• Title/Summary/Keyword: Net-shape forming

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Billet Treatment and Die Design for Net-Shape Forming of Gear by Cold Forging (정밀정형 냉간단조 기어성형을 위한 소재처리와 다이설계)

  • Kang K.G.J.;Park H.J.;Yun J.C.;Kim J.;Kang B.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • 2004.05a
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    • pp.87-90
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, net-shape forming of an automobile gear is investigated. Barrel, a component of automobile start motor, is adopted as a net-shape forming. In order to accomplish the goal of net-shape forming without cutting of tooth and cam after forming, forming ability is raised through billet treatment and die design. As a technique of billet treatment spheroidizing annealing of billet to get low hardness and molybdenum disulphide coating to get low contact friction between billet and die is carried out. One of critical points of die design, fillet radii variation of tooth of die is applied to get smooth surface of barrel after cold forging. As a measurement of tooth accuracy, distance between two pins and lead-tooth alignments are investigated. Cam profile accuracy is checked with a 3D measuring instrument. Results obtained from the tests revealed reasonable result with respect to design goal. By these results, the paper shows that reasonable results can be obtained by billet treatment and die design for net-shape forming.

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Process Development to Form Net-Shape Nosing Shells by the Backward Tracing Scheme of the Rigid-Plastic FEM and Its Experimental Confirmation (강-소성 유한요소법의 역추적기법을 이용한 정밀정형 쉘 노우징 부품의 성형공정 개발과 실험적 증명)

  • Kim, Sang-Hyeon;Lee, Jin-Hui;Im, Hak-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.2118-2133
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    • 1996
  • A preform is designed by the backward tracing scheme of the rigid-plastic finite element method(FEM) for net-shape shell nosing components without machining after forming. The current process of the shell nosing requires cost-consuming machining to produce final products. Here, the backward tracing scheme of the rigid-plastic FEM, a novel method for preform design of metal forming processes, derives a sound preform for net-shape shell nosing product. The current process is simulated by the rigid-plastic finite element analysis to check the metal flow involved in the forming with a trial preform and its modified preform. The two preforms are found to be inadequate for net-shape shell nosing product. The first application of the back ward tracing scheme derives a preform producing a not-shape shell nosing product. The first application of the backward tracing scheme derives a preform producing a net-shape product numerically, but it is difficult to be formed economically as a preform. Thus an improved preform is designed by the badkward tracing scheme, which is suitable for net-shape manufacturing of the shell nosing components in view of economy of production and forming characteristics of the product. The preform in the current process and a modified preform are confirmed by a series of experiments and the results give the same deformation with the numerical ones. Finally the newly designed preform by the FEM was experimentally proved to be adequate in obtaining net-shape products.

A CAE Approach for Net-Shape Automobile Stamping Components of Aluminum Alloy (자동차용 알루미늄 합금 정형의 스탬핑 부품 성형을 위한 CAE 기법 개발)

  • Choi, Han-Ho;Ku, Tae-Wan;Hwang, Sang-Moon;Kang, Beom-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.164-171
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    • 1999
  • An optimum blank design technology is required for near-net of net-shape cold forming using sheets. Originally, the backward tracing scheme has been developed for preform design in bulk forming, and applied to several forming processes successfully. Its key concept is to trace backward from the final desirable configuration to an intermediate preform of initial blocker. A program for initial blank design in sheet forming which contains the capabilities of forward loading simulation by the finite element method and backward tracing simulation, has been developed and proved the effectiveness by applying to a square cup stamping process. In the blank design of square cup stamping, the backward tracing program can produce an optimum blank configuration which forms a sound net-shape cup product without machining after forming. Another general application appears in the blank design of a cup stamping with protruding flanges, one of typical automobile components. The blank configurations derived by backward tracing simulation have been confirmed by a series of loading simulations. The approach or decision of an initial blank configuration presented in this study will be a milestone in fields of sheet forming process design.

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Fabrication of Hollow Cylinder Tank Using Superplastic Forming Technology

  • Lee, Ho-Sung;Yoon, Jong-Hoon;Yi, Yeong-Moo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • 2008.03a
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    • pp.799-803
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    • 2008
  • The possibility of manufacturing titanium hollow cylinder tank for ramjet engine was demonstrated with superplastic forming of subscale article. An innovative manufacturing method to produce complex configuration from titanium multi-sheets by low hydrostatic pressure was presented. Finite element analysis on superplastic blow forming process has been carried out in order to improve the forming process when manufacturing subscale hollow cylinder structure using Ti-6Al-4V multi-sheets. The simulation focused on the reduction of forming time and obtaining finally required shape throughout investigating the deformation mode of sheet according to the forming conditions and die geometry. From pre-sized titanium sheets, near net shape of hollow cylinder tank is obtained by superplastic blow forming conducted using gas pressure of 15bar at 1148K. The result shows that the manufacturing method with superplastic forming of multi-sheets of titanium alloy has been successful for near net shape forming of subscale hollow cylinder tank of ramjet engine.

