• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cracking

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SOLIDIFICATION CRACKING SUSCEPTIBILITY OF

  • Yoon, Jong-Won
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.577-582
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    • 2002
  • The solidification cracking susceptibilities of AI-Mg-Si alloy laser welds were assessed using the self-restraint tapered specimen crack test. The cracking susceptibility of 6061 and 6082 Al-Mg-Si alloy laser welds was substantially reduced when the filler wire containing high Si such as Al-12 wt.% Si (4047A) was used. The amount of eutectic was observed to affect the solidification cracking of Al-Mg-Si alloy laser welds. Abundant eutectic seems to heal the cracking and reduces the cracking susceptibility, while an initial increase in eutectic liquid leads to the increased cracking tendency.

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Solidification Cracking Susceptibility of Al-Mg-Si Alloy Laser Welds

  • Yoon, J.W.
    • International Journal of Korean Welding Society
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 2002
  • The solidification cracking susceptibilities of Al-Mg-Si alloy laser welds were assessed using the self-restraint tapered specimen crack test. The cracking susceptibility of 6061 and 6082 Al-Mg-Si alloy laser welds was substantially reduced when the filler wire containing high Si such as Al-12 wt.% Si (4047A) was used. The amount of eutectic was observed to affect the solidification cracking of Al-Mg-Si alloy laser welds. Abundant eutectic seems to heal the cracking and reduces the cracking susceptibility, while an initial increase in eutectic liquid leads to the increased cracking tendency.

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Cracking Behavior of Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe (프리스트레스트 콘크리트 실린더의 균열거동 연구)

  • Chung, Chul-Hun;Kim, Jong-Suk;Song, Na-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2008
  • The cracking behavior of prestressed concrete members is important for the rational evaluation of PCC pipes. However, the test data on the cracking behavior of PCC pipes are very limited. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the cracking behavior of PCC pipes under different settlement conditions. In this paper, experimental test on the full scale model of PCC pipe was conducted and observed in order to study cracking load in PCC pipes. Based test and FEM analysis results, this paper also presents the cracking load prediction in PCC pipe. Based on the numerical analysis results performed in this research, the cracking behaviors of PCC pipe with the variation of the settlement conditions were evaluated.

Identification of Damage Characteristics for the Cracking of Concrete Strcuture Using Acoustic Emission (음향방출 특성을 이용한 콘크리트 부재종류 및 하중상태에 따른 균열손상 연구)

  • 오병환;권일범;김응재;김광수
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.543-546
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of the present study is to identify the damage characteristics of concrete structures due to cracking by employing the acoustic emission techniques. A comprehensive experimental study has been done. The cracking damages under tensile and flexural loadings have been identified and the bond damage between steel and concrete have been also characterized. It is seen that the amplitudes and energy level of AE events is found to be smaller for bond cracking damages and larger for tensile cracking damages. The characteristic equations of the AE events for various cracking damages have been proposed based on the present test data. The internal microcracks are progressively developed ahead of a visible actual crack and the present study clearly exhibits thses damage mechanism for various types of cracking in concrete. The present study provides very useful data which can be used to identify the various types of cracking damages in concrete structures. This will allow very efficient maintenance of concrete structures through monitoring of internal cracking based on acoustic emission.

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Cracking of Fiber-Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete due to Restrained Shrinkage

  • Kwon, Seung-Hee;Ferron, Raissa P.;Akkaya, Yilmaz;Shah, Surendra P.
    • International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 2007
  • Fiber-reinforced self-compacting concrete (FRSCC) is a new type of concrete mix that can mitigate two opposing weaknesses: poor workability in fiber-reinforced concrete and cracking resistance in plain SCC concrete. This study focused on early-age cracking of FRSCC due to restrained drying shrinkage, one of the most common causes of cracking. In order to investigate the effect of fiber on shrinkage cracking of FRSCC, ring shrinkage tests were performed for polypropylene and steel fiber-reinforced SCC. In addition, finite element analyses for those specimens were carried out considering drying shrinkage based on moisture diffusion, creep, cracking resistance of concrete, and the effect of fiber. The analysis results were verified via a comparison between the measured and calculated crack width. From the test and analysis results, the effectiveness of fiber with respect to reducing cracking was confirmed and some salient features on the shrinkage cracking of FRSCC were obtained.

Review on Delayed Hydride Cracking and Stress Corrosion Cracking of Metals (합금속의 수소취성과 응력부식균열 고찰)

  • Kim, Young Suk;Cheong, Yong Moo;Im, Kyung Soo
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.266-273
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    • 2004
  • The objective of this study is an understanding of stress corrosion cracking of metals that is recognized to mostly limit the lifetime of the structural materials by comparing the features of delayed hydride cracking of zirconium alloys with those of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of Ni-based alloys and hydrogen cracking of stainless steels. To this end, we investigated a dependence of delayed hydride cracking (DHC) velocity on the applied stress intensity factor and yield strength, and correlated a temperature dependence of the striation spacing and the DHC velocity. We reviewed a similarity of the features between the DHC of zirconium alloys, the SCC of Ni-based alloys and turbine rotor steels, and the hydrogen cracking of stainless steels and discussed the SCC phenomenon in metals with our DHC mode.

