• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pulse rate

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Changes in Circulatory and Respiratory Activities Observed on Men in an Engine Room of a Navy Ship (함정 기관실내 활동의 순환 및 호흡 기능에 대한 영향)

  • Hyun, Kwang-Chul;Nam, Kee-Yong
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.199-213
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    • 1967
  • Circulatory and respiratory activities were observed in men exposed to the environment of engine room of a cruising Republic of Korea Navy ship and compared to the control values obtained in an ordinary laboratory room on land. The environment of an engine room of cruising navy ship was presumed to be a multiple stress acting on men. The environment of the engine room included high temperature $(35-42^{\circ}C)$, low relative humidity (20-38% saturation), vibration (about 7 cycles per second), rolling and pitching of ship and noises. Sixteen men were divided into two groups consisted of each 8 subjects. Subjects of sea duty group had experience of continuous on board duty averaging 3.5 years. Men of land duty group had no experience of on board activity. On land observations were made on one day prior to the boarding and leaving the port and four days after landing. In between observations in the engine room were made on the first, 5 th, 9 th, 12 th, and 14 th day of on board activity. The whole experimental period lasted for 20 days. Measurements on circulatory and respiratory parameters were at standing resting state (after 30 minutes standing in the case of on land study and 15 minutes in engine room study) and within one minute after cessation of on the spot running of which rhythm was 30/min. and lasted for 5 minutes. Oxygen consumption and pulmonary function test were done in the period of two minutes from the 3rd to 5th minutes of running. The following results were obtained. 1. Body temperature showed no change regardless of group difference or on land or on board measurements. 2. Pulse rate increased markedly after boarding the ship id both groups. Pulse rate increased from the first day on board at rest and after exercise as compared to the on land control value. This increase in pulse rate was more marked after exercise. Sea duty group showed less increase in pulse rate at rest than the land duty group. Standing and resting pulse rate of sea duty group on lam was 81 and increased to 87 at the 5th day on board and remained smaller than the land duty group throughout the period on board. Control standing and resting pulse rate of land duty group on land was 76 and reached 89 at the 9th day on board and thereafter decreased a little. Pulse rate of land duty group at rest on board remained greater than that of sea duty group throughout the period on board. 3. Systolic blood pressure of sea duty group increased after boarding the ship and remained higher than the control value on land. In the land duty group, however, systolic blood pressure decreased during the period on board the ship. Diastolic blood pressure decreased in both groups. 4. Resting breathing rate of land duty group increased and remained higher than the control value on land. In sea duty group, however, resting breathing rate showed a transient increase on the 1st day on board and decreased thereafter to the control value on land and kept the same level throughout the period of cruise. Absolute value of breathing rate in the sea duty group was greater than the land duty group both at rest and after exercise. 5. There was a lowering of breathing efficiency in both groups. Thus, increases in tidal volume and minute ventilation volume and decreases in maximum breathing capacity, vital capacity, capacity ratio and air velocity Index were observed after boarding the ship. An increase in ventilation equivalent was also observed in both groups. The lowering of breathing efficiency was more marked in the land duty group than the sea duty group. 6. Energy expediture increased in both groups during their stay on the ship and was more marked in the sea duty group. 7, Lactate concentration in venous blood at rest and after exercise increased after boarding the ship and no group difference was observed.

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PULSE RATE AND OXYGEN SATURATION IN CHILDREN DURING ROUTINE RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY (소아 치과치료시 심박동과 동맥혈 산소포화도의 변화)

  • Kim, Ha-Na;Baik, Byeong-Ju;Kim, Jae-Gon;Yang, Yeon-Mi;Park, Jeong-Yeol
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2008
  • Pulse oximeter to monitor oxygen saturation during pediatric dental sedations enables early detection of hypoxemia. The purpose of this study was to monitor the hemoglobin oxygen saturation level and pulse rate of nonmedicated pediatric patients during routine restorative procedures to study the effect of procedure and treated jaw. We obtained data from 53 children treated at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Chonbuk national university hospital. Pulse rate and oxygen saturation were measured and recorded using pulse oximetry at each step of treatment. The results are as follows: 1. In non-anesthesia group, steep increase of pulse rate was observed during rubber dam application in the maxilla and during cavity preparation in the mandible. 2. In anesthesia group, pulse rate started to decrease after the rubber dam application in the maxilla, while its decrease observed since cavity preparation step in the mandible. 3. In non-anesthesia group, oxygen saturation level was relatively constant during all steps in the maxilla, but in mandible, it was higher during operation compared to its pre and post operation baseline. 4. In anesthesia group, oxygen saturation level was observed at 99% level through all steps in both jaw groups, and there was no statistical significance between the maxilla and the mandible groups(p>0.05). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of routine dental treatment on the pulse rate and oxygen saturation level in nonmedicated pediatric patients during routine restorative procedures in the maxilla and mandible.

