• Title/Summary/Keyword: Phosphate Removal

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A study on the evaluation of phosphate removal efficiency using Fe-coated silica sand (철 코팅 규사의 인산이온 제거 효율 평가 연구)

  • Jo, Eunyoung;Kim, Younghee;Park, Changyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.521-527
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    • 2017
  • Phosphorus is one of the limiting nutrients for the growth of phytoplankton and algae and is therefore one of leading causes of eutrophication. Most phosphorous in water is present in the form of phosphates. Different technologies have been applied for phosphate removal from wastewater, such as physical, chemical precipitation by using ferric, calcium or aluminum salts, biological, and adsorption. Adsorption is one of efficient method to remove phosphates in wastewater. To find the optimal media for phosphate removal, physical characteristics of media was analysed, and the phosphate removal efficiency of media (silica sand, slag, zeolite, activated carbon) was also investigated in this study. Silica sand showed highest relative density and wear rate, and phosphate removal efficiency. Silica sand removed about 36% of phosphate. To improve the phosphate removal efficiency of silica sand, Fe coating was conducted. Fe coated silica sand showed 3 times higher removal efficiency than non-coated one.

Phosphate Removal of Aqueous Solutions using Industrial Wastes (산업폐기물을 이용한 수용액 중 인산염의 흡착 제거)

  • Kang, Ku;Kim, Young-Kee;Park, Seong-Jik
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2013
  • The present study was conducted to investigate phosphate removal from aqueous solution using industrial wastes, red mud (RM), acid treated red mud (ATRM) and converter furnace steel slag (CFSS). The chemical composition of adsorbents was analyzed using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). Batch experiments and elution experiments using water tank were performed to examine environmental factors that influences on phosphate removal. Kinetic sorption data of RM, ATRM, and CFSS were described well by the pseudo second-order kinetic sorption model, and equilibrium sorption data of all adsorbents obeyed Freundlich isotherm model. The adsorption capacities of adsorbents followed order: ATRM (7.06 mg/g)>RM (4.34 mg/g)>CFSS (1.88 mg/g). Increasing pH from 3 to 11, the amount of adsorbed phosphate on all RM, ATRM, and CFSS were decreased. The presence of sulfate and carbonate decreased the phosphate removal of RM and ATRM but did not influence on the performance of CFSS. The phosphate removal of RM, ATRM, and CFSS was greater in seawater than deionized water, resulting from the presence of cations in seawater. The water tank elution experiments showed that RM capping blocked the elution of phosphate effectively. It was concluded that the adsorbents can be successfully used for the removal of the phosphate from the aqueous solutions.

Phosphate Removal from Wastewater by Surface-Modified Pinus rigida Powder (표면개질된 Pinus rigida 분말에 의한 하수의 인산염 제거)

  • Jeong, Myoung-Sun;Kim, Yeong-Kwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.241-248
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    • 2011
  • This research was performed to evaluate the efficacy of phosphate removal from wastewater by surface-modified wood powder and to clarify the removal mechanisms. In this work, Pinus rigida which is abundant in Korea and has little economic value was used in preparation of the wood powder as a sorbent material. The experiments were carried out in 2 phases, isothermal adsorption test and column test. The results of adsorption test fitted well both the Langmuir and Freundlich isothermal equations. Adsorption capacity was highest with the bark powder followed by the mixed powder(50% bark powder and 50% woody powder) and woody powder. Phosphate removal efficiency was as high as 98% at initial phosphate concentration of 50mg/L. Specific surface area of the powder increased following the experiment and phosphate removal was speculated to occur through adsorption mechanism. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis(EDXA) revealed that the phosphate adsorbed onto the surface of the powder was in the form of strengite($FePO_{4}$).

