• Title/Summary/Keyword: PC-3 cell

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Protein Kinase C (PKC) in Cellular Signalling System: Translocation of Six Protein Kinase C Isozymes in Human Prostate Adenocarcinoma PC-3 Cell Line (세포신호계에 있어서 Protein Kinase C: 사람의 전입선 adenocarcinoma PC-3 세포내의 여섯개의 Protein kinase C 동립효소의 translocation)

  • Park, Won-Chul;Ahn, Chang-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.439-451
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    • 1993
  • Protein kinase C isozymes in a human prostate adenocarcinoma PC-3 cell line were characterized. Immunoreactive bands and immunocytochemical stains were obsenred in PC-3 cells with antibodies raised against protein kinase C ${\alpha}$, ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$, $\delta$, $\varepsilon$, and ζ types, respectively. Protein kinase C ${\alpha}$ corresponded to a immunoreactive band at a molecular weight of 80,000-dalton, whereas molecular weights of other immunoreactive isozvmes of protein kinase C were detected at 68,000-dalton. Protein kinHse C $\delta$ and ζ antibodies detected additional bands at 55,000-dalton and 80,000-dalton, respectively Immunocvtochemical study confirmed the results of the immunoblotting experiments qualitatively: all six protein kinase C isozymes were detected in the cytoplasm of PC-3 cells. Translocation of protein kinase C in PC-3 cells were also examined with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), bryostatin 2, diolein, and 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl glycerol (OAG). Differential reactions of protein kinase C isozvmes to these activators were obsenred. When PC-3 cells were treated with 10mM bryostatin 2, protein kinase C isozyme u was translocated into the nucleus, whereas s type was translocated into the plasma membrane and the nucleus. Protein kinase C ${\alpha}$ and ζ types were translocated into the nucleus following the treatment with 101M diolein, whereas protein kinase C ${\alpha}$, ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$, and $\varepsilon$ types were translocated into the nucleus by the treatment with 10mM OAG. Protein kinase C ${\alpha}$ and $\varepsilon$ types were translocated into the nucleus in the presence of 100nM PMA. Protein kinase C $\delta$ type was translocated to the nuclear membrane by these activators, however, only PMA-induced translocation was inhibited by protein kinase C inhibitor, 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyll-2-methvlpiperazine dihvdrochloride (H7) . H7 inhibited translocation of protein kinase C ${\alpha}$ type induced by PMA, ${\beta}$ type by OAG and s type by PMA and OAG, whereas it did not affect translocations induced by bryostatin and diolein, respectively. These results suggest that there exist six isoformes of protein kinase C (${\alpha}$, ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$, $\delta$, $\varepsilon$ and ζ types) in PC-3 cells and that each of these isozvmes distinctivelv reacts to bryostatin, diolein, OAG and PMA, in part due to an altered molecular size and conceivably discrete binding site(s).

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Bee Venom Inhibits PC-3 Cell Proliferation Through Induction of Apoptosis Via Inactivation of NF-${\kappa}B$ (Bee Venom이 NF-${\kappa}B$의 불활성화에 의한 세포자멸사를 통해 PC-3 세포의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hyun-Jun;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2010
  • 목적 : 이 연구는 봉약침의 봉독과 그 주요성분인 멜리틴이 NF-${\kappa}B$의 활성억제와 세포자멸사 관련 단백질의 발현 조절을 통하여 세포자멸사를 유도함으로써 전립선 암세포주인 PC-3 세포의 성장을 억제하는지를 확인하고 해당 기전을 살펴보고자 하였다. 방법 : 봉독이나 멜리틴을 처리한 후 PC-3의 성장억제를 관찰하기 위해 WST-1 assay, CCK-8 assay를 시행하였고, 세포자멸사 조절단백질의 변동 관찰에는 western blot analysis를 시행하였고, 세포자멸사와 연관된 NF-${\kappa}B$의 활성 변화를 관찰하기 위해 EMSA를 시행하였으며, PC-3에서 봉독이나 멜리틴과 NF-${\kappa}B$의 상호작용을 관찰하기 위해 transient transfection assay를 시행하여 세포생존율과 NF-${\kappa}B$의 활성 변동을 측정하였다. 결과 : PC-3 세포에 봉독이나 멜리틴을 처리한 후, 전립선암세포의 성장, 세포자멸사의 유발, 세포자멸사 관련 단백질의 발현, NF-${\kappa}B$의 활성, NF-${\kappa}B$의 p50, $IKK{\alpha}$, $IKK{\beta}$ 치환 후 NF-${\kappa}B$의 활성과 PC-3 세포 증식에 미치는 영향을 관찰하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. PC-3 세포에서 봉독이나 멜리틴을 처리한 후 세포자멸사가 유도되어 세포성장이 억제되었고, 세포자멸사 관련 단백질 중 분리된 PARP, caspase-3, -9는 유의한 증가를, Bcl-2, XIAP, cXIAP2는 유의한 감소를 나타내었다. 2. PC-3 세포에서 봉독이나 멜리틴을 처리한 후 NF-${\kappa}B$의 활성은 유의한 감소를 나타내었다. 3. PC-3 세포에서 NF-${\kappa}B$의 p50, $IKK{\alpha}$, $IKK{\beta}$를 치환하여 작용기를 없애고 봉독이나 멜리틴을 처리하였을 경우에도 NF-${\kappa}B$의 활성이 유의한 감소를 나타내었다. 결론 : 이상의 결과는 봉독이나 멜리틴이 NF-${\kappa}B$의 활성 억제를 통하여 인간 전립선암세포주인 PC-3의 세포자멸사를 유발함으로써 증식억제 효과가 있음을 입증한 것으로, 전립선암의 예방과 치료에 대한 효과적인 치료제 개발에 도움이 될 것으로 기대된다.

