• Title/Summary/Keyword: Anaerobic biodegradability

Search Result 33, Processing Time 0.128 seconds

Effects of Organic Content on Anaerobic Biodegradability of Sludge Generating from Slaughterhouse

  • Oh, Seung-Yong;Kim, Ho;Kim, Chang-Hyun;Kim, Seung-Hwan;Yoon, Young-Man
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.46 no.4
    • /
    • pp.296-302
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of organic content level on ultimate methane potential and anaerobic biodegradability of substrate by biochemical methane potential assay. Three organic matters (whole sludge and liquid and solid fraction of sludge) of the same origin, which had different organic contents, were fermented at the batch anaerobic reactor for 70 days. Ultimate methane potential and anaerobic biodegradability were determined by the terms of volatile solid (VS) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Volatile solid contents of whole sludge and solid and liquid fraction of sludge were 2.4, 18.8, and 0.2% and COD were 5.3, 30.4, and 0.5%, respectively. Ultimate methane potentials ($B_u$-COD) and anaerobic biodegradability ($D_{VS}$) determined by VS content were $0.5Nm^3kg^{-1}-VS_{added}$, 76.3% for whole sludge, $0.5Nm^3kg^{-1}-VS_{added}$, 76.3% for the liquid fraction of sludge, and $0.6Nm^3kg^{-1}-VS_{added}$, 77.0% for the solid fraction of sludge. Ultimate methane potentials ($B_u$-COD) and anaerobic biodegradability ($D_{COD}$) determined by COD were $0.2Nm^3kg^{-1}-COD_{added}$, 73.4% for whole sludge, $0.2Nm^3kg^{-1}-VS_{added}$, 74.0% for the liquid fraction of sludge, and $0.33Nm^3kg^{-1}-COD_{added}$, 99.1% for the solid fraction of sludge. In conclusion, ultimate methane potential and anaerobic biodegradability given by the VS term showed more reasonable results because COD might be underestimated by the interference of $NH_4{^+}$ in the case of highly concentrated organic material.

Effect of Organic Content on Anaerobic Biodegradability by Agricultural Waste Biomass

  • Shin, Kook-Sik;Yoon, Young-Man;Sonn, Yeon-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.155-164
    • /
    • 2014
  • Recently interest on production of biogas from biomass resources has increased because of climate change in worldwide. In this study, anaerobic digestion efficiency of 17 different types of agricultural waste was evaluated using biochemical methane production potential estimated from the International biochemical methane potential standard method (Germany VDI4630). As a result, theoretical biochemical methane potential ($B_{th}$) of agricultural waste biomass ranged from 0.266 to $0.488Nm^3kg^{-1}$-Volatile Solid $(VS)_{added}$. Ultimate biochemical methane potential ($B_u$) of agricultural waste biomass ranged between 0.176 and $0.417Nm^3kg^{-1}-VS_{added}$. The agricultural waste biomass anaerobic biodegradability with $B_u/B_{th}$ and VDI4630 determined by VS contents was 36.0~95.9% and 30.8~91.1%, respectively. Ultimate methane potential and anaerobic biodegradability given by the VS term showed more reasonable results.

Improvement of Solubilization and Anaerobic Biodegradability for Sewage Sludge Using Ultrasonic Pre-treatment (하수슬러지의 초음파 전처리를 통한 가용화 및 혐기성 생분해도 향상)

  • Lee, Chae-Young;Park, Seung-Yong
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.83-90
    • /
    • 2008
  • The ultrasonic pre-treatment of sewage sludge (SS) was investigated to increase soluble organic material and to improve anaerobic biodegradability. Ultrasonic disintegration of SS increased the amount of soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), protein and carbohydrate concentrations whereas particle size decreased due to the break-up of cell walls. In terms of anaerobic biodegradability, ultrasonic pre-treatment enhanced the anaerobic biodegradation of SS, leading to the methane gas production improvement. Biochemical methane potential (BMP) of SS was 211.3 ml $CH_4/gVS$ whereas BMP after ultrasonic pre-treatment was 294.3 ml $CH_4/gVS$. The improvement in BMP for SS treated with ultrasonic disintegration was as high as 40 %. This result indicated that disintegration of SS was efficient for enhancing anaerobic biodegradability.