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Development of Software Interpolator for Two-Axis Contouring Control (2축 윤곽제어를 위한 소프트웨어 보간자 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 김교형;이기설
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.389-396
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    • 1988
  • Microprocessor-based software DDA interpolator is developed and applied to two axis contouring control of X-Y table. Developed assembly program is composed of feedrate, linear and circular DDA interpolation routines. Reference-pulse type of open-loop stepping motor control system in which the micro-computer produces a sequence of reference pulses for each axis of motion is adopted. To test performance of the developed program, X-Y table drive system based on stepping motor and shaft encoder is designed. Conturing error of the system in linear and circular path is within .+-. 0.2mm under start stop pulse rate of stepping motor.

A Study of PPG Wave and Pulse Measurement on Radial Artery Using Digital Potentiometer and Exponentially Weighted Moving Average Filter (디지털 가변저항과 지수가중 이동평균필터를 통한 요골동맥에서의 PPG 파형과 맥박 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, In-Bok;Kim, Kyung-Ho
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.63 no.7
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    • pp.962-967
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, through a digital potentiometer and exponentially weighted moving average filter, pulse and PPG waveform measurable device was fabricated in radial artery. If this device is not proper about signal size in analog part, MCU can judge easily by adjusted amplification through digital potentiometer, using exponentially weighted moving average filter is able to filter out more clear value of ADC. I presumed pulse rate as value of measuring time between point of maximum contraction from sensing signal in radial artery of wrist. Therefore, this means can measure stable pulse rate and PPG waveform, finger as well as radial artery, whether signal size of each person is different finger as well as radial artery.

Effect of Working on Physiological, Biochemical and Haematological Parameters in Hariana Bullocks

  • Yadav, A.S.;Dhaka, S.S.;Kumar, B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.1067-1072
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    • 2001
  • An experiment was conducted on eight bullocks of Hariana cattle study draft efficiency using different appliances, changes in their physiological, biochemical and haematological parameters, and how the body tries to maintain these within normal physiological range. Blood collection was done at pre-exercise, three hours after exercise and two hours post exercise in summer and winter seasons of the year 1990-91. Average pulse rate and respiration rate per minute were found to be $63.09{\pm}0.78,\;25.60{\pm}0.54,\;97.21{\pm}2.51,\;63.37{\pm}2.70,\;64.05{\pm}1.90,\;25.33{\pm}1.20$, respectively, at pre-exercise, three hours exercise and two hours post exercise rest. The seasonal differences were found to significant and the values were higher in summer than in winter. After two hours post exercise rest Hariana bullocks regained their normal values for all the parameters, except that pulse rate, respiration rate and serum sodium during summer did not reach the pre - exercise levels.

Sweating Reaction of Men Adults - Centered on Athletes and Non-Athletes - (성인(成人) 남자(男子)의 발한(發汗) 반응(反應)에 관한 연구 - 운동선수(運動選手)와 비운동선수(非運動選手)를 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Shim, Boo-Ja
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.125-137
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    • 1999
  • The present study aims to reveal the sweating reaction of male adults, focused on athletes. With six subjects (3 athletes and 3 non-athletes) in two different conditions of ambient temperature (I : $25\pm1.0^{\circ}C$, II : $29.5\pm1.0^{\circ}C$), their total sweat rate, local sweat rate, skin temperature, physiological reaction (rectal temperature, blood pressure, and pulse rate), and psychological reaction (thermal, moisture, comfort, and perceptive sweat sensations) were measured. The comparison gave the following results: Total sweating rate was greater in non-athletes, while the two groups had more perspiration in ambience II. Local sweating rate in both ambiences was the greatest in the central breast area (athletes) and the infrascapular area (non-athletes). The mean skin temperature had more changes of increase and decrease in athletes. As to physiological reaction, non-athletes had lower rectal temperature and blood pressure as well as higher pulse rate. As for psychological reaction in Ambience II, the 4 sensations were mostly 'hot', 'humid', 'uncomfortable', and 'sweaty'.

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The Effects of Fowler's Position Change on Back Pain and Discomfort of the Patients Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (경피적 관상동맥중재술 후 반좌위 체위변경이 환자의 요통과 불편감에 미치는 효과)

  • Nam, So-Young;ChoiKwon, Smi
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of position change from supine to Fowler's on back pain and discomfort in patients who remained on bed rest after undergoing PCIs with a vascular closure device. Methods: Data was collected from 35 inpatients who were hospitalized in coronary-care unit to perform PCIs with a vascular closure device at S hospital in Seoul from December, 2006 to May, 2007. Back pain, discomfort, presence and grade of bleeding and hematoma from femoral arterial puncture site and blood pressure/pulse rate were measured prior to, 10 minutes, 1 hour and 2 hours after position change. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics, $x^2$ tests and t-tests using SPSS/WIN 12.0 for Windows program. The level of significance (${\alpha}$) was set at 0.05 for this study. Results: We found that there was no significant difference in back pain and discomfort in 10 minutes after position change between the two groups. However, the experimental group reported significantly less back pain and discomfort than the control group in 1 hour (p<.01, respectively) and 2 hour (p<.01, respectively) after position change. There was no significant difference in the presence and grade of bleeding and hematoma at the puncture site, blood pressure, and pulse rate in 10 minutes, 1hour and 2hours after position change between the two groups. Conclusion: Fowler's position change after PCIs in, therefore, safe and effective method of reducing back pain and physical discomfort without causing additional bleeding and changes in blood pressure and pulse rate.

