• Title, Summary, Keyword: 연구비

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A Study on Research Grants Fraud in U.S. and S. Korea (연구비 부정 처리 사례 비교 연구 : 미국과 한국을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hyobin;Kim, Hae-Do
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.547-566
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    • 2017
  • 연구비의 부정은 연구부정행위(Research misconduct)와 연구비부정집행(Research grant fraud)으로 나눌 수 있다. 미국의 경우 연구비와 관련이 있는 이 두 행위에 대해 "부정청구방지법"을 적용시켜 강한 법집행을 하고 있다. 반면 한국의 경우는 부정적발사례는 수천 건에 달하나 사법처리까지 가는 경우는 매우 드물며, 처벌 수위가 솜방망이라 연구자들이 이에 대한 경각심이 부족하다. 미국의 대표적인 민사사례의 연구비 부정 집행 사례는 예일대학의 연구비 부정 집행이다. 예일 대학은 정부에 연구비를 부정하게 청구한 혐의로 760만 달러의 벌금을 냈다. 대표적인 형사사례는 최근에 발생한 Haifang Wen 연구비 횡령사건으로 현재 재판이 진행 중이며 최대 징역30년과 벌금 100만달러가 예상되고 있다. 반면 한국의 경우 대표적인 형사 사건으로는 xx대학의 연구 조작으로 인한 연구비 집행으로 징역2년에 집행유예3년으로 처리되었다. 미국의 사례를 바탕으로 한국의 연구비 부정사용을 효율적으로 방지하기 위해 다음과 같은 3가지 개혁이 필요하다. 첫째, 내부 고발자를 보호하고 고발자에게 강력한 인센티브를 제공하는 방향으로 법체계를 개혁해야 한다. 둘째, 연구비 부정사용에 대해서는 민 형사 상 가중처벌을 할 수 있도록 관련법을 개정해야 한다. 셋째, 연구비 부정이 발생하였을 경우 대학 산학 협력단 등 주관연구기관도 민사부문에 한해서는 연대책임을 지도록 관련법을 정비해야 한다.

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R&D Funding and R&D Performance : The Moderating Effect of Indirect R&D Cost Ratio (연구비 재원과 연구개발성과 : 간접비 비율의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Joonbeom
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.420-453
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    • 2018
  • In the growth of the government's investment in national R&D project and the abuse of research expense, an effective control and management mechanism is strongly demanded. However, an excessive regulation might hinder the R&D performance, which also endangers the underlying objective of R&D policy. Especially, an excessive regulation on the R&D expenditure may damage the SMEs (Small and Medium sized Enterprises) where securing an adequate level of R&D funding is vital. This study investigates the R&D funding and R&D performance of SMEs participating in the national R&D project by using fixed effect panel model. As a result, this paper reveals the effectiveness of 'Government R&D subsidy'. However, that of 'private R&D fund' is not supported strongly. Also, this paper empirically demonstrates the efficiency of both 'Government R&D subsidy' and 'Private R&D fund' as the R&D costs are spent discretionarily (as the degree of 'Indirect Cost Ratio' increases). Especially, the effectiveness of 'Private R&D fund' can be moderated by 'Indirect Cost Ratio'. On the basis of the conclusions, this paper draws an implication that can increase R&D performance of SMEs through the interactions of manifold administrative values (i.e. effectiveness, efficiency and responsibility).

대학 연구비 중앙관리의 정착을 위한 제언

  • Jeong, Mu-Yeong
    • 대학교육
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    • pp.76-81
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    • 1994
  • 연구의 주체인 교수들이 연구의 효율성과 생산성을 높이기 위해 대학이 연구비를 중앙관리해 준다면, 연구 목적을 위해 연구비가 전액 투입될 수 있으므로 연구의 질을 높일 수 있고 내실을 기할 수 있다. 또한 연구비를 교수가 직접 집행하지 않고 객관적이고 투명성 있는 제도 아래 대학을 통해 집행토록 함으로써 연구비 집행에 대한 대외적 신뢰성과 공신력을 확보할 수 있을 것이다. 연구비관리의 기본정신은 연구책임자가 연구에 전념하도록 행정적으로 도와주고 지원해 주는 데 있으므로 규정과 제도에 원칙은 있으되, 운영에서는 탄력성과 융통성을 인정해 주어야 한다.

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A Loan System of funding Research Projects for Starting Up Venture Business(A Research fund Management System Incorporating Business Concept) (벤처기업 육성을 위한 대여 연구비 관리제도(Business형 연구관리제도))

  • 강박광;황희융
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 2000
  • Conventional funding system for the university research projects is limited to a grant or subsidy type funding method which does not require an obligation of refund. Such a funding system is known as ideal one for the university research activities which in general is not a profit oriented activities. It is considered ideal in a sense that nonprofit oriented research activities gives more emphasis on creativity than on efficiency or practical value. A venture- business-start-up research activity can not be considered as a pure nonprofit oriented activities. It clearly gives more emphasis on efficiency and practical value than on creativity Recently a large portion of the venture-business-start-up research activities are carried out in the universities. When a conventional research funding system is applied to such a new type of research activities, it turned out that the success rate is much lower than expectancy. This is why a new and differentiated funding system is sought for such a new type of research activities. A funding system of loan type for a venture-business-start-up research activities is proposed herewith. A loan system naturally requires a pay back after the successful start up of the venture business. This loan system nay be considered that a business concept is grafted on a conventional funding system for the university research activities. This means that a rather loose or generous terms and conditions of the money loan case is introduced into this funding system to remedy the short comings of the intrinsic nonprofit nature of the university research activities. The point is how to improve the success rate and how to reduce the undesirable aspect of the conventional university research activities when it is practiced with the new type of research activities. After one and half year of practicing with the new funding system. it can not be asserted that a definitely positive results could be obtained. but a trend of desirable aspects could be observed such as low drop out rate. project selection efficiency, higher sense of responsibility. etc.

