• Title/Summary/Keyword: Optimal design

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A Study on the Optimal Design of Prestressed Concrete Box Girder Bridges (프리스트레스트 콘크리트 박스 거더 교량의 최적 설계에 관한 연구)

  • 노금래;윤희택;박선규
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • 1999.04a
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    • pp.251-256
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    • 1999
  • In the preliminary design stage of Prestressed Concrete (PSC) Box Girder Bridges, the design factors(including depth, thickness of web, and jacking force) decided by inexperience designer could heavily affect the final design factors. So there is a possibility that the design ends up with an excessively wasteful design. To aim at an economical design with preventing an excessive design, the optimal design program has been developed by using ADS optimal program and SPCFRAME(PSC Bridge analysis program) in these studies. The optimal design program automatically calculates economically optimized design studies. The optimal design program automatically calculates economically optimized design factors by introducing the optimal design techniques of PSC box girder bridge design. The objective function for optimal design is material cost of box girder and constrained functions are constituted with design specifications and workability. The optimal design techniques used the Sequential Unconstraint Minimization Technique (SUMT) with performing the optimal design program. In this study, We designed unprismatic section bridge and prismatic section bridge in the same design condition by optimal design program developed in this study. By analyzing the results we suggested the practical form of tendon's layout comparing the optimal desingns on the basis of each tendon's layout.

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Optimal Design for Indoor Thermal Environment based on CFD Simulation and Genetic Algorithms (CFD 연성해석과 유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 실내 열환경 최적설계에 관한 연구)

  • 김태연;이윤규
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2004
  • The optimal design method of indoor thermal environment using CFD coupled simulation and genetic algorithms (GA) is developed in this study. CFD could analyze the thermal environment considering the distribution of temperature, velocity, etc. in a room. Therefore, It would be appropriate to use CFD for the optimal design method considering their distribution. In this paper, the optimal design means the most appropriate boundary conditions of the room among the conditions where the design target of indoor therm environment is achieved. Two step optimal indoor thermal environment design method is proposed. It includes the GA for searching the optimal indoor thermal environment design. To examine the performance of this method, the optimal design of hybrid ventilation system, which uses the natural cross ventilation and the radiation-cooling panel is conducted. The optimal design which satisfies the design target (thermal comfort, minimum cooling load, minimum vertical temperature difference) is found using two step optimal design method.

Topology Optimal Design for Lightweight Shape of the Vehicle Mechanical Component (수송기계부품의 경량화 형상을 위한 위상최적설계)

  • 황영진;강신권;김종범;이석순;최창곤;손재홍
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2003
  • In this study we performed optimal design for the vehicle mechanical component which satisfies both a sufficient stiffness and a lightweight using topology optimization technique. The FEA for the initial model before optimal design is performed by ABAQUS/Standard. And, we suggest optimization model using the topology optimal design program Altair Optisturuct 3.6. The FEA of optimal design is performed under the same condition as the initial model. We performed the FEA fur the topology optimal design model and verified the validity of the present method.

Optimal Design of Stiffened Laminate Composite Cylindrical Shells (보강복합재료원통셸의 최적설계)

  • 원종진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.12-18
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    • 1998
  • The optimal design for stiffened laminate composite cylindrical shells under combined loads is studied by a nonlinear mathematical search algorithm. The optimal design is accomplished with the CONMIN. several types of buckling modes with maximum allowable stresses and strains are included as constraints in the optimal design process, such as general buckling, panel buckling with either stringers or rings smeared out, local skin buckling, local crippling of stiffener segments. Rectangular or T type stringers and rectangular rings are used for stiffened laminate composite cylindrical shells.

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Kinematic Analysis and Optimal Design of 3-PPR Planar Parallel Manipulator

  • Park, Kee-Bong
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.528-537
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    • 2003
  • This paper proposes a 3-PPR planar parallel manipulator, which consists of three active prismatic Joints, three passive prismatic joints, and three passive rotational joints. The analysis of the kinematics and the optimal design of the manipulator are also discussed. The proposed manipulator has the advantages of the closed type of direct kinematics and a void-free workspace with a convex type of borderline. For the kinematic analysis of the proposed manipulator, the direct kinematics, the inverse kinematics, and the inverse Jacobian of the manipulator are derived. After the rotational limits and the workspaces of the manipulator are investigated, the workspace of the manipulator is simulated. In addition, for the optimal design of the manipulator, the performance indices of the manipulator are investigated, and then an optimal design procedure Is carried out using Min-Max theory. Finally. one example using the optimal design is presented.