Cobrotoxin Inhibits Prostate Carcinoma PC-3 Cell Growth Through Induction of Apoptotic Cell Death Via Inactivation of NF-kB

  • Song, Kyung-Chul;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2006
  • We previously found that cobrotoxin inhibited $NF-{\kappa}B$ activity by reacting with signal molecules of $NF-{\kappa}B$ which is critical contributor in cancer cell growth by induction of apoptotic cell death. We here investigated whether cobrotoxin inhibits cell growth of human prostate cancer cells through induction of apoptotic cell death, which is related with the suppression of the $NF-{\kappa}B$ activity. Cobrotoxin $(0{\sim}8\;nM)$ inhibited prostate cancer cell growth through increased apoptosis in a dose dependent manner. Cobrotoxin inhibited DNA binding activity of $NF-{\kappa}B$, an anti-apoptotic transcriptional factor. Consistent with the induction of apoptosis and inhibition of $NF-{\kappa}B$, cobrotoxin increased the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins caspase 3. Cobrotoxin, a venom of Vipera lebetina turanica, is a group of basicpeptides composed of 233 amino acids with six disulfide bonds formed by twelve cysteins. NF-kB is activated by subsequent release of inhibitory IkB and translocation of p50. Since sulfhydryl group is present in kinase domain of p50 subunit of NF-kB, cobrotoxin could modify NF-kB activity by protein-protein interaction. And Cobrotoxin down regulated Akt signals. Salicylic acid as a reducing agent of Sulf-hydryl group and LY294002 as a Akt inhibitor abrogated cobrotoxin-induced cell growth and DNA binding activity of $NF-{\kappa}B$. These findings suggest that nano to pico molar range of cobrotoxin could inhibit prostate cancer cell growth, and the effect may be related with the induction of apoptotic cell death through Akt dependent inhibition of $NF-{\kappa}B$ signal.

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Snake Venom from Vipers Lebetina Turanica Inhibits Tumor in a PC-3 Cell Xenograft Model and PC-3 Cell Growth in Vitro (Vipera Lebetina Turanica 사독의 PC-3 세포성장 억제)

