• Title/Summary/Keyword: NIR

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FT-NIR SPECTROSCOPY FOR QUALITY AND PROCESS CONTROL IN DEPTH FILTER SHEETS PRODUCTION

  • Jansen, Christoph;Ebert, Jurgen
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference
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    • 2001.06a
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    • pp.3122-3122
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    • 2001
  • Documented quality control plays a vital role I the production of technical “Depth filter” sheets used in industries such as Beverage and pharmaceutical. Depth filter sheets which can be up to several millimeters thick are stacker in plate and frame filter systems. They are the core of stainless steel filter systems which can be up to several meters high. FT-NIR Spectroscopy has many potential applications in the whole production line of filter sheets. Raw materials such as different types of cellulose pads, white powdery fillers (e.g. Kieelgur, Perlite) or liquid chemicals such as wet-strength agents we, with the help of NIR, easy to identify. NIR can also determine physical parameters such as particle size, essential for the filtration behavior. FT-NIR can be used for the quality parameters of the final product. Moisture and permeability can be determined, and with the help of the speed of this NIR method it is possible to correct possible faults quickly in the production process. Waste production can be minimized which is good for both the product profitability and the environment. Further tests have shown that it is also possible to use NIR on-line in the production area, to check the concentrations and the homogeneity of the paper suspension consisting of cellulose fibres, fillers and additives.

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DEVELOPMENT OF PORTABLE NEAR INFRARED SYSTEM FOR HUMAN SKIN MOISTURE

  • Woo, Young-Ah;Ahn, Jhii-Weon;Kim, Hyo-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference
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    • 2001.06a
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    • pp.3115-3115
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    • 2001
  • In this study, portable near infrared (NIR) system was newly integrated with a photodiode array detector, which has no moving parts and this system has been successfully applied for evaluation of human skin moisture. The good correlation between NIR absorbance and absolute water content of separated hairless mouse skin was, in vitro, showed depending on the water content (7.42-84.94%) using this portable NIR system. Partial least squares (PLS) regression was used for the calibration with the 1100-1650 nm wavelength range. For the practical use for the evaluation of human skin based on moisture, PLS model for human skin moisture was, in vivo, developed using the portable NIR system based on the relative water content values of stratum corneum from the conventional capacitance method. The PLS model showed a good correlation. This study indicated that the portable NIR system could be a powerful tool for human skin moisture, which may be much more stable to environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity, compared to conventional methods. Furthermore, in order to confirm the performance of newly integrated portable NIR system, scanning type conventional NIR spectrometer was used in the same experiments and the results were compared.

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A Study on the Preparedness of Port State Control for the Enforcement of NIR (NIR의 도입에 따른 항만국통제 대응방안)

  • Kim, Chu-Hyong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2014.06a
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    • pp.63-64
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    • 2014
  • NIR(New Inspection Regime, hereinafter NIR) relating to the PSC(Port State Contorl, hereinafter PSC) has implemented in Asia-Pacific region under Tokyo-MOU from last January 2014. The most noticable difference between NIR and existing TF(Target Factor, hereinafter TF) is to evaluate company performance and to conduct PSC with flexible inspection interval on the basis of Ship Risk Profile; High Risk Ship, Standard Risk Ship and Low Risk Ship.

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Determining the stellar parameters of solar-like stars using synthetic spectra

