• 제목/요약/키워드: Constructivism

검색결과 338건 처리시간 0.085초

Pre-service Teachers' Internalized Meanings of Educational Constructivism

  • Kwak, Young-Sun
    • 한국지구과학회지
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.119-131
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    • 2002
  • Constructivism is defined in a variety of ways (e.g., constructivist research paradigm, sociological constructivism, and philosophical constructivism) and applied in vastly different contexts. Among the various usages and interpretations of constructivism, one is educational constructivism that embodies an epistemological view of knowledge and learning that is an alternative to naive empiricism or classical behaviorism. To represent the full range of stances taken by educational constructivists, three versions of educational constructivism were considered in this study: individual constructivism originating in the work of Piaget, the radical version of constructivism associated with von Glasersfeld, and the social constructivism of Vygotsky. I investigated preservice teachers' meaning construction about constructivist epistemology as they went through their preservice teacher education program using in-depth interviews. This preservice teacher education program employs constructivist aspects of teacher education and generates applications of constructivism to the practice of teaching. Features of preservice teachers' internalized meanings of educational constructivism include: (1)traditional pedagogy as the default, (2) Literal interpretation of constructivism, (3) Individual constructivism as conceptual change learning, (4) Radical constructivism as a strong individualistic philosophy, (5) Social constructivism as being too ideal to be practical. A compilation of the teachers' own statements about how to implement conceptual change learning and their projected role as constructivist teacher is also provided.

급진적 구성주의에 대해 자주 제기되는 문제 (Frequently-Asked Questions on Radical Constructivism)

  • 박만구
    • 대한수학교육학회지:수학교육학연구
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.193-212
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    • 2002
  • What is radical constructivism There were many questions arose related with radical constructivism in mathematics education. In this paper, the author put seven frequentlyasked questions on radical constructivism and described each question one by one in light with constructivists' point of views. The questions included types of constructivista, radical constructivism, trivial or weak constructivism, and social constructivism; representative people in radical constructivism; matter of ontological reality; evaluation of others' work; shared meaning; social influence; and teacher's roles from the perspectives of radical constructivism. The author added his opinions ell each Question.

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구성주의 의미의 탐색에 대한 소고: 구성주의의 재조명 (A Search for the Meaning of Constructivism: Constructivism Revisited and Reviewed)

  • 강은경
    • 한국수학교육학회지시리즈C:초등수학교육
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.261-272
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    • 2018
  • 수학교육학에서 구성주의는 학습이론에 있어서 핵심적인 이론이라고 할 수 있으며 구성주의에 대한 이해와 적용은 학습자 중심 수학 교수에 있어서 중요하다. 그러나 일부 초등 교사와 예비 초등 교사들은 구성주의를 편협한 시각으로 이해하고 있다. 구성주의가 수학을 흥미롭게 만드는 것을 중요하게 여기는 이론으로 여기고, 수학적인 요소를 고려하지 않은 게임을 만드는 것이 그 예이다. 본 논문에서는 여러 가지 유형의 구성주의, 급진적 구성주의, 비고츠키의 사회적 문화적 발달이론, 사회적 구성이론, 사회적 구성주의가 각기 주장하는 바를 고찰하고 비교하여 구성주의를 이해하는 데에 도움을 주고자 하였다. 논문의 말미에 구성주의가 수학 교육에 시사하는 점이 논의 되었다.

구성주의 학습기법의 발전방안으로서의 학교도서관에 관한 연구 (A Study on the School Library as a Development Device of the Constructivism's Learning Method)

  • 서진원
    • 한국도서관정보학회지
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.341-356
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    • 2007
  • 본 논문은 구성주의 학습기법과 학교도서관의 관계를 규명하여 학교도서관이 구성주의 학습기법에서 어떠한 역할을 할 수 있고 나아가서 학교교육에 어떻게 기여 할 수 있는가를 연구하였다. 이러한 결과를 도출하기 위하여 현대 지식정보사회에서의 구성주의와 구성주의 학습기법의 발달과정, 개념, 특성 등을 살펴보았다. 학교 도서관에서는 특히 사서교사의 information literacy교육의 개념과 그 중요성을 파악하고 이를 통하여 구성주의 학습기법이 효과적으로 수행 될 수 있음을 주장하였다.

