• Title/Summary/Keyword: Collagen Synthesis

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Effect of Samki-eum Gamibang Water Extract on Dexamethasone-treated Osteoblast (삼기음가미방(三氣飮加味方)이 Dexamethasone 처리 조골세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hye-In;Jang, Sae-Byul;Yoo, Jeong-Eun;Yoo, Dong-Youl
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of water extract of Samki-eum Gamibang (SKG) on osteoblast proliferation in murine calvarial cells. Methods : The osteoblast separated from calvariae of murine was cultivated and evaluated the function of cell. After the addition of SKG on the culture medium, we investigated the effect of SKG on the cell viability, cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, bone matrix protein synthesis and collagen synthesis of the cultivated osteoblast.Results : SKG increased the survival rate and proliferation of rat calvarial osteoblast. SKG increased ALP activity, bone matrix protein synthesis and collagen synthesis of rat calvarial osteoblast. Conclusions : This study suggests that SKG has effect on glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) resulting from increase of osteoblast function.

Biological Characteristics of Human Periodontal Ligament Cells (치주인대 세포의 생물학적 특성)

  • Park, Gwi-Woon;Shin, Hyung-Shik;You, Hyung-Keun
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.291-303
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    • 1997
  • Periodontal ligament cells may have a role in the regulation of hard and soft periodontal tissues, but their specific function has not yet to be determined. To evaluate further their role in periodontal regeneration, they were examined for osteoblast-like behavior. Periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts were primarily cultured from extracted premolar with non-periodontal diseases. Cells were cultured with DMEM at $37^{\circ}C$, 5% $CO_2$, 100% humidity incubator, and as a measure of cell characterization, it was examined that the morphology, alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen synthesis, and immunocytochemistry for osteonectin, osteocalcin, and collagen type I. Healthy periodontal ligament cells has more osteoblastic-like cell property in alkaline phosphatase activity. and collagen synthesis than gingival fibroblast. Immunocytochemistry localization explained that calcitonin were expressed in periodontal ligament cells only, and osteonectin and type I collagen were produced in both cells simultaneously. This results indicate that the growth characteristics of periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts exhibit some differences in proliferative rates and biochemical synthesis. The differences may help to calrify the role such cells play in the regenearation of periodontal tissues.

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Chemical Constituents from Artemisia iwayomogi Increase the Function of Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 Cells

  • Ding, Yan;Liang, Chun;Choi, Eun-Mi;Ra, Jeong-Chan;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.192-197
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    • 2009
  • Chemical investigation of the aerial parts of Artemisia iwayomogi has afforded five glycoside compounds. Their chemical structures were characterized by spectroscopic methods to be turpinionoside A (1), (Z)-3-hexenyl O-${\alpha}$-arabinopyranosyl-(1${\rightarrow}$6)-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (2), (Z)-5'-hydroxyjasmone 5'-O-${\beta}$-Dglucopyranoside (3), (-)-syringaresinol-4-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (4), and methyl 3,5-di-O-caffeoyl quinate (5). All of them were isolated for the first time from Artemisia species. The effect of compounds 1 - 5 on the function of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells was examined by checking the cell viability, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, collagen synthesis, and mineralization. Turpinionoside A (1) significantly increased the function of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Cell viability, ALP activity, collagen synthesis, and mineralization were increased up to 117.2% (2 ${\mu}M$), 110.7% (0.4 ${\mu}M$), 156.0% (0.4 ${\mu}M$), and 143.0 % (2 ${\mu}M$), respectively.

An extract of the root of Lithospermun erythrorhison accelerates wound healing

  • Fujita, Naoko;Sakaguchi, Ikuyo;Ikeda, Norikazu;Kato, Yoshiko;Minamino, Miki
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • 2003.09a
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    • pp.540-567
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    • 2003
  • Metabolic disease such as diabetes, which is caused by stress or imbalanced diet, has been increasing. A diabetic tend to suffer from a delay or difficulty of wound healing. The extract of SHIKON (SK), that is the root of Lithospermun erythrorhison, has been reported to have an effect on healing for normal wound, but has never studies for intractable wound so far. Therefore we examined the effect of SK extract on wound healing with healing impaired mouse model. Full-thickness round wounds were created on the backs of db/db mice and applied SK, and we observed neovascularization and collagen synthesis, distribution of apoptotic cells, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)- positive cells in granulation tissue. After two weeks, a number of capillary vessel and collagen synthesis were increased in SK-treated wounds. Infiltration of VEGF-positive neutrophils was also seen in the wound, besides apoptotic fibroblasts and endothelial cells were appeared in the granulation tissue. After three weeks, the wound closed completely with SK-treated but not in control. These results suggest that SK enhanced neovascularization by VEGF and this kind of apoptosis process makes the scar smooth. In this study, it is obvious that SK also accelerates healing of intractable wound.

