• Title/Summary/Keyword: North Korea

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Cooperation of New & Renewable Energy Technology between South and North korea (남북한 신재생에너지기술 협력방안)

  • Kim Sang-Hyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • 2004.05a
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    • pp.158-173
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    • 2004
  • From the present geographical environment of Korean peninsular the Republic of Korea is worser than the an island country of Japan In the point of Northeastern Asia energy network. Therefore the energy cooperation with South and North Korea is direct connect to the Northeast Asian Energy Network. It is most important that North Korea promotes the economics by themselves through the solving of their energy Problem with South Korea. Therefore, at the moment it is necessary to support North Korea with the cooperation of energy technologies that could be useful to set up the Northeast Asia Energy Network and which is important to form the energy system of Korean peninsular. In this paper to importance of cooperation for energy technology and the present of economics and energy demand/supply in North Korea and energy technology of North Korea & the comparison energy technology level of the both countries and cooperation between South and North Korea is described.

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Science and Technology of North Korea: Its Strengths and Potential Areas for North-South Cooperation

  • Pak, Jongweon;Lee, John G.
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.110-148
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the technical level of North Korea's S&T and identifies areas for potential North-South cooperation. First, North Korean media is analyzed for situations and trends from 2010 to 2015. Despite some commendable achievements, North Korean S&T remains lacking in basic science and commercialization potential. Despite an awareness of the importance of international cooperation, North Korea is hampered by international sanctions and their own caution, consequently concentrating their efforts on China. Details of their cooperation reflect their interests and needs to a certain extent, although their collaborations were mainly in the form of meetings and conferences rather than active joint research. To assess the potential areas of cooperation with South Korea, this study also draws on interviews with NGOs and professionals working with North Korea. The country's present situation is analyzed and some practical examples of possible cooperation is suggested. North Korea has the potential to expand its cooperation not only with South Korea but with many other countries. North Korea also promisingly expresses interest in cooperation.

Study on Status of Solar Astronomy in North Korea

  • Kim, Sujin;Yang, Hong-Jin;Chung, Jong-Kyun;Yim, Insung
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.63.1-63.1
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    • 2021
  • We present status of solar astronomy in North Korea through analysis of research papers written by North Korea scientists. For the study, we collected 42 papers published in North Korea and international journals. We have analyzed the papers statistically according to three criteria such as research subject, research field, and research members. The main research subjects are the sunspot (28%), observation system (21%), and space environments (19%). The research fields are distributed with data analysis (50%), numerical method (29%), and instrument development (21%). There have been 25 and 9 researchers in the solar astronomy and space environment, respectively since 1995. North Korea's solar research activities were also investigated in three area: instrument, solar physics, and international research linkage. PAO(Pyongyang Astronomical Observatory) has operated two of sunspot telescope and solar horizontal telescope for spectroscopy and polarimetry, but there is no specific information on solar radio telescopes. North Korea has cooperated in solar research with Europe and China. We expect that the results of this study will be used as useful resource in supporting astronomical cooperation between South and North Korea in the future.

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Problems and Fundamental Principles in Drafting of Arbitration Rule of the Commercial Arbitration Committee of South-North Korea. (남북상사중재위원회 중재규정초안작성상의 문제성과 기본원칙)

  • Choi Jang-Ho
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.47-72
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    • 2004
  • The Drafting of Arbitration Rule of the Commercial Arbitration Committee of the South-North Korea is to be the basis of and important to the South-North Commercial Arbitration Committee. Therefore we should study and review carefully the drafting of Commercial Arbitration Rule of the Commercial Arbitration Committee of the South-North Korea. First of all, it's probable that the drafting of Commercial Arbitration Rule of the Commercial Arbitration Committee in South Korea should be written by the Commercial Arbitration Committee of South Korea and Korean arbitral body after these organizations are established and appointed. Second, it's probable that the Commercial Arbitration Committee of South Korea and the arbitral body in South Korea should be composed of private sector, not government officer mainly. Third, it's not recommendable that we make the ICSID intervene in appointment of arbitrator(s) of the Commercial Arbitration Committee of the South-North Korea when it's not agreed with between the South Korea and the North Korea. Forth, it's not recommendable that we, the South Korea write the only one South Korean draft of the Arbitration Rule of the Commercial Arbitration Committee of the South-North Korea.

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The transition and medical system of Traditional Medicine in North Korea (북한 전통의학의 시대적 발전과정 및 의료체계)

  • Han, Chang-Hyun;Park, Sun-Hee;Shin, Mi-Suk;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2 s.20
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2007
  • Background : The 'Korean Medicine' is the traditional medicine in Korea, which has preserved its homogeneous quality in the long historic period. But since 1945 when Korea was divided, the Korean Medicine has also been independently developed in South and North Korea. As a Result, it has lost its national homogeneity. Objective : In order to illuminate the past and an actuality of the transition and medical system of traditional medicine in North Korea. Method : Overview a preceding research paper and the various data of traditional medicine in North Korea. Result : 1. The name of North Korea traditional medicine from 'East medicine' was changed history with 'Korean medicine', It with the method which combines a traditional medicine and a Western medicine is endeavoring to modernization. 2. The administrative systems which take charge of the traditional medicine of North Korea are the organization which manages the Korean medicine and the Bureau of The Korean medicine production control. Also there is relation of the Bureau of the treatment prevention. 3. There are 8 medical colleges other than P'yongyang medical college. There is 6 years 6 months and 7 years 7 month follows in curriculum. Conclusions : It evaluated the past and an actuality of the transition and medical system of traditional medicine in North Korea.

