• Title/Summary/Keyword: Muscle activity

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Changes of Muscle Activity on Functional Movement according to Foot Type (발의 형태에 따른 기능적 움직임의 근활성 변화)

  • Chae, Jung-Byung;Moon, Ok-Yun
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to assess the tibialis anterior, soleus, gluteus maximus, transverse abdominis muscle activity of tibialis anterior, soleus, gluteus maximus, transverse abdominis according to pronated foot and supinated foot. Methods : Group of pronation and supination were taped using augmented low-day method to make pronated and supinated foot the three case were assessed by agnostic radiology for investigating foot structure. Results : 1) When supinated foot & pronated foot, tibialis anterior & gluteus maximus muscle activity was augmented in one step. 2) When supinated foot & pronated foot, soleus & transverse abdominis muscle activity was decreased in one step. 3) When supinated foot & pronated foot, tibialis anterior & gluteus maximus muscle activity was augmented in squat. 4) When supinated foot & pronated foot, soleus muscle activity was decreased in squat. 5) When pronated foot, transverse abdominis muscle activity was decreased in squat. 6) When supinated foot, transverse abdominis muscle activity was augmented in squat. 7) When pronated foot, transverse abdominis & gluteus maximus & tibialis anterior muscle activity was augmented in sit to stand. 8) When supinated foot, transverse abdominis & gluteus maximus & tibialis anterior muscle activity was decreased in sit to stand. 9) When supinated foot & pronated foot, soleus muscle activity was decreased in sit to stand. Conclusion : 1) Pronated foot & supinated foot effects on soleus, gluteus maximus, transverse abdominis muscle activity in one step. 2) Pronated foot & supinated foot effects on tibialis anterior, gluteus maximus, transverse abdominis muscle activity in squat. 3) Pronated foot & supinated foot effects on soleus, transverse abdominis muscle activity in sit to stand. Therefore we suggest the deformity of the foot effects on tibialis anterior, soleus, gluteus maximus, transverse abdominis muscle activity.

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The effects of wearing single strap hemisling of hemiplegic patient on lower extremity muscle activity (편마비 환자의 팔걸이 착용이 하지 근활성에 미치는 효과)

  • Chae, Jung-Byung;Jeon, Hye-Ri
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate muscle activity of affected lower extremity by unaffected lower extremity exercise and tried to examine muscle activity of affected lower extremity of hemiplegic patients were caused by stroke according to wearing single strap hemisling or non-wearing. Methods : We measured muscle activity of affected lower extremity when wearing single strap hemisling to affected lower extremity or non-wearing according to unaffected lower extremity used MP 150 Eletromyogram. Results : 1) Muscle activity of gluteus medius muscle was the highest D1 before wearing single strap hemisling. 2) Muscle activity of hamstring muscle was the highest D3 after wearing single strap hemisling. 3) Muscle activity of quadriceps muscle was the highest D5 after wearing single strap hemisling. 4) Muscle activity of tibialis anterior muscle was the highest D1 after wearing single strap hemisling. 5) Muscle activity of soleus muscle was the highest D2 before wearing single strap hemisling. Conclusion : Wearing single strap hemisling of hemiplegic patients had effect on muscle activity of gluteus medius but didn't effect gluteus medius, hamstring, quadriceps, tibialis anterior muscle and soleus muscle.

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Relationship between Muscle Activity and Kinematic Variables of the Upper Extremity during a Push-up Task on Stable and Unstable Surfaces (안정된 지지면과 불안정한 지지면에서 팔굽혀 펴기 시 상지 근활성도와 운동학적 변수간의 상관분석)

  • Yoon, Jung-Gyu
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: We investigated the relationship between the muscle activity and kinematic variables of the upper extremity during a push-up task on stable and unstable surfaces. Methods: We recruited 15 healthy subjects. Subjects completed the push-up task on stable and unstable surfaces. Surface electromyograms were recorded from the serratus anterior, upper trapezius, latissimus dorsi, infraspinatus to monitor changes in muscle activity. Markers for kinematic changes of elbow flexion, shoulder extension, shoulder retraction and scapular adduction were attached at C7, the T7 spinous process, both acromions, the scapula superior and inferior angle, the humerus lateral epicondyle, and the ulnar styloid process. Correlation coefficients between muscle activity and kinematic variables were analyzed by SPSS for Windows, version 15.0. Results: On the unstable surface, elbow flexion and shoulder extension increased with increasing muscle activity of serratus anterior, upper trapezius and infraspinatus. On the stable surface, shoulder retraction decreased with increasing muscle activity of serratus anterior and infraspinatus. Scapular adduction decreased with all types of increasing muscle activity, regardless of the support surface. Conclusion: Correlations between muscle activity and kinematic variables were observed on stable and unstable surfaces during a push-up task, while correlations between right and left variables were not clear. These finding suggest that it may be used to develop a rehabilitation program which could be effective in improving shoulder function in patients with shoulder problems.