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영아 수학적 탐색활동 지원을 위한 구성주의 교사교육프로그램이 영아교사의 수학지도 관련 변인에 미치는 효과 (Effects of Constructivism-Based Teacher Education Program for Supporting Infant's Mathematical Inquiry Activity on Variables Related to Infant Teacher's Mathematics Teaching)

  • 고은지;김지현
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.105-120
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    • 2020
  • This study helps infant teachers practice a constructivism-based teacher education program that supports infant mathematical inquiry activities and examines improvements in mathematical teaching knowledge, mathematical teaching initiatives, mathematical interaction, constructivism belief and mathematical teaching efficacy. Twenty two experiment group infant teachers and twenty two comparison group infant teachers were chosen at two workforce educare centers. The experiment group infant teachers participated in 18 sessions of a constructivism teacher training program for 8 weeks, but the comparison group infant teachers did not take part in the program. Pretest and post-tests were implemented for the mathematical teaching knowledge, mathematical teaching initiatives, mathematical interactions, constructivism belief and mathematical teaching efficacy in the experiment group. Independent sample t-test and ANCOVA were tested using Windows SPSS statistics 21.0. The homogeneity test for the experiment and comparison group revealed significant differences. ANCOVA was carried out after the pretest score was controlled as a co-variance. Significant differences were indicated in mathematical teaching knowledge, mathematical teaching initiative, mathematical interaction, constructivism belief and mathematical teaching efficacy. The results indicated that a constructivism-based teacher education program to support infant mathematical inquiry activities influenced improvements in mathematical teaching knowledge, mathematical teaching initiative, mathematical interaction, constructivism belief and mathematical teaching efficacy. This study proved the effects of the program based on constructivism theory content for the knowledge, skills and attitude about infant teaching of mathematical initiatives and practiced a program of exploration, investigation, application and assessment for infant teachers. The results can help infant teachers teach mathematical exploration activities and help activate infant mathematical exploration activities.

러시아 구성주의(Constructivism) 예술의상 연구 - Tatlin, Rodchenko, Stepanova와 Popova를 중심으로 - (A Study on the Costume of Arts in the Russian Constructivism - Focused on Tatlin, Rodchenko, Stepanova & Popova -)

  • 박윤정
    • 복식문화연구
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.550-558
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    • 2010
  • Russian Constructivism, which took the lead in the Russian trend of art until the late 1920's, was influenced by European Cubism and Futurism. Breaking away from the previous realistic tendency, Russian Constructivism, to meet the ideology of the revolution, insisted the "Art into Street" and the "Art in Industry" with its abstract and geometric design. Russian Constructivism effected paintings of mid 1920's, as well as Industrial design and costume design. This operated remarkable changes in Russian form of costume and textile area. An unusual situation like revolution had provided the social justification to develop a new costume design not for the special class of people, but for the general public. In this atmosphere, the plan of clothing mass production began to progress. Although the Russian Constructivism costume of arts shows the similarity in the trend of fashion and the physical forms of those days, its fundamental idea in manufacturing costumes was 'to create costumes to be possible to mass-produce and to be wearable to anyone regardless of the social class'. Therefore, Constructivism costume of arts pursued dynamism and geometric form through non-objective design that has broken away from the handcrafted and traditional standards of the past. These distinct characteristics served as a momentum to seek costume design based on productivity and functionality.

