• Title/Summary/Keyword: Calcium

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Effect of Vinegar on the Solubility of Calcium (칼슘 용해도에 미치는 식포의 영향)

  • Jang, Se-Young;Baek, Chang-Ho;Jeong, Kyou-Ho;Park, Nan-Young;Jeong, Yong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.112-116
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of vinegar on the solubility of 3 types of calcium. After solubilized, total acidity and calcium content were increased as initial acid and calcium concentration increased. Addition of vinegar resulted in pH decrement while total acidity increment. Calcium content in seaweed calcium and calcium carbonate were higher than that in nano calcium. Saturated concentration of seaweed calcium and calcium carbonate were $7.0\%$ (w/v) and $6.0\%$ (w/v), respectively, in vinegar and calcium content were $2,234\;mg\%$ and $2,490\;mg\%$, respectively.

Daily calcium intake and its relation to blood pressure, blood lipids, and oxidative stress biomarkers in hypertensive and normotensive subjects

  • Kim, Mi-Hyun;Bu, So Young;Choi, Mi-Kyeong
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.421-428
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    • 2012
  • Several studies revealed that low calcium intake is related to high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension is high in Koreans along with their low dietary calcium consumption. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the status of calcium intake between the hypertension and normotension groups and to investigate the correlation between dietary calcium intake and blood pressure, blood lipid parameters, and blood/urine oxidative stress indices. A total of 166 adult subjects participated in this study and were assigned to one of two study groups: a hypertension group (n = 83) who had 140 mmHg or higher in systolic blood pressure (SBP) or 90 mmHg or higher in diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and an age- and sex-matched normotension group (n = 83, 120 mmHg or less SBP and 80 mmHg or less DBP). The hypertension group consumed 360.5 mg calcium per day, which was lower than that of the normotension group (429.9 mg) but not showing significant difference. In the hypertension group, DBP had a significant negative correlation with plant calcium (P < 0.01) after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and energy intake. In the normotension group, total calcium and animal calcium intake were significantly and positively correlated with serum triglycerides. No significant relationship was found between calcium intake and blood/urine oxidative stress indices in both groups. Overall, these data suggest reconsideration of food sources for calcium consumption in management of the blood pressure or blood lipid profiles in both hypertensive and normotensive subjects.

The effect of calcium and magnesium concentration in saliva on dental caries activity after consuming calcium (칼슘 섭취 후 타액 내 칼슘 및 마그네슘 농도가 치아우식활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jung-Eun;Hwang, Su-Yeon;Kim, Seol-Ak
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.283-294
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of calcium concentration in saliva on dental caries activity after consuming calcium. Methods: A total of 59 adult women aged 20 to 40 years were surveyed for calcium intake. The daily average calcium intake was analyzed through dietary records of the subjects. The subjects were divided into two groups based on daily average calcium intake. Salivary pH and concentrations of minerals in the saliva were obtained from A group and B group. Calcium ($Ca^{2+}$) and magnesium ($Mg^{2+}$) concentrations in saliva were measured by HPLC-Ion chromatography using 15 mM sulfuric acid. The dental caries activity test was quantified by salivary buffer capacity test and plaque pH test. Results: The mean $Ca^{2+}$ concentrations of A group was $12.75{\mu}g/m$, the mean $Ca^{2+}$ concentrations in the B group was $16.30{\mu}g/mL$ (p<0.05) and respectively, $Mg^{2+}$ concentrations were found to be $0.48{\mu}g/mL$ and $0.51{\mu}g/mL$. Calcium intake and calcium concentration in saliva showed a significant correlation (r=0.380). Conclusions: The mean $Ca^{2+}$ concentrations in saliva was higher in the high calcium intake group. Therefore, calcium intake in saliva was correlated with dental caries.

Canine Cystolithiasis in Busan : Analysis of the Architecture and Composition of Cystoliths: Review of 66 Cases(2002-2003) (부산지역에서 발생한 개의 방광결석증: 66례 결석의 구조와 성분의 분석(2002-2003))

