• Title/Summary/Keyword: 유로피움

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Extraction of Yttrium and Europium with Fatty Acids as Extractants (지방산계 추출제에 의한 이트륨과 유로피움의 분리)

  • Bang, Kyung-Mo;Ryu, Ho-Jin;Choi, Min-Bae;Kang, Ho-Cheol
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.509-513
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    • 2010
  • Recently, an amount of waste electronic devices such as LED and trichromatic fluorescent lamp has increased with the development of electronic industry. Reportedly, rare earth metals such as yttrium and europium have been discovered in the waste electronic devices. In order to improve the selectivity of yttrium and europium, the effects of the following factors on recovery experiment have been considered : i) fatty acids with various alkyl chain lengths, ii) the concentration of extractant, and iii) pH. The results show that the extraction efficiencies decrease at the same pH with decreasing the concentration of extractant and so $pH_{0.5}$ (That value of pH in an aqueous phase at which the distribution ratio is unity at equilibrium: 50% of the solute is extracted (E = 0.5) only when the phase ratio is unity.) moves into higher pH. The highest selectivity of yttrium and europium was obtained with tetradecanoic acid as extractant. The extraction mechanism of yttrium and europium was varied with the change of concentration of the tetradecanoic acid. $MR_3$single-species was formed from the yttrium and europium ion in the extractant concentration less than 0.1 M. On the other hand, the yttrium or europium ion is solvated with three molecules of tetradecanoic acid monomer like $MR_3{\cdot}$ 3RH in the extractant concentration more than 0.1 M.

New and renewable Energy and Critical Raw Materials (신재생에너지와 Critical Raw Materials)

  • Kim, Yujeong
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2011.11a
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    • pp.155-155
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    • 2011
  • 신재생에너지 수요가 확대됨에 따라 신재생에너지 관련 제품에 소요되는 물질에 대한 관심이 확대되고 있다. 이들 물질은 공급리스크가 존재하는 희유금속이 주를 이루고 있다. 본 연구에서는 신재생에너지 등의 high tech 기술 확대로 인한 희유금속의 수요 및 공급을 전망하고 있는 미국의 critical raw material 관리 전략을 살펴보고자 한다. 미국은 2010년 12월 미국 에너지성(DOE : Department of Energy)에서 위기 물질 전략(Critical Materials Strategy)에 관한 리포트를 공표하였다. 클린 에너지 기술 4개 분야(영구자석, 선진 전지, 태양전지 박막, 형광 물질)에서 핵심이 되는 물질(희유금속 등)의 수급 불균형이 일어날 가능성에 대해 조사를 실시하여 리스크 평가하여 단기, 중단기로 구분하여 위기물질을 선정하였다. 클린 에너지 기술 4개 분야에서 핵심이 되는 물질(네오디움, 디스프로슘, 코발트, 리튬, 랜턴, 세륨, 테룰, 인듐, 갈륨, 유로피움, 테르비움, 이트륨)의 12광종 수급을 2025년까지 전망한 결과 전체적으로 단기(2010년~2015년)보다 중기(2015년~2025년)에 공급 부족이 확대한다고 예측되었다. 단기적으로는 인듐이 약간 부족하는 것 외에 디스프로슘과 이트륨에 관해서도 공급 부족할 것으로 예측되었다. 중기적으로는 코발트(전지 기술에 사용)와 유로피움(고효율 조명용의 형광 물질에 사용) 외 대상이 된 다른 모든 물질은 공급 부족이 발생할 것으로 전망되었다. 이를 종합하여 단기적으로는 디스프리슘, 유로피움, 인듐, 테르븀, 네오디움, 이트륨 등이, 중기적으로는 디스프리슘, 유로피움, 테르븀, 네오디움, 이트륨 등이 위기물질(Critical Material)로 분석되었다. 에너지성은 위기물질을 공급원다각화, 대체물질개발, 리유즈, 리사이클링 등을 국제적 파트너와 함께 추진하여 리스크를 관리할 것이며, 2011년까지 최신정보를 구축하여 위기물질 전략을 재설정할 예정이다. 체계적인 위기물질 선정 및 관리전략 등을 참조하고, 신재생에너지기술 변화에 따른 원재료의 중요성 및 리스크 관리현황을 기초로 우리나라에 적합한 위기관리 물질 선정 및 관리가 필요할 것이다.