Phosphate Removal Using Recombinant Bacteria with Cytoplasmic Phosphate Binding Protein (Phosphate Binding Protein이 세포질에 발현된 재조합 박테리아를 이용한 인 제거)

  • Choi, Suk Soon;Ha, Jeong Hyub;Cha, Hyung Joon
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.558-561
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    • 2013
  • In the present work, we constructed a recombinant Escherichia coli with cytoplasmic-expressed phosphate-binding protein (PBP) and investigated its phosphate removal in water phase. When the recombinant bacteria were cultured for 6 h to treat phosphate, the removal efficiencies were 90, 49, and 41% for the treatment of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 mg/L phosphate, respectively, indicating good specific phosphate removal of our developed system. Also, cell densities of 2.5 and 5.0 Optical density resulted in high phosphate removal efficiencies and ~80% of 2.0 mg/L phosphate was efficiently removed. A novel biotechnology developed in this study could be effectively employed for resolving eutrophication problem in water body.

Phosphate Removal from Aqueous Solution according to Activation Methods of Red Mud (알루미늄 제련 폐기물(Red Mud)의 활성화 방법에 따른 수용상의 인산염 제거특성)

  • Kim, I-Tae;Bae, Woo-keun;Kim, Woo-jeong
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.466-472
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    • 2004
  • Red mud is formed as a waste during bauxite refining known as Bayer's process. Its main constituents are iron, aluminium, sodium and silica. The disposal of large quantities of wasted red mud causes a serious ecological problem. In this study, the red mud wasted from the bauxite refinery was studied for phosphate removal from aqueous solution according to activation methods. The influence of heat treatment, and neutralization with sea water and acid treatment level for the optimum conditions for phosphate removal have been determined. Heat treatment combined with acid treatment is most suitable for the removal of phosphate from aqueous solution. The optimal condition was activated with 1 N HCl solution after heating in $600^{\circ}C$ during 4 hours. Acid and heat treatment causes sodalite compounds which hinder the phosphate adsorption to leach out. The adsorption data obtained followed a first-order rate expression and fitted well with the Freundlich Isotherm well.

Optimization of chemical precipitation for phosphate removal from domestic wastewater (생활하수내 인 제거를 위한 화학적 침전의 최적화)

  • Lee, Sunkyung;Park, Munsik;Yeon, Seungjae;Park, Donghee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.663-671
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    • 2016
  • Coagulation/precipitation process has been widely used for the removal of phosphate within domestic wastewater. Although Fe and Al are typical coagulants used for phosphate removal, these have some shortages such as color problem and low sedimentation velocity. In this study, both Fe and Al were used to overcome the shortages caused by using single one, and anionic polymer coagulant was additionally used to enhance sedimentation velocity of the precipitate formed. Batch experiments using a jar test were conducted with real wastewater, which was an effluent of the second sedimentation tank in domestic wastewater treatment plant. Response Surface Methodology was used to examine the responsibility of each parameter on phosphate removal as well as to optimize the dosage of the three coagulants. Economic analysis was also done on the basis of selling prices of the coagulants in the field. Phosphate removal efficiency of Fe(III) was 30% higher than those of Fe(II). Considering chemical price, optimum dosage for achieving residual phosphate concentration below 0.2 mg/L were determined to be 18.14 mg/L of Fe(III), 2.60 mg/L of Al, and 1.64 mg/L of polymer coagulant.

Application of brass scrubber filter with copper hydroxide nanocomposite structure for phosphate removal

  • Hong, Ki-Ho;Yoo, In-Sang;Kim, Sae-Hoon;Chang, Duk;Sunwoo, Young;Kim, Dae-Gun
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.199-204
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    • 2015
  • In this study, a novel phosphorus removal filter made of brass scrubber with higher porosity of over 96% was fabricated and evaluated. The brass scrubber was surface-modified to form copper hydroxide on the surface of the brass, which could be a phosphate removal filter for advanced wastewater treatment because the phosphates could be removed by the ion exchange with hydroxyl ions of copper hydroxide. The evaluation of phosphate removal was performed under the conditions of the batch type in wastewater and continuous type through filters. Filter recycling was also evaluated with retreatment of the surface modification process. The phosphate was rapidly removed within a very shorter contact time by the surface-modified brass scrubber filter, and the phosphate mass of 1.57 mg was removed per gram of the filter. The possibility of this surface-modified brass scrubber filter for phosphorus removal was shown without undesirable sludge production of existing chemical phosphorus removal techniques, and we feel that it would be very meaningful as a new wastewater treatment.