  • 김은정;이희천;이효종;장홍희;이용훈;연성찬
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.302-308
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    • 2004
  • Sixty-six dogs diagnosed with cystolithiasis at animal clinics in the Busan area between April 2002, and April 2003, were reviewed. The chemical analysis of cystoliths from 66 dogs indicated that the predominant mineral component was struvite (45 dogs), calcium oxalate (14 dogs), or urate (6 dogs). Animals affected with struvite were grouped into four (s-1; struvite only, s-2; struvite mixed with lesser quantities of calcium oxalate or ammonium urate, s-3; nuclei and lamination, s-4; struvite nucleus surrounded by other minerals), with calcium oxalate into six(o-1; calcium oxalate monohydrate only, o-2; calcium oxalate dihydrate only, o-3; combination of calcium oxalate monohydrate and dihydrate, o-4; calcium oxalate nucleus surrounded by other minerals, o-5; 100% calcium oxalate monohydrate nucleus surrounded by 100% calcium oxalate dihydrate, o-6; mixed calcium oxalate monohydrate nucleus surrounded by mixed calcium oxalate dihydrate), and with urate into two(u-1; ammonium acid urate only, u-2; ammonium acid urate mixed with lesser quantities of other minerals). In this study, the numbers of 4 groups of struvite were (s-1; 10, s-2; 9, s-3; 21, s-4; 5), 6 groups of calcium oxalate were (o-1; 0, o-2; 1, o-3; 2, o-4; 3, o-5; 2, o-6; 6), and 2 groups of urate were (u-1; 6, u-2; 0). The data from each group was analyzed and compared. Shih Tzu(14 cases), Yorkshire terrier(10 cases), mixed-breed(10 cases) and Miniature schnauzer(7 cases) were more frequently affected than the other breeds. Females(40 cases) were affected more than males(26 cases). Twenty-nine dogs had cystoliths associated with a bacterial urinary tract infection, and uroliths tended to recur. We conclude eradication of urinary infection along with appropriate food (e.g. prescription diet) with client compliance should help in reducing the incidence or severity of the disease.

Calcium Intake and Its Major Food Groups and Dish Groups in Korean Adults Aged 50 Years or Older: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015-2019 (50세 이상 한국인의 칼슘 섭취에 기여하는 주요 급원 식품군 및 급원 음식 분석: 2015-2019년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Jeong, Yeseung;Oh, Jieun;Cho, Mi-Sook;Kim, Yuri
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.595-606
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    • 2021
  • Unhealthy dietary behavior such as insufficient calcium intake can be one of risk factors of osteoporosis and chronic diseases in older people. This study evaluated the recent trends in dietary calcium intake and the food source in Korean adults aged 50 years or older using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2015-2019) data. This study used 24-hour recall survey data to investigate the calcium intake, the major food groups and main dishes contributing to the calcium intake. The mean calcium intake was 479.55-506.81 mg/day. The major food groups that contribute to calcium intake were vegetables, milks and fishes. Dairy and frozen desserts and kimchi were the major dish groups that contributed to the calcium intake. Calcium intake from milk in dairy and frozen dessert group has been high in last 5 years (50-64 years old: 34.71-47.68 mg, 65-74 years old: 29.72-43.65 mg, over 75 years old: 22.91-42.93 mg). In addition, baechu-kimchi is the most contributed to the calcium intake in kimchi group (50-64 years old: 35.10-41.47 mg, 65-74 years old: 29.62-34.96 mg, over 75 years old: 23.79-29.13 mg). In conclusion, various source of calcium needs to be recommended to increase intake calcium in over 50 years, which may reduce chronic diseases and improve quality of life.

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF CALCIUM SULFATE ON BONE REGENERATION (치과용 연석고가 골조직재생에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Choi, Jang-Woo
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.217-227
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    • 1998
  • Calcium sulfate(plaster of Paris) has been used in dental and orthopedic surgery for about 100 years. It is well known that the plaster is bioresorbable, biocompatible, defect conformable and moldable. The purpose of this study is to evaluate two effects of calcium sulfate on bone regeneration, that is, the effects of graft materials and barrier for bone regeneration. Cortical bone defects were formed for recipient site on the femurs of 19 Sprague-Dawley rats. The autogenous particulated bone and calcium sulfate were grafted to the defects. Calcium sulfate paste, $Gore-Tex^R$ membrane(W.L. GORE & ASSOCIATES LTD., U.S.A.) and rubber sheet were used for the shielding materials. The results were as follows : 1. Calcium sulfate that had been grafted in the cortical bone defect was almost resorbed before bone remodeling, resultantly had little effect on bone regeneration. 2. Resoption process of calcium sulfate grafted on the bone grafting area tends to be accelerated, as being divided into numerous small particles progressively. Under the situation where the calcium sulfate was protected, with the coverage of fascia, $Gore-Tex^R$ membrane or rubber sheet, new bone formation was confirmed with presence of calcium sulfate particles over 6 weeks after grafting. 3. In the case of calcium sulfate covered with membrane, distinct bone formation was observed on the marrow space of femur adjacent to the plaster mass. 4. Rubber shielded plaster group revealed new bone trabeculae under the rubber sheet, but it showed ischemic degeneration of superficial cortical bone.