  • Kang, Jun;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2007
  • 목적 : 이 연구는 Vipera lebetina turanica의 사독약침파(蛇毒藥鍼波)(Snake venom toxin, SVT)이 in vitro에서 $NF-{\kappa}B$의 활성억제와 apoptosis 관련 단백질의 발현 조절을 통하여 세포자멸사(Apoptosis)를 유도하는지 in vivo에서 또한 전립선 암세포주인 PC-3 세포의 성장을 억제하는지 살펴보고자 하였다. 방법 : SVT를 처리한 후 PC-3의 성장억제를 관찰하기 위해 WST-1 assay, CCK-8 assay를 시행하였고,Apoptosis evaluation에는 DAPI, TUNEL staining assay를 시행하였으며,Apoptosis regulatory proteins의 변화 관찰에는 western blot analysis를 시행하였고,apoptosis와 연관된 $NF-{\kappa}B$의 활성 변화를 관찰하기 위해 EMSA시행하였으며,SVT의 핵내이동을 관찰하기 위해 Immunofluorescence Staining, Confocal immunocytochemistry를 시행하였으며,전립암세포의 종양형성에는 흉선을 제거한 쥐에 Tumorigenecity study를 시행하였다. 결과 : PC-3 세포에 SVT를 처리한 후,전립선 암세포의 성장,Apoptosis의 유발,Apoptosis관련 단백질의 발현,$NF-{\kappa}B$의 활성,SVT의 PC-3세포 핵내 이동여부 및 흉선제거 후 PC-3 세포를 이식한 쥐의 종양형성과정에 미치는 영향을 관찰하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. PC-3 세포에서 SVT를 처리한 후 세포성장이 억제되고,세포자멸사가 유도되며,조절인자인 p53, caspase-3, -9는 증가되었고,Bcl-2는 감소되었다. 2. PC-3 세포에서 SVT를 처리한 후 $NF-{\kappa}B$의 활성이 유의하게 감소되었다. 3. DAPI로 염색된 상태에서 SVT가 PC-3 세포의 핵내로 이통되는 것이 관찰되었다. 4. 흉선제거 후 전립선 암세포주를 이식한 쥐에서 SVT를 피내로 주입한 결과 전립선암의 크기와 무게가 유의하게 감소하였다. 결론 : 이상의 결과는 SVT가 $NF-{\kappa}B$의 활성 억제를 통하여 인간 전립선암세포주인 PC-3의 세포자멸사를 유발함으로써 증식억제 효과가 있음을 입증한 것이며,이를 재확인한 생체 연구에서의 긍정적인 결과는 향후 SVT의 전립선암의 예방과 치료에 대한 효과적인 치료제 개발에 초석이 될 것으로 기대된다.

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Synergistic effect of curcumin on epigallocatechin gallate-induced anticancer action in PC3 prostate cancer cells

  • Eom, Dae-Woon;Lee, Ji Hwan;Kim, Young-Joo;Hwang, Gwi Seo;Kim, Su-Nam;Kwak, Jin Ho;Cheon, Gab Jin;Kim, Ki Hyun;Jang, Hyuk-Jai;Ham, Jungyeob;Kang, Ki Sung;Yamabe, Noriko
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.48 no.8
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    • pp.461-466
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    • 2015
  • Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and curcumin are well known to naturally-occurring anticancer agents. The aim of this study was to verify the combined beneficial anticancer effects of curcumin and EGCG on PC3 prostate cancer cells, which are resistant to chemotherapy drugs and apoptosis inducers. EGCG showed weaker inhibitory effect on PC3 cell proliferation than two other prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP and DU145. Co-treatment of curcumin improved antiproliferative effect of EGCG on PC3 cells. The protein expressions of p21 were significantly increased by the co-treatment of EGCG and curcumin, whereas it was not changed by the treatment with each individual compound. Moreover, treatments of EGCG and curcumin arrested both S and G2/M phases of PC3 cells. These results suggest that the enhanced inhibitory effect of EGCG on PC3 cell proliferation by curcumin was mediated by the synergic up-regulation of p21-induced growth arrest and followed cell growth arrest. [BMB Reports 2015; 48(8): 461-466]

Antitumoral and Antioxidant Potential of Egyptian Propolis Against the PC3 Prostate Cancer Cell Line

  • Salim, Elsayed I;Abd El-Magid, Afaf D;Farara, Khalid M;Maria, Dina SM
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.7641-7651
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    • 2015
  • It has been shown previously that nutritional supplements rich in polyphenolic compounds play a significant role in prostate cancer chemoprevention. Propolis is a natural, resinous hive product that has several pharmacological activities including antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antitumoral activities. The aim of this study was to compare the cytotoxic, antioxidant and antitumoral activities of an ethanolic extract of Egyptian propolis (EEP) in vitro with an established chemotherapeutic drug such as doxorubicin (DOX), and the effects of their combination against the PC3 human prostate cancer cell line. Cellular viability and $IC_{50}$ levels with EEP, DOX and their (v/v) combination were detected by sulphorhodamine-B (SRB) assay after incubation of PC3 cells for 72h with different doses (0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 and $100{\mu}g/ml$). Two selected doses of $IC_{50}$ and $IC_{25}$ were applied to cells for 24h for antitumor evaluation assay of treatment compounds. EEP and its (v/v) combination with DOX showed significant antitumor potential besides high antioxidant properties of superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase (CAT), nitric oxide (NO) and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels when compared with the control untreated cells. DNA fragmentation assay and semi quantitative RT-PCR analyses for p53 and Bax genes showed that EEP activated cellular apoptosis and increased the mRNA expression levels more than other treatment. In conclusion, EEP alone or in combination with DOX at both doses used here showed greater antioxidant, antiproliferative and apoptotic effects against the PC3 cell lines as compared to treatment with DOX alone. Therefore, EEP could be considered as a promising candidate for prostate cancer chemotherapy.

