effect of the teaching strategy based on these classes, and each different instructor' influence on the change of concept in students. were examined. The result of my study is as follows; 1. Students have various types of pre-conception which are different from science concept, and these types of pre-conception tend to last even after learning in class. 2. The thoughts on the correct science concept of the high school third-grade students who learned the physics in the traditional teaching method, and the second grade students who don't learn the physics yet, were nearly equal those of the second grade students by receiving the physics class through the cognitive conflict course were greatly changed especially that students showed the distinct change on mechanics and electric current. 3. Students didn't show the remarkable change of the science concept on the five materials in the four kinds of experimental classes by each different instructor but in the part of mechanics, there was the distinct change between the class by professor and those by the students. This was due to the difference of the authority and the attitude of the concept demonstrator. 1) The authority, the kind attitude, and the responsibility of the expert played an important role in the correct concept-formation of mechanics part - especially in the case of the mis-conception caused by the intuitive belief. 2) In the class by instructor with the democratic teaching method, the change of concept took place more easily, because in his class students could discuss the subject freely, so that they might experience the thought course to give them the confidence on the science concept.

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Historical investigation in the concept of function as integrated concept (통합개념으로서 함수 개념에 대한 역사적 고찰)

  • Kang, Hyun-Young
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.153-174
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    • 2007
  • The concept of Function is not just a single concept but an integrated concept that includes various mathematic topics such as arithmetics, geometry and so on. Therefore, the concept of function is the basic principal underlying mathematics. Moreover, we should think of function as conceptual expedient for understanding the phenomena in the variously changing real world. Therefore in this article, I would like to consider the concept of an integrated function through historical investigation. Especially, from the middle ages to the 19th century, representation which related to the function has been evolved, and therefore, I will consider function as an integrated concept through changing the concept of function.

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A Study on the Change of Concept in Architectural Space following the Aesthetic Cognition of Space (미학적 공간인식에 따른 건축공간개념의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 이용재;윤도근
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.16
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the architectural space of modern and contemporary architecture which has been changed by the aesthetic cognition on space. The intention of considering architectural space aesthetically is to convert the viewpoint of seeing space as simple physical structure into different viewpoint of regarding 'space' as 'cultural place' However this does not means to apply aesthetic theory to architectural space. The aesthetic cognition on space is one of the main subjects of the expression of art from ancient to today however the appearance of space concept as architectural aesthetics accelerated by G. Semper theory after the latter half of 19th century. On the standpoint of perpetuity in architecture the aesthetics of scientific rationalism in modernism based on the reasonable thinking regards the variety of inherent characteristic in architectural space as 'Transferential Space'. On the other hand, in regarding to architectural trend, the nature in architectural space has been considered as 'Existential Space' starting from the conscious construction of environments to help human existence in the existentialism. The Conclusion logic of follows as belows; first, the concept of space structure in architecture has been exchanged from Enclosed Space to Topological Space. Second, the concept of architectural space has been changed and developed to the Deterministic, Profound, Dissipative, and Recognizable Space according to the change of expression in architecture.

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Characteristics of a Producing Process of the Television Genre -over Program: Focused on the KBS 2TV <Sponge>- (텔레비전 탈장르 프로그램의 제작과정 특성 -KBS 2TV <스펀지>를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Sang-Keun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.251-258
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    • 2011
  • Nowadays, 'fusion style' television programs are increasingly found in the production of television program. Originally such a trend has been developed with a purpose of changing tedious cultural program into entertaining style. Recently, however, it has also become as an alternative style of genre which is against from lasciviousness or lewdness of entertaining programs. This study is designed to analyse the characteristics of television production and theorize a producing process of the television genre-over program As a result of various aspects of research, it is found that recent producers who make genre-over program choose any kind of genre which is thought to be needed for their program, without any limitation in terms of methods or skills for specific genre. And with this change of concept for making programs, genre-over programs are newly defined as the entertaining programs, in which its entertaining function is widen and broaden, absorbing the informative function of cultural programs.

Exploratory Research for Happiness-related Curriculum Introduction in Medical Education (의학교육에서의 행복 관련 교육과정 도입을 위한 탐색적 연구)

  • Yoo, Hyo Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.400-407
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research was analyzing pre-post change of concept recognition structure about happiness and activity in which medical school students feel happiness, in order to develop such curriculum accordingly. Research subjects included a total of 36 sophomores attending medical school, and a day reconstruction method and network analysis were applied. According to the research finding, while medical school students were experiencing a lot of happiness while eating/talking and doing leisure activities, the frequency of feeling happiness through learning activities was shown to be low. Words that expressed happiness before and after were similar in many parts and 'economy' showed the highest degree centrality before and 'work' showed the highest degree centrality after. Because the structure of the concept about happiness was divided from 1 group into 4 groups including one's work, positive self, health of family, value about life etc., perception of the concept about happiness was changed from the concept about superficial happiness to the concept about actual happiness. Therefore, in order for prospective doctors who will treat human health to establish the concept and value about happiness properly, education about happiness is necessary and for this, curriculum related to happiness must be developed systematically.

