• Title/Summary/Keyword: Behavioral change

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Effects of Administration of 2,2'-Azobis(2-amidinopropane) Dihydrochloride(AAPH) on Liver Function in Rats 2. Serum Enzyme Activities (2,2'-Azobis (2- amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH)의 투여가 쥐의 간기능에 미치는 영향 2. 혈청 효소 활성치)

  • 강정부;손호상;김철호
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.79-82
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to determine the changes of serum enzyme activities in rats with hepatic injury induced by the administration of AAPH. Minor behavioral change, brittleness of skin hair and decreased water and fled intake were observed in rats administered intraperitoneally with AAPH. Serum AST and ALT activities pre-treatment were $65{\pm} 13.8 and 32{\pm}$ 12.6 IU/L, respectively and increased sharply from 2 hours of administration and reached $1248{\pm} 77.6 and 946{\pm}$ 45.6 IU/L, respectively at 48 hours of administration. Serum ALP and $\gamma -GTP activities pretreatment were 221 {\pm} 75.6 and 2.2{\pm}$ 0.35 IU/L respectively and increased sharply from 8 hours of administration and reached $767{\pm} 44.9 IU/L and 8.0{\pm} 1.23 IU/L,$ respectively at 48 hours of administration.

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Effects of Administration of 2,2'-Azobis(2-amidinopropane) Dihydrochloride(AAPH) on Liver Function in Rats 1. Clinical Signs and Blood Chemical Values (2,2'-Azobis (2- amidinopropano) Dihydrochloride(AAPH)의 투여가 쥐의 간기능에 미치는 영향 1. 임상증상 및 혈액 화학치 소견)

  • 강정부;손호상;김철호
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.75-78
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to estimate the clinical signs and changes of biochemical parameters in rats with hepatic injury induced by the administration of 2, 2'-azobis(2- amidinopropane)dihydrochloride (AAPH) . Minor behavioral change, brittleness of skin hair and decreased volume of water and feed intake were observed in ra% 2 hours after AAPH administration compared to control group. Concentration of serum albumin showed lower than that of control group. However, concentration of total bilirubin has shown higher than that of control group. As time goes on, . serum LDH activity increased significantly compared to control group, but senun CPK activity did not change compared to control group. Passive hemanglutination of $\alpha $-fetoprotein was negative in all the treaDent groups and control group.

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Tourists' Behavioral Changes According to the Type of Communication in Online Travel Communities (온라인 여행 커뮤니티에서 커뮤니케이션 유형에 따른 관광객의 행동 변화)

  • Chung, Namho;Han, Heejeong;Park, Sang Cheol;Koo, Chulmo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.45-63
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    • 2014
  • Due to advance in Internet technology, most tourists tend to search travel information in the Online Travel Communities(OTC). Given this new paradigm in terms of finding travel information, most of relevant studies in this area are still dealt with explaining tourists' behaviors regardless of the types of communications. Therefore, to overcome some limitations in previous studies, we attempt to examine the relationships between both formal and informal communications and tourists' behavioral changes in the OTC context. Specifically, we developed a research model by employing the PPM(push-pull-mooring) framework and tested it to understand why and how tourists' behaviors might be changed. Survey data collected from 323 online tourists were used to test the model the model using SEM(structural equation modeling). The implications of our empirical findings for both research and practice are discussed.

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Hourly load forecasting (시간별 전력부하 예측)

  • Kim, Moon-Duk;Lee, Yoon-Sub
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • 1992.07a
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    • pp.495-497
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    • 1992
  • Hourly load forecasting has become indispensable for practical simulation of electric power system as the system become larger and more complicated. To forecast the future hourly load the cyclic behavior of electric load which follows seasonal weather, day or week and office hours is to be analyzed so that the trend of the recent behavioral change can be extrapolated for the short term. For the long term, on the other hand, the changes in the infra-structure of each electricity consumer groups should be assessed. In this paper the concept and process of hourly load forecasting for hourly load is introduced.

