• Title, Summary, Keyword: 퇴타술

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Finite Series in Chosun Dynasty Mathematics (조선(朝鮮) 산학(算學)의 퇴타술)

  • Hong Sung-Sa
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2006
  • We study the theory of finite series in Chosun Dynasty Mathematics. We divide it into two parts by the publication of Lee Sang Hyuk(李尙爀, 1810-?)'s Ik San(翼算, 1868) and then investigate their history. The first part is examined by Gyung Sun Jing(慶善徵, 1616-?)'s Muk Sa Jib San Bub(默思集算法), Choi Suk Jung(崔錫鼎)'s Gu Su Ryak(九數略), Hong Jung Ha(洪正夏)'s Gu Il Jib(九一集), Cho Tae Gu(趙泰耉)'s Ju Su Gwan Gyun(籌書管見), Hwang Yun Suk(黃胤錫)'s San Hak Ib Mun(算學入門), Bae Sang Sul(裵相設)'s Su Gye Soe Rok and Nam Byung Gil(南秉吉), 1820-1869)'s San Hak Jung Ei(算學正義, 1867), and then conclude that the theory of finite series in the period is rather stable. Lee Sang Hyuk obtained the most creative results on the theory in his Ik San if not in whole mathematics in Chosun Dynasty. He introduced a new problem of truncated series(截積). By a new method, called the partition method(分積法), he completely solved the problem and further obtained the complete structure of finite series.

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A Visualization of the Solution of Truncated Series (절적(截積) 해법의 시각화)

  • Lee, Kyung Eon
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.167-179
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    • 2015
  • We study the solution of truncated series of Lee Sang-hyeog with the aspect of visualization. Lee Sang-hyeog solved a problem of truncated series by 4 ways: Shen Kuo' series method, splitting method, difference sequence method, and Ban Chu Cha method. As the structure and solution of truncated series in tertiary number is already clarified with algebraic symbols in some previous research, we express and explain it by visual representation. The explanation and proof of algebraic symbols about truncated series is clear in mathematical aspects; however, it has a lot of difficulties in the aspects of understanding. In other words, it is more effective in the educational situations to provide algebraic symbols after the intuitive understanding of structure and solution of truncated series with visual representation.

DUI DUO SHU in LEE SANG HYUK's IKSAN and DOUBLE SEQUENCES of PARTIAL SUMS (이상혁(李尙爀)(익산(翼算))의 퇴타술과 부분합 복수열)

  • Han, Yong-Hyeon
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2007
  • In order to generalize theory of series in Iksan(翼算), we introduce a concept of double sequence of partial sums and elementary double sequence of partial sums, which play a dominant role in the study of double sequences of partial sums. We introduce a concept of finitely generated double sequence of partial sums and find a necessary and sufficient condition for those double sequences. Finally we prove a multiplication theorem for tetrahedral numbers and for 4 dimensional tetrahedral numbers.

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