• Title/Summary/Keyword: Collagen Synthesis

Search Result 274, Processing Time 0.059 seconds

Constituents of Collagen Synthesis Activation from the Extracts of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Leaves (돌외 잎 추출물의 콜라겐 합성 증진 성분 규명)

  • Yim, Jun Hwan;Jang, Moon Sik;Jung, Uk Sun;Moon, Mi Yeon;Lee, Ha Youn;Kim, Young Hoon;Lee, Gi Yong;Lee, Nam Ho
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
    • /
    • v.40 no.3
    • /
    • pp.289-295
    • /
    • 2014
  • In order to discover ingredients for wrinkle-care cosmetics, we prepared 70% ethanol extract from Gynostemma pentaphyllum and examined its activity on collagen synthesis using fibroblast HDFn cells. The G. pentaphyllum extract induced the production of type I procollagen in a dose-dependent manner without showing cell toxicity. The active constituents were isolated from the extract by solvent fractionation and chromatographic purification procedures. NMR data and literature studies led to determine the two isolated compounds as the flavonoid glycosides such as ombuine 3-O-rutinoside (1) and quercetin 3-O-rutinoside (2). The activity screening tests showed that the isolates 1 and 2 induced the production of type I procollagen in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggested that G. pentaphyllum extract containing the flavonoids 1 and 2 could be useful as an active ingredient for wrinkle-care cosmetics.

Effects of human collagen α-1 type I-derived proteins on collagen synthesis and elastin production in human dermal fibroblasts

  • Hwang, Su Jin;Kim, Su Hwan;Seo, Woo-Young;Jeong, Yelin;Shin, Min Cheol;Ryu, Dongryeol;Lee, Sang Bae;Choi, Young Jin;Kim, KyeongJin
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.54 no.6
    • /
    • pp.329-334
    • /
    • 2021
  • Collagen type I is the most abundant form of collagen in human tissues, and is composed of two identical α-1 type I chains and an α-2 type I chain organized in a triple helical structure. A previous study has shown that human collagen α-2 type I (hCOL1A2) promotes collagen synthesis, wound healing, and elastin production in normal human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). However, the biological effects of human collagen α-1 type I (hCOL1A1) on various skin properties have not been investigated. Here, we isolate and identify the hCOL1A1-collagen effective domain (CED) which promotes collagen type I synthesis. Recombinant hCOL1A1-CED effectively induces cell proliferation and collagen biosynthesis in HDFs, as well as increased cell migration and elastin production. Based on these results, hCOL1A1-CED may be explored further for its potential use as a preventative agent against skin aging.

Yam (Dioscorea batatas) Root and Bark Extracts Stimulate Osteoblast Mineralization by Increasing Ca and P Accumulation and Alkaline Phosphatase Activity

  • Kim, Suji;Shin, Mee-Young;Son, Kun-Ho;Sohn, Ho-Yong;Lim, Jae-Hwan;Lee, Jong-Hwa;Kwun, In-Sook
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.194-203
    • /
    • 2014
  • Yam (Dioscorea batatas) is widely consumed as functional food for health promotion mainly in East Asia countries. We assessed whether yam root (tuber) or bark (peel) extracts stimulated the activity of osteoblasts for osteogenesis. MC3T3-E1 cells (mouse osteoblasts) were treated with yam root extracts (water or methanol) (study I) or bark extracts (water or hexane) (study II) within $0{\sim}10{\mu}g/mL$ during the periods of osteoblast proliferation (5~10 day), matrix maturation (11~15 day) and mineralization (16~20 day) as appropriate. In study I, both yam root water and methanol extracts increased cell proliferation as concentration-dependent manner. Cellular collagen synthesis and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, both the indicators of bone matrix protein and inorganic phosphate production for calcification respectively, were also increased by yam root water and methanol extract. Osteoblast calcification as cell matrix Ca and P accumulation was also increased by the addition of yam root extracts. In study II, yam bark extracts (water and hexane) increased osteoblast proliferation and differentiation, as collagen synthesis and ALP activity and osteoblast matrix Ca and P deposition. The study results suggested that both yam root and bark extracts stimulate osteogenic function in osteoblasts by stimulating bone matrix maturation by increasing collagen synthesis, ALP activity, and matrix mineralization.