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Photoluminescence analysis of Lewis base coordinate europium(III) β-diketonate complex (유로퓸(III) β-디케토네이트 착물의 루이스 염기 배위에 따른 발광 특성 분석)

  • Sung-Hwan, Lee;Gyu-Hwan, Lee
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.204-211
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    • 2015
  • Lanthanide complexes have attracted much attention because of their unique light emitting property. The light-emitting efficiencies of europium β-diketonate complexes were compared with those of complexes coordinated by the ligands of amines or phosphine oxides. The results demonstrated that the complexes that were coordinated by phosphine oxides had higher light-conversion performance than those coordinated by amines. The highest light-emitting efficiency was observed when the ligand of trioctylphosphine oxide was coordinated. In order to determine the coordination equivalency of trioctylphosphine oxide in the above complexes, 31P-NMR and their photoluminescence spectra were measured. The findings showed that the europium β-diketonate complex had one or two coordination equivalencies of trioctylphosphine oxide according to the steric hindrance of its original ligand.

Photoluminescence Characteristics of Eu-doped YBO3 Phosphor Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis under Vacuum Ultraviolet (분무열분해 공정에 의해 합성된 유로피움이 도핑된 YBO3 형광체의 진공자외선 하에서의 발광 특성)

  • Koo, Hye-Young;Kang, Yun-Chan
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.485-489
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    • 2006
  • The preparation conditions of $YBO_3$:Eu phosphor particles having the maximum photoluminescence intensity under vacuum ultraviolet in the spray pyrolysis were optimized. The $YBO_3$:Eu phosphor particles prepared from spray solution with stoichiometric amount of boric acid had the maximum photoluminescence intensity. The $YBO_3$:Eu phosphor particles with pure phases were formed at low post-treatment temperatures because of fast reaction of yttrium and boron components without volatilization of boron component. The prepared $YBO_3$:Eu phosphor particles by spray pyrolysis had fine size, narrow size distribution and regular morphology. The photoluminescence intensity of the prepared $YBO_3$:Eu phosphor particles under vacuum ultraviolet was 103% of the commercial $(Y,Gd)BO_3$:Eu phosphor particles.

Synthesis of Barium Hexaaluminate Phosphros Using Combinatorial Chemistry (조합화학을 이용한 망간(2+)과 유로피움)2+)이 첨가된 Barium Hexaaluminate 형광체의 합성 및 광특성 분석)

  • 박응석;최윤영;손기선;김창해;박희동
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.134-139
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    • 2000
  • The main objective of the present investigation is to show the feasibility of combinatorial chemistry by applying this method to phosphor syntehses. In this respect barium hexaaluminate phosphor was prepared by the split-pool combinatorial method, which enabled much more rapid search of optimum compositions of target phosphors than conventional synthetic methods. Barium hexaaluminate phosphors doped with Eu2+ exhibit blue emission while those co-doped with Mn2+ and Eu2+ exhibit green emission. Basically, the phosphor doped with 1.3 mole of Ba and 0.06~0.15 mole of Eu2+ exhibit the maximum value of emission intensity at 435${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$. Under the UV and VUV extitations, the barium hexaaluminate phosphor co-doped with Mn2+ and Eu2+ shows strong green emission.

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Study of Europium-activated Calcium Aluminium Silicate Phosphors (유로피움-활성화 칼슘 알루미늄 실리케이트 형광체 연구)

  • Hwang, Jung-Ha;Park, Ju-Seok;Jang, Bo-Yun;Nahm, Sahn;Kim, Joon-Soo;Yu, Soon-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.1020-1024
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    • 2006
  • Europium$(Eu^{2+}\;or\;Eu^{3+})$-activated calcium aluminium silicate phosphors were synthesized for the first time and the structures and luminescence characteristics of these phosphors were investigated. The phosphors in this study emitted blue, green, and even red light depending on the starting milterials and annealing conditions for synthesis. In addition, the structure was also changed when the different starting materials were used. When $CaCO_3$ was used as a starting material, tetragonal $Ca_2Al_2SiO_7$ was formed. However, pure green light was emitted when the annealing was conducted in reduced atmosphere and red one was emitted by annealing in air. In the case of $CaSiO_3$ as a starting material, triclinic $CaAl_2Si_2O_8$ was formed and only pure blue emission was observed. Moreover, this blue phosphor exhibited higher intensity than that of commercial YAG:Ce phosphor, which showed the possibility of application on the phosphor for new light source such as a UV-LED.

