• Title/Summary/Keyword: Port authority

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Strategies for the Efficient Management of the Port Authority System in Korea: Focused on Incheon Port Authority (항만공사제도의 효율적 운영방안 - 인천항만공사를 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Won-Duck;Kim, Hyeong-Il;Ahn, Seung-Bum
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.171-189
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    • 2005
  • In order to improve inefficient and unproductive factors and in response to criticisms of the failure in harbor privatization introduced in 1997, the Korean government introduced the Port Authority system, which is commonly adopted in advanced harbors in the world. This research examined the theoretical background of harbor management system and various cases of harbor management in foreign countries. The desirable introduction of Port Authority system must be preceded by the settlement of problems in harbor structure and operation. In addition, the Port Authority Act, which restricts the autonomy of harbor corporations, should be improved for user-centered Port Authority system. Strategies for the successful introduction of Incheon Port Authority are as follows. Firstly it is required to establish consumer-centered harbor operation system. The second requirement is to activate the harbor logistics industry through the development of nearby logistic complexes led by Port Authority and, by doing so, to promote the development of local economy. Thirdly it is essential to lay the foundation of mutual prosperity through developing profitable businesses by linking localities and harbors, and to suggest a crisis control network for Port Authority and local self-governing bodies to cope jointly with crises in logistics and natural disasters.

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Introduction of Port Authority and Activation Schemes in the Age of Localization (지방화시대의 항만공사 도입과 활성화 방안)

  • 김홍섭
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.87-109
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    • 2003
  • Localization is one of the typical phenomena of this age in Korea. Localization of Port is on the beginning in this Country as the introduction of Port Authority in the Port of Busan and Incheon. As the condition of world trade has been changed, the level of Competition among Ports is severer than before, especially in the East Asia Area. Since many experts of Port say that centralized control system of Port has many Problems, some other Port Control system has been studied and suggested for long time. One of the Countermeasures of these Port Problems is Port Authority System which aims the balance of central and local development. Port Authority System does not want to achieve only Public Duty or Utility but also Commerciality which is fundamentally very important for the survival of Port. In this Paper, the necessities of Port Authority Introduction in Korea was explained. And Port Authority System will be introduced 2004 year in Busan Port firstly and Incheon Port, secondly. The Main Contents of Port Authority System was suggested , in this Paper and some Problems which shall be considered for better operation of Port Authority System was investigated. I suggested some countermeasures, endeavoring the competitive advantage of Port and higher Port Performance, in terms of 3 Dimensions. One is in the side of basic Policy Directions, the other is the activation schemes of functional department which composed of many activities of Port Authority System and the third is in the side of operation body. As this paper, however, has some limitations and Port Authority System is just beginning stage, future research shall be continued in real and concrete level.

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A Study on the Perception of Related person to strengthen the Autonomy of the Busan Port Authority (부산항만공사의 자율성 강화를 위한 항만이해관계자의 인식 연구)

  • Choi, Sung-Doo;Choi, Jin-Yi
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 2022
  • The port is a space where maritime transport and land transport intersect and is an essential industrial infrastructure for international trade. Therefore, it has a very important function in the national economy. Although the space and the physical facilities of a port are important, it is also very important to efficiently manage and operate these port infrastructures. The government introduced the Port Authority System to strengthen the efficiency and professionalism of port management operations. Since the port authority systemis based on port autonomy, the independence and autonomy of the port authority are very important in port management and operation. Nevertheless, the Port Authority is not functioning properly because the government interferes excessively with the operations of the Port Authority. Therefore, it is suggested that the legal system should be improved to strengthen the autonomy of the Port Authority (PA). This study examines the perception of the legal system that needs to be improved to strengthen the autonomy of the Port Authority, and suggests policy measures for Port Authority workers, civil servants, port companies, and civic groups.

A Study on the Port Logistics Administration of the Port of Busan in the Era of Port Authority (항만자치시대 부산항 항만물류행정에 대한 연구)

  • 손애휘
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.69-85
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    • 2003
  • The current legislation of the Port Authority which empowers the central government to control finance, personnel management, business of the Port Authority should be amended to allow the Port Authority to exercise its authority over port management and operation by gaining authority from the central government. In addition, to enhance Busan port's competitiveness and for a successive activation of the Susan Port Authority, it is necessary for the BPA to develop its new business and for the Busan Metropolitan City to establish both the department of Port Logistics and relevant regulations. The central government should also support and cooperate with the BPA rather than controlling the Authority.

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Managing Legal Issues and Developing Ordinance for the Effectiveness of Port Authority: Focused on Busan Port Authority and Busan Metropolitan City (항만공사(PA) 운영 활성화를 위한 법률 정비와 지원조례 설치방안 -부산항만공사와 부산광역시를 중심으로-)

  • Son, Ae-Hwi
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2004
  • This study deals with legal issues and solutions for a successful management of the Busan Port Authority(BPA) and proposes Busan Metropolitan City Ordinance for the effectiveness of BPA because the role of BPA is to improve Busan regional economy and to strengthen the competitiveness of Busan Port. In order to prepare the ordinance, this paper suggests that the current legislation related to Port Authority(PA), which empowers central government to control the management of port, should be amended to strengthen the port autonomy by allowing PA and local government to control the management and operation on port independently and enabling the building of cooperative system from the City for BPA.

