• Title/Summary/Keyword: Trunk muscle

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Correlations of Symmetry of the Trunk Muscle Thickness by Gender with the Spinal Alignment in Healthy Adults

  • Lim, Jae-Heon
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.405-410
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: Most studies have reported that the abdominal muscle thickness differs according to gender but none of these studies reported a gender difference in the thickness of the multifidus and erector spine. The spinal alignment is affected by the left and right balance in the trunk muscle. The aim of this study was to identify the trunk muscle symmetry according to gender and the correlations of the trunk muscle thickness with spinal alignment. Methods: Forty three subjects(27 males and 16 females) were enrolled in this study. The trunk muscle thickness was measured by ultrasonography. The trunk muscle, which consisted of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique abdominis (EOA), internal oblique abdominis (IOA), transverse abdominis (TrA), erector spine (ES), and multifidus (MF), was measured. The spinal alignment was measured by Formetric-III 3D analysis. The dependent variables of the spinal alignment were the trunk imbalance, trunk inclination, lateral deviation, and surface rotation. Results: The muscle thickness of the EOA muscle increased more significantly in the right side than the left side (p<0.05). Each left and right difference in the muscle thickness between the male and female group showed a significant difference (p<0.05) except for the TrA thickness. Significant positive correlations were observed between the ES and lateral deviation and between the TrA with trunk imbalance. Conclusion: These results suggest that asymptomatic men have a greater trunk muscle thickness than women but there was no difference between the left and right in healthy adults. The trunk muscle thickness of ES, TrA is related by the spinal alignment.

Effect of The Trunk Muscle Stabilization Training on Balance for Chronic Stroke Patients (체간 근육 안정화 운동이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ji-Yeun;Park, Jung-Seo;Lee, Dae-Hee;Han, Seul-Ki;Roh, Hyo-Lyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.1212-1219
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    • 2012
  • This study was to investigate the balancing and clinical abilities trunk muscle stabilization exercise and trunk muscle resistive exercise of stroke patients having surface changes in balance of body. The subjects of this study were 30 stroke patients(15 males and 15 females) that three times a week for 12 weeks at the same time point and with the same amount of exercise. They were separated into two groups and did reinforcing exercise on trunk muscle stabilization exercise and trunk muscle resistive exercise for three times a week for twelve weeks. It were measured balancing ability, they performed functional standing balance test, functional forward arm stretching test. performance-oriented mobility assessment, berg balance scale. The balancing exercises were modified from preceding studies and consisted of 6 difference exercises. The functional standing test with open and close eyes and performance-oriented mobility assessment, the trunk muscle stabilization exercise group and the trunk muscle resistive exercise group improved significantly. The forward arm stretching was test the trunk muscle stabilization exercise group more improved. This study found that the balancing exercise on trunk muscle stabilization exercise was more effective than trunk muscle resistive exercise for stroke patients. Thus, trunk muscle stabilization exercise has more positive effects on the improvement of balancing abilities of stroke patients.

Effect of flexi-bar exercise on body composition and trunk muscle strength in overweight and obesity female college students (플렉시-바 운동이 과체중 및 비만 여대생의 신체조성과 몸통근력에 미치는 효과)

  • Um, Ki-Mai;Wang, Joong-San
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6543-6550
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed to analyze the effect of flexi-bar exercise on in body composition and trunk muscle strength of female college students who are either overweight or obesity. The subjects were female college students divided into experimental group(N=15) and control group(N=15). The experimental group performed a flexi-bar exercise for of 30 minute sessions three days per week for five weeks, and the differences in body composition and trunk muscle strength before and after the experiment and between experimental group and control group were analyzed. The study results showed that the experimental group had a statistically significant improvement in the body fat mass and body fat percentage, body muscle mass, both arm muscle mass, trunk muscle mass, basal metabolic rate(p<.05). Changes in trunk muscle strength showed that the experimental group had statistically significant increased in changes in trunk muscle strength(p<.01). The study verified that flexi-bar exercise can be effective for improving the body composition and trunk muscle strength of overweight and obesity female college students.