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A Study on the Moderating Effects of the R&D Fund Management System between National R&D Fund and Research Performance (정부지원 연구비와 연구성과간의 관계에서 연구비관리시스템의 조절효과)

  • Son, Chung Geun
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.107-117
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    • 2013
  • In order to enhance the performance of National R&D program, it is required not only the R&D funds and human resources, but also the composition of the research environment in which the researchers could fully concentrate on study. Particularly in Korea, executive burdens that arise in the course of the administration of research fund are frequently causing difficulties in concentrating on study. To remove this burden on financial management and maximize the efficiency of research funding, the government has implemented the central management system of the R&D fund. This study analyzed the moderating effects of the centralized management system of the R&D fund on the relationship between government fund and performance of the university research. Based on the analyzed result, this study concluded that the higher level of centralized management system of the R&D fund is implemented, the more influence on research outcomes grow. This study is significant to extend previous research point of view, as well as analyze the practical effect of government policies.

외부연구비 획득, 치의학계는 지금 연구중"

  • An, Jeong-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.638-647
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    • 2000
  • 연구비를 지급하는 곳은 정부출연기관, 재단, 연구소, 대학 등이 있는데 대학 자체에서 지급하는 액수는 매우 제한적이어서 연구자들은 외부에서의 연구비를 선호하는 경향이 있다. 교수의 승진에 연구 업적 평가가 필수 요소로 적용이 되고 SCI급 잡지에 논문을 발표해야 하는 등 학계에서도 '이제는 연구를 해야 한다'는 목소리가 높아지고 있다. 외부에서 지급하고 있는 연구비 현황과 현재 치과계에서 이루어지고 있는 연구 현황을 살펴보고 연구비 획득을 위한 방안 등에 살펴본다.

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Influencing Factors of University Research Grant: Focusing on the Management Capability of Industry-University Collaboration Foundation (대학 연구비 규모의 영향 요인 분석: 산학협력단의 연구비 관리 역량을 중심으로)

  • Jung, Hyejin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.483-491
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study is to shed light on factors that influence securing of university research grants. For this purpose, this study emphasizes the role of management capability of industry-university cooperation foundation in securing research grants. We analyze whether the potential capabilities influence research grants using panel data from 194 universities during 2016 to 2018. The results obtained from the Driscoll & Kraay standard errors (DKSE) indicate that a number of variables including the portion of industry-university collaboration professors, academic performance of professors, and the number of paid researchers are positively associated with the amount of external research grant approved. However, the percentage of employees employed for less than two years is negatively related with securing external research grants. Once the dependent variable is measured by the total university research grants, the negative coefficient of employees with short-term career disappears. Instead, the percentage of employees who are in charge of research planning and management and the total number of employees involved in industry-university collaboration foundations are negatively related with the total university research grant amounts.

국가연구개발사업 정산제도 개선에 관한 정책적 제안 - 미래부·산자부 연구비 정산 및 연구비 관리규정 입법론을 중심으로

  • Gang, Seon-Jun;Yun, Guk-Won;Kim, U-Jung;Won, Yu-Hyeong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.129-151
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    • 2017
  • 국가연구개발사업은 국민의 세금을 재원으로 조성된 기금 등에서 지원되기 때문에 투명한 연구비 집행과 연구자의 고도의 윤리적 책임이 수반된다. 그러나 연구정산과 규정을 규제위주로 변화시키고 연구비 정산 관리자 및 전문기관, 회계법인 등에서는 연구현장에 대한 기본적인 이해부족, 연구비 정산 관련 규정 등에 대하여 일관적이기 보다는 자의적인 해석, 및 공공부문의 내부 회계 시스템 불인정 등으로 많은 혼란과 부작용을 초래하고 있다. 이에 따라 본 연구에서는 국가연구개발사업 정산제도 관련 현황을 진단하고 앞으로 개선해야할 점에 대한 부분을 입법론으로 도출하고자 한다.

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An Analysis on Current Research Funding and Open Access Status for Science and Technology Articles Published by S University Faculties (이공계 학술논문의 연구비 지원 및 오픈액세스 현황 분석:S대를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Eun-Ja
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2010
  • To identify current status of research funding and open access, this study analyzed the data available in science and technology articles had been published by S university's faculty members. The study showed that 71% of the articles funded by their universities or other research sponsors, whereas very few of articles have been self-archived for open access. So, government-sponsored research outputs could not be found in search engine Google Scholar. In developed countries, researchers who have received grants by the public or private sponsors should not only publish articles on scholarly journals but also deposit their digital research outputs in the repositories. Therefore, it is advisable for Korea research sponsors to strengthen and carry out open access mandate related laws. It is very important for universities as well as for their faculties that published articles' impact can be maximized by enabling open access. So, universities may as well construct their repositories and collect the contents with enthusiasm.