  • Kang, Won-Seok;Lee, Sang-Gak
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.151.2-151.2
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    • 2011
  • IGRINS (Immersion GRating INfrared Spectrometer) will provide the spectra with high-resolution and an instantaneous spectral coverage of H and K band in NIR region. Therefore, it is expected that the wide coverage of wavelength would make a production of an extensive NIR high-resolution spectra of standard stars as a prior program of IGRINS. As a counter part of these NIR spectra, we have planned to obtain the high-resolution spectra of those standard stars in optical band. These optical high-resolution spectra would give us an opportunity to produce the library of high-resolution stellar spectra covering from optical to NIR band, and to confirm the method to determine the stellar parameters and chemical abundances from the NIR high-resolution spectra. Before using the NIR high-resolution spectra, we have tested the method to determine the stellar parameters by comparing between the observed spectra and the synthetic spectra in optical band. In order to make the synthetic spectra, we have used the Kurucz ATLAS9 model grids and the SYNTH code described by Fiorella Castelli (http://wwwuser.oat.ts.astro.it/castelli/). For the cross-check against the parameters that would be derived from the NIR spectra, the stellar parameters such as effective temperature and surface gravity were determined using the optical spectra of the solar-like stars, as preliminary results.

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Quantification of Naproxen in Pharmaceutical Formulation using Near-Infrared Spectrometry (근적외 분광분석법을 이용한 나프록센 정제의 정량분석)

  • Kim Do Hyung;Woo Young Ah;Kim Hyo Jin
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2005
  • Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has been widely applied in various field, since it is nondestructive and no sample preparation is required. In this paper, NIR spectroscopy was used for the determination of naproxen in a commercial pharmaceutical preparation. NIR spectroscopy was used to determine the content of naproxen in intact naproxen tablets containing 250 mg ($65.8\%$ nominal concentration) by collecting NIR spectra in the range of $1100{\sim}1750nm$. The laboratory-made samples had $46.1{\sim}85.5\%$ nominal naproxen concentration. The measurements were made by reflection using a fiber-optic probe and calibration was carried out by partial least square regression (PLSR). Model validation was performed by randomly splitting the data set into calibration and validation data set (63 samples as a calibration data set and 42 samples as a validation data set). The developed NIR calibration gave results comparable to the known values of tablets in a laboratorial manufacturing process with standard error of calibration (SEC) and standard error of prediction (SEP) of $1.06\%\;and\;1.04\%$, respectively. The NIR method showed good accuracy and repeatability. NIR spectroscopic determination in intact tablets allowed the potential use of real time monitoring for a running production process.

Algorithm for Finding the Best Principal Component Regression Models for Quantitative Analysis using NIR Spectra (근적외 스펙트럼을 이용한 정량분석용 최적 주성분회귀모델을 얻기 위한 알고리듬)

  • Cho, Jung-Hwan
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.377-395
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    • 2007
  • Near infrared(NIR) spectral data have been used for the noninvasive analysis of various biological samples. Nonetheless, absorption bands of NIR region are overlapped extensively. It is very difficult to select the proper wavelengths of spectral data, which give the best PCR(principal component regression) models for the analysis of constituents of biological samples. The NIR data were used after polynomial smoothing and differentiation of 1st order, using Savitzky-Golay filters. To find the best PCR models, all-possible combinations of available principal components from the given NIR spectral data were derived by in-house programs written in MATLAB codes. All of the extensively generated PCR models were compared in terms of SEC(standard error of calibration), $R^2$, SEP(standard error of prediction) and SECP(standard error of calibration and prediction) to find the best combination of principal components of the initial PCR models. The initial PCR models were found by SEC or Malinowski's indicator function and a priori selection of spectral points were examined in terms of correlation coefficients between NIR data at each wavelength and corresponding concentrations. For the test of the developed program, aqueous solutions of BSA(bovine serum albumin) and glucose were prepared and analyzed. As a result, the best PCR models were found using a priori selection of spectral points and the final model selection by SEP or SECP.

Analysis and dehazing of near-infrared images (근적외선(NIR) 영상의 특성 분석 및 안개제거)

  • Yu, Jae Taeg;Ra, Sung Woong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2016
  • Color image dehazing techniques have been extensively studied, and especially the dark channel prior (DCP)-based method has been widely used. Near infrared (NIR) image based applications are also widespread; however, NIR image-specific dehazing techniques have not attracted great interest. In this paper, the characteristics of NIR images are analyzed and compared with the color images' characteristics. The conventional color image dehazing method is also applied to NIR images to understand its effectiveness on different frequency-band signals. Furthermore, we modify the DCP method considering the characteristics of NIR images and show that our proposed method results in improved dehazed NIR images.

