• Title/Summary/Keyword: Artificial Neural Networks

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A Comparison of Artificial Neural Networks and Statistical Pattern Recognition Methods for Rotation Machine Condition Classification (회전기계 고장 진단에 적용한 인공 신경회로망과 통계적 패턴 인식 기법의 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Chang-Gu;Park, Kwang-Ho;Kee, Chang-Doo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 1999
  • This paper gives an overview of the various approaches to designing statistical pattern recognition scheme based on Bayes discrimination rule and the artificial neural networks for rotating machine condition classification. Concerning to Bayes discrimination rule, this paper contains the linear discrimination rule applied to classification into several multivariate normal distributions with common covariance matrices, the quadratic discrimination rule under different covariance matrices. Also we discribes k-nearest neighbor method to directly estimate a posterior probability of each class. Five features are extracted in time domain vibration signals. Employing these five features, statistical pattern classifier and neural networks have been established to detect defects on rotating machine. Four different cases of rotation machine were observed. The effects of k number and neural networks structures on monitoring performance have also been investigated. For the comparison of diagnosis performance of these two method, their recognition success rates are calculated form the test data. The result of experiment which classifies the rotating machine conditions using each method presents that the neural networks shows the highest recognition rate.

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Optimization of flexure stiffness of FGM beams via artificial neural networks by mixed FEM

  • Madenci, Emrah;Gulcu, Saban
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.75 no.5
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    • pp.633-642
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    • 2020
  • Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are known as intelligent methods for modeling the behavior of physical phenomena because of it is a soft computing technique and takes data samples rather than entire data sets to arrive at solutions, which saves both time and money. ANN is successfully used in the civil engineering applications which are suitable examining the complicated relations between variables. Functionally graded materials (FGMs) are advanced composites that successfully used in various engineering design. The FGMs are nonhomogeneous materials and made of two different type of materials. In the present study, the bending analysis of functionally graded material (FGM) beams presents on theoretical based on combination of mixed-finite element method, Gâteaux differential and Timoshenko beam theory. The main idea in this study is to build a model using ANN with four parameters that are: Young's modulus ratio (Et/Eb), a shear correction factor (ks), power-law exponent (n) and length to thickness ratio (L/h). The output data is the maximum displacement (w). In the experiments: 252 different data are used. The proposed ANN model is evaluated by the correlation of the coefficient (R), MAE and MSE statistical methods. The ANN model is very good and the maximum displacement can be predicted in ANN without attempting any experiments.

Time and Cost Analysis for Highway Road Construction Project Using Artificial Neural Networks

  • Naik, M. Gopal;Radhika, V. Shiva Bala
    • Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2015
  • Success of the construction companies is based on the successful completion of projects within the agreed cost and time limits. Artificial neural networks (ANN) have recently attracted much attention because of their ability to solve the qualitative and quantitative problems faced in the construction industry. For the estimation of cost and duration different ANN models were developed. The database consists of data collected from completed projects. The same data is normalised and used as inputs and targets for developing ANN models. The models are trained, tested and validated using MATLAB R2013a Software. The results obtained are the ANN predicted outputs which are compared with the actual data, from which deviation is calculated. For this purpose, two successfully completed highway road projects are considered. The Nftool (Neural network fitting tool) and Nntool (Neural network/ Data Manager) approaches are used in this study. Using Nftool with trainlm as training function and Nntool with trainbr as the training function, both the Projects A and B have been carried out. Statistical analysis is carried out for the developed models. The application of neural networks when forming a preliminary estimate, would reduce the time and cost of data processing. It helps the contractor to take the decision much easier.

Estimating United States-Asia Clothing Trade: Multiple Regression vs. Artificial Neural Networks

  • CHAN, Eve M.H.;HO, Danny C.K.;TSANG, C.W.
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.7
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    • pp.403-411
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    • 2021
  • This study discusses the influence of economic factors on the clothing exports from China and 15 South and Southeast Asian countries to the United States. A basic gravity trade model with three predictors, including the GDP value produced by exporting and importing countries and their geographical distance was established to explain the bilateral trade patterns. The conventional approach of multiple regression and the novel approach of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) were developed based on the value of clothing exports from 2012 to 2018 and applied to the trade pattern prediction of 2019. The results showed that ANNs can achieve a more accurate prediction in bilateral trade patterns than the commonly-used econometric analysis of the basic gravity trade model. Future studies can examine the predictive power of ANNs on an extended gravity model of trade that includes explanatory variables in social and environmental areas, such as policy, initiative, agreement, and infrastructure for trade facilitation, which are crucial for policymaking and managerial consideration. More research should be conducted for the examination of the balance between developing countries' economic growth and their social and environmental sustainability and for the application of more advanced machine-learning algorithms of global trade flow examination.

Prediction of Solvent Effects on Rate Constant of [2+2] Cycloaddition Reaction of Diethyl Azodicarboxylate with Ethyl Vinyl Ether Using Artificial Neural Networks

  • Habibi-Yangjeh, Aziz;Nooshyar, Mahdi
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 2005
  • Artificial neural networks (ANNs), for a first time, were successfully developed for the modeling and prediction of solvent effects on rate constant of [2+2] cycloaddition reaction of diethyl azodicarboxylate with ethyl vinyl ether in various solvents with diverse chemical structures using quantitative structure-activity relationship. The most positive charge of hydrogen atom (q$^+$), dipole moment ($\mu$), the Hildebrand solubility parameter (${\delta}_H^2$) and total charges in molecule (q$_t$) are inputs and output of ANN is log k$_2$ . For evaluation of the predictive power of the generated ANN, the optimized network with 68 various solvents as training set was used to predict log k$_2$ of the reaction in 16 solvents in the prediction set. The results obtained using ANN was compared with the experimental values as well as with those obtained using multi-parameter linear regression (MLR) model and showed superiority of the ANN model over the regression model. Mean square error (MSE) of 0.0806 for the prediction set by MLR model should be compared with the value of 0.0275 for ANN model. These improvements are due to the fact that the reaction rate constant shows non-linear correlations with the descriptors.