  • PDF

The characteristics of anaerobic biodegradability by food waste (음식물쓰레기의 혐기성 생분해도 특성)

  • 박남배;길대수;이헌모
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.24-31
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was aimed to evaluate biodegradability for various food waste using anaerobic batch digestion. In the anaerobic biodegradability study of each food waste according to occurrence source, the cumulative methane productions of water melon and melon were 375, and 354ml and that of cucumber, fresh cabbage, radish, sprouted bean were 366, 364, 374, 384, 355ml and that of noodle, boiled rice and fish were 432, 409 and 477ml $CH_{4/g}$ VS add, respectively. And methane yield rate was about 84.1~97.2%. The reaction rate coefficiency(k) was $0.00495~0.2022day^{-1}$.

  • PDF

Thermophilic Anaerobic Biodegradability of Agro-industrial Biomasses (농축산바이오매스의 고온 혐기성 생분해도 평가)

  • Heo, Nam-Hyo;Kang, Ho;Jeong, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Seung-Heon
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • 2009.11a
    • /
    • pp.514-517
    • /
    • 2009
  • Anaerobic biodegradability(AB), which can be determined with the ultimate methane yield by the decomposition of organic materials, is one of the important parameters for the design and the operation of anaerobic digestion plant. In this study, Biochemical Methane Potential(BMP) test has been carried out to evaluate the methane yield of agro-industrial biomasses such as cattle manure, Italian ryegrass(IRG), Oats, Rye and Barley as the forage crops, Rush, the sludges produced from milling and slaughterhouse wastewater treatment plant(SMWTP, SSWTP). In the condition of thermophilic anaerobic digestion, the ultimate methane yield and anaerobic biodegradability of forage crops ranged from 0.367 to $0.452LCH_4$/gVS of methane yield with AB having the range of about 77.0 to 87.3%. On the other hand, that of other substrate showed low figures compared with the forage crops because of low VS content and C/N ratio. Therefore, the forage crops could be used as a good substrate to produce much more the methane in anaerobic digestion.

  • PDF

Effects of Hydro-thermal Reaction Temperature on Anaerobic Biodegradability of Piggery Manure Hydrolysate

  • Kim, Ho;Jeon, Yong-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.48 no.6
    • /
    • pp.602-609
    • /
    • 2015
  • In order to enhance a biogas production by the hydro-thermal pre-treatment of piggery manure, the effects of hydro-thermal reaction temperature at thermal hydrolysis of piggery manure on the methane potential and anaerobic biodegradability of thermal hydrolysate were analyzed. The increase of hydro-thermal reaction temperature from $170^{\circ}C$ to $220^{\circ}C$ caused the enhancement of hydrolysis efficiency, and most of organic matters were present in soluble forms. However, the methane potentials ($B_u-TCOD$) of hydrolysate were decreased from 0.239 to $0.188Nm^3kg^{-1}-TCOD_{added}$ by increasing hydro-thermal reaction temperature from $170^{\circ}C$ to $220^{\circ}C$, and also the anaerobic biodegradability (DTCOD) decreased from 74.6% to 58.6% with increase of hydro-thermal reaction temperature. The increase of hydro-thermal reaction temperature from $170^{\circ}C$ to $220^{\circ}C$ resulted in the decrease of easily biodegradable organic matter content, while persistent organic matter contents increased.

Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Physico-Chemical Characteristics and Ultimate Anaerobic Biodegradability of Sewage Sludge (감마선전처리에 따른 하수슬러지의 성상 변화 및 혐기성분해 특성 평가)

  • Kang, Ho;Na, Eun Kyoung;Lee, Myun Joo
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.327-332
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to examine the effect of gamma irradiation on the physico-chemical characteristics and ultimate anaerobic biodegradability of sewage sludge. The results found that the solubilization rates of SCOD in wasted activated sludge(WAS) and thickened sludge(T-S) with gamma irradiation of 3kGy were 8 times and 7 times greater than these of the raw WAS and T-S without the irradiation, respectively; each soluble concentration protein were 4 times and 3 times greater than these of the raw WAS and T-S; each soluble carbohydrate concentration was 8 times and 6 times greater than these of the raw WAS and T-S. The ultimate anaerobic biodegradabilities of WAS and T-S with gamma irradiation were 51 % and 50%, which corresponds to each 8% and 10% greater than these of the raw sludges. Approximately 83% and 81% of the each biodegradable substrates in the irradiated WAS and the T-S were degraded within 11 days with the first order decay rate coefficients, $k_1$ that ranged $0.143{\sim}0.164day^{-1}$ for WAS and $0.134{\sim}0.152day^{-1}$ for T-S. Based on the results, it can be concluded that when irradiated with gamma the solubilization of sewage sludge greatly increases resulting in substrates suitable for the subsequent biological treatment processes.

