• Title/Summary/Keyword: Behavioral change

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A Study of the Factor on Behavioral Change of the Psychiatric in-patient (정신과 입원환자의 행동변화에 영향을 주는 요소에 관한 연구)

  • 이소우;김태경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.84-92
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    • 1984
  • This article examined relationships between selected variables, such as demographic background, care, treatment variables, environmental characteristics, and patient's daily behavior and mood change. Relationship were determined between independent variabltherapeutic-rapeutie approach, demographic data, environmental management approach-,and dependent variable-patient's daily behavioral and mood change. 35 patients selected within some criteria in a psychiatric ward, were obserbed during 5 weeks by use of Wyatt's Behavior & Mood Rating Scale ac-cording to the object of the study. At the same time, the frequence of the care and treatment were collected. Criteria for sample selection and independent variables as an influential factor to the patient behavioral change, based on a literature revienw and clinical experiences. Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis were used to determine the influfntial factors to the patient behavioral change. Systematic reading (r=.8324), Psychiatrist's individual interview (r=.5764), tranquilizer (r=.3441) and hospitalization processing date (r=.4143) were related with patient's behavioral change. That is these 4 variables can be said to influence to the patient's behavior and mood. A stepwise multiple regression analysis of the effect of the independent varibles of systematic reading, psychintrists individual interview, tranquilizer and hospitalization processing date on the dependent variable, patient's behavioral change was carried out. Systematic reading with on R²of. 69 revealed to be the main influential factor to the patient's behavior and mood change, as the next factor psychiatrist individual interview. A total inclusion of these factors revealed a 73% prediction for the patient's behavior and mood change. But the most influential factor was the interaction of the systematic reading and psychiatrist's individual interview.

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A Study on the Degree of Interest to Manners Education before and Attitude and Behavioral Change Satisfaction of Manners Education after for Women's University Students (대학생의 '생활예절' 관심도 및 수강 후 태도.행동 변화에 대한 만족도 -숙대생을 대상으로-)

  • 이정우
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.12
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    • pp.161-173
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigated on the degree of interest of manners education before and attitude and behavior change satisfaction of post-manners education for Women's University Students. The data for this study were collected from 518 subjects, who were Sookmyng Women's University Students in November, 1996. The subjects were analyzed by Cronbach's α, Frequency, Percentage, Mean, Anova, Factor analysis, Multiple Regression, and Path Analysis. The results were as follows; 1) The general tendency of students' degree of interest of manners education before for Women's University Students was high. 2) Attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education was some high. Among the variables, individual life manners, family relations manners, job manner, and wedding ceremony were some high then the other manners areas. 3) The variables of the positive influences for students attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education were degree of interest of manners education before, mother's age, grade, major, university life-satisfaction, and mother's job, negative influence variables was family life-satisfaction. 4) The intermediated variable of attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education was degree of interest of manners education before and university life-satisfaction. We hope this study to be used as basic data for developing manners education model in university. We also expect further studies on university manners education with precise scale and sampling.

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The Influencing Factors of the Bone Health Promoting Behavioral Change after the Bone Mineral Density Test in College Women (골밀도 검사를 받은 여대생의 골건강증진행위변화에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Eun-Nam
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether college women would change their exercise and milk intake behavior after the bone mineral density (BMD) test, and to understand the influencing factors in the exercise & milk intake behavioral change. Method: A questionnaire survey which assesses the exercise and m ilk intake behavior was carried out to the 194 college women from June, 2007 to August, 2007, then they had BMD test in the distal radius site. One year later, 146 women have done a similar questionnaire including osteoporosis know ledge, osteoporosis self efficacy, exercise and milk efficacy, and their health belief. Results: The group that had begun regular exercises after the BMD test showed the lowest level of BMD and exercise barrier. And the other group that had been taking exercises before the test, showed the highest osteoporosis self efficacy, exercise efficacy and osteoporosis sensitivity. As for the behavioral change related to milk intake, only the group that had started to intake a cup of milk a day showed the lowest BMD. Conclusion: This study shows that the BMD testing can induce the behavioral change of exercise and milk intake in college women.

