• 제목/요약/키워드: Behavioral change

검색결과 123건 처리시간 0.126초

정신과 입원환자의 행동변화에 영향을 주는 요소에 관한 연구 (A Study of the Factor on Behavioral Change of the Psychiatric in-patient)

  • 이소우;김태경
    • 대한간호학회지
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    • 제14권2호
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    • pp.84-92
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    • 1984
  • This article examined relationships between selected variables, such as demographic background, care, treatment variables, environmental characteristics, and patient's daily behavior and mood change. Relationship were determined between independent variabltherapeutic-rapeutie approach, demographic data, environmental management approach-,and dependent variable-patient's daily behavioral and mood change. 35 patients selected within some criteria in a psychiatric ward, were obserbed during 5 weeks by use of Wyatt's Behavior & Mood Rating Scale ac-cording to the object of the study. At the same time, the frequence of the care and treatment were collected. Criteria for sample selection and independent variables as an influential factor to the patient behavioral change, based on a literature revienw and clinical experiences. Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis were used to determine the influfntial factors to the patient behavioral change. Systematic reading (r=.8324), Psychiatrist's individual interview (r=.5764), tranquilizer (r=.3441) and hospitalization processing date (r=.4143) were related with patient's behavioral change. That is these 4 variables can be said to influence to the patient's behavior and mood. A stepwise multiple regression analysis of the effect of the independent varibles of systematic reading, psychintrists individual interview, tranquilizer and hospitalization processing date on the dependent variable, patient's behavioral change was carried out. Systematic reading with on R²of. 69 revealed to be the main influential factor to the patient's behavior and mood change, as the next factor psychiatrist individual interview. A total inclusion of these factors revealed a 73% prediction for the patient's behavior and mood change. But the most influential factor was the interaction of the systematic reading and psychiatrist's individual interview.

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대학생의 '생활예절' 관심도 및 수강 후 태도.행동 변화에 대한 만족도 -숙대생을 대상으로- (A Study on the Degree of Interest to Manners Education before and Attitude and Behavioral Change Satisfaction of Manners Education after for Women's University Students)

  • 이정우
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • 제36권12호
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    • pp.161-173
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigated on the degree of interest of manners education before and attitude and behavior change satisfaction of post-manners education for Women's University Students. The data for this study were collected from 518 subjects, who were Sookmyng Women's University Students in November, 1996. The subjects were analyzed by Cronbach's α, Frequency, Percentage, Mean, Anova, Factor analysis, Multiple Regression, and Path Analysis. The results were as follows; 1) The general tendency of students' degree of interest of manners education before for Women's University Students was high. 2) Attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education was some high. Among the variables, individual life manners, family relations manners, job manner, and wedding ceremony were some high then the other manners areas. 3) The variables of the positive influences for students attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education were degree of interest of manners education before, mother's age, grade, major, university life-satisfaction, and mother's job, negative influence variables was family life-satisfaction. 4) The intermediated variable of attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education was degree of interest of manners education before and university life-satisfaction. We hope this study to be used as basic data for developing manners education model in university. We also expect further studies on university manners education with precise scale and sampling.

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골밀도 검사를 받은 여대생의 골건강증진행위변화에 영향을 미치는 요인 (The Influencing Factors of the Bone Health Promoting Behavioral Change after the Bone Mineral Density Test in College Women)

  • 이은남
    • 근관절건강학회지
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    • 제16권2호
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether college women would change their exercise and milk intake behavior after the bone mineral density (BMD) test, and to understand the influencing factors in the exercise & milk intake behavioral change. Method: A questionnaire survey which assesses the exercise and m ilk intake behavior was carried out to the 194 college women from June, 2007 to August, 2007, then they had BMD test in the distal radius site. One year later, 146 women have done a similar questionnaire including osteoporosis know ledge, osteoporosis self efficacy, exercise and milk efficacy, and their health belief. Results: The group that had begun regular exercises after the BMD test showed the lowest level of BMD and exercise barrier. And the other group that had been taking exercises before the test, showed the highest osteoporosis self efficacy, exercise efficacy and osteoporosis sensitivity. As for the behavioral change related to milk intake, only the group that had started to intake a cup of milk a day showed the lowest BMD. Conclusion: This study shows that the BMD testing can induce the behavioral change of exercise and milk intake in college women.