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A Study on the Improvement of Port Administration System: Focused on the Port Authority of Korea (항만관리제도 개선에 관한 연구 -우리나라 항만공사를 중심으로-)

  • Baek, Ih-Huhum;Hwang, Seok-Jun
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.503-514
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    • 2011
  • Port Authority in Korea does not have financial independence nor fair recruitment practices, thus the prospects of the establishment of the Port Authority is not adequate. Therefore independent and effective port administration cannot be achieved. To overcome this situation, this paper examines the port administration system in Korea and identifies its problems. This paper then provides an 'modeling of Analytical Hierarchy structure' for evaluation. An alternative solution is provided by carrying out a public survey, analysing the significance of the evaluation factor using the techniques of the Analytical Hierarchy Process. The significance of profitability was identified. The role of central government is significant when assessing the public service function of port administration; and the role of the private company is significant when assessing the independence. In addition, the private company is significant when assessing profitability. The private company is the alternative for port administration in Korea, based on the evaluation of various alternatives.

Re-Organization of Port Governance in Gyeonggi Province (경기도의 항만 거버넌스 재정비방안)

  • Jung, Hyun-Jae;Lee, Dong-Hyon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to present an alternative to improve the complex structure of Gyeonggi port governance. Based on previous research, advanced port operation, timely development of port, port safety management, and growth with the region were selected as the main roles of port governance. In addition, the importance of each role was analyzed by selecting the government-led port authority and government and local joint port authority as alternatives. As a result of the analysis, it was found that the establishment of the government-led port authority was reasonable in terms of advanced port operation, timely port development, and port safety management. On the other hand, local joint port authority is reasonable in terms of growth with the region. The implication of this study is that it is necessary to simplify port governance in Gyeonggi Privince and establish the government-led port authority in which Participation of local governments is required for linking regional administration and urban development plans.

A Strategic Development of Incheon Port Authority Using SWOT/AHP Method (SWOT/AHP 방법을 이용한 인천항만공사의 발전 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Cheol;Ryoo, Dong-Keun;Lee, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2008
  • To increase port productivity and efficiency and also to avoid disadvantages of public port management, a port authority system h1s been introduced worldwide. The Korea Port Authority Act was enacted in 2003 and Incheon Port Authority was established in July 2005. The objective of this paper is to develop a strategy of Incheon Port Authority using SWOT/AHP method Research findings show that possibilities of business expansion and growth as well as geographical advantages of Incheon Port are identified as its strength The opportunities of Incheon Port Authority are continuous increase of cargo handling volumes in the Yellow sea rim and expansion of Free Trade Zone. A government two-port policy and growing its dependence on China and rapid growth of more competitors in domestic and overseas are considered to be threat. Its weaknesses include superannuated Incheon port facilities and port hinterland shortages. Based on SWOT analysis combined with AHP method this paper suggests S/O strategy, W/O strategy, S/T strategy, and W/T strategy as a strategic development plan of Incheon Port Authority.

Is Port Authority the Best Choice of Korean Port Reform?

  • Jun, Il-Soo;Hochstein, Anatoly
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.3-26
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    • 2002
  • In response to insurmountable pressure for a broad distribution of political power between the central government and local governments, the Korean Government pushes for the establishment of the local port authority as the optimum choice to achieve its goal. Starting with the Pusan and Incheon ports, the local port authority system is expected to setout the dramatic change in port management system throughout the Korean ports. However, this paper points out that the port reform choice should take into account the specific features of the society and country and some basic questions should be clearly answered beforehand. The fundamental questions are: whether institutional reform will markedly improve the ports managerial and operational efficiencies? and what will be the benefits and costs, compared to those of not changing? Without rigorous and comprehensive analysis on these issues in the institution transition, haphazard port reform will have the possibility to increase port users costs and disrupt the efficient port services. Experiences around the world clearly show that the indiscriminate copy of port reform found in other countries may be neither feasible nor practical presently in Korea. They also indicate that the port reform should be made on a gradual basis with full control of the pace.

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Private Finance under the Port Authority System in Korea (항만공사체제하의 민간자본 활용방식)

  • Ock, Dong-Suk;Jung, Young-Seo;Shin, Jae-Kwang
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.19-39
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    • 2007
  • Korean port developments have been mostly made by the central government. With the introduction of the Port Authority system, however, roles and function assignments of the central government in port development have been in change and the Port Authority has to find a solution for inducement of private investment in port development. This paper has examined the current legal system of port developments and then sought the way for inducement of private capital to improve specialty and efficiency of harbor facilities management and development under Port Authority. As the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and fisheries(MMAF) has two types of legal system for inducement of private investment on port developments, the Port Authorities can also have two types of private finance. Private finances by the Port Authorities has some more critical advantages than the one by the central government. It is also required to change the the administrative permissions and concession agreements which MMAF conveyed to private participants in port developments into the concession agreements between Port Authorities and private participants.

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