The Effect of STM using Instrument or Manual Therapy on Muscle Activity (도구나 수기를 이용한 연부조직 가동술이 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Chung-Yoo;Kang, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.200-205
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    • 2020
  • This study investigates the effects of instrument-assisted soft mobilization (IASTM) and manual myofascial release (MFR) on the muscle activity of the biceps brachii. This study was conducted on 10 men and women in their 20s, and all subjects participated in the experiment for 3 days and measured muscle activity of the upper forearm muscles. On the first day, the muscle activity value was measured before the intervention, and the remaining two days were measured for muscle activity after the intervention of each manual therapy in a random order. All muscle activity values were compared and analyzed through the dependent t test and the independent t test. The before and after comparison of muscle activity values before and after each intervention was verified by performing the dependent t test and comparing the values of muscle activity between groups between each intervention after intervention by performing an independent t test. According to the results of this study, both interventions significantly increased muscle activity of the biceps brachii before and after intervention, and there was no significant difference in muscle activity values between groups after intervention. Therefore, both manual therapy (IASTM, MFR) are thought to be effective in improving neuromuscular control ability.

The kinematic analysis of the ankle joint and EMG analysis of the lower limbs muscle for the different walking speed (보행 속도 변화에 따른 발목 관절의 운동학적 분석과 하퇴 근육의 근전도 분석)

  • Moon, Gon-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.177-195
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the kinematic variables of ankle joints and EMG signal of the lower limbs muscle activity for the different walking speed. The subjects were 6 males of twenties. It was classified into three different walking speed-0.75m/s, 1.25m/s, 1.75m/s. The walking performances were filmed by high speed video camera and EMG signal was gained by ME3000P8 Measurement Unit. Tibialis anterior(TA), Gastrocnemius medial head(GM), Gastrocnemius lateral head(GL), Ssoleus(SO) were selected for the dorsiflexion and plantarflexion of the ankle joint. The result of this study were as follows: 1. In the gait cycle, The time parameters for the phases were showed significant difference without the terminal stance phase and terminal swing phase for the different walking speed. 2. The angle of ankle joint was no significant difference for each time point and MDF, MPF but increasing walking speed the angle had the increasing pattern slightly. 3. The angular velocity of ankle joint was showed the significant difference for LHC, RTO, RKC, LHU, MPF and MDF point along the walking speed. 4. TA was showed about 2-3 times muscle activity at the 1.75m/s than 1.25m/s in some phases. And it was showed the similar muscle activity between the 0.75m/s and 1.25m/s but, showed a little much muscle activity in the 0.75m/s. GM was showed about 2-3 times muscle activity in the 1.75m/s than 1.25m/s, and even much muscle activity at the 0.75m/s than 1.25m/s in some phases. GL was showed increasing pattern of muscle activity specially in the initial swing phase as the walking speed increased. SO was showed about 3 times muscle activity in the 1.75m/s than 1.25m/s during the plantarflexion of ankle joint. It was showed the similar muscle activity between the 0.75m/s and 1.25m/s but, showed a little much muscle activity in the 1.25m/s.

The Effects of the Crocodile Breathing Exercise on the Muscle Activity of the Erector Spinae Muscle in Patients with Low Back Pain (크로커다일호흡 운동이 요통 환자들의 척주세움근 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Yong-Ho
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.321-327
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of the crocodile breathing exercise on the muscle activity of the erector spinae muscle in patients with low back pain. Methods: The study subjects included 36 patients with low back pain. The patients were divided equally into the experimental group (EG) and the control group (CG). The EG performed the crocodile breathing exercise, and the CG performed a chest expansion breathing exercise. The intervention was conducted for 10 minutes each day for a total of eight weeks. Measurements of muscle activity were conducted using an MP150 system. An electrode was attached 2 cm to the side of the spinous process at the L4-L5 level. The muscle activity value used was %MVIC, and the statistical significance was 0.05. The paired t-test was the statistical method used to determine the pre- and post-average value of each breathing exercise, while the independent t-test was used to assess the delta value of muscle activity in the pre-post test. Results: Inspiration muscle activity showed a significant increase in both the EG and the CG, while expiration muscle activity decreased significantly in both groups. The delta value of muscle activity showed a significant difference in inspiration (p<0.05), but for expiration, there was no significant difference in muscle activity (p>0.05). Conclusion: This study suggests that crocodile breathing is a good method for improving muscle activity in patients with low back pain.