Disintegration of Sewage Sludge Using Mechanical Pre-treatment (기계식 전처리를 이용한 하수슬러지의 가용화)

  • Lee, Chae-Young;Yoo, Hwang-Ryong
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.82-90
    • /
    • 2009
  • Disintegration of sewage sludge (SS) was investigated by batch experiments using mechanical pre-treatment. Mechanical disintegration of SS increased the amount of soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), protein and carbohydrate due to the break-up of cell walls. The mechanical disintegration incorporated with alkaline pre-treatment demonstrated higher amount of SCOD compared with mechanical one only. In terms of anaerobic biodegradability, mechanical pretreatment enhanced the anaerobic biodegradation of SS, leading to the methane production improvement. The improvement in BMP for SS treated with mechanical and alkaline-mechanical pre-treatments were 24.1% and 44.5%, respectively. This result suggested that disintegration of SS was effective for improving anaerobic biodegradability.

  • PDF

The Anaerobic Biodegradability and Methanogenic Toxicity of Pulping Wastewaters (펄프페수의 혐기성 생분해능 및 메탄 생성균의 독성에 관한 연구)

  • 박종안;허준무;장봉기
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.70-79
    • /
    • 1998
  • 본 실험의 목적은 다양한 펄프제조 조건과 여러 형태의 리그노 셀루로우스 성분이 펄프폐수의 혐기성 생분해에 미치는 영향을 규명하는 것이다. 실험에 사용된 폐수는 일반적으로 펄프 제조시에 발생되는 폐수를 대상으로 하였으며, 펄프제조 조건은 TMP공정과 소다 펄프공정을 적용하였다. 혐기성 생분해 가능성 시험 및 독성실험은 $35\pm 2\circ$C의 중온상태에서 입상슬러지를 식종물질로 사용한 회분식 반응조를 이용하였다. TMP공정의 배출되는 폐수는 산으로의 전환율이 총 COD기준으로 68-87%로 매우 높은 혐기성 생분해 가능성을 보였다. 그리고 TMP공정폐수는 일반적으로 제지폐수 처리시 독성농도라고 알려진 농도에서도 메탄생성균에 독성을 주지 않았고, 또한 COD 10g/l의 농도에서도 처리에 저해가 일어나지 않았다. 반면에, 알카리성 상태에서 준비된 펄프폐수의 경우는 생분해성이 매우 낮아서 대략 50%정도의 산전환율을 보였으며, 메탄생성균에 상당한 저해를 주었다. 메턴생성균의 활성도에 50%저해를 주는 농도는 2.1~5.4 gCOD/l였다. 알카리성 펄프폐수의 독성에 대한 추가 실험결과 펄프내 wood resin이 산이나 중성 pH부근에서는 잘 용해가 되지 않고 알카리성 상태에서 쉽게 용해되어 메탄생성균에 저해를 나타내는 것으로 밝혀졌다. 따라서 펄프제조시 나무성분이 알카리성분과 접촉할 경우 후속하는 혐기성 처리공정의 메탄생성균에 심각한 저해를 줄 수 있다.

  • PDF

The Effect of Organic Loading and Seeding Rate to Biodegradibility of Food Waste (음식물쓰레기의 유기물 부하 및 식종율 변화가 생분해도에 미치는 영향)

  • 박남배;정용현;양병수
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.25-31
    • /
    • 1999
  • Energy recovery technology from municipal solid waste has been increasingly established in many countries. Anaerobic treatment of municipal sewage sludge has low digestion efficiency because of low organic loading rate of sewage sludge. The purpose of this study was to evaluate anaerobic biodegradability of food waste which was based on organic loading rate and seeding rate. From the results of anaerbic biodegration, the optimum condition for seeding rate was turn out over 40%, which did not inhibition of methane production.

  • PDF