• Title/Summary/Keyword: Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉)

Search Result 10, Processing Time 0.056 seconds

Gou Gu Shu and Theory of equations in Chosun (조선(朝鮮)의 구고술(勾股術)과 방정식론)

  • Yun, Hye-Soon
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.7-20
    • /
    • 2011
  • Investigating constructions of equations by Gou gu shu(勾股術) in Hong Jung Ha(洪正夏)'s GuIlJib(九一集), Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉)'s YuSiGuGoSulYoDoHae(劉氏勾股術要圖解) and Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀)'s ChaGeunBangMongGu(借根方蒙求), we study the history of development of Chosun mathematics. We conclude that Hong's greatest results have not been properly transmitted and that they have not contributed to the development of Chosun mathematics.

조선 산학자 이상혁의 방정식론

  • 홍성사;홍영희
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-14
    • /
    • 2004
  • Iksan(翼算) written by Lee Sang Hyuk(李相赫, 1810∼\ulcorner) is unique among mathematical books published in Chosun Dynasty since it is the only book which accomplishes the conceptualization of theory of equations if not that of mathematics itself. We investigate its process by his other publications and mathematical interaction with Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉, 1820∼1869).

  • PDF

Nam Byung Gil and his Theory of Equations (남병길(南秉吉)의 방정식논(方程式論))

  • Hong, Sung-Sa;Hong, Young-Hee
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-18
    • /
    • 2007
  • In the middle of 19th century, Chosun mathematicians Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉) and Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀) studied mathematical structures developed in Song(宋) and Yuan(元) eras on top of their early studies on Jiu zhang suan shu(九章算術) and Shu li jing yun(數理精蘊). Their studies gave rise to a momentum for a prominent development of Chosun mathematics in the century. In this paper, we investigate Nam Byung Gil's JipGoYunDan(輯古演段) and MuIHae(無異解) and then study his theory of equations. Through a collaboration with Lee, Sang Hyuk, he consolidated the eastern and western structure of theory of equations.

  • PDF

Gou Gu Shu in the 19th century Chosun (19세기(世紀) 조선(朝鮮)의 구고술(句股術))

  • Hong, Sung-Sa;Hong, Young-Hee;Kim, Chang-Il
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-18
    • /
    • 2008
  • As a sequel to the previous paper Gou Gu Shu in the 18th century Chosun, we study the development of Chosun mathematics by investigating that of Gou Gu Shu in the 19th century. We investigate Gou Gu Shu obtained by Hong Gil Ju, Nam Byung Gil, Lee Sang Hyuk and Cho Hee Soon among others and find some characters of the 19th century Gou Gu Shu in Chosun.

  • PDF

KaiFangShu in SanHak JeongEui

  • Hong, Sung Sa;Hong, Young Hee;Kim, Young Wook;Kim, Chang Il
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.213-218
    • /
    • 2013
  • This paper is a sequel to the paper [8], where we discussed the connection between ShiShou KaiFangFa originated from JiuZhang SuanShu and ZengCheng KaiFangFa. Investigating KaiFangShu in a Chosun mathemtics book, SanHak JeongEui and ShuLi JingYun, we show that its authors, Nam ByungGil and Lee SangHyuk clearly understood the connection and gave examples to show that the KaiFangShu in the latter is not exact. We also show that Chosun mathematicians were very much selective when they brought in Chinese mathematics.

History of Fan Ji and Yi Ji (번적과 익적의 역사)

  • Hong, Sung-Sa;Hong, Young-Hee;Chang, Hye-Won
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.39-54
    • /
    • 2005
  • In Chinese Mathematics, Jia Xian(要憲) introduced Zeng cheng kai fang fa(增乘開方法) to get approximations of solutions of Polynomial equations which is a generalization of square roots and cube roots in Jiu zhang suan shu. The synthetic divisions in Zeng cheng kai fang fa give ise to two concepts of Fan il(飜積) and Yi il(益積) which were extensively used in Chosun Dynasty Mathematics. We first study their history in China and Chosun Dynasty and then investigate the historical fact that Chosun mathematicians Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉) and Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀) obtained the sufficient conditions for Fan il and Yi il for quadratic equations and proved them in the middle of 19th century.