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Financing Strategy for Port Development in response to Unification of South and North Korea (남북한 통일대비 항만개발을 위한 재원조달 전략)

  • 임종길;이태우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2000.04a
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    • pp.16-32
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    • 2000
  • This paper aims at exploring financing methods for port development in response to unification of South and North Korea. In so doing, methods of port financing employed by major countries have been enumerated. Major financing sources for the two Korea, among others, taxes, public bond, public administration fund, establishment of harbour maintenance tax, port development tax, port development fund, Civil Economic Cooperation Fund of South and North Korea, and Fund for Port Development of North Korea and, fund for cooperation of South and North Korea, Economic Development Cooperation Fund, borrowing of foreign capital, project financing, domestic civil capital investment, foreign capital investment, application of cross-subsidization principle, etc. were suggested.

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Environmental Cooperation with the Distribution of Urbanization between South and North Korea

  • CHOI, Choongik
    • East Asian Journal of Business Economics (EAJBE)
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2020
  • Purpose - This study aims to lay the foundation for a desirable direction to solve future environmental problems through framework research on environmental cooperation according to distribution of urbanization between South and North Korea. The article also attempts to explore solution to two Koreas' environmental problems from the cooperative perspective between South and North Korea and draw future policy tasks. Research design, data, and methodology - For methodology, North Korea's legal system to cope with disasters is taken into consideration in terms of literature review. This study also analyzes a series of processes related to North Korea's disaster management through case study, and draws policy measures for North and South Korea's cooperation scope and methods. Result - The results support that North Korea is very vulnerable to environmental disasters due to food shortages, economic sanctions, and enormous natural disaster damages including flood damages occurring each year, because of the lack of disaster prevention infrastructure such as river maintenance. Conclusion - At the current time when North and South Koran exchange and cooperation increase, a disaster management cooperative system is needed for the areas where South and North Korea manage through division. It also suggests that there is a need to establish regulations and procedures for support items in advance for a quick response to disasters in North Korean region.

The Present Situation of Oriental Health Care in North Korea (북한의 한방보건의료 현황)

  • Kim, Dal-Rae
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.153-176
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    • 1998
  • There are many differences in the present conditions of Oriental Health care and the study of Sasang Constitution Medicine between in North Korea and South Korea. 1. The government of South Korea hasn't supported Oriental Medicine with administrative plans but that of North Korea has supported it positively and made efforts to systematize it. 2. The government of North Korea has considered Oriental Medicine and Western Medicine as mutual supplementary relationship and tried to harmonize them, invested human being and material resources in developing affirmative aspects of Oriental Medicine. That efforts of them made O.M of North Korea developed. 3. In North Korea, they has studied about the principles of O.M. generally in a laboratory. 4. In North Korea, only herbs nation warrant and satisfy standards and fixed orders can be circulated. 5. Because the Sasang Constitution Medicine is opposite to aspect of Materialism, they exclude that from Korean Medicine subjects. They only use them for clinical remedy. But recently, they concern Sasang Constitution Medicine more and more. So also in South Korea, we need to strengthen the political support of the government and the research of laboratory.

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A Comparative Study on the Decorative Pattern for the Traditional Costume in South and North Korea - Focus on Women Dress Since in the Middle 1990s - (남북한 전통의상에 사용된 장식문양에 관한 비교 연구 - 1990년대 중반이후 여성 한복을 중심으로 -)

  • Chung, Hye-Gyung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.627-633
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    • 2006
  • This study examined the kinds, expression, techniques and arrangement of patterns for the traditional women's costume from 1995 to 2002 in North Korea. And the results were compared with South Korean. Conclusions are as follows : In the kinds of patterns the natural plant patterns were much more frequently used in North Korea. These tendency was same to South Korea. And the geometric patterns were more frequently used in South Korea. According to frequency in the expression of patterns, it was the realistic, geometric, stylized shape in North Korea. To the contrary it was the stylized, geometric, realistic shape in South Korea. In terms of decorative techniques, not only the traditional embroidery, gold leaf, multicolored stripes, but also modern collages, painting, beads, applique, flounce, ruffle were used in North Korea. Modern techniques were found comparatively a lot in North Korea, traditional techniques were found comparatively a lot in South Korea. In terms of arrangement of patterns, the modern arrangement was much more frequently used. And localized type of modern arrangement was found comparatively a lot in South and North Korea. Therefore traditional beauty was generally expressed by natural patterns, realistic shape and modern beauty was generally expressed by modern techniques and arrangement of patterns in North Korea.

A Study in the Influence of The Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine (Donguibogam) upon the Koryo Medicine in North Korea (최근 북한 고려 의학에 반영된 『동의보감』 연구)

  • Zhang, Zili;Jin, Jun
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This article aims to clarify the understanding and publication status of both The Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine (Donguibogam) and some of its recent research progress made in North Korea, as well as their influences upon the academic of Koryo medicine in North Korea. Methods: Analysis was carried out based on various reference books, dictionaries and Korean translation of Donguibogam (1964 Ver.) published by North Korea, as well as the North Korean quarterly medical journal, Koryo Medicine. Results: The academic of Koryo medicine in North Korea regards Donguibogam, a Korean medical classic as it was written by native Korean physicians and it became an important ground material for basic research and clinical study. Various terminologies used in the original version of Donguibogam were defined as unscientific and superstitious by North Korean academics, which were then subsequently removed from the Korean translation of Donguibogam (1964 Ver.) published by North Korea. Therefore, this version cannot be seen as a complete edition of Donguibogam. Conclusions: The Donguibogam is known as one of the 'three major books of Koryo medicine' in North Korea. As a treasure of East-Asian traditional medical classic, Donguibogam is expected to become the medium for a closer research collaboration between the North and South Koreas including China in the future.