• Title/Summary/Keyword: 형식주의

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Communism and sign: From linguistic rule to performative shift (공산주의와 기호 - 언어 통치에서 수행적 전환으로)

  • Kim, SooHwan
    • 기호학연구
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    • no.57
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    • pp.27-57
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    • 2018
  • This paper aims at (re)investigating the interrelationship between Communism and language in terms of historical experiences of Soviet Union in $20^{th}$ century. Critically reviewing Boris Groy's famous thesis about Soviet communism as the "kingdom of language", in which Soviet system is regarded as the result of "linguistic turn, executed in the dimension of social practice", i.e., as a state of "total linguistification of society", I will examine it in comparison with another very interesting view on the language system of communism(socialism): Alexie Yurchak's controversial thesis on "performative shift" in late socialism. Yurchak's unique view on Soviet socialism as a specific discourse system, thoroughly illuminating peculiar paradox of Soviet discourse system in the period of late socialism, in which performative repetition of authoritative ideological discourses does not prohibit, but rather enable the possibility of creative deviation from or unexpected reappropriation of them, could provide us with profound insights on the problematics around the collapse (the end) of "linguistic imperial" of Soviet Union.

Analysis of Elementary Mathematics Teaching Material Using Storytelling Based on the Perspective of Constructivism (구성주의 관점에서 스토리텔링을 활용한 초등 수학 수업 자료 분석)

  • Lee, Sumin;Kim, Jinho
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.205-230
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    • 2014
  • New teaching and learning theory on various aspects about class is needed to implement education which reflects constructivism, ideally. For an ideal learner-centered mathematics class, tangible and intangible elements related to education(view of knowledge, view of leaner, teacher's role, evaluation, the form of class, learning, teaching material, etc.) should be integrated from a constructive perspective and especially, teaching material has to be premised on that learners have intellectual abilities to construct knowledge themselves, and reflect integrity of knowledge, diversity and others, and contain open attributes. In addition to this, teaching material should have characteristics different from those when objective epistemology applies, so there is a need to analyze whether teaching material has those characteristics. For this, this study compared and analyzed <1. Three-Digit Numbers> which belongs to the domain of numbers and operations out of the units of mathematics(3) textbook of the 2009 revised curriculum for the first and second grade that first introduced story-telling, and <3. Understanding of Place Values> for the second grade of constructive math class used in the U.S.

Deconstructionism Representation in the Contemporary Graphic Design (현대 그래픽디자인에 나타난 해체주의)

  • Hong, Dong-Sik
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.168-178
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    • 2011
  • Experiencing the vortex of postmodernism, modern graphic design has evolved radically from simple aesthetically-motivated style following modernism. Concurrently, Typography has transmuted into International Typography Style from Grid Standard, which was an outcome of modernism. Edward Fella is one of the most internationally prestigious figures practicing the contemporary graphic design style. He is currently pursuing his career as an educator by teaching graphic design and typography at Cal Arts. For a long time, Fella has devoted himself to yielding products of de-constructive presentations and constructing design identity based on aesthetics. This paper looks into aesthetic criteria which has affected modern graphic design, referring to graphism of Fella, an international graphic design and typography educator whose theoretical origins lie in French modern philosophy and aesthetics. Fella has created graphic works by making use of graphic motives residing in the unconscious and the subconscious. Therefore, his graphic style is viewed and investigated as de-constructive aesthetics in the paper. Drifting around toward the end of postmodernism, the present day defines itself as the age free of formality approaching uncertain future; however, Fella's typography graphically guides us to understand comprehensively not only how international graphic design flows from the present to the future, but its realizations in design works.

Studies of the Non-Realistic Acting in Absurd Drama 'Fando et Lis' (부조리극 환도와 리스에 나타난 비사실주의 연기에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Kun-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.78-85
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    • 2014
  • Europeans experienced the horror and cruelty of war through the first and second World Wars. They began to raise fundamental questions and doubt about the preexisting World Order of God and humans leading to the birth of Existentialism. The Theater of the Absurd is one of the genres in theater resulting from the existentialist theories. The Theater of the Absurd has a format opposed to the traditional Realist Theater and emphasize the absurdity of human and society's existence. In particular, Fernando Arrabal who is a French Absurdist playwright, expressed the absurd human conditions using his unique forms and contents and his work 'Fando et Lis' depicts the absurdity of the adult world through the eyes of a child. Many unrealistic elements typical and inherent in the Absurdist plays are present in his work. Especially, the actors were required to apply not only the realistic acting approach but also to study and analyze characteristics of all Absurdist plays and internalize them based on the creative foundation of recreation. Then, they were asked to examine the characters' personality, emotions, and actions and think hard about creating an unrealistic action of voice and movements. This creative process by actors is a must in developing the reliable and trustworthy Absurdist acting.

The Background of Tarski's Definition of Logical Consequence (타르스키의 논리적 귀결 정의의 역사적 배경)

  • Park, Woosuk
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.33-70
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    • 2014
  • We still do not know against what histocial/philosophical background and motivation was Tarski's definition of logical consequence introduced, even if it has had such a strong influence. In view of the centrality of the notion of logical consequence in logic and philosophy of logic, it is rather shocking. There must be various intertwined reasons to blame for this uncomfortable situation. There has been remarkable progress achieved recently on the history of analytic philosophy and modern logic. In view of the recent developments of the controversies involved, however, we will have to wait years to resolve all this uneasiness. In this gloomy situation, Douglas Patterson's recent study of Tarski's philosophy of language and logic seems to have the potential to turn out to be a ground breaking achievement. [Patterson (2012)] This article aims at reporting the state-of-the-art in this problem area, and fathoming the future directions of research by examining critically some unclear components of Patterson's study.