Training Artificial Neural Networks and Convolutional Neural Networks using WFSO Algorithm (WFSO 알고리즘을 이용한 인공 신경망과 합성곱 신경망의 학습)

  • Jang, Hyun-Woo;Jung, Sung Hoon
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.969-976
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    • 2017
  • This paper proposes the learning method of an artificial neural network and a convolutional neural network using the WFSO algorithm developed as an optimization algorithm. Since the optimization algorithm searches based on a number of candidate solutions, it has a drawback in that it is generally slow, but it rarely falls into the local optimal solution and it is easy to parallelize. In addition, the artificial neural networks with non-differentiable activation functions can be trained and the structure and weights can be optimized at the same time. In this paper, we describe how to apply WFSO algorithm to artificial neural network learning and compare its performances with error back-propagation algorithm in multilayer artificial neural networks and convolutional neural networks.

Neuro-fuzzy and artificial neural networks modeling of uniform temperature effects of symmetric parabolic haunched beams

  • Yuksel, S. Bahadir;Yarar, Alpaslan
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.787-796
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    • 2015
  • When the temperature of a structure varies, there is a tendency to produce changes in the shape of the structure. The resulting actions may be of considerable importance in the analysis of the structures having non-prismatic members. The computation of design forces for the non-prismatic beams having symmetrical parabolic haunches (NBSPH) is fairly difficult because of the parabolic change of the cross section. Due to their non-prismatic geometrical configuration, their assessment, particularly the computation of fixed-end horizontal forces and fixed-end moments becomes a complex problem. In this study, the efficiency of the Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) in predicting the design forces and the design moments of the NBSPH due to temperature changes was investigated. Previously obtained finite element analyses results in the literature were used to train and test the ANN and ANFIS models. The performances of the different models were evaluated by comparing the corresponding values of mean squared errors (MSE) and decisive coefficients ($R^2$). In addition to this, the comparison of ANN and ANFIS with traditional methods was made by setting up Linear-regression (LR) model.

Predicting the unconfined compressive strength of granite using only two non-destructive test indexes

  • Armaghani, Danial J.;Mamou, Anna;Maraveas, Chrysanthos;Roussis, Panayiotis C.;Siorikis, Vassilis G.;Skentou, Athanasia D.;Asteris, Panagiotis G.
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.317-330
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    • 2021
  • This paper reports the results of advanced data analysis involving artificial neural networks for the prediction of the unconfined compressive strength of granite using only two non-destructive test indexes. A data-independent site-independent unbiased database comprising 182 datasets from non-destructive tests reported in the literature was compiled and used to train and develop artificial neural networks for the prediction of the unconfined compressive strength of granite. The results show that the optimum artificial network developed in this research predicts the unconfined compressive strength of weak to very strong granites (20.3-198.15 MPa) with less than ±20% deviation from the experimental data for 70% of the specimen and significantly outperforms a number of available models available in the literature. The results also raise interesting questions with regards to the suitability of the Pearson correlation coefficient in assessing the prediction accuracy of models.

Modal parameters based structural damage detection using artificial neural networks - a review

  • Hakim, S.J.S.;Razak, H. Abdul
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.159-189
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    • 2014
  • One of the most important requirements in the evaluation of existing structural systems and ensuring a safe performance during their service life is damage assessment. Damage can be defined as a weakening of the structure that adversely affects its current or future performance which may cause undesirable displacements, stresses or vibrations to the structure. The mass and stiffness of a structure will change due to the damage, which in turn changes the measured dynamic response of the system. Damage detection can increase safety, reduce maintenance costs and increase serviceability of the structures. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are simplified models of the human brain and evolved as one of the most useful mathematical concepts used in almost all branches of science and engineering. ANNs have been applied increasingly due to its powerful computational and excellent pattern recognition ability for detecting damage in structural engineering. This paper presents and reviews the technical literature for past two decades on structural damage detection using ANNs with modal parameters such as natural frequencies and mode shapes as inputs.

A Methodology on Estimating the Product Life Cycle Cost using Artificial Neural Networks in the Conceptual Design Phase (개념 설계 단계에서 인공 신경망을 이용한 제품의 Life Cycle Cost평가 방법론)

  • 서광규;박지형
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2004
  • As over 70% of the total life cycle cost (LCC) of a product is committed at the early design stage, designers are in an important position to substantially reduce the LCC of the products they design by giving due to life cycle implications of their design decisions. During early design stages, there may be competing concepts with dramatic differences. In addition, the detailed information is scarce and decisions must be made quickly. Thus, both the overhead in developing parametric LCC models fur a wide range of concepts, and the lack of detailed information make the application of traditional LCC models impractical. A different approach is needed, because a traditional LCC method is to be incorporated in the very early design stages. This paper explores an approximate method for providing the preliminary LCC, Learning algorithms trained to use the known characteristics of existing products might allow the LCC of new products to be approximated quickly during the conceptual design phase without the overhead of defining new LCC models. Artificial neural networks are trained to generalize product attributes and LCC data from pre-existing LCC studies. Then the product designers query the trained artificial model with new high-level product attribute data to quickly obtain an LCC for a new product concept. Foundations fur the learning LCC approach are established, and then an application is provided.