현대 패션에 나타난 러시아 구성주의의 조형성에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Formativeness of Russian Constructivism in Modern Fashion)

  • 손호영;간호섭
    • 복식
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    • v.61 no.10
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2011
  • Constructivism is an avant-garde movement that began in 20th-century Russia, which rapidly turned into an industrial society. This was one of the most experimental art movements, that wanted to be at the center of social and political-ideological change as it pursued a unique style, which portrayed the true essence of art and humanity. Russian constructivism greatly influenced modern fashion and suggested a new artistic standard. First, the artistic elements of Russian constructivism include photo montages, geometrical structures, color abstraction, and an asymmetrical order, through which the ideals of the Russian Revolution were substantiated, idealized, and materialized into an artistic form. Second, the different forms of Russian constructivism have various artistic characteristics such as popularity, spatiality, structuralism, decorativeness, and mobility, which were then expressed in modern fashion elaborated below. This study intends to reconstruct the meaning of Russian formalism and reflect it on fashion; thereby reconsidering the characteristics and the meaning of Russian constructivism in the context of today's fashion. This will broaden the meaning of constructivism and suggest a new direction for modern fashion.

구성주의 교육방법의 구현요소로서의 학교도서관 활용수업에 관한 연구 (A Study on the School Library Assisted Instruction as a Practical Element of Constructivism)

  • 서진원
    • 한국도서관정보학회지
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.215-236
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    • 2011
  • 구성주의교육은 현대지식기반 사회에서 학교교육의 중요한 목표이다. 구성주의는 학습자의 사회적 학교생활을 통해서 지식의 구성이 개인적, 주관적으로 이루어진다고 주장한다. 학습자의 창의성을 바탕으로 하는 지식의 개인적, 주관적 구성은 오늘날 학교교육의 목표를 학습자중심교육으로 발전시키고 있다. 본 연구는 구성주의교육의 원리와 특성을 규명하고, 구성주의교육의 구현요소로서 학교도서관활용수업의 개념과 특성을 살펴보고자 한다. 학교도서관활용수업은 최근 학교현장에서 관심을 받고 있으나 아직은 충분한 단계로 발전하지 못하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 학교도서관활용수업의 범위와 단계를 조사하고 구성주의교육에서 적용될 수 있는 일반적인 특징을 제시하고자 한다. 구성주의교육은 학습자의 실제적(authentic)경험과 체험을 중시하는 학습환경의 조성을 강조하며, 자료중심교육을 바탕으로 하는 토의학습, 문제 중심학습, 프로젝트학습 등의 학습방법이 효과적이다. 학교도서관은 학교의 정보자료센터로서 자료중심교육의 필수적 요소이며, 학교도서관활용수업은 가장 효과적인 자료중심교육의 방법이다.

조작적 구성주의와 사회적 구성주의에서 구성의 의미와 과정 (The Meaning and Mechanism of the 'Construction' in the Operational Constructivism and the Social Constructivism)

  • 임재훈;홍진곤
    • 대한수학교육학회지:수학교육학연구
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.299-312
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    • 1998
  • In this study, we have investigated the meaning and mechanism of the 'construction' in the operational constructivism and the social constructivism. According to Piaget, a mathematical concept is the operational sch me, which is constructed through the reflective abstraction from a general coordination of activities and operations. The process of the reflective abstraction consists of 'reflechissement'and 'reflexion'. The reflechissement starting from 'intriorisation' concludes with 'thematisation', and the reflexion consists in the 'equilibration' of the result of reflechissement. The 'construction' in the social constructivism includes two process. One is the process from the individual, subjective knowledge of mathematics to the social, objective knowledge of mathematics, and the other is vice versa. The emphases is placed on the 'social interaction' and the 'representation' in this two processes. In this context, if we want to apply the social constructivism, we should clarify the meaning of 'society', and consider the difference between the society of mathematicians and the society of students.

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플라톤주의와 사회구성주의

  • 박창균
    • 한국수학사학회지
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2002
  • Platonist asserts the existence of abstract entities. Social constructivism views mathematics as a social construction. Platonism seems to be opposed to social constructivism. But this paper discusses the compatibility of Platonism and social constructivism.

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