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The Effect of Structured Information on the Sleep Amount of Patients Undergoing Open Heart Surgery (계획된 간호 정보가 수면량에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 -개심술 환자를 중심으로-)

  • 이소우
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.1-26
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    • 1982
  • The main purpose of this study was to test the effect of the structured information on the sleep amount of the patients undergoing open heart surgery. This study has specifically addressed to the Following two basic research questions: (1) Would the structed in formation influence in the reduction of sleep disturbance related to anxiety and Physical stress before and after the operation? and (2) that would be the effects of the structured information on the level of preoperative state anxiety, the hormonal change, and the degree of behavioral change in the patients undergoing an open heart surgery? A Quasi-experimental research was designed to answer these questions with one experimental group and one control group. Subjects in both groups were matched as closely as possible to avoid the effect of the differences inherent to the group characteristics, Baseline data were also. collected on both groups for 7 days prior to the experiment and found that subjects in both groups had comparable sleep patterns, trait anxiety, hormonal levels and behavioral level. A structured information as an experimental input was given to the subjects in the experimental group only. Data were collected and compared between the experimental group and the control group on the sleep amount of the consecutive pre and post operative days, on preoperative state anxiety level, and on hormonal and behavioral changes. To test the effectiveness of the structured information, two main hypotheses and three sub-hypotheses were formulated as follows; Main hypothesis 1: Experimental group which received structured information will have more sleep amount than control group without structured information in the night before the open heart surgery. Main hypothesis 2: Experimental group with structured information will have more sleep, amount than control group without structured information during the week following the open heart surgery Sub-hypothesis 1: Experimental group with structured information will be lower in the level of State anxiety than control group without structured information in the night before the open heart surgery. Sub-hypothesis 2 : Experimental group with structured information will have lower hormonal level than control group without stuctured information on the 5th day after the open heart surgery Sub-hypothesis 3: Experimental group with structured information will be lower in the behavioral change level than control group without structured information during the week after the open heart surgery. The research was conducted in a national university hospital in Seoul, Korea. The 53 Subjects who participated in the study were systematically divided into experimental group and control group which was decided by random sampling method. Among 53 subjects, 26 were placed in the experimental group and 27 in the control group. Instruments; (1) Structed information: Structured information as an independent variable was constructed by the researcher on the basis of Roy's adaptation model consisting of physiologic needs, self-concept, role function and interdependence needs as related to the sleep and of operational procedures. (2) Sleep amount measure: Sleep amount as main dependent variable was measured by trained nurses through observation on the basis of the established criteria, such as closed or open eyes, regular or irregular respiration, body movement, posture, responses to the light and question, facial expressions and self report after sleep. (3) State anxiety measure: State Anxiety as a sub-dependent variable was measured by Spi-elberger's STAI Anxiety scale, (4) Hormornal change measure: Hormone as a sub-dependent variable was measured by the cortisol level in plasma. (5) Behavior change measure: Behavior as a sub-dependent variable was measured by the Behavior and Mood Rating Scale by Wyatt. The data were collected over a period of four months, from June to October 1981, after the pretest period of two months. For the analysis of the data and test for the hypotheses, the t-test with mean differences and analysis of covariance was used. The result of the test for instruments show as follows: (1) STAI measurement for trait and state anxiety as analyzed by Cronbachs alpha coefficient analysis for item analysis and reliability showed the reliability level at r= .90 r= .91 respectively. (2) Behavior and Mood Rating Scale measurement was analyzed by means of Principal Component Analysis technique. Seven factors retained were anger, anxiety, hyperactivity, depression, bizarre behavior, suspicious behavior and emotional withdrawal. Cumulative percentage of each factor was 71.3%. The result of the test for hypotheses show as follows; (1) Main hypothesis, was not supported. The experimental group has 282 minutes of sleep as compared to the 255 minutes of sleep by the control group. Thus the sleep amount was higher in experimental group than in control group, however, the difference was not statistically significant at .05 level. (2) Main hypothesis 2 was not supported. The mean sleep amount of the experimental group and control group were 297 minutes and 278 minutes respectively Therefore, the experimental group had more sleep amount as compared to the control group, however, the difference was not statistically significant at .05 level. Thus, the main hypothesis 2 was not supported. (3) Sub-hypothesis 1 was not supported. The mean state anxiety of the experimental group and control group were 42.3, 43.9 in scores. Thus, the experimental group had slightly lower state anxiety level than control group, howe-ver, the difference was not statistically significant at .05 level. (4) Sub-hypothesis 2 was not supported. . The mean hormonal level of the experimental group and control group were 338 ㎍ and 440 ㎍ respectively. Thus, the experimental group showed decreased hormonal level than the control group, however, the difference was not statistically significant at .05 level. (5) Sub-hypothesis 3 was supported. The mean behavioral level of the experimental group and control group were 29.60 and 32.00 respectively in score. Thus, the experimental group showed lower behavioral change level than the control group. The difference was statistically significant at .05 level. In summary, the structured information did not influence the sleep amount, state anxiety or hormonal level of the subjects undergoing an open heart surgery at a statistically significant level, however, it showed a definite trends in their relationships, not least to mention its significant effect shown on behavioral change level. It can further be speculated that a great degree of individual differences in the variables such as sleep amount, state anxiety and fluctuation in hormonal level may partly be responsible for the statistical insensitivity to the experimentation.

