• Title/Summary/Keyword: Geothermal grouts

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A Study on the Physical Characteristics of Grout Material for Backfilling Ground Heat Exchanger (지중 열교환기용 뒤채움재의 물리적 특성 연구)

  • Choi, Hang-Seok;Lee, Chul-Ho;Choi, Hyo-Pum;Woo, Sang-Baik
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2008
  • A geothermal heat pump system is a preferable alternative energy system in Korea because it uses the heat energy of the earth, which is environmentally friendly and inexhaustible. In order to characterize the thermal conductivity and viscosity of grout materials used for backfilling ground heat exchangers, nine bentonite grouts, one marine clay from Boryung, and cement grouts adapted in the United State have been considered in this study. The bentonite grouts indicate that the thermal conductivity and viscosity increase with the content of bentonite or filler (silica sand). In addition, material segregation can be observed when the viscosity of grout is relatively low. The marine clay turns out to be unsuitable for backfilling the ground heat exchanger due to its insufficient swelling potential. The saturated cement grouts appear to possess much higher thermal conductivity than the saturated bentonite grouts, and the reduction of thermal conductivity in the cement grouts after drying specimens is less than that in the case of the bentonite grouts. Maintaining the moisture content of grouts is a crucial factor in enhancing the efficiency of ground heat exchangers.