The Study of Anti-cancer Mechanism with Bee Venom and Melittin on Human Prostatic Cancer Cell (전립선 암세포에 대한 봉약침액(蜂藥浸液) 및 Melittin 약침액(藥浸液)의 항암(抗癌) 기전(機轉) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Kyung-Tae;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.37-50
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-caner effect of Bee Venom and Melittin on the prostatic cancer cell(PC-3). The goal of study is to ascertain whether Bee Venom and Melittin inhibits the cell growth and cell cycle of PC-3, or the expression of relative genes and whether the regression of PC-3 cell growth is due to cell death or the expression of gene related to apoptosis. Methods : After the treatment of Pc-3 cells with Bee Venom and Melittin, we performed Fluorescence microscope, MTT assay, Western blotting, Flow cytometry, PAGE electrophoresis and Surface plasmon resonance analysis to identify the cell viability, apoptosis and gene related to apoptosis. Results : 1. Compared with Control cell, the inhibition of cell growth reduced in proportion with the dose of Bee Venom or Melittin($0{\sim}10{\mu}g/ml$) in PC-3. 2. In PC-3, Cell viabilities of Bee Venom or Melittin treatment was decreased significantly. 3. The nucli of Control cells were stained round and homogenous in DAPI staining, but those of PC-3 were stained condense and splitted. 4. In PC-3, apoptosis of Bee Venom or Melittin treatment was increased significantly. 5. Bax, Caspase-3 and P ARP of Bee Venom or Melittin treatment was increased significantly and Bcl-2 of Bee Venom or Melittin treatment was decreased significantly. Caspase-9 of Bee venom treatment was increased significantly. Conclusion : These results indicate that Bee Venom and Melittin inhibits the growth of prostate cancer cells, has anti-cancer effects by inducing apoptosis. We wish that the anti-cancer effects of Bee Venom and Melittin are used to clinical caner treatment.

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Induction of Growth Inhibition and Apoptosis by Resveratol in Human Prostate Cancer Cells

  • Kim, Young-Ae;Kong, Kyu-Ri;Park, Kun-Young;Rhee, Sook-Hee;Park, Yung-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • 2002.11b
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    • pp.132-132
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    • 2002
  • Resveratrol (trans-3,5,4'-trihydroxystillbene) is a natural phytoalexin present in grapes, fruits, peanuts and red wine. Resveratrol has been reported cancer chemopreventive effects. The aim of the present study was to further elucidate the possible mechanisms by which resveratrol exerts its anti-prolifrtative action in human prostate cancer PC-3 cell line.(omitted)

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Antiproliferation Effects of Ethanol and Water Extracts from Germinated Rough Rice (발아 벼 열수 및 에탄올 추출물의 암세포주 증식억제 효과)

  • Kim, Hyun-Young;Hwang, In-Guk;Kim, Tae-Myoung;Kim, Dae-Joong;Park, Dong-Sik;Kim, Jae-Hyun;Lee, Jun-Soo;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.1107-1112
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of 70% ethanol and water extract of Korean rough rice ('Ilpum', 'Goami2', 'Keunnun', 'Sulgaeng', 'Baegjinju', and 'Heugkwang') before and after germination on proliferation of human cancer cell lines (HepG2, PC-3, and MCF-7). Antiproliferation effect was higher in ethanol extract than water extract, and was higher in after germination. 'Ilpum' ethanol extract after germination showed higher anti-proliferation effect on HepG2 and PC-3 cell lines than before germination. The cell viability on HepG2 and PC-3 cell lines of 'Ilpum' ethanol extract after germination was 27.23% and 5.05% at 1.0 mg/mL, respectively. The anti-proliferation effect on MCF-7 was the highest in 'Ilpum' and 'Heugkwang' 70% ethanol extract after germination and those cell viabilities were 7.27% and 17.00% at 0.5 mg/mL, respectively. These results suggest that germinated rough rice might have a potentially preventive effect on human cancer cells.