Effect of Serum Media on Fibroblast Proliferation and Collagen Synthesis (배양 혈청이 섬유아세포의 증식 및 교원질합성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Min Ah;Seo, Sung Ig;Han, Seung Kyu;Kim, Woo Kyung
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
    • /
    • v.32 no.4
    • /
    • pp.529-532
    • /
    • 2005
  • Expanding cells ex-vivo is very important in tissue-engineering. Culture medium is usually supplemented with fetal bovine serum(FBS) in most of the experiments. However, cells grown in bovine serum media may posses the possibilities of disseminating bovine diseases and/or stimulating the patient's immune reactions. To overcome these problems, autologous or homologous serum should be used instead of the FBS. The purpose of this study is to compare cell proliferation and collagen synthesis depending on the kind of sera mixed on media and to provide a guideline on applying established experimental data to clinical cases. Human dermal fibroblasts were obtained from four patients. Five thousand cells per well in 96-well plates were incubated DMEM/F-12 Nutrient with varying serum mixture; 10% autologous serum, 10% homologous serum, and 10% FBS. Five days after incubation fibroblast proliferation and collagen production were determined by MTT assay and CICP enzyme immunoassay. The mean cell number were; $3.95{\times}10^4/well$, $2.97{\times}10^4/well$ and $2.30{\times}10^4/well$, respectively. The average amounts of collagen synthesized were; 238.13 ng/ml, 204.88 ng/ml, and 163.88 ng/ml in each. These results show that the use of human serum mixture may contribute to, not only preventing disseminated infection of bovine diseases. but also increase cell proliferation and collagen synthesis without simulating the patient's immune reactions.

Studies on Skin Anti-aging Efficacy of Hydrolysate from Phellinus igniarius (상황버섯 가수분해물의 피부 항노화 효능에 대한 연구)

  • kim, Tae-Jun;Kwak, Byeong-mun;Kim, Hee-Taek
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
    • /
    • v.34 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-20
    • /
    • 2021
  • Objective : The object of this study was to assess the efficacy of hydrolysate from Phellinus igniarius(HPI) on anti-aging activities in vitro measurement and mini clinical study performed on 5 subjects. Methods : To evaluate skin anti-aging efficacy of HPI, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) radical scavenging activity, type I collagen synthesis, inhibition of nitric oxide(NO) production, inhibiton of tyrosinase, hyaluronan synthase(HAS)2, 3 mRNA expression were measured in vitro. Also, mini clinical study of skin hydration was performed on 5 subjects using HPI in distilled water(DW) and 1,3-butylene glycol diluted solution(30% in DW). Results : 1. DPPH radical scavenging activity of HPI was increased in a dose-dependant. 2. Type I collagen synthesis was increased in 50, 100 and 500㎍/㎖ of HPI. 3. NO production was not inhibited in all concentrations of HPI. 4. Tyrosinase was inhibited in 500, 1000, 2500 and 5000㎍/㎖ of HPI. 5. HAS2 mRNA expression was increased in 50, 100, 150 and 200㎍/㎖ of HPI, HAS3 mRNA expression was increased in 100, 150, and 200㎍/㎖ of HPI. 6. In the mini clinical study of 5 subjects, there was a difference in skin hydration over time for each solutions, but it was not statistically siginificant. Conclusions : HPI increased DPPH radical scavenging activity, type I collagen synthesis, and HAS2, HAS3 mRNA expression. HPI also suppressed tyrosinase. The findings of this study suggest that HPI can be used as an skin anti-aging material.