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A Study on Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), Nutrient Intake, Psychological Index according to the Obesity Degree of College Women (여대생의 비만도에 따른 월경전증후군 증상, 영양섭취 실태 및 심리지수 연구)

  • Kang, Se-Na;Park, Jung-Hwa;Hwang, Hye-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2011
  • This study was designed to compare the incidence and severity of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) between normal (N = 85) and overweight or obese (N = 28) college female students and investigated correlation between PMS, nutrient intake, hematological index and psychological index (depression, anxiety, stress). Each subject was asked a Menstrual Discomfort Questionnaire (MDQ) for PMS by 5 Likert scale. The PMS scores of women in the normal weight subjects ranked in order of severity were water retention (2.71), followed by behavioral change (2.58), negative affect (2.46), pain (2.31), autonomic reaction (2.27), decreased concentration (2.16). The symptoms of 'pain' and 'behavioral change' of overweight or obese subject were significantly higher than those of normal subject (p < 0.05). And total cholesterol concentration of overweight or obese subjects was significantly higher than in normal subject (p < 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation (p < 0.05) between the symptoms of 'negative effect' and BMI. And the triglyceride concentration was positively related with 'water retention (p < 0.01)'. The symptoms of 'decreased concentration' were negatively correlated with calcium (p < 0.01) and vitamin B6 intake (p < 0.05). The depression score were positively related with symptoms of 'behavioral change (p < 0.05)', 'negative affect' (p < 0.01), and the anxiety score was positively correlated with 'behavioral change (p < 0.05)' and 'decreased concentration (p < 0.05)'. The stress score was positively correlated with 'decreased concentration (p < 0.01)', 'behavioral change (p < 0.05)' and 'negative affect (p < 0.05)'. This suggests that PMS represents the clinical manifestation of a calcium, vitamin $B_6$ deficiency and psychological disorder. Therefore we concluded that nutrient supplementation, depression and stress management may help to relieve PMS symptoms.

A Study of The Useful of Techniques for The Organization Development (조직개발을 위한 기법의 유용성에 관한 연구)

  • 정수진;고종식
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.19 no.37
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of organizational development techniques for the behavioral change of employees and to inform organizational developer useful information for decision making. The scope of this study be limited to the techniques for the individual behavioral change among the organizational development The methodology of this study used the questionaire, and the sampling objected to the white class of manufactures. To verify the hypothesis, statistical methods used are Regression Analysis, T-test, Chi- square.

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A Study on the Extraction of Correlated Color Temperature, Illuminance, Control Speed under Controllable LED Lighting in the Kitchen Space (제어가능한 부엌공간 LED조명에서의 색온도, 조도, 제어속도 추출에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Sook;Jeong, Chan-Ung;Park, Ji-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2014
  • This study has found out appropriate scopes of correlated color temperature and illuminance value with regard to general diffused lighting and work in the kitchen. It also has presented appropriate photometric quantity control speed for behavioral change with the following results. 1)For general diffused lighting, the appropriate photometric quantity has turned out to be 4,000 to 4,500K in color temperature and illuminance value of 300 to 400lx. And 300lx at 4,500K has proven to be the most comfortable, behavior-appropriate, and preferred pair. 2)As far as appropriate photometric quantity for work is concerned, color temperature of 4,000 to 5,000K and illuminance value of 600 to 800lx are appropriate, while 700lx at 4,500 to 5,000K are the most comfortable, behavior-appropriate, and preferred set. 3)As for appropriate photometric quantity control speed in behavioral change, 3 to 5 seconds has proven the most comfortable, appropriate, and preferred for behavioral change from entry to general areas and 1 to 3 seconds for change from general to work.

Health Education Strategies for Adoption of Moderate Drinking Habits among Rural Residents (농촌주민의 적정음주를 위한 보건교육 전략)

  • 김미혜;정문희
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.171-188
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    • 2003
  • This study, based on stages of behavioral change, was aimed at suggesting strategies for the adoption of moderate drinking habits for community-based health education designed to help rural people. An interview survey was conducted during the period from March 4 to April 5, 2002 by sampling 467 rural people living in 6 villages covered by a public healthcare clinic. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; 1. The perceived non-moderate drinkers were less prepared for behavioral change. 2. The heavier drinking habits were ‘drinking alone’, ‘meals accompanied by drinking’ and ‘drinking twice or more at a time’. The agricultural off-season and the custom of brewing liquor at home were negative environmental factors for moderate drinking. 3. The predisposing factors affecting moderate drinking were recognition of health, expectation of the drinking effect, etiquette encouraging overdrinking and control of drinking. The reinforcing factors were stress from ordinary life and perception of being loved. The enabling factor was accessibility to the public healthcare clinic. 4. Rural residents are less motivated to participate in health education for moderate drinking. Based on the above findings, health education strategies for each stage can be suggested as follows: 1) Pre-contemplation stage: improvement of perception, motivation, sharing of experiences, and reawakening. 2) Contemplation/preparation stag e: measurement of value, departure from the inertia against a change, formation of a habit, and reinforcement of the behavior. 3) Action/maintenance stage: creation of a social atmosphere, encouragement of participation, change of life style, and improvement of environment.