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The Effects of Ganoderma lucidum Extract on Osteoblast in Rat Fetus Calvarial Cells (영지(靈芝) 추출물이 Rat fetus 두개골로부터 분리한 조골세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Eun-Hye;Yoo, Dong-Youl
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: In this study, the author aimed to evaluate the effect of EtOH extract of Ganoderma lucidum (GLE) on osteoblast proliferation in rat fetus calvarial cells. Methods: The osteoblast separated from rat fetus calvariae was cultivated for 6~21 days and evaluated the cell function. After the addition of GLE on the culture medium, we determined the effect of GLE on the cell viability, cell proliferation, bone matrix protein synthesis, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, collagen synthesis and calcified nodule formation of the cultivated osteoblast. Results: GLE did not change the survival rate of rat calvarial osteoblast. GLE increased the proliferation of rat calvarial osteoblast. GLE increased ALP activity of rat calvarial osteoblast. GLE increased bone matrix protein synthesis of rat calvarial osteoblast. GLE increased collagen synthesis of rat calvarial osteoblast. GLE slightly affected calcified nodule formation of rat calvarial osteoblast. Conclusions: This study suggests that Ganoderma lucidum might improve the osteoporosis resulted from augmentation of osteoblast proliferation.

New anti-wrinkle cosmetics

  • Lee, Kang-Tae;Lee, Sun-Young;Jeong, Ji-Hean;Jo, Byoung-Kee
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2002
  • In the aged skin especially in the face and eyelid, deep and slight wrinkles are one of the remarkable phenomena of aging and the cause of wrinkle is various. Among the cause of wrinkles an oxidative stress plays an important roles in wrinkle formation process. It caused the lipid peroxidation of cell membrane, the increase of the MMPs(MatrixMetalloProteinase) gene expression and cellular DNA damage. These ROS induced materials may cause the degradation of collagen matrix system in the dermis and cause the formation of skin wrinkle. So, it is very important for protecting skin wrinkle formation to regulate ROS activity. In this study, we developed one active ingredient having multi functional activities such as activation of collagen synthesis, inhibition of MMPs activity, lipid peroxidation and free radical scavenging activity and inhibition of free radical induced DNA damage in vitro. Pericarpium castaneae extracts showed collagen synthesis increase in Normal Human Fibroblast and the inhibition of elastase activity (IC$\_$50/ of Elastase: 43.9$\mu\textrm{g}$/㎖). It showed also anti-oxidative activity (IC$\_$50/ : 48$\mu\textrm{g}$/㎖) and free radical scavenging activity(IC$\_$50/: 7.6$\mu\textrm{g}$/㎖). Conclusively, Pericarpium castaneae extracts may be used as an ingredient for new anti-wrinkle cosmetics.

Effect of L-Ascorbic Acid on Collagen Synthesis in 3T6 Fibroblasts and Primary Cultured Cells of Chondrocytes (3T6 세포주 및 연골 초대배양세포의 Collagen 합성에 미치는 비타민 C의 영향)

  • Kim, Mi-Hyang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 2006
  • L-Ascorbic acid (AsA) is an essential nutrient for prevention of scurvy in humans, primates and guinea pigs that lack $L-gulono-\gamma-lactone$ oxidase which is required for the final step of AsA biosynthesis. AsA participates in various hydroxylation reactions involved in the biosynthesis of collagen. The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of AsA on collagen synthesis in 3T6 fibroblasts and primary cultured cells of chondrocytes. Cells were cultured in medium supplemented with catalase and AsA at various concentration. Supplement of AsA induced collagen synthesis in 3T6 fibroblasts and primary cultured cells of chondrocytes. The most remarkable induction of collagen synthesis by AsA was found in primary cultured chondrocytes. The content of collagen representing the amounts of extracellular matrix significantly increased in the cells of which growth was stimulated by AsA, while it decreased with increasing passage numbers of subculture in cells. It showed that the content of collagen decreased in the medium which contained AsA at the concentration higher than 5.0 mM. However, the contents of collagen to DNA were not different among various AsA concentrations. Supplementing with AsA resulted in enhancement of collagen formation and extracellular matrix. Therefore, there might be a Positive correlation between the activity of catalase and the AsA concentration. Moreover, it can be assumed that AsA stimulates the collagen synthesis by optimizing the cell-culture environment.