Antibacterial and anti-obesity effects of Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai: an in vitro study

  • Song, Dong Cheol;Lee, Ji Hwan;Oh, Han Jin;Kim, Yong Ju;An, Jae Woo;Chang, Se Yeon;Go, Young Bin;Cho, Hyun Ah;Cho, Jin Ho
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
    • /
    • v.48 no.3
    • /
    • pp.557-565
    • /
    • 2021
  • Interest in research on various medicinal plants has increased globally over the last few decades, possibly due to their possible antibacterial and antioxidant activities. The present study was conducted to verify the antioxidant effects, antibacterial activity, and collagen synthesis and cell viability outcomes of adipocytes upon exposure to Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai (AdN). Antibacterial activity was measured through the Disc diffusion method to compare the growth ability of pathogenic microorganisms (E.coli, Salmonella). The absorbance was measured at 560 nm to calculate the active oxygen scavenging ability. Fibroblasts were dispensed in a 96-well plate at a density of 1 × 105 cells·well-1. The amount of procollagen was measured in each case using a procollagen type 1 C-peptide EIA KIT. The cytotoxicity of the Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai extract against animal adipocytes (Hanwoo backfat cells) was determined using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay, a method that measures the conversion of MTS to Formazan by means of mitochondrial dehydrogenases. The concentrations of the samples were made to be 0.0125, 0025, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.5% and all were -completely absorbed into the disc in an incubator at 37℃ for 24 to 36 hours. For the 0.125 mg·disc-1, effects of Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai on the antioxidant effect, antibacterial activity, and cell viability of adipocytes were found. However, Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai had no effect on collagen synthesis, thus suggesting that AdN extracts may be useful for the prevention and/or treatment of obesity.

KCl Mediates $K^+$ Channel-Activated Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling in Wound Healing

  • Shim, Jung Hee;Lim, Jong Woo;Kim, Byeong Kyu;Park, Soo Jin;Kim, Suk Wha;Choi, Tae Hyun
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
    • /
    • v.42 no.1
    • /
    • pp.11-19
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background Wound healing is an interaction of a complex signaling cascade of cellular events, including inflammation, proliferation, and maturation. $K^+$ channels modulate the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Here, we investigated whether $K^+$ channel-activated MAPK signaling directs collagen synthesis and angiogenesis in wound healing. Methods The human skin fibroblast HS27 cell line was used to examine cell viability and collagen synthesis after potassium chloride (KCl) treatment by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and western blotting. To investigate whether $K^+$ ion channels function upstream of MAPK signaling, thus affecting collagen synthesis and angiogenesis, we examined alteration of MAPK expression after treatment with KCl (channel inhibitor), NS1619 (channel activator), or kinase inhibitors. To research the effect of KCl on angiogenesis, angiogenesis-related proteins such as thrombospondin 1 (TSP1), anti-angiogenic factor, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), pro-angiogenic factor were assayed by western blot. Results The viability of HS27 cells was not affected by 25 mM KCl. Collagen synthesis increased dependent on time and concentration of KCl exposure. The phosphorylations of MAPK proteins such as extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 increased about 2.5-3 fold in the KCl treatment cells and were inhibited by treatment of NS1619. TSP1 expression increased by 100%, bFGF expression decreased by 40%, and there is no significant differences in the VEGF level by KCl treatment, TSP1 was inhibited by NS1619 or kinase inhibitors. Conclusions Our results suggest that KCl may function as a therapeutic agent for wound healing in the skin through MAPK signaling mediated by the $K^+$ ion channel.

Changes of Facial Wrinkle after Topical Application of On Emulsion Containing Medimin A (Medimin A를 함유한 O/W 에멀전의 주름 개선 효과)

  • 박선규;장민열;김영득;정봉열;원영호;김진준;강세훈
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-36
    • /
    • 1999
  • Medimin A is a derivative of vitamin A which has been developed by coupling retinoic acid with polyethylene glycol(PEG) to enhance skin permeability and stability. We carried out the collagen synthesis and clinical test to examine the reducing effect of wrinkles by Medimin A. In vitro collagen synthesis was evaluated by quantitative assay of ($^3$H)-proline incorporation into collagenase sensitive protein in fibroblast cultures. Clinical test was evaluated by image analysis of skin replica, visual observation and self-estimated response of volunteers for 10 weeks. Medimin A stimulated about 40% in collagen synthesis. The area of main deep wrinkle on the skin replica was reduced 38.4% with topical application of O/W emulsion containing 0.2% Medimin A. The wrinkles on the eye region was also reduced 25.4%-44.1% by the visual observation and 93% of all volunteers responded that topical application of the O/W emulsion was showed some reducing effect of wrinkles after 10 weeks. From these results, we suggest that Medimin A is a potent anti-wrinkle agent by objective evaluation methods(in vitro collagen synthesis and image analysis of skin replica) and subjective evaluation methods(visual observation and self-estimated response of volunteers).