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Historical Origins of Taiwan's Status-Differentiated Social Insurance Scheme (대만의 분절된 사회보험 체계의 역사적 기원: 노동보험과 공무원보험을 중심으로)

  • Wang, Hye Suk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.151-178
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    • 2014
  • Highly Differentiated and segmented social insurance scheme in Taiwan shows its salient dimension of stratification, which has been considered as a general feature of conservative welfare regime. However, compared to Western conservative welfare states, Taiwan's social insurance scheme shows a distinct feature. First, Taiwan's social insurance scheme has offered a full coverage for various benefits. Secondly, Labor Insurance and Government employees' Insurance reveal distinct features of stratification. Labor Insurance has developed a universalistic system based on status equality and cross-class solidarity of working classes while Government employees' Insurance includes a myriad of occupational- and status-based programs. This article aims to articulate the historical origin of Taiwan's unique social insurance scheme and explains it as an unintended result of state's political intervention and various interests of each insured groups, especially, politically, economically, and ethnically conflicting identities of government employees and working classes.

Study on Internalization of Post-IMF Era's Competition Logic - Focusing on the Changes of Survival Program Since IMF Era (포스트 IMF 시대 경쟁 논리의 내면화 양상 연구 - IMF 이후 서바이벌 프로그램의 변화 양상을 중심으로)

  • Park, In-Seong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.591-604
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    • 2019
  • This study examines the process of internalization and elaboration of the logic of competition in the post-IMF era through the genealogy of the survival program. Post-IMF is based on disaster reality, which reveals a specific emotional structure related to the competition, if the narrative of overcoming the IMF event finds narrative models that can be sufficiently reconciled between communityism and individual success. This study also examines the process of disaster preparedness through survival form and narrative structure embedded in such form. Thus, this study reconstructed the diachronic change to track the change of the survival program and the subsequent narrative change. Relative to the time of the healing-mentor, the survival program seems to be declining, but rather seems to have created a new transition through the logic of self-development contained in the healing-mentoring discourse. this logic leads to be ghettoized hierarchy of preferences. Now, the survival program is to perform fantastic surrogate satisfaction by delegating competition to a narrow self-directed area rather than to a big empathy within the community.

A Study on the Myochim theory applied to educational space in the Chosun Dynasty - Focused on Seowon Architecture - (조선시대 교육공간에 적용된 묘침제에 관한 연구 - 서원(書院)건축을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Jong-Chan;Kwak, Dong-Yeob
    • The Journal of Sustainable Design and Educational Environment Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2019
  • Confucian ideologies formed a unique spatial order in the spatial composition of seowon architecture. Confucian scholars viewed ancient China as the ideal society, so they tried to apply the "Myochim" theory, the architectural system of the time, to the Joseon society. However, it was not easy to apply ancient architectural ideas in Joseon in the 16th century. Therefore, various opinions were presented by scholars to establish the relationship between Joseon alone. Unlike the Ki-ho school application of this theory, the construction of Seowon was done according to ancient principles from a practical standpoint, there were fewer experiments for actual application in Yeong-nam school. This was a pragmatic attitude that presupposes a clear difference between the ancient Chinese system and the reality of Joseon in the 17th century.

Analysis on Montage der Assoziation Shown in the Animation <Paprika> (애니메이션 <파프리카>에서 나타나는 연상 몽타주 분석)

  • Lim, Woon-Joo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 2009
  • This research tries to interpret Montage der Assoziation shown in animations. Eisenstein's 'Montage' is "Montage der Assoziation" where a variety of Montage pieces are combined, symbolizing one aggregate image. Though influenced by Russian Formalist Film Theory and Kuleshov, Pudivkin and Rudolf Amheim, by contraries, he recognized Montage as an issue between an artist and the audience and an anti-representation apparatus. Especially, he developed the mind action issue previously advocated by Eikhenbaum and deemed the audience's role an essential part in completing a film. Montage expression implied in Eisenstein's theory can be regarded as attraction, collision, and dynamic and intellectual Montage. However, with an in-depth approach, Montage der Assoziation can be interpreted by repetitive, relative and juxtaposed analysis. The reason is that animation Montage is a visual action which takes place in a row among scenes and in the frame. This research addresses communications with the audience which are attained by Montage der Assoziation. In other words, this research makes an in-depth access to how Montage der Assoziation appears and communicates with the audience in an animation work.

A Critical Examination of Convergence Studies on Media Policy Institutions (방통융합 관련 법제개편 논의의 비판적 분석)

  • Kim, Pyung-Ho
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.30
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    • pp.121-141
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    • 2005
  • Most of the convergence studies argue the reform of the current policy regime of broadcasting and telecommunications in Korea from two perspectives: 1) the media governance perspective and 2) the media industry perspective. The former emphasizes the need of integrity, consistency and efficiency of the regime in the convergence environment, while the latter focuses upon the growth and development of the media industry making the best of economic and industrial opportunities that are spawned by digital convergence. Although their arguments are logical and robust, they are lopsided in terms of legalism and myopic economism due to the linear perception of institutionalism, Bureaucratic administrative practices as well as ostentatious IT policies that have chronically plagued the policy regime in Korea cannot be resolved by simply assimilating distinct regulatory bodies and laws. Unless these two issues are properly addressed, the convergence of media policy institutions would end up a half-success or half-failure contrary to the exportations of existing studies.

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