Optimal Design of Shock Absorber using High Speed Stability (고속 안정성을 고려한 쇽업소버 최적 설계)

  • 이광기;모종운;양욱진
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1998
  • In order to solve the conflict problem between the ride comfort and the road holding, the optimal design of shock absorber that minimizes the r.m.s. of sprung mass vertical acceleration and pitch rate with the understeer characteristics constraints in the high speed stability is proposed. The design of experiments and the nonlinear optimization algorithm are used together to obtain the optimal design of shock absorber. The second order regression models of the input variables(front and rear damping coefficients) and the output variables (ride comfort index and road holding one) are obtained by the central composite design in the design of experiments. Then the optimal design of shock absorber can be systematically adjusted with applying the nonlinear optimization algorithm to the obtained second order regression model. The frequency response analysis of sprung mass acceleration and pitch rate shows the effectiveness of the proposed optimal design of shock absorber in the sprung mass resonance range with the understeer characteristics constraints.

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Augmented D-Optimal Design for Effective Response Surface Modeling and Optimization

  • Kim, Min-Soo;Hong, Kyung-Jin;Park, Dong-Hoon
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.203-210
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    • 2002
  • For effective response surface modeling during sequential approximate optimization (SAO), the normalized and the augmented D-optimality criteria are presented. The normalized D-optimality criterion uses the normalized Fisher information matrix by its diagonal terms in order to obtain a balance among the linear-order and higher-order terms. Then, it is augmented to directly include other experimental designs or the pre-sampled designs. This augmentation enables the trust region managed sequential approximate optimization to directly use the pre-sampled designs in the overlapped trust regions in constructing the new response surface models. In order to show the effectiveness of the normalized and the augmented D-optimality criteria, following two comparisons are performed. First, the information surface of the normalized D-optimal design is compared with those of the original D-optimal design. Second, a trust-region managed sequential approximate optimizer having three D-optimal designs is developed and three design problems are solved. These comparisons show that the normalized D-optimal design gives more rotatable designs than the original D-optimal design, and the augmented D-optimal design can reduce the number of analyses by 30% - 40% than the original D-optimal design.

Analysis and Optimal design of Axial Magnetic Bearings (축방향 자기베어링의 해석 및 최적설계)

  • 박영진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • 1997.10a
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    • pp.278-283
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    • 1997
  • This paper proposes a systematic design method for axial(or thrust) magnetic bearings using optimal design methodology. The objective of the optimal design is to minimize bearing volume. The constraints include the bearing load capacity, linearized bearing stiffness and damping, the magnetic flux density, and geometric relations. In order to obtain design values which can be applied to fabrication of bearings, branch and bound method was introduced in the postprocessing procedure of optimal design results. Verification of the proposed design methodology was perfomed by an example.

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Optimal Design and Development of Electromagnetic Linear Actuator for Mass Flow Controller

  • Chung, Myung-Jin;Gweon, Dae-Gab
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.40-47
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, we constructed the analytic model of control valve as a function of electric and geometric parameters, and analyzed the influence of the design parameters on the dynamic characteristics. For improving the dynamic characteristics, optimal design is conducted by applying sequential quadratic programming method to the analytic model. This optimal design aims to minimize the response time and maximize force efficiency. By this procedure, control valve can be designed to have fast response in motion.

Development of a CAD-based General Purpose Optimal Design and Its Application to Structural Shape for Fatigue Life (캐드 기반 범용 최적설계 시스템 개발 및 피로수명을 위한 구조형상최적설계에의 응용)

  • Kwak, Byung-Man;Yu, Yong-Gyun
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • 2003.11a
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    • pp.1340-1345
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, an integrated optimal design software system for structural components has been developed which interfaces existing commercial codes for CAD, CAE and Optimization. They include specialized optimal design software codes such as iSIGHT and VisualDOC, optimization module imbedded in CAD software developed by CAD developers, and optimal design software systems based on API of commercial CAD software. The advantages of the CAD imbedded optimal design approach and those of specialized optimal design software are taken to develop the system. The user defines optimal design formulation in the user interface for problem definition in the CAD control stage, where design variables are directly selectable from the CAD model and various properties and performance functions defined. The commercial CAD codes, Open I-DEAS are used for the development. The resulting software is minimally connected to CAD and CAE systems while keeping maximum independence from each other. This assures flexibility and freedom for problem definition. Fatigue life optimization is taken as a nontrivial application area. As a specific example, the shape design of a knuckle part of an automobile is performed, where the minimum fatigue life over the material domain in terms of the number of cycles of a curb strike are maximized under the constraint of not exceeding the current mass. The fatigue life has been improved by four times of the initial life. The developed software is illustrated to maintain the advantages of existing optimal design software systems while improving independency and flexibility.

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