• Title/Summary/Keyword: Occupational Therapy

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Basic Investigation for Publicity of Korean Occupational Therapy (국내 작업치료 홍보를 위한 기초조사)

  • Jang, Jong-Sik;Ra, Na-Young;Won, Jeong-yeon;Lee, Na-Ra;Lee, Kyoung-Min;Kim, Ji-Hyen
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2014
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to investigate the awareness and interest rate of occupational therapy in Korea, and to establish basic data for further development of occupational therapy through the results. Methods : This survey was conducted between October 1th and December 31st 2013 and 308 questionnaires were collected from university student and public. The questionnaires of 308 respondents were analyzed through Cosstabs, Descriptive statistics, Frequency study and t-test, ANOVA analysis using SPSS ver. 18.0. Results : There was a significant difference in the awareness rate of occupational therapy by age and occupation (p<.01). People who were knowledgeable about occupational therapy had a friend or relative related to occupational therapy(33.5%), or were informed through media(37.1%). Positive responses regarding whether responders wanted to find more about occupational therapy were high(53%), and publicity(63.5%) turned out to be the most effective method for advancement. Conclusion : Although there is a lack of public awareness on occupational therapy, high percentage of responders showed positive responses in receiving occupational therapy when they get an injury in the future, and furthermore, learn more about occupational therapy. Based on this result, it is clear that high percentage of people were showing interest to occupational therapy. It could be conjectured that active publicity through internet or media may be effective.

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Current Status of Occupational Therapy in Korean University Hospital NICUs (국내 대학병원 신생아중환자실 작업치료의 현황)

  • Kim, Sunmi;Park, Seohee;An, Sunjoung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2014
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to provide some basic information about current status of occupational therapy in Korean University Hospital NICUs. Method : This study was conducted by mail and by analyzing 61 survey questionnaires sent out pediatric occupational therapist in 39 university hospitals. Result : 23 people of the current pediatric occupational therapists worked in NICU under many constraints. Some reasons for not providing occupational therapy services in the NICU were lack of pediatric occupational therapists(55.3%), funding difficulties(42.1%) and problem in the hospital system(42.1%). Conclusion : The results of this study can be used as a basis to increase the provision of occupational therapy in the NICU. Further research is needed to improve the role of occupational therapy in the NICU.

The Satisfaction of Volunteer Activity to Home-visiting Occupational Therapy for the Child with Sensory Integrative Dysfunction (감각통합 장애 아동을 위한 작업치료적 가정 방문 자원활동의 만족도)

  • Lee, Sung-A;Choi, Jeong-Sil
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2006
  • Objective : The purpose of this paper was to suggest a model of the home-visiting occupational therapy for the child with sensory integrative dysfunction through parent's satisfaction of volunteer activity to home-visiting occupational therapy. Method : A questionnaire survey were conducted to investigate the satisfaction on after of volunteer activity to home-visiting occupational therapy for the child with sensory integrative dysfunction. The 12 parents agreed on this service that students of department of occupational therapy visited at home 2 or 3times during the 16weeks. Results : Parents responded that satisfaction was seen orderly agreed(66%), very agreed (34%) in the convenient portion of service process, orderly agreed(50%), very agreed(42%), moderate agreed(8%) in the therapeutic technique and professionalism, very agreed(58%), agreed(42%) in the portion of general satisfaction. Correlation was not between satisfaction of convenient portion and related questions, but in the student attitude and the therapeutic technique, professionalism and related question was related to all question except a family treatment access method portion. Conclusions : It will be able to present the model of the home-visiting service in various occupational therapy field above the results and home-visiting occupational therapy service system must be introduced with the hygienic medical treatment delivery system through the deepening research.

