• 제목/요약/키워드: Heat pump

검색결과 1,218건 처리시간 0.08초

지열을 이용한 코일 침적형 히트펌프의 성능 특성 (Performance characteristics of the Coil Deposition Type Heat Pump using Geothermal Energy)

  • 오후규;이동건;전민주;손창효
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • 제36권4호
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    • pp.437-444
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    • 2012
  • 본 논문은 지열을 이용한 코일 침적형 히트펌프 시스템의 운전변수에 대한 최적 설계를 위해서 히트펌프의 성능 특성을 실험적으로 조사하였다. 본 연구에서 고려된 작동변수로는 과냉각도, 증발온도, 응축온도 등이다. 그 실험결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 지열 이용 코일 침적형 히트펌프 시스템의 증발온도와 과냉각도가 증가할수록, 응축온도는 감소할수록 성능계수는 증가함을 알 수 있다. 즉, 지열 이용 코일 침적형 히트펌프 시스템의 증발온도, 응축온도, 과냉각도는 냉방과 난방의 성능계수에 영향을 미치는 것을 알 수 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서 제안하는 히트펌프 시스템이 최고의 성능을 나타내기 위한 최적의 운전조건을 결정할 필요가 있다.

해수열원 스크류 히트펌프의 연간 난방운전 성능 모사 (A Simulation Study on the Annual Heating Performance of the Seawater-Source Screw Heat Pump)

  • 백영진;김민성;장기창;이영수;김현주
    • 한국태양에너지학회 논문집
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    • 제32권3호
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2012
  • In this study, in order to utilize the seawater as a heat source at Gangneung city near the East Sea in Korea, an annual heating performance of a screw heat pump was simulated. For a simulation, the maximum heating capacity of heat pump was assumed at 3.5 MW. An ambient temperature at Gangneung city was calculated from the TMY2 weather data, while the seawater temperature was calculated from the regression equation based on the measurement by the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute of Korea. The heating load was assumed linearly dependent on the ambient temperature, while the maximum heating load was assumed to appear when the ambient temperature is below $-2.4^{\circ}C$, which is the temperature of TAC 2.5% for heating at Gangneung city. A heat pump performance at full-load was calculated from the regression equation, which involves refrigerant's evaporating and condensing temperatures, based on a commercial screw compressor performance map. A heating supply temperature which determines refrigerant's condensing temperature was assumed linearly dependent on the heating load. A performance degradation due to the part-load operation of heat pump was also considered. Simulation results show that an annual heating coefficient of performance ($COP_H$) of a seawater-source screw heat pump is approximately 2.8 and that it is necessary to improve part-load performance to increase an annual performance of the heat pump.

해수열원 스크류 히트펌프의 연간 난방운전 성능 시뮬레이션 (A Simulation Study on the Annual Heating Performance of the Seawater-Source Screw Heat Pump)

  • 백영진;김민성;장기창;강병찬;라호상;김현주
    • 한국태양에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국태양에너지학회 2012년도 춘계학술발표대회 논문집
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    • pp.488-493
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    • 2012
  • In this study, in order to utilize the seawater as a heat source at Gangneung city near the East Sea in Korea, an annual heating performance of a screw heat pump was simulated. For a simulation, the maximum heating capacity of heat pump was assumed at 3.5 MW. An ambient temperature at Gangneung city was calculated from the TMY2 weather data, while the seawater temperature was calculated from the regression equation based on the measurement by the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute of Korea. The heating load was assumed linearly dependent on the ambient temperature, while the maximum heating load was assumed to appear when the ambient temperature is below $-2.4^{\circ}C$, which is the temperature of TAC 2.5% for heating at Gangneung city. A heat pump performance at full-load was calculated from the regression equation, which involves refrigerant's evaporating and condensing temperatures, based on a commercial screw compressor performance map. A heating supply temperature which determines refrigerant's condensing temperature was assumed linearly dependent on the heating load. A performance degradation due to the part-load operation of heat pump was also considered. Simulation results show that an annual heating coefficient of performance ($COP_H$) of a seawater-source screw heat pump is approximately 2.8 and that it is necessary to improve part-load performance to increase an annual performance of the heat pump.