Comparable Influencing Factors to evaluate the Phosphate Removal on the Batch and the fix-bed Column by Converter Slag (회분식과 연속흐름 칼럼에서 전로슬래그에 의한 인제거 영향에 미치는 요소에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.565-573
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    • 2015
  • The influencing factors to remove phosphate were evaluated by converter slag (CS). Experiments were performed by batch tests using different CS sizes and column test. Solutions were prepared at the different pH and concentrations. The maximum removal efficiency was obtained over 98% with the finest particle size, $CS_a$ within 2 hours in batch tests. The removal efficiency was increased in the order of decreasing size with same amount of CS for any pH of solutions. The adsorption data were well fitted to Freundlich isotherm. From the column experiment, the specific factors were revealed that the breakthrough removal capacity (BRC) $x_b/m_{cs}$, was decreased by increasing the influent concentration. The breakthrough time, tb was lasted shorter as increasing the influent concentration. The pH drop simultaneously led to lower BRC drop during the experimental hours. The relation between the breakthrough time and the BRC to influent concentration was shown in the logarithmic decrease. Results suggested that the large surface area of CS possessed a great potential for adsorptive phosphate removal. Consequently particle size and initial concentration played the major influencing factors in phosphate removal by converter slag.

Preparation of Calcium Silicate Hydrate Extrudates and Their Phosphate Adsorption Studies

  • Rallapalli, Phani Brahma Somayajulu;Ha, Jeong Hyub
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.562-568
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    • 2019
  • Cylindrical shape extrudates of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) were prepared using different percentages of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) / sodium alginate (SA) mixtures as binders and an aqueous solution containing 6% $H_3BO_3$ and 3% $CaCl_2$ was used as a cross linking agent. As the quantity of alginate increases, the phosphate removal efficiency and capacity were decreased. Among four different extrudate samples, the sample prepared by 8% PVA + 2% SA showed the highest phosphate removal efficiency (59.59%) and capacity (29.97 mg/g) at an initial phosphate concentration of 100 ppm and 2.0 g/L adsorbent dosage. Effects of the adsorbent dosage, contact time and initial phosphate concentration on the sample were further studied. The removal efficiency and capacity obtained by a 4.0 g/L adsorbent dose at an initial phosphate concentration of 100 ppm in 3 h were 79.38% and 19.96 mg/g, respectively. The experimental data of kinetic and isotherm measurements followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic equation and Langmuir isotherm model, respectively. These results suggested that the phosphate removal was processed via a chemisorption and a monolayer coverage of phosphate anions was on the CSH surface. The maximum adsorption capacity ($q_{max}$) was calculated as 23.87 mg/g from Langmuir isotherm model.

Phosphate Removal in the Wastewater by the different Size of Granular Converter Slag (입상 전로슬래그의 입도 차이에 따른 인공폐수의 인산염 제거에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Lee, In-Gu
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.136-142
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    • 2007
  • Recent publications have paid attention on the utilization of solid reagents for the removal of substances causing eutrophication, in particular $PO_4^{3-}$ ions. The adsorption of dissolved inorganic phosphate on slag produced by the refining process of iron ore was fundamentally studied for suppressing the liberation of phosphate from wastewater. This study has been conducted in order to find a possibility to improve the phosphate removal and to evaluate the phosphate removal variation to form hydroxyapatite, when the converter slag is used for phosphate removal. The result shows that the converter slag can be applied to remove phosphate using Freundlich isotherm. The size of converter slag, $2{\sim}0.425 mm$ was more efficient than $2{\sim}4.75mm$ to remove phosphate. In particular, 1 mg/L of phosphate can be removed up to 80% of the initial concentration for the continuous column experiment.

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