Preparation and Photoluminescent Properties of NaCaPO4 Activated by Divalent Europium (2가 유로피움으로 활성화된 NaCaPO4의 합성과 광 특성)

  • Kim, Dong-Jin;Park, In-Yong;Lee, Jong-Won;Kim, Kyu-Jin;Kim, Byoung-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.624-628
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    • 2006
  • In this study, divalent europium-activated $NaCaPO_4$ green phosphor powders were prepared by the chemical synthetic method followed by heat treatment in reduced atmosphere, and the crystal structures, morphologies and photoluminescent properties of the powders were investigated by x-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscope and spectrometer for the first time. The effects of Ca/P and Na/Ca mole ratios on the final products were also investigated. The influences of input amount change of europium as the activator on the light emission intensity were studied, and the resulting concentration quenching phenomenon was observed. The optimized synthesis conditions obtained in this study were Ca/P mole ratio 1.2, Na/Ca mole ratio 3.0 and 4 mole%Eu. The peak wavelength was 505 nm for all the samples. The result of excitation spectrum measurement indicated that the excitation efficiency was high for the long-wavelength UV region. It was thus concluded that the samples prepared in this study can be successfully applied for the light-emitting devices such as LED excited with long-wavelength UV light sources.

Preparation and Photoluminescence Properties of LiBaPO4:Eu2+ Phosphors by Solid State Reaction Method (고상반응법에 의한 LiBaPO4:Eu2+ 계 형광체의 제조 및 광 발광 특성)

  • Park, In Yong
    • Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2019
  • LiBaPO4:Eu2+ phosphors with stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric compositions were prepared using a solid state reaction followed by heat treatment in reduced atmosphere, and the crystal structures and photoluminescence(PL) properties of the powders were investigated by x-ray powder diffraction and luminescence spectrometer. At 900℃, the Ba3(PO4)2 phase as the intermediate phase was observed with the LiBaPO4 phase as the main crystalline phase. Samples with a low europium concentration at 1,000℃ belonged to the trigonal structure, whereas samples with Eu2+ content more than 4 mol% showed monoclinic structure. In the nonstoichiometric compositions of 4 mol% Eu2+ and above, a single phase of Eu2+-doped LiBaPO4, showing bluish green emission, was formed.

Phosphate Sorption on Boehmite with Eu(III): P K-edge EXAFS Fingerprinting (뵈마이트 표면의 인산염 및 Eu(III) 수착: 인(P) X-선 흡수분석(EXAFS)에 의한 연구)

  • Yoon, Soh-Joung;Bleam, William F.
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.495-500
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    • 2009
  • Actinide sorption to the geological materials can reduce the mobility and bioavailability of radionuclides released to the environment through the development of nuclear weapons and nuclear energy. Under circumneutral pH conditions, actinide sorption can be enhanced by phosphate anions sorbed on oxide mineral surfaces as indicated by the sorption of trivalent lanthanide ions ($Ln^{3+}$), the chemical analog for trivalent actinide ions ($Ac^{3+}$). In this paper, we examined a ternary sorption system of trivalent europium ions ($Eu^{3+}$) sorbed onto boehmite (${\gamma}$-AlOOH) surfaces pre-sorbed with phosphate anions (${PO_4}^{3-}$), using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. In the Eu-$PO_4$-boehmite ternary sorption system, $EuPO_4$ surface precipitates were formed as implicated by Eu $L_{III}$-edge EXAFS spectroscopy. Phosphorus K-edge EXAFS fingerprinting indicated a bidentate mononuclear surface complex formation of phosphate sorbed on boehmite surfaces as well as $EuPO_4$ surface precipitate formation.

The synergistic solvent extraction effect of europium and yttrium using the hexanoic acid -crown ether system (Hexanoic acid - crown ether system을 이용한 europium과 yttrium의 용매추출효과의 향상)

  • Sim, Dea-Seon;Han, Hye-Rim;Kim, Se-Mi;Kim, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Young-Wun;Jeong, Noh-Hee;Kang, Ho-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2015
  • The synergistic solvent extraction of rare earth elements such as europium and yttrium has been investigated by the extractant with crown ether as an additive. Macrocyclic ligand as host-guest compounds form more stable complexes with metal ions which have the similar size of the cavity of crown ether. In our previous study[14] founded that the extraction used fatty acid of the various alkyl chain length. Based on the results of the previous experiment, the synergistic separation effect of two metals investigated that the hexanoic acid had was the worst extraction effect which added a crown ether such as 18-crown-6 ether, 15-crown-5 ether, and 12-crown-4 ether. In this study, the concentrations of hexanoic acid have showed the separation effect, and then the concentrations and kind of crown ether are performed for synergistic extraction at the hexanoic acid concentration of the highest separation effect. As a results, the separation rate is the highest value of 1.72 at 0.05 M hexanoic acid, and 0.002M 15-crown-5 ether is the best value in other concentrations and kind of crown ether, it is about twice of using only hexanoic acid. Moreover, the extraction species of two metals has been founded $MLR_3{\cdot}3RH$ form when added the crown ether.