Effect of Sling Exercise on Muscle Activity and Pain in Patients with Rotator Cuff Repair

  • Kim, Jae-Woon;Kim, Yong-Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effects of sling exercise on muscle activity and pain in patients with rotator cuff repair. Methods: This research evaluated 20 rotator cuff repair patients, divided randomly between 10 controls and 10 in an experimental group who performed a sling exercise. Both the experimental and control groups underwent transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and performed continuous passive motion. Muscle activity was measured with a surface electromyograph and pain was measured with the visual analogue scale. The paired t-test was used to compare groups before and after the experiment. The independent t-test was conducted to assess differences in the degree of change between the two groups before and after the experiment. Results: Within-group comparison of both the experimental and control group showed significant differences in muscle activity and pain. Comparison of the groups revealed significant differences in muscle activity between groups group, but not in pain. Conclusion: These results indicate that sling exercise is effective for improving muscle activity of rotator cuff repair patients.

Effects of Cranio-Cervical Flexion Exercise with Visual Feedback of Forward Head Posture on Muscle Activity (시각적 피드백을 병행한 머리-목 굽힘 운동이 팔의 움직임 동안 전방머리자세의 근 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Minkyu;Kang, Hyojeong;Yang, Hoesong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : We aimed to investigate the effect of cranio-cervical flexion exercises(CCFE) with visual feedback(VF) on the muscle activity of the upper trapezius in forward head posture (FHP) and whether deficits in proprioception affect the changes in muscle activity. Methods : Twenty subjects with FHP were assigned to one of 2 groups according to deficits in proprioception. The muscle activity of the upper trapezius during arm movement under three exercise conditions (resting, CCFE, and VF + CCFE). Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to compare differences in muscle activity according to the exercise conditions between the groups and to analyze the interactions between groups and conditions. Results : Significant differences were observed in muscle activity according to the exercise condition (p<.05), with no significant differences between the groups. The muscle activity of the upper trapezius was significantly different between the resting and VF +CCFE conditions (p<.05), with no significant difference between the resting and CCFE conditions (p>.05). Conclusion : The results of this study showed that the CCFE combined with VF are an effective intervention for FHP to train deep muscles selectively. In addition, the loss of proprioceptive sensation is not related to changes in muscle activity during exercises.

The Effects of Foot Placement and Lifting on Lower Extremity Muscle Activity and Foot Pressure During Sit to Stand in Hemiparetic Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 물건 들고 일어서기 동작이 하지근 활동도 및 족저압에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hee-Tag;Lim, Wan-Sang
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.17 no.3_4
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of foot position and lifting an object on muscle activity and foot pressure during sit to stand(STS) in hemiparetic patients. Methods: Fourteen patients participated in this study. Surface electromyography was used to collect muscle activity and foot pressure measurement system was used to analyze foot pressure in hemiparetic side. Three different foot position was assumed(anterior, neutral, posterior) in hemiparetic side. The repeated two-way analysis of variance and multiple comparisons were conducted to determine statistical significance with a significance level of 0.05. Results: The results were as follows. 1) Lower extremity muscle activity was significantly higher(p<0.05) in biceps femoris and tibialis anterior muscle during STS without holding an object. With changing positions of the affected foot, muscle activity was significantly increased (p<0.05) in vastus medialis and lateral gastrocnemius when the foot was positioned in posterior. 2) There was no significant difference(p>0.05) in foot pressure during STS with object holding and foot positioning. Conclusion: Muscle activity showed a significant increase when the foot was positioned in posterior in comparison to the muscle activity when the foot was in neutral or anterior position.

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The Effect of Load and Speed of Treadmill Exercise Impact on Muscle Strength and Muscle Activity (트레드밀 운동 시 속도와 부하가 하지 근활성도와 근력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Suhyun;Kim, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Kyu-Lee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of load and speed of treadmill exercise impact on muscle activity and muscle strength. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: The study was conducted for 12 female student from G University. Treadmill exercise was divided into four groups (ULS, LLS, UHS, LHS). Results: 1) There was significant difference in muscle activity of tibialis anterial, medial head of gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris muscle in ULS, UHS (p<0.05). 2) There was significant difference in muscle activity of tibialis anterial, medial head of gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris muscle in LLS, LHS (p<0.05). 3) There was significant difference in muscle activity of tibialis anterial, medial head of gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris muscle in ULS, LLS (p<0.05). 4) There was significant difference in muscle activity of tibialis anterial, medial head of gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, biceps femoris muscle in UHS, LHS (p<0.05). 5 There was significant difference in muscle strength in LHS (p<0.05). Conclusion: Exercising with high speed and load has more influence on the muscle activity and muscle strength of the lower extremities.