  • PDF

Mathematics in Chosun Dynasty and Si yuan yu jian (조선(朝鮮) 산학(算學)과 사원옥감(四元玉鑑))

  • Hong, Sung-Sa;Hong, Young-Hee
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-16
    • /
    • 2007
  • In the 19th century, Chosun mathematicians studied the most distinguished mathematicians Qin Jiu Shao(泰九韶), Li Ye(李治) Zhu Shi Jie(朱世傑) in Song(宋), Yuan(元) Dynasty and they established a solid theoretical development on the theory of equations. These studies began with their study on Si yuan yu jian xi cao(四元玉鑑細艸) compiled by Luo Shi Lin(羅士琳). Among those Chosun mathematicians, Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀, $1810{\sim}?$) and Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉 $1820{\sim}1869$) contributed prominently to the research. Relating to Si yuan yu jian xi cao, Nam Byung Gil and Lee Sang Hyuk compiled OgGamSeChoSangHae(玉監細艸詳解) and SaWonOgGam(四元玉鑑), respectively and then later they wrote SanHakJeongEi(算學正義) and IkSan(翼算), respectively. The latter in particular contains most creative results in Chosun Dynasty mathematics. Using these books, we study the relation between the development of Chosun mathematics and Si yuan yu jian.

  • PDF

Mathematics of Chosun Dynasty and $Sh\grave{u}\;l\breve{i}\;j\bar{i}ng\;y\grave{u}n$ (數理精蘊) (조선(朝鮮) 산학(算學)과 수리정온(數理精蘊))

  • Hong Young-Hee
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.25-46
    • /
    • 2006
  • We investigate the process of western mathematics into Chosun and its influences. Its initial and middle stages are examined by Choi Suk Jung(崔錫鼎, $1645\sim1715$)'s Gu Su Ryak(九數略), Hong Jung Ha(洪正夏, $1684\sim?$)'s Gu Il Jib(九一集) and Hwang Yun Suk(黃胤錫, $1719\sim1791$)'s I Su Shin Pyun(理藪新編), Hong Dae Yong(洪大容, $1731\sim1781$)'s Ju Hae Su Yong(籌解需用), respectively. Western mathematics was transmitted for the study of the Shi xian li(時憲曆) when it was introduced in Chosun. We also analyze Su Ri Jung On Bo Hae(數理精蘊補解, 1730?) whose author studied $Sh\grave{u}\;l\breve{i}\;j\bar{i}ng\;y\grave{u}n$ most thoroughly, in particular for astronomy, and finally Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀, $1810\sim?$), Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉, $1820\sim1869$) who studied together structurally western mathematics.

  • PDF

Finite Series in Chosun Dynasty Mathematics (조선(朝鮮) 산학(算學)의 퇴타술)

  • Hong Sung-Sa
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-24
    • /
    • 2006
  • We study the theory of finite series in Chosun Dynasty Mathematics. We divide it into two parts by the publication of Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀, 1810-?)'s Ik San(翼算, 1868) and then investigate their history. The first part is examined by Gyung Sun Jing(慶善徵, 1616-?)'s Muk Sa Jib San Bub(默思集算法), Choi Suk Jung(崔錫鼎)'s Gu Su Ryak(九數略), Hong Jung Ha(洪正夏)'s Gu Il Jib(九一集), Cho Tae Gu(趙泰耉)'s Ju Su Gwan Gyun(籌書管見), Hwang Yun Suk(黃胤錫)'s San Hak Ib Mun(算學入門), Bae Sang Sul(裵相設)'s Su Gye Soe Rok and Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉), 1820-1869)'s San Hak Jung Ei(算學正義, 1867), and then conclude that the theory of finite series in the period is rather stable. Lee Sang Hyuk obtained the most creative results on the theory in his Ik San if not in whole mathematics in Chosun Dynasty. He introduced a new problem of truncated series(截積). By a new method, called the partition method(分積法), he completely solved the problem and further obtained the complete structure of finite series.

  • PDF

Pedagogical Approach of the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art and Nam Byung Gil's GuJangSulHae (<구장산술九章算術>과 남병길의 <구장술해九章術解>의 교육적 활용 방안)

  • Jung, Hae-Nam
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.103-116
    • /
    • 2011
  • 'The nine chapters on the mathematical art' has dominated the history of Chinese mathematics. It contains 246 problems and their solutions, which fall into nine categories that are firmly based on practical needs. But it has been greatly by improved by the commentary given Liu Hui and it was transformed from arithmetic text to mathematics. The improved book served as important textbook in China but also the East Asian countries for the past 2000 years. Also It is comparable in significance to Euclid's Elements in the West. In the middle of 19th century, Chosun mathematicians Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉) and Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀) studied mathematical structures developed in Song(宋) and Yuan(元) eras on top of their early on 'The nine chapters' and 'ShuLiJingYun(數理精蘊)'. Their studies gave rise to a momentum for a prominent development of Choson mathematics in the century. Nam Byung Gil is also commentator on 'The Nine Chapters'. His commentary is 'GuJangSulHae(九章術解)'. This book provides figures and explanations of how the algorithms work. These are very helpful for prospective elementary teachers. We try to plan programs of elementary teacher education on the basis of 'The Nine Chapters' and 'GuJangSulHae'.