• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hong Dae Yong(洪大容)

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Hong Dae-Yong and Engineering Education (홍대용과 공학교육)

  • Rho Tae-Cheon
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2002
  • The 18th century Joseon(朝鮮) science philosopher Hong Dae-Yong(洪大容, 1731-83) tried to create his own scientific system, while partially keeping the Eastern view of nature and accepting Western science and technology. Most of all, he confirmed that Western science and technology was based on mathematical principles and accurate observation and wrote a math book, [Juhaesuyong(籌解需用)]. Therefore, we have good reason to call him a mathematician. He produced so many achievements that he can be considered a natural scientist in the late Joseon era; he accepted the Eastern view of nature critically and sometimes refused it. He also suggested new and various scientific thoughts, including an infinite universe theory, on the basis of Western scientific thought. Hong Dae-Yong emphasized the importance of practice. He understood the principle of the Western Honcheonui(渾天儀) and manufactured an alarm clock with a craftsman's help. He was an excellent engineer and he set a personal observatory. Considering the level of scientific technology at that time, it is reasonable to regard Hong Dae-Yong as a 'scientific technologist in the 18th century Joseonera', well equipped as a mathematician, a natural scientist, and an engineer. In conclusion, it is with 'mathematical thinking, creative conception, and practical activities' that Hong Dae-Yong maintained throughout his life that we can set a guide to produce excellent Korean scientific technologists and engineers in the 21st century.

Mathematics of Chosun Dynasty and $Sh\grave{u}\;l\breve{i}\;j\bar{i}ng\;y\grave{u}n$ (數理精蘊) (조선(朝鮮) 산학(算學)과 수리정온(數理精蘊))

  • Hong Young-Hee
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.25-46
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    • 2006
  • We investigate the process of western mathematics into Chosun and its influences. Its initial and middle stages are examined by Choi Suk Jung(崔錫鼎, $1645\sim1715$)'s Gu Su Ryak(九數略), Hong Jung Ha(洪正夏, $1684\sim?$)'s Gu Il Jib(九一集) and Hwang Yun Suk(黃胤錫, $1719\sim1791$)'s I Su Shin Pyun(理藪新編), Hong Dae Yong(洪大容, $1731\sim1781$)'s Ju Hae Su Yong(籌解需用), respectively. Western mathematics was transmitted for the study of the Shi xian li(時憲曆) when it was introduced in Chosun. We also analyze Su Ri Jung On Bo Hae(數理精蘊補解, 1730?) whose author studied $Sh\grave{u}\;l\breve{i}\;j\bar{i}ng\;y\grave{u}n$ most thoroughly, in particular for astronomy, and finally Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀, $1810\sim?$), Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉, $1820\sim1869$) who studied together structurally western mathematics.

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Dam-Heon Hong Dae Yong's : A part of the BukHak School's Understanding on The Great Learning (담헌 홍대용의 <대학문의(大學問疑)> : 북학파의 『대학』 이해의 일단(一端))

  • Ahn, Woe Soon
    • (The)Study of the Eastern Classic
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    • no.33
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    • pp.385-411
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    • 2008
  • This thesis aims at examining his understandings about the The Great Learning centering on the of the founder of the YiYongHuSaeng School (利用厚生學派: A school who pursued prosperous economy and welfare of people) orthe BukHak School(北學派: A positive school that pursued mercantilism) from the Joseon Dynasty, Dam-Heon Hong Dae Yong (1731-1783). 1) From what is indicated in the , his studies mainly focused on the annotations from DaeHakJangGuDaeJeonJipJu ("大學章句大全集註": A book that edited different phrases from the Great Learning into chapters and paragraphs), Questioning of the Great Learning", and "JuJaUhRyu (朱子語類: A book of Confucian literature written by Yeo Jung Deok" of Zhu Xi who was a representative scholar of the Neo-Confucianism in the Song Dynasty. 2) Acknowledging entirely the arguing points of Zhu Xi, he is taking a critical position in a way that partial doubts are divided into seven chapters and questioned. 3) For the main characteristic and direction of the questioning, he is estimating that Zhu Xi only stressed the 'means' and 'interior' out of the world of 'means and ends' and 'interior and exterior' in Zhu Xi's recognizing and handling cases; instead, he emphasized putting equivalent value on the 'ends' and 'exterior' as well. 4) In fact, such questions raised partially were misconceived since they were not carried out through profound understanding nor systematic logic expansion of what Zhu Xi insisted. 5) Despite this, at the point where Neo-Confucian thoughts were fixed and weakened only with its form left in the late Joseon Dynasty, his perspective on the study of Confucian classics that the 'ends' and 'exterior' should be as equally valued as the 'means' and 'interior' by examining through the core text of the Neo-Confucianism, The Great Learning has its significance in his YiYongHuSaeng dogma that says politicians, by all means, should provide the ruled with economic convenience and welfare and this is their very right virtue.