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여대생의 비만도에 따른 월경전증후군 증상, 영양섭취 실태 및 심리지수 연구 (A Study on Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), Nutrient Intake, Psychological Index according to the Obesity Degree of College Women)

  • 강세나;박정화;황혜진
    • 대한지역사회영양학회지
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    • 제16권1호
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2011
  • This study was designed to compare the incidence and severity of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) between normal (N = 85) and overweight or obese (N = 28) college female students and investigated correlation between PMS, nutrient intake, hematological index and psychological index (depression, anxiety, stress). Each subject was asked a Menstrual Discomfort Questionnaire (MDQ) for PMS by 5 Likert scale. The PMS scores of women in the normal weight subjects ranked in order of severity were water retention (2.71), followed by behavioral change (2.58), negative affect (2.46), pain (2.31), autonomic reaction (2.27), decreased concentration (2.16). The symptoms of 'pain' and 'behavioral change' of overweight or obese subject were significantly higher than those of normal subject (p < 0.05). And total cholesterol concentration of overweight or obese subjects was significantly higher than in normal subject (p < 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation (p < 0.05) between the symptoms of 'negative effect' and BMI. And the triglyceride concentration was positively related with 'water retention (p < 0.01)'. The symptoms of 'decreased concentration' were negatively correlated with calcium (p < 0.01) and vitamin B6 intake (p < 0.05). The depression score were positively related with symptoms of 'behavioral change (p < 0.05)', 'negative affect' (p < 0.01), and the anxiety score was positively correlated with 'behavioral change (p < 0.05)' and 'decreased concentration (p < 0.05)'. The stress score was positively correlated with 'decreased concentration (p < 0.01)', 'behavioral change (p < 0.05)' and 'negative affect (p < 0.05)'. This suggests that PMS represents the clinical manifestation of a calcium, vitamin $B_6$ deficiency and psychological disorder. Therefore we concluded that nutrient supplementation, depression and stress management may help to relieve PMS symptoms.

조직개발을 위한 기법의 유용성에 관한 연구 (A Study of The Useful of Techniques for The Organization Development)

  • 정수진;고종식
    • 산업경영시스템학회지
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    • 제19권37호
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of organizational development techniques for the behavioral change of employees and to inform organizational developer useful information for decision making. The scope of this study be limited to the techniques for the individual behavioral change among the organizational development The methodology of this study used the questionaire, and the sampling objected to the white class of manufactures. To verify the hypothesis, statistical methods used are Regression Analysis, T-test, Chi- square.

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제어가능한 부엌공간 LED조명에서의 색온도, 조도, 제어속도 추출에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Extraction of Correlated Color Temperature, Illuminance, Control Speed under Controllable LED Lighting in the Kitchen Space)

  • 이진숙;정찬웅;박지영
    • 조명전기설비학회논문지
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    • 제28권5호
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2014
  • This study has found out appropriate scopes of correlated color temperature and illuminance value with regard to general diffused lighting and work in the kitchen. It also has presented appropriate photometric quantity control speed for behavioral change with the following results. 1)For general diffused lighting, the appropriate photometric quantity has turned out to be 4,000 to 4,500K in color temperature and illuminance value of 300 to 400lx. And 300lx at 4,500K has proven to be the most comfortable, behavior-appropriate, and preferred pair. 2)As far as appropriate photometric quantity for work is concerned, color temperature of 4,000 to 5,000K and illuminance value of 600 to 800lx are appropriate, while 700lx at 4,500 to 5,000K are the most comfortable, behavior-appropriate, and preferred set. 3)As for appropriate photometric quantity control speed in behavioral change, 3 to 5 seconds has proven the most comfortable, appropriate, and preferred for behavioral change from entry to general areas and 1 to 3 seconds for change from general to work.

농촌주민의 적정음주를 위한 보건교육 전략 (Health Education Strategies for Adoption of Moderate Drinking Habits among Rural Residents)

  • 김미혜;정문희
    • 보건교육건강증진학회지
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    • 제20권3호
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    • pp.171-188
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    • 2003
  • This study, based on stages of behavioral change, was aimed at suggesting strategies for the adoption of moderate drinking habits for community-based health education designed to help rural people. An interview survey was conducted during the period from March 4 to April 5, 2002 by sampling 467 rural people living in 6 villages covered by a public healthcare clinic. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; 1. The perceived non-moderate drinkers were less prepared for behavioral change. 2. The heavier drinking habits were ‘drinking alone’, ‘meals accompanied by drinking’ and ‘drinking twice or more at a time’. The agricultural off-season and the custom of brewing liquor at home were negative environmental factors for moderate drinking. 3. The predisposing factors affecting moderate drinking were recognition of health, expectation of the drinking effect, etiquette encouraging overdrinking and control of drinking. The reinforcing factors were stress from ordinary life and perception of being loved. The enabling factor was accessibility to the public healthcare clinic. 4. Rural residents are less motivated to participate in health education for moderate drinking. Based on the above findings, health education strategies for each stage can be suggested as follows: 1) Pre-contemplation stage: improvement of perception, motivation, sharing of experiences, and reawakening. 2) Contemplation/preparation stag e: measurement of value, departure from the inertia against a change, formation of a habit, and reinforcement of the behavior. 3) Action/maintenance stage: creation of a social atmosphere, encouragement of participation, change of life style, and improvement of environment.