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Process Design in Shell Nosing for Net-Shape Product by the Backward Tracing Schme of the Rigid-Plastic FEM (유한요소법의 역추적기법을 활용한 정밀정형 노우징 부품의 성형 공정설계)

  • 김상현;이진희;강범수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • 1995.03a
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    • pp.224-232
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    • 1995
  • A process is designed by the backward tracing scheme of the rigid-plastic FEm for net-shape shell nosing component without machining after forming. The current process of the shell nosing industry requires cost-consuming machining to produce final product . The backward tracing scheme of the rigid-plastic FEM, a novel method in preform design of metal forming processes , derives a sound preform for net-shape shell nosing product . The current process is simulated to check the metal flow involved informing with a trial preform and its modified preform. It is found that the two preforms are not suitable for net-shape shell nosing product. Finally, a preform is desinged by the backward tracing scheme, which is suitable for net-shape manufacturing of the shell nosing component.

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STUDY ON THE NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF NET-SHAPE FORMING PROCESSES FOR BEVEL GEAR

  • Guoxue Chen;Changzheng Cao;Xiaolong Liu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • 2003.10b
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    • pp.147-151
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    • 2003
  • In the study, the modeling strategies in connection with the quantitative prediction and improvement of product accuracy and quality are proposed. The analysis models are composed of process chain, geometry of die, interface conditions between die and workpiece, material parameters, forming velocity of machine, and so on. A 3D simulation platform, around the software MSC. Superforge, is built up for the applications in net-shape forming parts. Some results for bevel gear are shown to demonstrate the efficiency of the modeling system.

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A Finite Element Analysis for Near-net-shape Forming of Al6061 Powder under Warm Pressing (온간 성형 하에서 Al 합금 분말의 정밀정형에 대한 유한요소해석)

  • Kim, Ki-Tae;Yang, Hoon-Chul;Kim, Jong-Kwang
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • 2003.04a
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    • pp.507-512
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    • 2003
  • A finite element analysis for near-net-shape forming of Al6061 powder was performed under warm pressing. The advantages of warm compaction by rubber isostatic pressing were discussed to obtain parts with better density distributions. To simulate densification and deformed shape of a powder compact during warm pressing, the elastoplastic constitutive equation based on yield function of Shima-Oyane was implemented into a finite element program(ABAQUS). The hyperelastic constitutive equation based on the Ogden strain energy potential was employed to analyze nonlinear elastic response of rubber. Finite element results were compared with experimental data for Al6061 powder compacts under warm pressing.

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A study on Net-shape technology of Automotive Lock-up Hub using Cold back pressure forming (배압 성형기술을 이용한 Lock-up Hub의 정형제조 기술에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Y.C.;Lee, J.H.;Lee, Y.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • 2007.10a
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2007
  • The characteristics of the tool system give many effects into the costs and qualities for the finished components. This study proposes a new method for manufacturing of high manufacturing productivity, production process reduction and low cost through back pressure forming. The Lock-up hub is manufactured through many processes, such as upsetting($1^{st}$ Forming), piercing, direct extrusion($2^{nd}$ Forming), final sizing process($3^{rd}$ Forming). In this study, process design for closed-die forging of a Lock-up hub used for a component of automobile transmission was made using three-dimensional finite element simulations, and the strain distributions and velocity distributions are investigated through the post processor. The rigid-plastic finite-element method for back pressure forging has been used in order to reduce development time and die cost. Using the FEM simulation, we found the optimum value of back pressure. The prototypes of Lock-up hub parts were forged into the net-shape. In the experiment, lead precision of tooth are measured by the CCMM(Contact Coordinate Measuring Machine). The dimensional accuracy of forged part was improved up to the 40% when back press was applied.

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Effect of Bead Surface Treatments and Bead Shapes on the Drawing and Friction Characteristics in Drawbead Forming of Sheet Metal (판재의 드로우비드 성형시 비드표면처리와 비드형상이 인출 및 마찰특성에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Dong-Hwal;Ryu, Jong-Soo;Chung, Woo-Chang;Moon, Young-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2005
  • In sheet metal forming, drawbeads are often used to control uneven material flow, which may cause defects such as wrinkles, fractures, surface distortion and springback. Appropriate setting and adjusting of the drawbead force is one of the most important parameters in sheet forming process control. Therefore in this study, drawbead test was performed at various bead surface treatment conditions to clarify the frictional characteristics between sheet and drawbead. Furthermore, the differences in drawing force between circular and rectangular shape beads have also been measured to estimate the effectiveness of bead shape on the material flow control. The results show that drawing and friction characteristic were strongly influenced by surface treatments of bead and bead shapes.

A Finite Element Analysis for Near-net-shape Forming of A16061 Powder under Warm Pressing (온간 성형 하에서 A1 합금 분말의 정밀정형에 대한 유한요소해석)

  • Kim, Jong-Kwang;Yang, Hoon-Chul;Kim, Ki-Tae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.1897-1906
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    • 2003
  • A finite element analysis for near-net-shape forming of A16061 powder was performed under warm rubber isostatic pressing and warm die pressing. The advantages of warm compaction by rubber isostatic pressing were discussed to obtain a part with better density distributions. The shape of rubber mold was designed by determining a cavity shape that provides a desired shape of the final powder compact. To simulate densification and deformed shape of a powder compact during pressing, the elastoplastic constitutive equation based on yield function of Shima-Oyane was implemented into a finite element program(ABAQUS). The hyperelastic constitutive equation based on the Ogden strain energy Potential was employed to analyze nonlinear elastic response of rubber. Finite element results were compared with experimental data for Al6061 powder compacts under warm die pressing and warm isostatic pressing.