Performance Analysis of Feature Extractor for Transfer Learning of a Small Sample of Medical Images (소표본 의료 영상의 전이 학습을 위한 Feature Extractor 기법의 성능 비교 및 분석)

  • Lee, Dong-Ho;Hong, Dae-Yong;Lee, Yeon;Shin, Byeong-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.405-406
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    • 2018
  • 본 논문은 소표본 의료용 영상 분석의 정확도 향상을 위해 전이학습 모델을 feature extractor로 구축하여 학습시키는 방법을 연구하였으며 성능 평가를 위해 선학습모델로 AlexNet, ResNet, DenseNet을 사용하여 fine tuning 기법을 적용하였을 때와의 성능을 비교 분석하였다. 그 결과 실험에 사용된 3개의 모델에서 fine tuning 기법보다 향상된 정확도를 보임을 확인하였고, 또한 ImageNet으로 학습된 AlexNet, ResNet, DenseNet이 소표본 의료용 X-Ray 영상에 적용될 수 있음을 보였다.

A study on mathematics books of Joseon Dynasty (조선시대 산서(算書) 연구 - 규장각 소장 산서 연구의 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Gu;Lee, Jae-Hwa
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2011
  • HPM(History and Pedagogy of Mathematics) become an important issue to us now. Study on old Korean mathematics books were made recently. We study mathematics books in Kyujanggak in this article. Horng Wann-Sheng 洪萬生, an math. historian and a member of editorial board of Historia Mathematica, visited Kyujanggak, the royal library of Joseon Dynasty. After his visit, he published a paper, "The first visit to mathematics books in Kyujanggak 奎章閣收藏算書初訪"(2008 Kyujanggak 32, p. 283-293). In his paper, he also raised several research problems on the history of Korean mathematics. In this paper, we analyze his paper "The first visit to mathematics books in Kyujanggak" and give some answers to those raised problems on Korean mathematics. Also we correct some misunderstanding of Horng on some facts. Especially, we make it clear that the author of SinJungSanSul(New Arithmetics 新訂算術) was not Lee Sang-Seol(李相卨), whom Horng considered as the author, but Lee Gyo-Seung(李敎承) through the correct translation of its preface and an article about its copyright lawsuit. And we added some pathways how Chinese mathematics books were imported by Joseon. We introduce the case of Hong Dae-Yong(洪大容) in detail.

Implementation of PHP extension for Altibase database server (알티베이스 데이터베이스 서버를 위한 PHP 확장 모듈 구현)

  • Hong, Dae-Yong;Kang, Woon-Hak;Lee, Sang-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1392-1395
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    • 2012
  • PHP는 널리 쓰이는 웹 개발 언어이고, 다양한 데이터베이스 관리 시스템(DBMS)을 위하여 C로 작성된 인터페이스들을 갖고 있다. 특히 ODBC라는 표준화된 인터페이스를 통해 DBMS를 이용할 수 있지만, 이는 DBMS 고유의 인터페이스를 구현하여 사용하는 것에 비해 시스템을 활용하는 면에서 한계를 가진다. 국산 DBMS인 알티베이스는 고유의 C 인터페이스를 제공하고 있으며 본 논문에서는 이를 이용한 전용 PHP 인터페이스 구현에 대해 다루고, 구현의 결과 PHP스크립트에서 데이터베이스 연결 및 데이터 운용을 할 수 있었다.

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MECHANICAL POWER SYSTEM OF TONGCHEON-UI, AN ASTRONOMICAL CLOCK MADE BY HONG, DAE-YONG (홍대용이 제작한 천문시계 통천의의 기계동력시스템)

  • MIHN, BYEONG-HEE;YUN, YONG-HYUN;KIM, SANG HYUK;KI, HO CHUL
    • Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.43-57
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    • 2020
  • Hong, Dae-Yong manufactured the Tongcheon-ui (Pan-celestial Armillary Sphere) with cooperating clock researcher Na, Kyeong-Jeok, and its craftsman An, Cheo-In, in Naju of Jeolla Province in 1760 ~ 1762. Tongcheon-ui is a kind of astronomical clock with an armillary sphere which is rotated by the force generated by a lantern clock's weight. In our study, we examine the lantern clock model of Tongcheon-ui through its description of the articles written by Hong himself. As his description, however, did not explain the detail of the mechanical process of the lantern clock, we investigate the remains of lantern clocks in the possession of Korea University Museum and Seoul National University Museum. Comparing with the clocks of these museums, we designed the lantern clock model of Tongcheon-ui which measures 115 mm (L) × 115 mm (W) × 307 mm (H). This model has used the structure of the striking train imitated from the Korea University Museum artifact and is also regulated by a foliot escapement which is connected to a going train for timekeeping. The orientation of the rotation of the going train and the striking train of our model makes a difference with the remains of both university museums. That is, on the rotation axis of the first gear set of Tongcheon-ui's lantern clock, the going and the striking trains take on a counterclockwise and clockwise direction, respectively. The weight of 6.4 kg makes a force driving these two trains to stick to the pulley on the twine pulling across two spike gears corresponding to the going train and the striking train. This weight below the pulley may travel down about 560 mm per day. We conclude that the mechanical system of Tongcheon-ui's lantern clock is slightly different from the Japanese style.