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다양한 냉매를 적용한 초임계 히트펌프의 성능 비교 (Performance Comparison of Supercritical Heat Pump for a Variety of Refrigerants)

  • 윤정인;손창효;최광환;전민주
    • 동력기계공학회지
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    • 제18권5호
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, the cycle performance analysis for the COP of supercritical heat pump using various refrigerants is presented to offer the basic design data for the operating parameters of the system. The working fluids are R134a, R22, R32, R290, R600, R600a, R1270 and R744. The operating parameters considered in this study include superheating degree of evaporator, temperature of gas cooler inlet and outlet, compressor efficiency and evaporating temperature in the supercritical heat pump system. The main results were summarized as follows : Superheating degree, temperature of gas cooler inlet and outlet, compressor efficiency and evaporating temperature of supercritical heat pump system have an effect on the COP of this system. With a thorough grasp of these effect, it is necessary to design the supercritical heat pump using R134a. And, in comparison of COP of supercritical heat pump using various refrigerants, R32 and R600 is the highest, and R744 is the lowest among other refrigerants. From these results, it is confirmed that the COP of supercritical heat pump using R744 is higher than that using freon refrigerants such as R32 and R134a.

지열펌프 구동에 의한 지중 온도 분포 변화 모델링 연구 (Numerical Simulation for the Subsurface Temperature Distribution Disturbed by Heat-Pump Operation)

  • 신지연;배광옥;이강근
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국신재생에너지학회 2006년도 추계학술대회
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    • pp.40-43
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    • 2006
  • Public demand for the heat pump system as a next generation energy equipment is increasing for its eco-friendly and cost-effective advantage. Many researches have been concentrated on how to calculate and develop its own efficiency, while the possible effect of the heat pump operation on the whole subsurface temperature distribution is relatively less considered, During the current study, subsurface temperature disturbance caused by seasonal surface temperature cycle in Busan area and general W-tube heat pump operation is simulated in 3-dimensional heterogeneous medium. It shows that subsurface deeper than 10m from the surface remains nearly unchanged throughout the 4 seasons and groundwater convect ion in highly permeable layer near the surface acts like a main path of heat plume from heat pump system, This implies the significance of detail descript ion in shallow sedimentary layer or highly permeable layer which plays an important role on the regional flow advection and heat transfer. Also, the effect of groundwater convection increases when the arrangement of the 2 injection pipes and 2 extract ion well is maintained parallel to groundwater flow. Therefore, more careful and detail investigation is required before installation and operation of heat pump system that it may not cause any possible change of microbial ecosystem in the shallow subsurface environment or 'contamination of temperature' for groundwater use as well as the loss of efficiency of the equipment itself. This can also help to design the optimized grouting system for heat pump.

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저온 외기조건에서 케스케이드 급탕열펌프의 성능특성에 관한 해석적 연구 (Numerical Study of the Performance Characteristics of a Cascade Heat Pump Water Heater at Low Ambient Temperatures)

  • 송재현;정해원;박재우;강훈;김용찬
    • 설비공학논문집
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    • 제25권5호
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2013
  • Heat pump systems have been widely adopted in buildings for cooling and heating, due to their higher energy efficiency. Recently, the demand for hot water supply from the heat pump system has been increasing. To increase the water supply temperature with higher system efficiency and reliability, a heat pump water heater adopting cascade cycle was investigated in this study. The cascade heat pump water heater consisted of a low-stage cycle using R410A, and a high-stage cycle using R134a. A simulation program for the cascade heat pump water heater was developed, and verified by comparison with experimental data. The performance of the cascade heat pump water heater was optimized, by varying the compressor rotating speeds of the low- and high-stage cycles. At low ambient temperatures, the performance of the cascade cycle was compared with that of the single-stage cycle. The system efficiency of the cascade cycle was higher than that of the single-stage cycle, showing a lower compression ratio and compressor discharge temperature.