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The Effects of Ketamine Preemptive Analgesia on Postoperative Pain in Patients undergoing a Hystrectomy (Ketamine에 의한 선행 진통법이 자궁적출술 환자의 수술 후 통증에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Hong-Yeon;Yoon, Hae-Sang
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.114-126
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the pre-emptive analgesic effects of a small dose of intravenous ketamine on postoperative pain in patients undergoing a hysterectomy. Method: Sixty patients undergoing a hystrectomy under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to 2 groups. The experimental group(30 patients) received 0.3mg/kg of ketamine after induction of anesthesia, approximately 5 min prior to surgery, but the control group(30 patients)did not receive ketamine. Data was collected in a double-blind manner from April 1st, to October 30th, 2004. Postoperatively, the patients used a patient-controlled analgesia(PCA) pump. Blood pressure, pulse rate, pain, anxiety, count of times pressing the PCA button, administeration of additional analgesics and side effects of ketamine were measured at 1 hour, 3 hours, 6 hours and 24 hours after the operation. Result: There were no statistical differences in blood pressure, pulse rate, pain and anxiety between the experimental and control groups. There were statistical differences in blood pressure, pulse rate, pain and anxiety during the 24 hours postoperatively. In the experimental group, the number of times pressing the PCA button and administering additional analgesic drugs were significantly lower than those of the control group. Conclusion: A 0.3 mg/kg dose of ketamine given at approximately 5 min before surgery resulted in decreasing the number of times pressing the PCA and the administration of additional analgesics.

The Antihypertensive Effect of Gyeok pal sang saeng yeok chim Acupuncture Treatment in Hypertension Patients (고혈압 환자에서 격팔상생역침범(隔八相生易鐵法)의 혈압강하 효과)

  • Han, Chang-Hyun;Han, Choong-Hee;Shin, Mi-Suk;Shin, Seon-Hwa;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : The aim of the study was to investigate the antihypertensive effect of Gyeok pal sang saeng Yeok chim Acupuncture in hypertensive patients. Methods : We measured the blood pressure of the patients who were admitted in the Oriental Medical Clinic of Brother from 13th February 2006 to 13th May 2006. We included the patients only in case of the systolic blood pressure was over 120mmHg or diastolic blood pressure was over 80mmHg, thirty patients were treated by Gyeok pal sang saeng Yeok chim Acupuncture. In order to evaluate the effect of the Gyeok pal sang saeng Yeok chim Acupuncture, the blood pressure and pulse rate were measured before and after Acupuncture procedure total 10 times. Results : There were significant decrease in the systolic blood pressure and significant decrease in the diastolic blood pressure treated by Gyeok pal sang saeng Yeok chim Acupuncture 10 times but pulse rate was not significantly decreased. The effect of Gyeok pal sang saeng Yeok chim Acupuncture by measurement time on blood pressure were follows: In a systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure was gradually deceased significantly from 1st to 10th but pulse rate was not significantly decreased. Conclusion : These results suggest that Gyeok pal sang saeng Yeok chim Acupuncture is effective in decreasing the systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

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A Study on the Physiological Responses and the Microclimate in Girdle (Girdle 착용이 인체생리반응과 의복기후에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Hyun Sik;Choi Jeong Wha
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.11 no.2 s.24
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 1987
  • The purpose of this study was to confirm the effects of girdle on the physiological responses and the microclimate in summer. The measuring points were rectal temperature, skin temperature, pulse rate and sweat volume as physiological responses and the inside clothing temperature, relative humidity as microclimate when the subjects wore girdle (girdle A; polyurethan+nylon, girdle B; polyurethan+cotton) for the period of rest and exercise in climate chamber. The enviromental conditions were at $25^{\circ}C$ ($65{\pm}5\%$ RH) and $30^{\circ}C$ ($75{\pm}5\%$ RR). The results were as followings. 1. Mean skin temperature increased in girdle during the exercise at $30^{\circ}C$. 2. The pulse rate decreased in girdle during the rest at $25^{\circ}C$. In the case of girdle A, it was remarkably decreased. Rectal temperature increased in girdle A and B during the exercise at $25^{\circ}C$. But the kinds of girdle didn't affect the pulse rate and rectal temperature. 3. The total sweat volume in girdle was larger than in control. 4. The difference between skin temperature and inside clothing temperature of abdomen had a tendency to increase at all experiment condition. 5. The relative humidity of inside ($RH_1$) and outside ($RH_2$) of girdle increased in girdle during the rest at $25^{\circ}C$ and $30^{\circ}C$. And the relative humidity of wearing girdle B was hig-her than girdle A during the rest at $25^{\circ}C$ and $30^{\circ}C$. The $RH_1$ after stepping at $30^{\circ}C$ was the highest in girdle A and the lowest in control. From this point of view, we concluded that physiological responses and the microclimate were affected by wearing girdle. And mean skin temperature and relative humidity of inside clothing were affected by the materials of girdle.

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