• Title/Summary/Keyword: Fruit

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Variation for Fruit Yield and Quality Characteristics in Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Germplasm Collection

  • Luitel, Binod Prasad;Lee, Taek Jong;Kang, Won Hee
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2011
  • Fifty-five sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) germplasm from the Rural Development Administration (RDA) were analyzed for their fruit yield and fruit quality characters, including fruit weight, fruit size, pericarp thickness, total soluble content, fruit lobe, fruit shape, fruit surface and fruit color. Fruit yield per plot ranged from 200 g to 8150 g (average, 1884 g). Fruit fresh-weight per fruit ranged from 27.3 g to 200.0 g with an average of 97.2 g. Fruit length varied from 4.0 cm to 16.2 cm (average, 9.6 cm). Fruit length-to-width ratio ranged from 0.6 to 3.0 with an average 1.7. The fruit pericarp thickness ranged from 1.8 mm to 10.7 mm (average, 4.8 mm). Total soluble content was the highest ($8.5^{\circ}Brix$) in K156286 and the lowest ($5.3^{\circ}Brix$) in K156208 with the average value $6.7^{\circ}Brix$. Fruit lobes numbers varied from 2 to 4. Blocky, triangular, elongated, rectangular and round fruit shape identified among the sweet pepper accessions. Fruit surface varied from smooth to wrinkle and fruit color also varied. The presence of variability in fruit yield and quality traits within the sweet pepper genotypes can be utilized to develop high yielding sweet pepper variety with better fruit quality characters.

A Bibliographical Study of Traditional Fruit Preserve (문헌고찰을 통한 한국 전통과편(傳統果片)의 연구)

  • Chung, Hae-Kyung;Woo, Na-Ri-Yah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.384-390
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    • 2005
  • This study was designed to establish Korean food culture by considering traditional fruit preserve. A historical approach of traditional fruit preserve were reviewed by the cooking book published from 1670 to 1988 in Korea. The results obtained from this study are as follows. Cooking method of fruit preserve was firstly published to Omshikdimibang in 1670 and published moderate cooking book in 1988 but fruit preserve has not been cooked yet. Cooking method of fruit juice and starch had been started in Samkuk dynasty and was completed in Lee Dynasty. Compared with the western fruit jelly, mung bean starch was used as a gel forming material in Korean traditional fruit preserve while gelatin was used as a gelling agent in western fruit jelly. Western fruit jelly was succeed in innovation, but traditional fruit jelly was failed to innovation.

Calcium Deficiency Causes Pithiness in Japanese Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Niitaka) Fruit (칼슘 결핍에 의한 '신고' 배 (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Niitaka) 과실에서의 바람들이)

  • Moon, Byung Woo;Jung, Hae Woong;Lee, Hee Jae;Yu, Duk Jun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.102-107
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    • 2013
  • BACKGROUND: Pithy pear fruit are not distinguished externally from sound fruit and thus often cause unexpected economic losses. To find out the cause of pithiness, the pithiness incidence and characteristics of Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Niitaka) fruit picked from a spot frequently produced pithy fruit in an orchard were compared with those of fruit picked from another spot produced sound fruit every year. And the soil chemical properties of the two spots and mineral contents in fruit, shoots, and leaves of Japanese pear trees cultivated in the two spots were also examined. METHODS AND RESULTS: The pithiness incidence was 0, 8.8, and 11.3% at 7 days before and 0 and 7 days after optimal harvest date, respectively, in the spot frequently produced pithy fruit. Flesh firmness was significantly lower in pithy fruit than in sound fruit, while soluble solids content was slightly higher in pithy fruit than in sound fruit. Unlike other mineral contents, Ca content was significantly lower in pithy fruit than in sound fruit. These results indicate that Ca deficiency in fruit is closely associated with decrease in flesh firmness and thus pithiness development. Ca content in soil of the spot frequently produced pithy fruit was also significantly lower than that in soil of the spot produced sound fruit. However, shoots or leaves did not exhibit significant difference in Ca and/or other mineral contents between the two spots, indicating that Ca deficiency in fruit is dependent on the translocation of Ca within a plant rather than soil Ca status. Although total-N, available $P_2O_5$, K, and Ca contents were significantly lower in soil of the spot frequently produced pithy fruit than in soil of the spot produced sound fruit, Mg and Na contents and pH were not different between the soil conditions. CONCLUSION(S): Fruit maturity and Ca level in fruit are closely related to the incidence of pithiness in 'Niitaka' Japanese pear.