The Change of Isokinetic Trunk Muscle Strength after Reduction of Body Weight (비만치료 전후 체간 근력 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Seo-Young;Park, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Han-Kil;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : In order to investigate change of isokinetic trunk muscle strength according to decrease of body composition analysis parameter after obesity treatment. Methods : 2 obese patients have been treated with oriental medical obese treatment for 1 month. One patient got the exercise treatment, another didn't. Before and after treatment, the segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis, isokinetic trunk muscle strength test were performed. Then we analyzed the relationship of data. Results : After obesity treatment, BMI(Body Mass Index), PBF(Percentage of Body Fat), WHR(Waist Hip Ratio) were decreased in all patient and LBM(Lean Body Mass) was increased. In non-exercise patient, Ext.PT(extension Peak Torque) was decreased and Flex.PT(flexion Peak Torque) was increased. In exercise patient showed the opposite results. E/F ratio became more imbalance. Conclusions: Ext.PT was decreased in non-exercise patient but increased in exercise patient. And the trunk muscle strength became imbalance in both patients, right after the treatment. So trunk muscle exercise should be carried out and it is necessary to do long term study.

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The Effect of Noise and Background Music on the Trunk Muscle Fatigue during Dynamic Lifting and Lowering Tasks (들기/내리기 작업 시 소음과 배경음악이 몸통근육 피로도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Yong;Shin, Hyun-Joo;Lee, In-Jae
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to define the effects of noise and background music on the trunk muscle fatigue during dynamic lifting and lowering tasks. Six healthy male subjects with no prior history of low back disorders participated in this study. The participants were exposed to two levels of background noise such as 40dB noise and 90dB noise and three levels of background music such as no music, slow music, and fast music. Six different combinations of background noise and background music were played while the participants were performing the lifting task at 15% level of Maximum Voluntary Contraction. Electromyography signals from six muscles were collected and fatigue levels were analyzed quantitatively. In results, the 90dB noise increased trunk muscle fatigue and slowed down the recovery. The trunk muscle fatigue was the lowest when the fast music was played for as background. After recovery, the 90dB noise increased trunk muscle fatigue. The trunk muscle fatigue was the lowest when the slow music was played for as background. The results can be useful to manage the cumulative fatigue of trunk muscles due to background noise and music during repetitive lifting and lowering tasks in industry.

Effects of Sling Bridge Exercise with Rhythmic Stabilization Technique on Trunk Muscle Endurance and Flexibility in Adolescents with Low Back Pain

  • Kim, Kyung-Yoon;Sim, Ki-Chol;Kim, Tae-Gon;Bae, Sea-Hyun;Lee, Jun-Cheol;Kim, Gi-Do
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.72-77
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of general sling-bridge exercise (GSE) and sling-bridge exercise with rhythmic stabilization technique (SER) on trunk muscle endurance and flexibility in adolescents with low back pain (LBP). 30 adolescents who had complaints of LBP were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: the GSE group (n=15) and SER group (n=15). Subjects performed each exercise programs for 4 weeks with the aim of improving trunk muscle stability; GSE group trained general bridge exercise with sling, SER group trained rhythmic stabilization bridge exercise with sling. The static and dynamic trunk muscle endurance and flexibility were measured before and at the end of the exercise program. The static and dynamic trunk muscle endurance were significantly improved in both groups (p<.05) and the SER group showed significant difference from the GSE group after the exercise (p<.05). The trunk muscle flexibility was significantly improved in both groups (p<.05) and the SER group were significantly different from GSE group post-exercise (p<.05). The results of this study showed that sling bridge exercise with rhythmic stabilization technique may be appropriate for improving trunk muscle stability in adolescents with LBP.

Effects of Active Vibration Exercise on Trunk Muscle Activity, Balance, and Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Chronic Stroke

  • Lee, Dong-Kyu;Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.146-150
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of active vibration exercise on trunk muscle activity, balance, and activities of daily living in patients with chronic stroke. Methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=12) or a control (n=12) group. The experimental group performed an active vibration exercise workout for 20 minutes a day five times a week for 4 weeks using a flexi-bar. Trunk muscle activity was measured using surface electromyography. Balance was measured using the Berg balance scale. Activities of daily living were measured using the functional independence measure. Results: The intragroup comparison showed significant differences in the rectus abdominis, internal oblique, and external oblique muscle activity values, Berg balance scale score, and functional independence measurement values in the experimental group. The intergroup comparison showed that differences in the rectus abdominis and internal oblique external oblique muscle values, Berg balance scale score, and functional independence measurement value for the experimental group were significantly related to those in the control group. Conclusion: Based on these results, this study proved that the active vibration exercise effectively improved trunk muscle activity, balance, and activities of daily living in patients with chronic stroke.