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The Effect of the Swimming Exercise by Load on Concentration of BDNF in Serum and Behavioral Change of CNS Injury in the Rats (부하유무에 따른 수영운동이 중추신경계 손상 흰쥐의 혈청 BDNF 농도 및 행동변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Mi-Sook;Hyong, In-Hyouk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.391-399
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects of loaded and unloaded swimming stimulation after central nerve system injury in the rats. SCI model rats were damaged in L1-L2 injected with 6-OHDA. The twenty one Sprague-Dawley adult male rats weights($200\pm10g$) were randomly divided into control group and 2 swimming groups and then swimming groups divided into 15 minute unloaded swimming group and 15 minute loaded swimming group by swimming intensity. Behavioral Change was evaluated by the BBB(Basso, Brestti, Brenahan) scales test and the maximal angles of the inclined board on which the rat could maintain its intial position for the progressive locomotor recovery. Using enzyme-linked immunosolbent assays(ELISA), we measured concentrations of brain-delived growth factor(BDNF) in serum after swimming. There was significant change of BBB scores in control group as compared to unloaded swimming group and loaded swimming group(p<.05), and unloaded swimming group were significantly higher than loaded swimming group(p<.05). The maximal angles of the inclined plane test were higher in the unloaded swimming group and loaded swimming group than the control group(p<.05), and loaded swimming group were significantly lower than unloaded swimming group(p<.05). There were singnificant difference of concentration of BDNF in serum change in each group(p<.05). The results suggest that swimming applied from the early phase after spinal cord injury may be beneficial in the early recovery of motor function.

A Study on Factors Influencing Perceived Overall Quality and Performance in Financial Services (금융 서비스의 지각된 전반적 품질에 미치는 영향 요인 및 성과에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Seong Tae;Lee, Won-Jun;Kim, Chong-Dae;Kim, Byoung-Jai
    • Asia Marketing Journal
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.191-212
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    • 2012
  • With the introduction of the Capital Market Integration Act in 2009, the new competitive scope and paradigm is opened in Korean financial services market. The change of financial industry and institutions will lead to the behavioral change of customers who consume and choose financial services. While researches from the financial perspective have been conducted, works from the marketing or customer oriented approach has long been relatively ignored. The purpose of this study is to investigate influencing factors and process of financial services customers' choice behavior. More specifically, the main theme is how to enhance customer brand loyalty and purchase intention through the perception of overall quality of the service product. An integrated conceptual model including antecedents, mediating variables and consequences is established through comprehensive literature reviews of extant works on environmental change, customer behavioral change and choice behaviors. Hypothesis testing is done with SEM analysis. According to the results, the attractiveness of financial product, the reputation of financial firm, and self-brand image congruence among exogenous variables make a positive effect on perceived overall quality. And perceived overall quality has a significant effect on brand loyalty.