Quality Characteristics of Noodles Containing Various Levels of Flowering Cherry(Prunus serrulata L. var. spontanea Max. wils.) Fruit Powder (버찌 분말을 첨가하여 제조한 국수의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Jung, Bok-Mi
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the quality characteristics and storage of noodle with added flowering cherry fruit powder. Wet noodles were prepared at concentration of 1, 2, and 3% (w/w) of the fruit based on flour weight. Moisture content of the noodles with or without flowering cherry fruit powder was 33.09~33.50%. Ca, K and Mg contents of flowering cherry fruit noodle were increasing at increasing concentrations of flowering cherry fruit powder. Cooked weight, volume, and water absorption decreased with increased fruit powder, whereas turbidity increased. For Hunter's color values of noodles, L (lightness) and b (yellowness) values decreased with increasing concentration of flowering cherry fruit powder, whereas a (redness) value increased. For mechanical characteristics of the noodles, adhesiveness of cooked noodle with flowering cherry fruit powder were higher than those of control. The pH of flowering cherry fruit noodle was lower than that of control during storage. Bacterial counts of wet noodle with flowering cherry fruit powders were lower than those of the control on the 10th day of storage at $5^{\circ}C$. From the sensory evaluation of 20's, texture, taste, and overall preference were not significantly different between the control and the fruit groups, but the color scores of 2% and 3% flowering cherry fruit noodle were significantly higher than that of 1% fruit noodle (p<0.05). In 40's sensory evaluation, color and overall preference scores of flowering cherry fruit noodle were significantly higher than those of control. In conclusion, the results of this study were suggested that the addition of flowering cherry fruit powder in combination with flour was tended to improve antimicrobial effects during storage when compared to control.

Quality Characteristics of Seolgidduk added with Loquat Fruit Powder (비파가루를 첨가한 설기떡의 품질 특성)

  • Kang, Yang-Sun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.785-792
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated the optimal mix ratio of frozen-dried loquat fruit powder and the optimun conditions for making Seolgidduk by analyzing chemical properties, rating moisture contents, color, mechanical quality characteristics and sensory characteristics Seolgidduk was made with 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8% frozen-dried loquat fruit powder, which contains functional components. Chemical analysis showed that loquat fruit powder contained of 12.87% water, 2.23% crude protein, 0.55% crude fat, 3.57% crude ash and 3.89% crude fiber. Water content of Seolgidduk containing loquat fruit ranged from 36.58~39.18%. With more loquat fruit powder L value decreased, while the 'a' value and 'b' values increased. According to scanning electronic microscopy, Seolgidduk containing frozen-dried loquat fruit powder showed weak coherence. Hardness decreased with more frozen-dried loquat fruit powder. In the sensory test, Seolgidduk with 4% loquat fruit powder was the most preferred with less sourness, proper softness, moisture and chewiness. Based on the results of this experiment, Seolgidduk with 4% loquat fruit powder showed less hardness than the control group. These results show that quality and preference increased when 4% loquat fruit powder was added to Seolgidduk. Therefore, Seolgidduk with 4% of loquat fruit powder is expected to increase quality and preference of Seolgidduk.

The Status of Spot Damage and Fruit Piercing Pests on Yuzu (Citrus Junos) Fruit (유자과실의 반점피해 상황과 흡즙해충의 종류에 관하여)

  • 최덕수;김규진;임근철
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the status of spot damage by fruit piercing pests and the kinds of these pests on yuzu (Citrus junos) fruit in Koheung, the most chief producing district of yuzu fruit in Korea, from ’97 to ’99. The extent of spot damage by fruit piercing pests on yuzu was increasing in recent years. This damage of fruits was severe in the lower canopy than the high one from ground and intercropping groves between yuzu trees had a greater damage to compare with single cropping of yuzu. Spot damage of yuzu fruit was occurred mainly from late September to early November when yuzu fruit is enlarging and coloring yellow. The blackish concave spot on yuzu fruit surface was appeared in 3 days after introduction of Riptortus clavatus into a netted cage containing one yuzu fruit and the diameters of this spot was 8.3 mm. At 10 days after introduction, this spot changed into milky-white with 9.2 mm diameters. One concave spot has contained oil cells by 17.7 and its external appearances has unchanged until harvest. The kinds of piercing pests of yuzu fruit were investigated with 3 orders, 16 families and 37 species. These pests were classified by 11 species of bugs, 5 species of hoppers and 21 species of moths. Among them, dominant species were Physopelta gutta, Halyamorpha halys, Empoasca vitis, Aedia leucomelas, Agrotis tokionis, etc. Macroglossum bombylans and Acherontia s쇼x are newly confirmed species as the fruit piercing moths in Korea.