Effect of Power Grasping on Muscle Activity of Trunk during One Leg Stance

  • Kong, Yong-Soo;Hwang, Yoon-Tae
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.91-94
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study investigated the effects of trunk muscle activity with power grasping during one leg stance. Methods: Twenty-eight subjects participated in this study. Subjects were divided into two groups, one that performed power grasping, and another that did not. An investigator measured the activities of a subject's trunk muscle such as internal oblique (IO), external oblique (EO), erector spinae (ES), and gluteus medius (GM) while a subject was doing one leg stance. Results: An independent t-test was used to analyze trunk muscle activities with power grasping during one leg stance between the experimental group and the control group. Only the EO activity differed significantly between groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results indicate that one leg stance with power grasping affected trunk muscle activity. Therefore, this is a useful method for providing lumbar spine stability.

Examination of trunk muscle co-activation during prolonged sitting in healthy adults and adults with non-specific chronic low back pain based on the O'Sullivan Classification System

  • Alameri, Mansoor;Lohman, Everett III;Daher, Noha;Jaber, Hatem
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.175-186
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    • 2019
  • Objective: Non-specific chronic low back pain (NS-CLBP) has been related to abnormal trunk muscle activations, but literature reported considerable variability in muscle amplitudes of NS-CLBP patients during prolonged sitting periods. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the differences among homogenous NS-CLBP subgroups in muscle activity, using muscle co-contraction indices as a more objective approach, and their roles on pain development during a 1-hour period of prolonged sitting. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Twenty NS-CLBP subjects with motor control impairment (MCI) [10 classified as having flexion pattern disorder, and 10 with active extension pattern disorder], and 10 healthy controls participated in the study. Subjects followed a 1-hour sitting protocol on a standard office chair. Four trunk muscle activities including amplitudes and co-contraction indices were recorded using electromyography over the 1-hour period. Perceived back pain intensity was recorded using a numeric pain rating scale every 10 minutes throughout the sitting period. Results: All study groups presented with no significantly distinctive trunk muscle activities at the beginning of sitting, nor did they change over time when pain increased to a significant level. Both MCI subgroups reported a similarly significant increase in pain behavior through mid-sitting (p<0.001). However, after mid-sitting, they significantly differed from each other in pain (p<0.01) but did not differ in the levels of muscle activation. Conclusions: This study was the first to highlight the similarities in trunk muscle activities among homogenous NS-CLBP patients related to MCI and compared them to healthy controls while sitting for an extended period of time, and the significant increase in pain over the 1-hour sitting might not be attributed to trunk muscle activation.

The effects of Lumbar Stabilization Exercise on Balance Ability and Lumbar Trunk Muscle Endurance in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis(Pilot study) (요부안정화운동이 청소년기 특발성 척추 측만증 환자의 균형능력과 요부근지구력에 미치는 효과(Pilot study))

  • Shin, Seung-Sub;Lee, Sun-Woo;Song, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.16-26
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of lumbar stabilization exercise on balance ability in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Methods: This study was one group pretest-posttest design. Twenty young idiopathic scoliosis patients were recruited for this study. They had the lumbar stabilization exercise program for 40 minutes a day, three times per week for 3 weeks. The lumbar trunk muscle endurance test and clinical balance tests (functional forward reach, functional lateral reach, Fukuda 50-stepping, one leg standing with eyes open and eyes closed) were measured before and after the lumbar stabilization exercise. Results: There were significant differences between pre-and post-test in absolute value of the difference between right and left lateral reach, distance of Fukud 50-stepping and one leg standing on the each side with eyes closed(p<.05). The results showed that the lumbar trunk muscle endurance significantly increased(p<.05). Conclusion: In this study indicated that the lumbar stabilization exercise was effective on balance ability and lumbar trunk muscle endurance in patients with young idiopathic scoliosis.