Effect of particle size and scanning cup type for near infrared reflection on the soil property measurement

  • Ryu, Kwan-Shig;Cho, Rae-Kwang;Park, Woo-Churl;Kim, Bok-Jin
    • Near Infrared Analysis
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.35-39
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this research was to find out suitable soil sample preparation and sample holding tools for NIR reflection radiation for estimating soil components. NIR reflectance was scanned at 2nm intervals from 1,100 to 2,500nm with an InfraAlyzer 500(Bran+Luebbe Co.). Coarse(2.0mm) and fine(0.5mm) soil sample and various sample holding tools were used to obtain mean diffuse reflection of the soil for the calibration and validation of the calibration set in estimating moisture, organic matter and total nitrogen of the soils. Multiple linear regression was used to obtain the best correlation of NIR spectroscopy method. Correlation of NIR spectroscopy method. Correlation of NIR spectra for finely and coarsely sized soil did not show much difference. The standard errors of prediction(SE) using different types of sample holding tools for organic matter, total nitrogen and soil moisture were better than 0.765, 0.041 and 0.63% respectively. From the results it can be concluded that NIR spectroscopy with flow type cell could be used as a fast routine testing method in quantitative determination of organic matter, total nitrogen and soil moisture.

Comparative Evaluation of UAV NIR Imagery versusin-situ Point Photo in Surveying Urban Tributary Vegetation (도심소하천 식생조사에서 현장사진과 UAV 근적외선 영상의 비교평가)

  • Lee, Jung-Joo;Hwang, Young-Seok;Park, Seong-Il;Um, Jung-Sup
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.475-488
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    • 2018
  • Surveying urban tributary vegetation is based mainly on field sampling at present. The tributary vegetation survey integrating UAV NIR(Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Near Infrared Radiance) imagery and in-situ point photo has received only limited attentions from the field ecologist. The reason for this could be the largely undemonstrated applicability of UAV NIR imagery by the field ecologist as a monitoring tool for urban tributary vegetation. The principal advantage of UAV NIR imagery as a remote sensor is to provide, in a cost-effective manner, information required for a very narrow swath target such as urban tributary (10m width or so), utilizing very low altitude flight, real-time geo-referencing and stereo imaging. An exhaustive and realistic comparison of the two techniques was conducted, based on operational customer requirement of urban tributary vegetation survey: synoptic information, ground detail and quantitative data collection. UAV NIR imagery made it possible to identify area-wide patterns of the major plant communities subject to many different influences (e.g. artificial land use pattern), which cannot be acquired by traditional field sampling. Although field survey has already gained worldwide recognition by plant ecologists as a typical method of urban tributary vegetation monitoring, this approach did not provide a level of information that is either scientifically reliable or economically feasible in terms of urban tributary vegetation (e.g. remedial field works). It is anticipated that this research output could be used as a valuable reference for area-wide information obtained by UAV NIR imagery in urban tributary vegetation survey.

Effects of NIR Conditions for Film Drying (도막건조시 NIR 건조조건에 따른 영향 검토)

  • Park, Chan-Seop;Han, Sang-Gwon;Jo, Rae-Hong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • 2011.05a
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    • pp.95-95
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    • 2011
  • 도막의 건조는 용액의 조건, 설비특성, 제품의 요구특성에 맞게 다양하게 적용되고 있다. 일반적으로 열풍에 의한 건조방식이 적용되고 있으나 Induction Heater, UV, EB 및 NIR방식 등 다양한 건조방식이 적용되고 있다. 여기서는 건조방법중 NIR에 의한 건조방식을 이용하여 품질특성에 미치는 인자를 검토하였다.

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