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Asian Plum Diversity Based on Phenotypic Traits in Republic of Korea

  • Kwon, Jung-Hyun;Nam, Eun-Young;Jun, Ji-Hae;Chung, Kyeong-Ho;Yun, Seok-Kyu;Kim, Sung-Jong;Do, Yun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.254-267
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    • 2018
  • The phenotypic traits of 63 Asian plum varieties were investigated for three years to select those with superior qualities for breeding. Eight morphological characteristics of the flowers and fruits (e.g., stigma position, fruit skin, and flesh color) were evaluated. Phenological characteristics (e.g., blooming time and ripening time) were also monitored. Being useful traits for breeding, fruit quality factors (e.g., fruit weight, skin color, flesh color, soluble solids content, and titratable acidity) were evaluated as well. The majority of the fruits were cordate (36%) and circular (23%) in shape. Approximately 78% of the varieties showed a red skin color, whereas 67% had yellowish fruit flesh. Fruit ripening occurred from June 28th to September 5th, spanning 69 days. The average fruit weight and soluble solids content were 77.2 g and $12.2^{\circ}Brix$, respectively. Regarding correlations among the characteristics, the most significant correlation coefficients were for the ripening time and fruit size parameters. Such information of Asian plum varieties will be useful for future breeding programs.

Morphological Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity Changes in 'Autumn Sense' Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia arguta) as Honey Plant during Fruit Ripening

  • Park, Youngki
    • Journal of Apiculture
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we studied the changes in antioxidant activity of Actinidia arguta fruit of Autumn Sense cultivar during fruit ripening. The aim of this investigation was to find the knowledge of the changes of physiochemicals associated with fruit quality, antioxidant properties (free-radical scavenging activity and reducing power), total phenolics and vitamin C during fruit ripening. The highest free-radical scavenging activity (at $100{\mu}g/ml$) and reducing power (at $100{\mu}g/ml$) in A. arguta fruit were 78.57% and 0.22, respectively. Total phenolic content and vitamin C content in fruit of 10 days after fruit set were $639.48{\mu}g/g$ and $1052.2{\mu}g/g$, respectively. In general, the antioxidant activity and the related parameters, including total phenolic content and vitamin C content decreased during fruit ripening. These results improve knowledge of the effect of ripening on the antioxidant activity and related compounds contents that could help to establish the optimum A. arguta fruit harvest data for various usages.

Effect of Polyphenol Oxidase Activity and Total Phenolic Content on Browning and Quality of Dried-Persimmon According to Maturity Degree of Astringent Persimmon

  • Jung, Kyung-Mi;Song, In-Gyu;Kim, Se-Jong;Lee, Sang-Han
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.65-68
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    • 2015
  • Hunter's color value "a" in dried-persimmon of table and full ripe fruit was higher than that in unripe fruit. In case of soluble solid content, full ripe fruit was $50^{\circ}Brix$, the highest degree, while unripe fruit was $40^{\circ}Brix$, the lowest degree. PPO activation of unripe fruit was 4.7, which was higher than table-ripe fruit (0.7) and full ripe (1.0). Polyphenol oxidase activation remained even while drying, but there was no difference in PPO activation degree as drying period increased. Total phenol content of unripe fruit was 101.4, which was higher than table-ripe fruit (57.5) and full ripe fruit (67.4). Total phenol content level increased as drying period increased, which was based on fresh weight. Hardness of unripe and table ripe fruit continued to decrease until three weeks during softening. After that, hardness was high and it started drying. However, in full ripe fruit, hardness increased after two weeks and softening was fast during the drying period, and its weight reduction rate was lower than that of unripe and table ripe fruit.

Effect of Harvest Date on Fruit Quality and Core Breakdown of 'Wonhwang' Pears (수확시기에 따른 '원황' 배 과실의 품질과 과심갈변에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jin-Ho;Yim, Sun-Hee;Kim, Sung-Jong;Lee, Han-Chan;Kwon, Yong-Hee;Park, Yong-Seo;Jung, Seok-Kyu;Choi, Hyun-Sug
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.103-112
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted on how the harvest time affect fruit quality, core breakdown, and taste of GA-pasted 'Wonhwang' pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) fruit in order to verify the optimum harvest time. Harvest time included 110, 115, 120, 125, 130 days after full bloom (DAFB). Delayed fruit harvest increased fruit weight and content of soluble solids but decreased firmness, titratable acidity, and starch content. Harvest at 130 DAFB severely reduced fruit firmness and increased fruit core breakdown for 21 days at room storage, while harvest at 115 DAFB showed the opposite result of the fruit firmness and breakdown. Delayed fruit harvest reduced fruit taste, regardless of GA pasting on fruit. GA-pasted fruit showed reduced taste in advance compared to those of non GA-pasted fruit, regardless of the harvest time. Harvest at 120 DAFB would be suitable to maintain fruit quality and reduce core breakdown.