다수의 히트펌프로 구성된 냉난방시스템에서 하절기 히트펌프의 최적운전에 관한 연구 (A Study on Optimal Operation of Summer Season Cooling System with Numbers of Heat Pumps)

  • 신관우
    • 전기학회논문지P
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    • 제55권1호
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2006
  • Heat-pump system has a special feature that provides heating operation in winter season and cooling operation in summer season with a single system. It also has a merit that absorbs and makes use of wastewater heat, terrestrial heat, and heat energy from the air. Because heat-pump system uses midnight electric power, it decreases power peak load and is very economical as a result. By using the property that energy source is converted to low temperature when losing the heat, high temperature energy source is used to provide heating water and low temperature energy source is used to provide cooling water simultaneously in summer season. This study made up a heat-pump system with 4 air heat sources and a water heat source and implemented the optimal operation algorithm that works with numbers of heat pumps to operate them efficiently. With the heat-pump system, we applied it to cooling and heating operation in summer season operation mode in a real building.

냉매가열식 열펌프시스템의 성능특성에 관한 실험적 연구 (An Experimental Study on the Performance of a Heat Pump with a Refrigerant Heating Device)

  • 김상혁;박윤철
    • 설비공학논문집
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    • 제18권9호
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 2006
  • To improve heating performance of the heat pump in winter season, refrigerant heating device was applied to conventional heat pump. The refrigerant heating device operates at the heating capacity does not enough to the heating load requirement of the conditioning space. When the discharge air temperature of the indoor heat exchanger goes down to below $40^{\circ}C$ which is criterion for comfort of the occupants in the conditioning space, the system also starts. The refrigerant heating system has new concept of auxiliary heating device for heat pump in winter. In this study, the system performance was analyzed through experiments and parametric study was conducted to improve the COP and control strategies.

Zr-based 합금을 이용한 hydride heat pump의 작동 특성에 관한 연구 (Study on the Characteristics of Hydride Heat Pump Using the Zr-based Laves Phase Alloys)

  • 이수근;이재영
    • 한국수소및신에너지학회논문집
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    • 제2권1호
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 1990
  • In order to improve the power of hydride heat pump, prototype heat pump was constructed using $Zr_{0.95}Ti_{0.05}Cr_{0.9}Fe_{1.1}$-$Zr_{0.9}Ti_{0.1}Cr_{0.6}Fe_{1.4}$ which had very good hydrogenation properties. The power changed with operating parameter such as cycle time, air flow rate, and temperature of hot air was investigated. The power shows maximum value with cycle time. The power increased with air flow rate and temperature of hot air. The power of the heat pump was $65-72 Kcal/Kg-alloy{\cdot}h$ under optimum operating condition, which was superior to that the system using $LaNi_{0.9}Al_{0.3}-MmNi_{4.15}Al_{0.66}Fe_{0.2}$ alloy pairs.

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열펌프의 성능 최적화에 관한 연구 (Optimization of Heat Pump Systems)

  • 최종민;윤린;김용찬
    • 신재생에너지
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    • 제3권4호
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    • pp.22-30
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    • 2007
  • An expansion device plays an important role in optimizing the heat pumps by controlling refrigerant flow and balancing the system pressures. Conventional expansion devices are being gradually replaced with electronic expansion valves due to increasing focus on comfort, energy conservation, and application of a variable speed compressor. In addition, the amount of refrigerant charge in a heat pump is another primary parameter influencing system performance. In this study, the flow characteristics of the expansion devices are analyzed, and the effects of refrigerant charge amount on the performance of the heat pump and the variation of compressor speed are investigated at various operating conditions. Mass flow rate through capillary tube, short tube orifice, and EEV was strongly dependent on the upstream pressure and subcooling. The heat pump system is very sensitive with a variation of refrigerant charge amount. The performance of it can be optimized by adjusting the flow rate through expansion device to maintain a constant superheat at all test conditions.

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