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Awareness on Occupational Therapy by the People Involved in Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (재활치료와 관련된 사람들의 작업치료에 대한 인식조사)

  • Jung, Myeongjin;Jang, Chel
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.105-117
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : This study was to investigate the awareness on occupational therapy by the people involved in rehabilitation of persons with disabilities Methods : The survey on the awareness of occupational therapy was conducted on 9 organizations and 111 employees associated with rehabilitation, of which the collected data was calculated in percentage using the results Result : 89.2% answered with "I know the subject of occupational therapy," 66.6% with "I know the meaning of it," 81.1% with "I know the purpose of it," being awared that it has been conducted in medical institutions and other places. However those answers might need more precise information for each occasion. In addition, for the distinction between occupational therapy and other kinds(physical therapy, speech therapy, art therapy, play therapy, music therapy), 40.5% answered with "yes in some degree," but 19% with "no." Regarding the eligibility requirement for occupational therapist, 55% answered with "qualified with a licence." Conclusion : Active promotion will be required more focusing on the subject of occupational therapy, the meaning of occupation, the purpose and working places of occupational therapy, the difference from other therapies, and the qualification of occupational therapist.

Study on Attitudes of Occupational Therapy Students Toward Disabled Individuals

  • Lee, Hye-Sun
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.158-164
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    • 2018
  • The object of this study is to explore the attitudes of occupational therapy students and "general students" (who study in different areas other than occupational therapy) towards people with disabilities, and to examine the causing factors of positive and negative attitudes toward people with disabilities by using Disability Factor Scales (DFS). According to the result of the study using the Disability Factor Scales (DFS), it indicates that the attitudes of the occupational therapy students were more positive than those of "general students" from other departments. In the case of score differences among occupational therapy students by class standing, seniors who experienced clinical practice showed a less favorable attitude toward the disabled than freshmen, so it is necessary to develop clinical practice and an occupational therapy curricula that incorporate patient-centered treatment rather than therapist-centered education with simple physical contact or illness problems.

Satisfaction Survey of Occupational Therapy Service at Specialized Child-care Centers for Disabled in Gyeongbuk (경북지역 장애아전문어린이집의 작업치료서비스에 대한 만족도 조사)

  • Kang, Suk-Gu;Lee, Chun-Yeop
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2015
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the satisfaction of occupational therapy service for parents of children with disabilities using specialized child-care centers for disabled in Gyeongbuk. Methods : The subjects of this study were 104 parents who have experience in occupational therapy at 14 specialized child-care centers for disabled in Gyeongbuk. A questionnaire was conducted from July, 2014 to March, 2015. Descriptive statistics of frequency, mean, standard deviation, and One-Way ANOVA study were used to analyze data. Results : Disabled children got occupational therapy at first when they were 3.25 years, on average. Duration of occupational therapy use were 31.84 month, on average. The subjects determined to got occupational therapy mostly through consultation nurseries(40.4%). Most of them got speech therapy(78.0%) other than receiving occupational therapy service, responded very necessary to occupational therapy(69.3%). Satisfaction of occupational therapy service were 4.49 point at attitude of occupational therapists, 4.36 point at occupational therapy program, and 4.26 point at environment of occupational therapy room. Attitude of occupational therapists were the highest satisfied. Conclusion : This study would contribute to effective and meaningful occupational therapy through objective view

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Effects of Home-based Cognitive Occupational Therapy Applied to Dementia Patients in the Initial Stages in Gangwon-do (강원도 지역 초기 치매환자에게 적용한 가정방문 인지작업치료의 효과)

  • Lee, Gee-Dae;Jeon, Byoung-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2014
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of a Home-based cognitive occupational therapy program conducted for the dementia patients in the initial stages living in Taebaek region in Gangwon-do. Methods : This study carried out Home-based cognitive occupational therapy intervention by 30 Occupational Therapy Dept. students and volunteers targeting 30 dementia patients in the initiative stages for eight sessions, once a week. To identify the change of cognitive function of the participants before and after the program, MMSE-K was used for measuring. Results : As a result of applying Home-based cognitive occupational therapy to the dementia patients in the initial stages, overall cognitive function improvement was demonstrated. Especially, statistically significant improvement was exhibited in orientation, memory retrieval, the concentration of attention, and language ability. Conclusion : The program for cognitive function improvement is considered to be usefully applied to intervention in the dementia patients. The development of various Home-based occupational therapy intervention programs is required in order to adopt the Home-based occupational therapy service in the future.