  • PDF

The Effect of Glycolic Acid on Human Dermal Fibroblasts: Increased Collagen Synthesis and Inhibition of MMP-2/9

  • Park, Ki-Sook;Kim, Soo-Kyoum;Lim, Sae-Hwan;Kim, Yun-Young;Park, Young-Ju;Lee, Seung-Soo;Lee, Su-Hvun;Chang, Tae-Hyun;Son, Youna-Sook
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
    • /
    • 2003.09b
    • /
    • pp.519-523
    • /
    • 2003
  • Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) includes a group of organic acids found in natural foods such as sugarcane (glycolic acid), milk (lactic acid), apples (malic acid) and oranges (citric acid). Earlier studies demonstrated the effect of AHAs on the skin by diminishing the adhesiveness of the corneal layer and increasing the viable epidermal thickness. Recent data suggest that AHAs have some effects on the dermal component of skin and even affect the aging process of the skin. A previous study revealed increased collagen production by treatment with glycolic acid among AHAs in vitro. However, the mechanism of the regulation of collagen production by glycolic acid was unclear. In present study, we tried to demonstrate the effect of glycolic acid on human dermal fibroblasts and to unveil the mechanism of regulation of collagen production by glycolic acid in human dermal fibroblasts: proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen synthesis and degradation by collagenases in fibroblasts. Our results suggested that glycolic acid had no effect on proliferation and cytotoxicity of adult human dermal fibroblasts. However, glycolic acid not only induced the increase of the collagen synthesis in human dermal fibroblasts at lower concentration than 0.1 % but also inhibited MMP-2 activity of human dermal fibroblast in the range between 0.01 and 0.4% and MMP-9 activity of human dermal fibroblast in the range between 0.06 and 0.09%. In summary, our results suggest that glycolic acid may increase wrinkle reduction partially by both increase in collagen synthesis and decrease in collagen degradation.

  • PDF

Effects of Molecular Weights of Sodium Hyaluronate on the Collagen Synthesis, Anti-inflammation and Transdermal Absorption (히알루론산나트륨의 분자량 크기에 따른 Collagen 합성, 항염증 및 피부 흡수에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Eun Ji;Park, Joo Woong;Choi, Ji Won;Seo, Jeong Yeon;Park, Yong Il
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
    • /
    • v.42 no.3
    • /
    • pp.235-245
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this study, we examined the effects of various molecular weights (1, 10, 50, 100, 660, and 1500 kDa) of sodium hyaluronate (HA), which were prepared by enzyme hydrolysis, on the collagen synthesis, anti-inflammation and skin absorption. These HA did not significantly affect the viability of human dermal fibroblast Hs68 cells. Among them, 1500 kDa, 50 kDa HA most significantly increased collagen production by 59%, and 50% in the Hs 68 cells, respectively. Whereas 1500 and 660 kDa HA hardly pass through mouse transdermis membrane, lower molecular weights (1, 10, or 50 kDa) of HA showed time-dependent increase in skin permeation. HA of 50 kDa showed highest anti-inflammatory effects by reducing nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-${alpha}$ production in the RAW 264.7 cells, comparing to other HA (1, 10, and 100 kDa HA). Recently, there is no report about anti-wrinkle and anti-inflammatory effects and skin permeation of different molecular weights HA (1, 10, 50, 100, 660 and 1500 kDa), which were produced by enzyme hydrolysis. These results suggested that 50 kDa HA can be potent candidates for the development of effective anti-aging and anti-wrinkle cosmetic agents. The results of this study demonstrated that among those HA with different molecular weights, 50 kDa HA showed highest anti-inflammatory activity, significant capability to induce collagen synthesis and high level of skin permeation.