A Study on the Solution of Unsold Houses through User Centered Marketing Strategies (수요자 중심의 마케팅 전략을 통한 미분양 주택 해소방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Gwang-Kyun;Lee, Joo-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1318-1326
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    • 2014
  • The change of concept about real estate marketing and the solution about unsold houses are getting important nowadays. This paper is analyzing the solution of unsold houses as location environment, residential environment, macro environment, and marketing, and research question is which elements are important to real users. In addition, this paper is analyzing on impact relationship in terms of real users' buying intention about unsold houses and satisfaction of price of selling a house (price of selling a house, rise in housing value) by PLS structural equation. To sum up, first, macro environment, residential environment, location environment is statistically valued on the satisfaction of price of selling a house. However, marketing strategic is not impacted on the satisfaction of price of selling. Second, macro environment, marketing strategic, satisfaction of selling a house is statistically valued on buying intention.

An Analysis of Middle school Student's Responses to the Deductive Reasoning Task for Change of Concept about Force and Motion (힘과 운동 개념 변화를 위한 연역 논리 과제에 대한 중학생의 반응 분석)

  • Park, Jong-Won;Seo, Jeong-Ah;Chung, Byung-Hoon;Park, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 1994
  • Many students have misconceptions that upward direction force act on the object which is moving upward after being thrown vertically upward, and no force act on the object at the top of its flight because the object stop or don't' move at the top. To change these misconceptions, in this study, deductive reasoning tasks were used, and student's responses to the tasks were analyzed. In the first part of this study, student's prior conceptions about force and motion and student's deductive reasoning abilities were investigated. And the second part, student's explanations were classified to either the premise-based or idea-based explanation. In the case of the object which is moving upward, 62% of students who had misconception changed their misconceptions to physically correct concept, but, only 24% of students changed their misconceptions for the object at the top. For the first task, more students changed their misconceptions when they made responses based on premises than based on their own idea(p<.05), so, the first task can be helpful for conceptual change. 40% students changed their own misconception by reasoning deductively based on premises provided in the first task, but only 17% students changed by the second task. Student's reasoning abilities investigated in the first part of this study did not affect the conceptual change. Four students for the first task and one student for the second task did not change their misconception even though they made premise-based explanation and had high reasoning abilities.

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Correlations among Lifestyle and Health Status -A comparative study between nurses and clients- (생활양식과 건강수준간 상관성분석 -간호사와 비간호사 비교연구-)

  • Kim, Young-Im
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 1994
  • Health could be maintained and promoted by pursuing an active healthy lifestyle. Life-style include health habits and behavior pattern such as exercise, diatry change, weight control, stress management et al. The objectives of this studies are (1) to analyze recognition and practice of lifestyle between nurses and non-nurses, (2) to analyze health status of clients which presented healthy lifestyle, (3) to analyze factors that affected healthy lifestyle. The lifestyle assessment questionnaire is divided into ten sections: competence in selfcare, nutritional practices, physical activity, sleep patterns, stress management, self-actualization, sense of purpose, relation with others, environmental control, and use of health care system. The major results are as follows : (1) The level of recognition and practice of lifestyle was not high. Nurses showed more higher score than non nurses in lifestyle area such as competence in selfcare, stress management, environmental control, and use of health care system. (2) Good health status and lifestyle presented positive relation. (3) In mutiple classifiction analysis, competence in selfcare, nutritional practices, physical activity, sleep patterns, stress management, environmental control, and use of health care system had significant relation to independent variables. (4) Change of concept for healthy lifestyle after this survey was higher in nurses group and the most concern area was stress management. To sum up, lifestyle pattern of nurses as health professional was not desirably high. Therefore nurses ownself should effort to practice healthy lifestyle prior to others, and then educate importance of lifestyle for health promotion and disease prevention. In conclusion, it will be useful to consider significant lifestyle factors that was be identified in this study to develop health promotion program.

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Analysis of Question Patterns Appearing in Teaching Demonstrations Which Applied Science Teachings Model Prepared by a Pre-service Biology Teacher (생물 예비교사의 과학수업모형을 적용한 수업 시연에 나타난 질문 유형 분석)

  • Jo, In Hee;Son, Yeon-A;Kim, Dong Ryeul
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.167-185
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    • 2012
  • This study aimed at finding points of improvement in teaching expertise by analyzing the question patterns that appeared during teaching demonstrations which applied science teaching models prepared by a pre-service biology teacher. The question analysis frame for analyzing question types were categorized largely into the question types of Category 1 (questions in cognitive domain, questions with research function, questions in affective domain), Category 2 (repeated questions, questions for narrowing the range, practice questions), and Category 3 (questions on student activity progress, memory questions, and thinking questions). The results of analyzing question patterns from five different science teaching models revealed a high frequency of questions in the fields of cognition and memory. For the circular learning model, questions from the cognitive field appeared the most often, while, student activity progressive questions in particular were used mostly in the 'preliminary concept introduction stage' of the circular learning model and the 'secondary exploratory stage', in which experiments were conducted, and displayed the characteristics of these stages. The discovery learning model combined the courses of observation, measurement, classification and generalization, but, during teaching demonstrations, memory questions turned up the most, while the portion of inquisitive function questions was low. There were many questions from the inquisitive learning model, and, compared to other learning models, many exploratory function questions turned up during the 'experiment planning stage' and 'experiment stage'. Definitional questions and thought questions for the STS learning model turned up more than other learning models. During the change of concept learning model, the five concepts of students were stimulated and the modification of scientific concepts was very much aided by using many memory questions.

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