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Research on Creative Confluence Competency of Occupational Therapy Students (작업치료(학)과 대학생의 창의융합역량에 대한 조사연구)

  • Park, Juyoung;Jung, Namhae
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to investigate creative confluence competency of occupational therapy students and to understand the correlations between five sub-elements of creative confluence competency. Methods : The subjects of this study were 132 occupational therapy students. The data collection period was from February 12, 2020, to February 28, 2020. A Google questionnaire was used to collect data through SNS; 16 data with insufficient responses were excluded, and 116 data were finally analyzed. The collected data was processed using SPSS 21.0. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results : The mean scores for creative confluence competency of the occupational therapy students is as follows: Creative ability 3.12±.58, creative personality 3.29±.55, creative leadership 3.50±.53, convergent thinking 3.23±.57, confluent value creation 3.04±.59. Occupational therapy students' creative leadership competence was highest, and confluent value creation competence was lowest. The average score of creative confluence competency of occupational therapy students was 3.12±.58, and the Cronbach' α value of the creative confluence competency was .97, which was very reliable. There was a positive correlation between the five sub-elements of creative confluence competency. Conclusion : The data in this study are related to efforts to improve occupational therapy students' creative confluence competency and prepare for convergence education. And It is expected to be used as basic data for the development of occupational therapist competency to prepare for the 4th industrial revolution.

A Study of Occupational Therapy at Adult Day Care Centers (노인 주간보호시설의 작업치료 현황조사)

  • Kim, Minho;Park, Sungho
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.219-228
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : This study highlights the importance of occupational therapy at adult day care centers by examining the current state of this therapy at these centers. Methods : Data on 1,527 adult day care centers in South Korea were retrieved from a long-term care insurance site for the elderly and were statistically processed. Results : Of these centers, 1,331 (87.2 %) were cognitive activity-oriented, 37 (2.4 %) were exclusively for dementia treatment, and 159 were nonspecialized centers (10.4 %). A second finding was that 294 (19.3 %) of the centers operated occupational therapy programs. Third, only 40 occupational therapists (2.6 %) were working at one of these 1,527 care centers nationwide. Fourth, the occupational therapy programs comprised 4.91 ± 3.93 cognitive enhancement programs per center, 2.58 ± 2.26 training assistance programs per center, and other programs 2.56 ± 2.58 per center. Fifth, a regional comparison of the operation of occupational therapy programs at these centers showed a statistically significant difference in the number of programs between Seoul and other regions. Conclusion : Although most adult day care centers currently deliver cognitive enhancement programs, they show a low employment rate of occupational therapists. Therefore, additional research involving workers at adult day care centers is required to investigate perceptions and the necessity of occupational therapy.

The Effects of Virtual Reality-Based Occupational Therapy Program on the Physical Function and Learning Capacity of School-Age Intellectual Disability Children (가상현실 기반 작업치료프로그램이 학령기 지적장애 아동의 신체기능 및 학습능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ko-Un;Oh, Hye-Won
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2021
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a virtual reality-based occupational therapy program on the physical function and learning ability of intellectually disabled school-aged children. Methods : In this study, 20 intellectually disabled children of school age were randomly and evenly divided into experimental and control groups with children in the experimental group receiving a virtual reality-based occupational therapy intervention. The study adopted a pretest-posttest design. The intervention was conducted for a total of 12 sessions for six weeks, twice a week, and 50 minutes per session. As measurement tools, BOT-2 and grooved pegboard tests were used to compare physical function before and after the intervention program, and K-ABC was used to check changes in learning ability. Results : The occupational therapy program produced a significant improvement in both physical function and learning ability of the experimental group. A significant difference was observed between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion : This study confirmed the value and usefulness of virtual reality-based occupational therapy as a tool for enhancing the physical function and learning ability of intellectually disabled school-aged children. Based on the results, a variety of future studies are encouraged that would further test the effects of the occupational therapy program used here.