• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pythagorean polynomials

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Mathematical Structures of Polynomials in Jeong Yag-yong's Gugo Wonlyu (정약용(丁若鏞)의 산서(算書) 구고원류(勾股源流)의 다항식(多項式)의 수학적(數學的) 구조(構造))

  • Hong, Sung Sa;Hong, Young Hee;Lee, Seung On
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.257-266
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    • 2016
  • This paper is a sequel to our paper [3]. Although polynomials in the tianyuanshu induce perfectly the algebraic structure of polynomials, the tianyuan(天元) is always chosen by a specific unknown in a given problem, it can't carry out the role of the indeterminate in ordinary polynomials. Further, taking the indeterminate as a variable, one can study mathematical structures of polynomials via those of polynomial functions. Thus the theory of polynomials in East Asian mathematics could not be completely materialized. In the previous paper [3], we show that Jeong Yag-yong disclosed in his Gugo Wonlyu(勾股源流) the mathematical structures of Pythagorean polynomials, namely polynomials p(a, b, c) where a, b, c are the three sides gou(勾), gu(股), xian(弦) of a right triangle, respectively. In this paper, we show that Jeong obtained his results through his recognizing Pythagorean polynomials as polynomial functions of three variables a, b, c.

Gugo Wonlyu of Jeong Yag-yong (정약용의 구고원류)

  • Kim, Young Wook
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.97-108
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    • 2019
  • This paper is an outgrowth of a study on recent papers and presentations of Hong Sung Sa, Hong Young Hee and/or Lee Seung On on Gugo Wonlyu which is believed to be written by the famous Joseon scholar Jeong Yag-yong. Most of what is discussed here is already explained in these papers and presentations but due to brevity of the papers it is not understood by most of us. Here we present them in more explicit and mathematical ways which, we hope, will make them more accessible to those who have little background in history of classical Joseon mathematics. We also explain them using elementary projective geometry which allow us to visualize Pythagorean polynomials geometrically.