• Title/Summary/Keyword: 수학적 창의성

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초등학교 1학년 수학영재를 위한 심화프로그램 개발

  • Lee, Gang-Seop;Hwang, Dong-Ju
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.18 no.3 s.20
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2004
  • 이 연구에서는 초등학교 1학년 수학영재학생들을 위한 심화학습 자료를 개발하였다. 개발된 학습 자료에는 다양한 활동 중심과 간학문적 접관을 통하여 수학에 대한 흥미를 증진시진 수 있는 내용을 포함시켜 지적영역에만 국한되는 편협성을 탈피하여 보다 창의성을 신장하도록 하였다.

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Analysis of Intended Competency in Authorized Elementary Mathematics Textbooks: Focusing on Creativity Convergence Competency (검정 초등 수학 교과용 도서에서 나타난 의도된 역량 분석: 창의·융합 역량을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jinho;Yeo, Sheunghyun
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2023
  • One of major goals of mathematics education is to cultivate human resources which equip creative problem-solving ability. Thus, the enhancement of creative and converging ideas has been emphasized in the national curriculum since the 2009 revised curriculum. In the current study, we analyzed authorized textbook series to examine how each curriculum material addresses the creativity convergence competency. The foci of the analysis were creativity (originality, fluency, flexibility, elaboration) and convergence (intrinsic connection, extrinsic connection). In addition, we analyzed the national textbook which was based on the 2015 revised curriculum to investigate the transition between the national textbook and the authorized textbooks. We found the tasks that focused on fluency were the most frequent type regarding creativity and the tasks that connected with everyday life situations (extrinsic connection) were prevalent across the three textbook series. We provided suggestions about the development of mathematics textbooks and their implementation.

Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions of Collaborative Problem-posing as a Means to Promote Students' Creativity and Character (창의성과 인성 교육 방안으로서 협력 문제 만들기에 대한 수학 예비교사의 인식)

  • Lee, Bongju
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.373-395
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    • 2022
  • This study aimed to examine how prospective mathematics teachers (PMTs) perceive collaborative problem-posing (CPP) as a method to cultivate students' creativity and character in mathematics education. This is to propose the introduction of CPP at the stage of preparatory math teacher education as one of the ways to reinforce the creativity and character education capacity of PMT), and to attempt to be an opportunity to actively utilize CPP in math teaching-learning in the school field for the education of students' creativity and character. To achieve this objective, I designed PMTs taking the 'Educational Theories for Teaching Mathematics' course, required in the second year of university, to experience CPP tasks. Data were collected through questionnaires or interviews over three years on how PMTs recognized the CPP tasks as a tool to cultivate students' creativity and character in secondary schools. The results of the study are as follows. First, PMTs recognized regardless of their CPP experience that CPP might have a positive impact on improving students' ability to devise various ideas and that it positively influences students' attitudes toward building interpersonal relationships, including teamwork, respect, and consideration. Second, the experience of PMTs participating in the CPP made them more positively aware that CPP is effective in improving students' ability to elaborate on ideas. Third, the PMTs' experience of participating in CPP led to a more positive perception of the impact of CPP on the students' abilities and attitudes, namely, the students' ability to elaborate on ideas and their inner attitudes toward individuals, including honesty, fairness, and responsibility, and the attitude of students regarding logically presenting their opinions and making rational decisions. Finally, if there are downsides to the offline environment, an online environment may be more beneficial.

Mathematical Creativity in Mathematics Education (수학교육과 수학적 창의성)

  • Whang, Woo-Hyung;Choi, Kye-Hyen;Kim, Kyung-Mi;Lee, Myeong-Hui
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.20 no.4 s.28
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    • pp.561-574
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    • 2006
  • Mathematical creativity has been confused with general creativity or mathematical problem solving ability in many studies. Also, it is considered as a special talent that only a few mathematicians and gifted students could possess. However, this paper revisited the mathematical creativity from a mathematics educator's point of view and attempted to redefine its definition. This paper proposes a model of creativity in school mathematics. It also proposes that the basis for mathematical creativity is in the understanding of basic mathematical concept and structure.

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A Comparison between Korean and American Sixth Grade Students in Mathematical Creativity Ability and Mathematical Thinking Ability (한국과 미국의 초등학교 6학년군 학생들의 수학 창의성과 수학적 사고력의 비교)

  • Lee, Kang-Sup;Hwang, Dong-Jou
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.245-259
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    • 2011
  • In this study, the instrument of mathematical creative problem solving ability test were considered the differences between Korean and American sixth grade students in mathematical creativity ability and mathematical thinking ability. The instrument consists of 9 items. The participants for the study were 212 Korean and 148 American students. SPSS were carried out to verify the validities and reliability. Reliabilities(Cronbach ${\alpha}$) in mathematical creativity ability is 0.9047 and in mathematical thinking ability is 0.9299 which were satisfied internal validity evaluation on the test items. Internal validity were analyzed by BIGSTEPS based on Rasch's 1-parameter item response model. The results of this study can serve as a foundation for understanding the Korean and American students differences in mathematical creativity ability and mathematical thinking ability. Especially we get the some informations on mathematical creativity ability for American's fifth grade to seventh grade students.