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Comparison of Cardiovascular Risk Profile Clusters Among Industrial Workers

  • Hwang, Seon-Young;Lee, Ji-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.1500-1507
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    • 2005
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify subgroups of the physical and behavioral risk profiles for cardiovascular disease among industrial workers, and to examine predicting factors for the subgroups. Sample and Method. Health records of 2,616 male and female workers aged 19-56 years who were employed in an airplane manufacturing industry were analyzed. Data were analyzed using the Latent class cluster analysis. Results. Four different clusters (two high-risk groups, one low-risk group, and one normal group) were found and these clusters were significantly different by age, gender, and work type (p < .05 ). The two high-risk groups had higher chances of drinking alcohol, elevated BMI, FBS, total cholesterol, having hypertension, and were significantly older, and had relatively high chances of being day workers rather than other groups. The low-risk group had higher chances of drinking alcohol, higher BMI and total cholesterols compared to normal group, and highest portions of current smokers and shift workers in the four clusters and their mean BP was within prehypertension criteria. Conclusion. Industrial nurses should guide the lifestyle behaviors and risk factors of the high risk groups for CVD and need to intervene early for behavioral change for the low-risk group who are young and shift workers. Age, and work environment should be considered in planning for targeted preventive interventions for industrial workers.

Impact of a Media-Campaign to Promote Walking on Awareness & Behavior Change (지역사회 걷기 활성화를 위한 매체-캠페인이 걷기관련 인식과 행태변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ann, Eue-Soo;Lee, Yong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.99-114
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    • 2007
  • Object: To analyze the effect of a media-campaign for "walking exercise participation improvement", which impacted walking-related awareness and behavior change of residents in Seoul. Method: This study used three campaign media including printing information, walking exercise indication board and a public advertisement of cable TV to lead a walking-related awareness change and practice frequency(number of days per week walking) and time(minutes per day walking) of walking exercise. To evaluate the exposure and message-recall levels of a campaign and effects of awareness change and walking practice, this study used a questionnaire survey(N=377). Result: 1) Group of exposure to campaign more participate and had the higher frequency(p=.015) and time(p=.023) in walking exercise and in comparison with group of nonexposure. 2) Group of changed awareness to campaign more participate and had the higher frequency and time in walking exercise and in comparison with group of no changed perception(p <.05). 3) Level of message recall of ${\ulcorner}$printing information${\lrcorner}$ was associated with number of days per week walking, and level of message recall of ${\ulcorner}$public advertisement of cable TV${\lrcorner}$ was associated with minutes per day walking at a statistically significant level(p <.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that media campaign can enhance the success of community-based efforts to promote awareness change and walking practice.

The Evaluation of a Health Coaching Program on Metabolic Syndrome Patients (대사증후군 대상자들의 건강코칭프로그램 평가)

  • Jo, Heui-Sug;Jung, Su-Mi;Lee, Hey-Jean
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.97-108
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: We assessed the feasibility of health coaching for health coaching program on metabolic syndrome. Methods: We developed a 6 month health coaching program on metabolic Syndrome. We recruited people with metabolic syndrome according to modified NCEP-ATP III. The participants were 9 men over 30 years of age who had taken a health screening at general hospital. We collected data such as demographics, BMI, body fat, blood pressure, HDL-cholesterol blood sugar and triglyceride. The program was analyzed by using Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: Participants showed significantly decreased BMI, weight, waist circumference, body fat after 6 month program. They talked the awareness about their own behavior. They changed into better for eating habits, physical activities, and self management. Their discipline increased and eating habits became regular. They were satisfied to this program and showed strong confidence about their own change. Conclusions: Coaching did not direct certain behavioral change but guided self awareness and practice. Health coaching program showed long maintained effect to participants. We suggested health coaching as a helpful individual program to intervene risky health behavior especially for metabolic Syndrome.