The Effect of Ratee Accountability on Behavioral Change Intention in Multi-Rater Performance Appraisal System (피평가자의 외적책임감이 행위변화 의도에 미치는 영향: 다면평가 상황을 중심으로)

  • Rhee, Seung-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2021
  • To establish an effective performance appraisal system, ratee accountability is essential because it increases the likelihood of meaningful utilization of performance appraisal feedback. In the context of a multi-rater performance appraisal system, this study examines the effect of the ratee general accountability and accountability to the supervisor and peers on the ratee's intention to change behavior based on the performance appraisal feedback. This study further explored the moderating effect of perceived feedback specificity on the relationship between the ratee accountability and behavioral change intention. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted using the survey data from 153 employees in eight firms with multi-rater performance appraisal systems. The results showed that ratee general accountability was positively associated with the intention to change behavior. Furthermore, perceived feedback specificity attenuated the positive relationship between the ratee general accountability and behavioral change intention, which was the opposite of the hypothesized direction. The findings indicate the importance of managing and facilitating ratee accountability for implementing a multi-rater performance appraisal system. The result also emphasizes the critical role that performance appraisal feedback plays in motivating performance improvement by providing flexible, constructive advice and behavioral change strategies instead of inducing self-defense or justification.

The Effect of the PAIR Leadership Program on the Behavioral Change Will, Interpersonal efficacy, Self-Regulation for the Military Alternative Social Workers Maladjusted (PAIR 리더십 프로그램이 부적응 사회복무요원들의 행동변화의지, 대인관계 효능감 및 자기관리에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hwa;Lee, Jung-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of PAIR leadership program which can make one's own for solving problems of conflicts through understanding of self and the environmental. For this, the PAIR leadership were administered in 10 sessions for 60 minutes with 16 of the adjustment soldiers and 20 of the maladjustment soldiers of the military alternative social workers. The pre-post on the behavioral change will, interpersonal efficacy and the self-regulation level were assessed. The results were as the PAIR he maladjustment soldiers group reported significantly higher score on level of the behavioral change will, interpersonal efficacy and the self-regulation. Also the adjustment soldiers reported significantly on interpersonal efficacy and the self-regulation. This results suggest that the PAIR readership program can be applied effectively for promotion of the behavioral change will, the self-regulation.

The Effects of Oriental Herbal Tea on the Physiological Function and Behavioral Change of Elders at Geriatric Facility (한방차가 시설노인의 생리적 기능과 행동변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo-Kyung;Lee, Jung-Eun;Youn, Mee-Kyung;Ko, Hee-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1448-1457
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    • 2014
  • Geriatric illness is increasing with aged population ratio due to a prolonged average life span. Research studies with therapeutic approach using oriental herbs have been attempted, but the very few studies of oriental herbal tea as a healthy drink have done as a health care. This study was performed to identify the effects of oriental herbal tea on the physiological function and behavioral change of elders at geriatric facility. A quasi-experimental design using a nonequivalent control group, pre-post test was used. Total 38 of elderly population (20 of experimental group and 18 of control group) was recruited. 100mL of a type of oriental herbal tea developed for this study was given to each subject 3 times a day for 30 days (from May to June 2013). The health scan analyzer and questionnaire for behavioral change were used to measure dependent variables. The data was analyzed by SPSS/WIN 18.0. After drinking the oriental herbal tea, more significant improvement on blood circulation (t=-4.466, p<.001), liver function (t=-2.855, p=.007), brain function (t=-2.545, p=.015), bone density (t=-6.125, p<.001), blood sugar (t=-4.180, p=<.001) and emotional factor (t=2.389, p=.023) as the sub-variable of behavioral change were found in the experimental group than control group. This study shows that oriental herbal tea can be effective on the physiological function and emotional relief of the elders. Therefore the tea can be utilized as an effective intervention for the health of elders in geriatric facility.