Program development according to the Mathematically Gifted- Creative Problem Solving (MG-CPS) model (창의적 문제해결 학습 모형에 따른 초등학교 수학영재 프로그램 개발)

  • Nam, Heung Sook;Park, Moon Hwan
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.203-225
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest a program for improvement of the mathematical creativity of mathematical gifted children in the elementary gifted class and to examine the effect of developed program. Gifted education program is developed through analyzing relevant literatures and materials. This program is based on the operation bingo game related to the area of number and operation, which accounts for the largest portion in the elementary mathematics. According to this direction, the mathematically gifted educational program has been developed. According to the results which examine the effectiveness of the creative problem solving by the developed program, students' performance ability has been gradually improved by feeding back and monitoring their problem solving process continuously.

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A Study on Mathematical Creativity Task (수학적 창의성 과제에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Boo-Yoon;Lee, Ji-Sung
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.443-454
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    • 2009
  • This study reviewed the notion and strategies of mathematical creativity from two point of view, mathematics and creativity. By these reviews, the spectrum was presented as frame of mathematical creativity task. Creativity and mathematics were seen as polar opposites and mathematical creativity task fit clearly at various points in this spectrum. Some focused on the quantity of ideas and originality from creative point of view. On the other hand, some focused on reasoning, insight, and generalization from mathematical point of view. The tasks on the spectrum were served as the vehicle of mathematical creativity and mathematics classroom. Therefore, there were some specific suggestions that mathematics classroom could be made a place where students and teachers would be able to foster their mathematical creativity.

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An Analysis of Structural Relationships between Metacognition, Flow, and Mathematics Creative Problem Solving Ability (메타인지, 몰입과 수학 창의적 문제해결력 간의 구조적 관계 분석)

  • Park, Hye-Jin;Kwean, Hyuk-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.205-224
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    • 2010
  • This paper examined what structural relationship metacognition and flow, which are identified as major variables that positively influence creative problem solving ability, had with mathematics creative problem solving ability. For this purpose, the Mathematics Creative Problem Solving Ability Test (MCPSAT) was given go 196 general second-year middle school students, and their cognitive and affective states were measured with metacognition and flow tests. The three variables' relationships were examined through a correlation analysis and, through structural equation modeling, the mediating effect of flow was tested in the structural relationships between the three variables and in the relationship between metacognition and mathematics creative problem solving ability. The results of the research show that metacognition did not directly influence mathematics creative solving ability, but exerted influence through the mediating variable of flow. A more detailed examination shows that while metacognition did not influence fluency and originality from among the measured variables for mathematics creative problem solving ability, it did directly influence flexibility. In particular, metacognition's indirect influence through the mediating variable of flow was shown to be much stronger than its direct influence on flexibility. This research showed that the students' high metacognition ability increased flow degree in the problem solving process, and problem solving in this state of flow increased their mathematics creative problem solving ability.

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Development of Math study contents Based on PBL using Scratch (스크래치를 활용한 PBL기반 수학 학습 컨텐츠 개발)

  • Kim, Eun-Jung;Kim, Sun-Hoi;Nam, Dong-Soo;Lee, Tae-Wuk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • 2013.01a
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    • pp.309-312
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    • 2013
  • 현대사회는 지식정보의 사회로서 이러한 사회에서는 지식을 단순히 암기하는 것보다 주어진 지식과 정보를 이용하여 새로운 지적 가치를 창출할 수 있는 자율적이고 창의적인 인재가 필요하다. 창의성 신장의 측면에서 볼 때, 수학은 문제 해결의 다양성, 사고의 유연성을 길러주므로 매우 중요한 과목이다. 하지만 많은 학생들이 수학의 가치와 필요성을 인식하지 못하고 흥미를 잃어가고 있다. 이에 자발적인 학습을 유도할 수 있는 PBL학습을 도입하고자 한다. 그리고 컴퓨터 프로그래밍은 수학 학습에서 학습자의 알고리즘적 사고력을 향상시킨다. 따라서 본 연구자는 수학 흥미도를 향상시키기 위해 스크래치를 활용한 PBL기반의 수학 학습 컨텐츠 개발을 제안한다.

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The Ways to Utilize Teaching Materials for Gifted Students' Creativity Improvement (영재학생의 창의성 신장을 위한 교수매체의 활용 방안)

  • Bang, Seung-Jin;Lee, Sang-Wun
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.21 no.1 s.29
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    • pp.81-105
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    • 2007
  • We need questions that have various answers, not one answer by just mechanical calculation, to improve students' creativity. Such questions usually require inquiry, presumption, logical inference and a variety of problem solving tactics. These questions will be even more effective when they can provide students with multiple experiences by making them engage in lots of activities. We have to make use of diverse teaching aids and tools, or teaching materials in order to get these results. This research searches for teaching materials which improve gifted students' creativity as well as the ways to utilize 4D Frame. Furthermore we intend to present the ways to put such materials and 4D frame into practical use.

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