Effects of Chlorophyll a on UVB-induced Cellular Responses and Type I pN Collagen Synthesis in vitro (클로로필 a가 UVB 유도성 산화적 스트레스와 matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 활성화 및 콜라겐 합성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Hee-Young;Kim, Jeong-Kee;Seo, Dae-Bang;Lee, Sang-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.700-705
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    • 2009
  • Several studies have demonstrated that chlorophyll has many beneficial properties, including anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and antioxidant properties. Chlorophyll has been also shown to have an excellent chemopreventive potential against skin tumor. Its preventive mechanism against skin tumor, however, has not been examined in detail. Furthermore, the effects of chlorophyll on UVB-induced cellular responses have not been investigated. Solar UV radiation, in particular its UVB component, is the primary cause of many adverse biological effects, which is responsible for the photoaging and skin cancer. We investigated the preventive effects of chlorophyll a on UVB-mediated responses in human immortalized HaCaT kerationocytes and normal human fibroblast. We found that treatment of chlorophyll a markedly inhibited UVB-induced generation of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation. Chlorophyll a also prevented UVB-induced MMP-1 expression and MMP-2 activation and increased Type I pN collagen synthesis. These results suggest that chlorophyll a is a potent candidate for the prevention and treatment of UVB-induced skin cancer and photoaging.

EFFECT OF ZIZYPHI FRUCTUS EXTRACT ON THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF GINGIVAL FIBROBLAST (대조 추출물분획이 치은 섬유아세포의 생물학적 활성화에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Chang-Ho;Lee, Yong-Moo;Cho, Ki-Yeong;Bae, Ki-Hwan;Chung, Chong-Pyoung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.144-154
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    • 1994
  • Final goal of periodontal treatment is to reconstruct the destructed periodontal tissue as well as to remove the necrotic pathologic elements. The purpose of this study is to investigate on the effect of Zizyphi extract to the inhibitory ability on collagenolytic activity of P gingivalis, biologic activity of gingival fibroblasts, and on the collagen and protein synthesis of gingival fibroblasts. Gingival fibroblast from giniva of first bicuspids from patient for orthodontic treatment were used and cultured. For the measurement of inhibitory ability of collagenolytic activity, crude enzyme was extracted and used on the basis of modified Ono's method. On the inhibition of collagenolytic enzyme from herbal extracts, collagenokit CLN-100 were used. The cellular activity of gingival fibroblast, were studied using MTT solution and measured optical density on 570mm by ELISA reader. To measure the effects on the ability of whole protein and collagen synthesis, cell membrane was destructed with ultrasonic grinder after culturing, centrifuged and counted by liquid scintilation counter. The inhibitory effects on producing of $IL-l{\beta}$ by monocyte, after promotion of producing $IL-l{\beta}$ by LPS, were compared with the mixture of herbal extracts and other drugs using thymocyte stimulation assay. About inhibitory effects of $PGF_2$. by gingival fibroblasts, herbal extract was compared with the addition of the other control groups using enzyme imunoassay. On the inhibition of collagenolytic activity by P. gingivalis, benzene extracts showed the most efficient inhibitory effects among the $19{\mu}g/ml$ of the compared extracts and 40.5% by Tetracycline. On the cellular activity promoting effects, compared extracts showed a bit of more effects than PDGF of $100{\mu}g/ml$ concentration and IGF of $20{\mu}g/ml$ concentration. All of the PDGF, IGF, Zizyphi Fructus extract should increase in collagen synthesis, but especially 70% ethylalcohol extracts of Zizyphi Fructus showed comparably high effects among the compared extracts. Effects on whole protein synthesis were slightly increased on every extract but especially 70% ethylalcohol extract showed significantly effective than any other estract. On the inhibitory effects of Zizyphi Fructus $IL-l{\beta}$ production by monocyte, compared extracts showed 70% of highly inhibitory effect than that of 60% inhibition effects on controlled group and each extracts showed no significant difference. In $PGF_2$ production inhibitroy effect of Zizyphi Fructus gingival fibroblasts, Herbal extracts showed 70% of inhibition comparing with tat of 90.2% of controlled group, but each extracts showed similar effects excluding the $H_2O$ extracts. These results suggested that Zizyphi Fructus might be useful medicine for inhibition of inflammatory mediator including $IL-l{\beta}$ and $PGF_2$.

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Anti-aging Effects of Cedrol and Collagen-derived Peptide (세드롤과 콜라겐 유래 펩타이드의 피부노화 개선효과)

  • Ryu, Jong Seong;Cho, Hwan Il;Won, Ji Hee;Jeon, Mi Na;Kwon, Oh Sun;Won, Bo Mi;Lim, Jun Man;Lee, Sang Hwa
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 2015
  • Skin aging is the phenomena finally expressed on the skin surface and related to the changes in the microstructure of the skin texture. Which is resulted in wrinkle formation and uneven tone of skin and so on. In this study, the synergy effect of Cedrol and a collagen-derived peptide in type III collagen synthesis was evaluated by in vitro test. The physiological skin state of 22 female volunteers was measured after using the cosmetics for 4 weeks. Results showed that Cedrol and a collagen-derived peptide had the excellent synergy effect in type III collagen synthesis. The cosmetics improved skin microrelief, star configurations, skin gloss, skin tone, hydration and elasticity except skin lightening. In conclusion, this study proved that Cedrol and collagen-derived peptide had the synergy effect of type III collagen synthesis in the cell level and cosmetics with those was improved skin aging in human volunteer test.