PAIR 리더십 프로그램이 부적응 사회복무요원들의 행동변화의지, 대인관계 효능감 및 자기관리에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of the PAIR Leadership Program on the Behavioral Change Will, Interpersonal efficacy, Self-Regulation for the Military Alternative Social Workers Maladjusted)

  • 이정화;이정원
    • 디지털융복합연구
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    • 제16권1호
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 사회복무요원들의 부적응 개선을 위한 대책으로, 개인특성을 고려한 환경전략의 일환인 PAIR리더십 프로그램이 부적응 인원의 행동변화의지, 대인관계 효능감 및 자기관리에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 병무청 소속의 사회복무요원들을 중 복무 부적응군 20명과 평균수준의 적응군 16명을 대상으로 PAIR리더십프로그램을 진행하였다. 총 10회가 진행되었으며, 1회당 60분씩 진행되었다. 두 집단 모두 프로그램 시작 전과 종료 후 2회에 걸쳐 행동변화의지 수준, 대인관계 효능감 및 자기조절 수준을 측정하였다. 연구 결과, PAIR리더십 프로그램에 참여한 부적응군은 프로그램 참여 전보다 참여 종료 후에 자신에 대한 행동변화의지 수준, 대인관계 효능감 수준, 자기관리수준에서 모두 유의미하게 증가하였다. 적응군 역시 행인관계 효능감수준과 자기관리수준에서 유의미한 변화를 보였지만 행동변화의지 수준은 유의미한 변화를 보이지 않았다. 본 연구결과는 PAIR리더십프로그램이 복무부적응 사회복무요원들과 적응에게 행동변화의지, 대인관계 효능감 및 자기관리수준을 향상시키는데 효과적임을 시사한다.

한방차가 시설노인의 생리적 기능과 행동변화에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of Oriental Herbal Tea on the Physiological Function and Behavioral Change of Elders at Geriatric Facility)

  • 김수경;이정은;윤미경;고희정
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • 제15권3호
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    • pp.1448-1457
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    • 2014
  • 평균수명이 연장되면서 노인인구비율 증가와 함께 각종 노인성 질환이 증가하고 있다. 노인성 질환을 대상으로 한약재를 이용한 치료적 접근위주의 연구는 시도되고 있으나, 건강관리 차원에서 예방적 접근방법으로 한방건강 음료로서의 한방차에 대한 연구는 미미한 실정이다. 본 연구는 노인요양시설을 이용하는 노인을 대상으로 한방차의 섭취가 생리적 기능과 행동변화에 미치는 효과를 확인하기 위한 비동등성 대조군 전후 설계의 유사 실험연구이다. 대상자는 실험군 20명, 대조군 18명으로 총 38명이었다. 2013년 5월부터 6월까지 1회 100ml씩, 일 3회, 30일간 본 연구에서 개발한 한방차를 적용하였고, 양자분석기로 생리적 기능을, 구조화된 설문지로 행동변화를 측정하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS/WIN 18.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 분석 결과 실험군에서 생리적 기능 중 혈류순환(t=-4.466, p<.001), 간기능(t=-2.855, p=.007), 뇌기능(t=-2.545, p=.015), 골밀도(t=-6.125, p<.001), 혈당(t=-4.180, p=<.001)과 행동변화의 하위지수인 정서적 요인(t=2.389, p=.023)에서 유의한 변화가 나타났다. 따라서 노인의 생리적 기능 향상과 정서적 안정에 긍정적인 효과가 나타난 한방차의 음용은 노인요양시설에서 노인 건강을 위한 효과적인 중재 방법으로 활용될 수 있다고 사료된다.

피평가자의 외적책임감이 행위변화 의도에 미치는 영향: 다면평가 상황을 중심으로 (The Effect of Ratee Accountability on Behavioral Change Intention in Multi-Rater Performance Appraisal System)

  • 이승윤
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • 제22권4호
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2021
  • 조직 내에서 성과평가가 그 목적을 달성하고 유용하게 활용되기 위해서는 피평가자가 성과평가 피드백을 의미있는 방식으로 적용하는 데 대한 외적 책임감(accountability)을 가지는 것이 중요하다. 본 연구는 다면평가 피드백 상황에서 피평가자가 느끼는 외적 책임감이 행위변화 의도에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고, 그 과정에 피드백 구체성이 미치는 영향을 규명하는 것을 목적으로 하였다. 다면평가 제도를 실시하고 있는 총 8개 국내 대기업에 종사하는 153명의 종업원으로부터 설문자료를 수집하였고 위계적 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 가설검증 결과, 피평가자가 다면평가 결과 피드백에 대해 느끼는 전반적인 외적 책임감은 행위변화 의도와 정(+)의 관계를 나타냈다. 또한, 다면평가 피드백 내용이 구체적이라고 지각될수록 전반적인 외적 책임감이 피평가자의 행위변화 의도에 미치는 영향은 감소하는 것으로 나타나, 가설과는 반대방향의 조절효과가 확인되었다. 이러한 결과는 다면평가를 통한 피드백이 유용한 것이 되기 위해서는 피평가자의 외적 책임감을 조장하고 관리하는 것이 중요함을 보여주고, 자기방어나 정당화보다는 성과증진을 위한 유연하고 건설적인 분석과 행위변화 전략을 제시하는 피드백을 제공해야 함을 시사한다.