Identification of Damage Characteristics Due to Cracking of Concrete Structures Using Acoustic Emission (음향방출 특성을 이용한 콘크리트 부재종류 및 하중상태에 따른 균열손상 연구)

  • 오병환;김응재;김광수;유성원
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 1999
  • The damage in concrete structures generally starts with microcracking and thus it is important to find and explore these microcracks in concrete in order to ensure appropriate safety and serviceability. The purpose of the present study is to identify the damage characteristics of concrete structures due to cracking by employing the acoustic emission techniques. A comprehensive experimental study has been done. The cracking damage under tensile and flexural loadings have been identified and the bond damage between steel and concrete have been also characterized. It is seen that the amplitudes and energy level of Acoustic Emission(AE) events are found to be relatively small for bond cracking damages and large for tensile cracking damages. The characteristic equations of the AE events for various cracking damages have been proposed based on the present test data. The internal microcracks are progressively developed ahead of a visible actual crack and the present study clearly exhibits these damage mechanism for various types of cracking in concrete. The present study provides useful data which can be used to identify the various types of cracking damages in concrete structures. This will allow efficient maintenance of concrete structures through monitoring of internal cracking based on acoustic emission.

Multiple Cracking Model of Fiber Reinforced High Performance Cementitious Composites under Uniaxial Tension

  • Wu, Xiangguo;Han, Sang-Mook
    • International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2009
  • A theoretical model of multiple cracking failure mechanism is proposed herein for fiber reinforced high performance Cementitious composites. By introducing partial debonding energy dissipation on non-first cracking plane and fiber reinforcing parameter, the failure mechanism model of multiple cracking is established based on the equilibrium assumption of total energy dissipation on the first crack plane and non-first cracking plane. Based on the assumption of the first crack to be the final failure crack, energy dissipation terms including complete debonding energy, partial debonding energy, strain energy of steel fiber, frictional energy, and matrix fracture energy have been modified and simplified. By comparing multiple cracking number and energy dissipations with experiment results of the reference's data, it indicates that this model can describe the multiple cracking behavior of fiber reinforced high performance cementitious composites and the influence of the partial debonding term on energy dissipation is significant. The model proposed may lay a foundation for the predictions of the first cracking capacity and post cracking capacity of fiber reinforced high performance cementitious composites and also can be a reference for optimal mixture for construction cost.

Cold Cracking Susceptibility in Weld Metal of High Strength-Toughness Steel (고강도 고인성강 용접금속의 저온균열 감수성에 관한 연구)

  • 이종봉;안상곤;안영호;김영우
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 1995
  • The cold cracking susceptibility of a variety of weld metals deposited by GMAW with several kinds of commercial solid wires for high strength-toughness steel was investigated. G-BOP test and LB-TRC test were carried out to study the effects of preheat, chemical composition and hydrogen level on the weld metal cold cracking. The results obtained are as follows. 1) 10% CPT obtained by G-BOP test was the most valuable criteria for evaluating the cold cracking susceptibility of weld metals compared with percentage of cracking at room temperature and crack free temperature, and it had good correlation with the results of LB-TRC test. 2) Cold cracking susceptibility of weld metals was high in the row of MG100A, MG100C, MG100D and MG100B. Welds deposited with MG130 and MG80 showed similar icidents of cracking with MG100C and MG100B respectively, even though their strength levels were different. 3) Diffusible hydrogen level in weld metals which has good relation with hydrogen content in wire itself was the most critical factor for controlling the cold cracking susceptibility of weld metal.

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Matrix Cracking and Delmaination in Laminated Composite Plates Due to Impact (적층복합판의 충격에 의한 모재균열 및 층간분리에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Moon-Saeng;Park, Seung-Bum
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.317-326
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    • 1997
  • An investigation was performed to study the matrix cracking and delamination in laminated composite plates due to transverse impact. A model was developed for predicting the initiation of the matrix cracking and the shape and size of impact-induced delamination in laminated composite plates resulting from the ballistic impact. The model consists of a stress analysis and a failure analysis. A transient finite element analysis which was based on the higher-order shear deformation theory was adopted for calculating the stresses inside the laminated composite plates during impact. A failure analysis was used to predict the initial intraply matrix cracking and the shape and size of the interface delamination in the laminates. As a results, a shear matrix cracking which was governed by the transverse interlaminar shear stress occured at the middle layer near the midplane of laminates and a bending matrix cracking which was governed by the transverse inplane stress occured at the bottom layer near the surface of laminates. In a thick laminates, a shear matrix cracking generated first at the middle layer of laminates, but in a thin laminates, a bending matrix cracking generated first at the bottom layer of laminates.