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Evaluation of alginate microspheres prepared by emulsion method for protein delivery system

  • Park, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Chang-Moon;Kim, Gwang-Yun;Rhee, Joon-Haeng;Lee, Ki-Young
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2005.04a
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    • pp.574-578
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of the study is to research the proper conditions to prepare the calcium-alginate microspheres using a emulsion method. The calcium-alginate microspheres were prepared at distinct concentrations (alginate; 1%, 1.5%, 2% (w/v), calcium chloride; 2%, 4%, 8%, 10%(w/v)). The shape of the microspheres prepared was spherical. With increasing alginate and calcium chloride concentration the mean size of the microspheres decreased gradually. In release test, the amount of ovalbumin released from the calcium-alginate mcirospheres was decreased by the increasing of alginate and calcium chloride concentration. In this study the best result was obtained at a 2% of alginate concentration and 10% of calcium chloride concentration.

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A study on the preparation of phosphatic calcium compounds using the shell resources (패각을 이용한 인산칼슘계 화합물의 제조에 관한 연구)

  • 이인곤;김판채
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.171-176
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    • 2000
  • The phosphatic calcium compounds such as calcium hydrogen phosphate, bone ash, hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate were prepared using the high purity calcium hydroxide and calcium carbonate obtained from shell resources. Calcium hydrogen phosphate had been prepared using the high purity calcium hydroxide and phosphoric acid solution. Using the calcium hydrogen phosphate as a starting materials, bone ash have been prepared by solid state reaction method and hydroxyapatite could be obtained by hydrothermal treatment method, respectively. The tricalcium phosphate was prepared by the solid state reaction of a stoichiometic mixture of bone ash and high purity calcium carbonate. In this paper, the optimal preparation process and conditions of phosphatic calcium compounds were established.

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A Study on the Preference for Calcium Source Foods, Recognition and Calcium Intake of a Middle-Aged People (50대 중년 남녀의 칼슘 섭취실태, 인식 및 기호도 조사 연구)

  • Han, Jae-Sook;Lee, Yeon-Jung;Choi, Young-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 1998
  • This study was peformed by questionnaire to investigate the recognition, preference and intake of calcium and related food behaviors of middle-aged people (males 600, females 550) in Daegu area. The daily intake was determined by 24-hr dietary recall method. The results were summarized as follows: The meal skipping, diet and nutrition consideration ratio of the subjects were 40.6, 11.1, 34.6% respectively. The recognition scores of calcium of the subjects were 14.3 for male and 15.1 for female, respectively. Also the preference scores of calcium source foods of the subjects were 3.6 for male and 3.5 for female. They preferred laver, cabbage, bean curd and lettuce, in that order, but they disliked cheese and ice cream. The variety of calcium source foods was remarkably low. Milk products were the lowest preferred and eaten calcium source foods. A day's calcium intake was 68.4% (478.6 mg) of the RDA for Koreans. There were significant positive correlations among the recognition, preference and intake scores of calcium.

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The effect of calcium administration on the blood coagulationmechanism during heparin infusion (헤파린 투여 중 칼슘 투여가 혈액응고 기전에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Il-ryong;Kim, Gon-hyung;Kim, Byungsun;Yun, Young-min;Lee, Kyoung-kap
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.469-473
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    • 2004
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of calcium administration on the blood coagulation mechanism through APTT in the calf. Five male calves (70~90 kg) were used in this experiment. In the control group, heparinized normal saline (1 IU/kg/min) had been infusing into the jugular vein for 100 minutes. For the analysis of calcium effects on the APTT, the same solutions had been infusing during the first 40 minutes, subsequently the solution including calcium gluconate (3.3 mg/ml/min) had been infusing for 60 minutes. Blood samples were serially collected every 10 minutes for the APTT and platelets count and every 20 minutes for the calicum level during the infusion. In the calcium-treated group, after 70 minutes the APTT ratio (APTT heparin/APTT baseline) was higher than the therapeutic range. APTT was significantly increased at 50, 60 and 70 minutes in the calcium-treated group as compared to the control group (p<0.01). In the control group, calcium level was decreased significantly after heparin infusion (p<0.01). The platelet count was gradually decreased without significant variation in the both control and calcium-treated groups. These results suggested that APTT is slightly increased in combined heparin and calcium administration.